Hamburg Electricity Works
|Hamburgische Electricitäts-Werke AG
|Reason for dissolution||fusion|
The Hamburgische Electricitäts-Werke AG ( HEW ) was a company for electricity and district heating in Hamburg . The HEW was founded on March 15, 1894 in order to take over the supply of Hamburg with electrical energy together with the Elektrizitäts-Aktiengesellschaft , which as Schuckert & Co. had been entrusted with the Hamburg power supply since 1893 . From 1914 to 2002 the city of Hamburg was involved in HEW and the supply monopoly was extended to all of Hamburg. In 2002 the company became part of Vattenfall Europe AG, a subsidiary of the Swedish group Vattenfall AB. The old brand name no longer exists since 2006.
The beginnings of electricity use in Hamburg go back to the year 1873, when Norddeutsche Affinerie AG used direct current for metal extraction with the first dynamo-electric machine . Over time, HEW also took on other supply tasks. The district heating supply based on the principle of combined heat and power has been handled since 1921 by Fernheizwerk Hamburg GmbH , which was founded together with the Rudolph Otto Meyer company.
In 1988 HEW took over the majority stake in Hamburger Gaswerke GmbH . In 1995 the subsidiary HanseNet was founded as a regional telecommunications service provider, but in 2003 it was completely sold to Telecom Italia .
In 1997 the city of Hamburg sold 12.5% plus one share each to the Swedish company Sydkraft Aktiebolag ( taken over by E.ON in 2001 ) and PreussenElektra AG (merged with Bayernwerk AG to form E.ON Energie in summer 2000 ) for 664.5 million . Euro. In November 1999 Vattenfall acquired 25.1 percent plus one share of the company shares from the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg for DM 1.7 billion (EUR 869.2 million). In May 2001 the Swedish group was the majority shareholder. In June 2002 Hamburg sold the remaining 25.1% plus one share to Vattenfall for DM 1.7 billion (EUR 869.2 million). The merger with VEAG was decided on August 21, 2002 and Vattenfall Europe AG , based in Berlin, was founded. On January 1, 2006, the brand name was transferred to Vattenfall Europe Hamburg .
Vattenfall outsourced the operation of the Hamburg electricity distribution network into a separate company for legal reasons. The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg took a 25.1% stake in this company in June 2012. At the beginning of 2014, the Stromnetz Hamburg GmbH joint venture returned completely to the ownership of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg following a referendum.
HEW and HAW
The biggest customer of HEW was Hamburger Aluminum-Werke (HAW). The energy-intensive company for aluminum production and processing with 420 employees paid around 70 million euros annually for electricity. Energy costs accounted for almost 40 percent of the production costs. When HEW demanded an almost 50 percent increase to around 100 million euros for the future, the Norwegian energy company Norsk Hydro , which owns the HAW , announced that it was closing. In response, the declared HEW willing to forego the planned increase and the company has several other discounts granted for electrical generation. However, no agreement was reached and the HAW was closed on December 31, 2005.
In 2006 new negotiations took place between the city of Hamburg and Trimet Aluminum AG , which now went well. On November 10, 2006, the purchase contract for the aluminum smelter ( electrolysis plant ) and the anode factory in Hamburg was signed. In June 2007, operations were resumed under the name Trimet Aluminum AG .
- Wedel coal-fired thermal power station .
- Industry - Harburg thermal power station, hard coal, refined gas, heavy fuel oil and Tbsp
- Tiefstack coal-fired thermal power station
- Stade nuclear power plant (closed in 2003)
- Brokdorf nuclear power plant
- Brunsbüttel nuclear power plant (closed in 2011)
- Krümmel nuclear power plant (closed in 2011)
- Moorburg gas power plant
- Gas turbine power plants Moorburg , Wedel and Brunsbüttel
- HafenCity heating plant
- Neuhof hard coal power plant, with remote steam supply from Raff.Oelwerke Julius Schindler , (closed in 1983)
- Heavy oil heating power station Neuhof, built 1982, with remote steam supply from Raff.Oelwerke Julius Schindler, (closed in 2000)
- Geesthacht pumped storage plant
- Waste incineration plants MVB and MVR
- VERA sewage sludge incineration
- Biomass power plant Hamburg
- East Hanover power plant , Alt Garge (closed in 1974)
- "Karoline" coal-fired power station , Karolinenstrasse in Hamburg (closed in 1988), was the first HEW power station
- Bille power plant ; the former power station building is now being marketed by MIB AG from Leipzig as a "space for city pioneers", a kind of commercial center for culture.
- electrum - Museum of the HEW
- HEW Cyclassics - HEW sponsored cycle race in Hamburg, since 2006 Vattenfall Cyclassics
- Group homepage
- 120 years of power supply for Berlin and Hamburg . ( Memento of September 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ; PDF; 1.2 MB) Vattenfall Europe's corporate font
- other interesting annual figures on the history of HEW as well as their historical "shares"
- Early documents and newspaper articles on the Hamburg Electricity Works in the 20th Century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Vattenfall takes over shares. Hamburg sells HEW rest. In: ntv.de. June 11, 2002, accessed September 22, 2013 .
- Citizenship of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg: Written Small Inquiry - Printed matter 20/2630. (PDF; 32 kB) Sale of HEW. December 23, 2011, accessed September 22, 2013 .
- zeitzeugenboerse-wedel.de (PDF)
- Bille power plant under monument protection
- MIB AG Kraftwerk Bille
- Annual Hello Festival