|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||9 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||21.54 km 2|
|Residents:||43,667 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2027 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||25421|
|Area code :||04101|
|License plate :||PI|
|Community key :||01 0 56 039|
|LOCODE :||DE PIN|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Urte Steinberg (independent)|
|Location of the town of Pinneberg in the Pinneberg district|
PINNEBERG ( low German Pinnbarg ) is the county seat of the same circle in Holstein ; However, the seat of the district administration has been the neighboring Elmshorn since 2011 . Pinneberg belongs to the federal state Schleswig-Holstein and is located in the metropolitan region of Hamburg .
Pinneberg is located about 18 kilometers northwest of downtown Hamburg as the crow flies at the confluence of the Mühlenau River into the Pinnau , which flows over the Lower Elbe into the North Sea . The city consists of the districts Zentrum, Quellental , Thesdorf , Eggerstedt , Pinnebergerdorf (also known as Pinneberg-Nord or Ratsberg ) and Waldenau-Datum . It borders in the north on the communities Prisdorf , Kummerfeld and Borstel-Hohenraden , in the east on the communities Tangstedt , Rellingen and Halstenbek , in the south on the cities Schenefeld and Hamburg (district Hamburg-Rissen ) and in the west on the community Appen .
Already in the Iron Age there were first settlements in the northwest of today's Pinneberg urban area. In 2016, a long house was found during excavations near an early historical burial site on today's Ratsberg. The first castle was built around the year 1200, which the sovereign, Count Adolf VIII of Schauenburg , conquered in 1370. Pinneberg is first mentioned in 1397 as a place of jurisdiction ( Thing ) - hence the street name Dingstätte - the first written mention of the place comes from 1351. In 1472 a renaissance castle was built in place of the castle, which was badly damaged in 1627 and 1657 and finally in 1720 was demolished. From 1765 to 1767 the Landdrost Hans von Ahlefeldt had the Drostei built as a successor . This brick building, which was probably built by Ernst Georg Sonnin , is the most important example of profane baroque architecture in the entire Pinneberg district and today serves as a district cultural center.
After court servants and craftsmen had settled near the castle, the Pinneberg Free Thingstead developed. However, the place did not receive the township privilege until 1826 and town charter in 1875, although it had been the seat of the Danish Landdrosten since 1640 and the seat of the Prussian District Administrator since 1866.
During the siege of Hamburg in the Cossack winter of 1813/1814 , the headquarters of the Russian troops under General Bennigsen was in Pinneberg. In 1905 Pinneberger Dorf (today's district of Pinneberg-Nord) was incorporated and in 1927 the communities Thesdorf and Waldenau were incorporated. Due to the influx of expellees, mostly from East Prussia, in 1945 Pinneberg's population doubled after the Second World War ; In contrast to many other cities in Schleswig-Holstein, Pinneberg was able to keep these additional residents permanently.
- 1824: 900
- 1875: 3.060
- 1905: 6,074, incorporation of Pinnebergerdorf with 1,500 inhabitants
- 1927: 7,903, incorporation Thesdorf with 1,313 inhabitants
- 1939: 13,494
- 1948: 24.885
- 1955: 25.161
- 1970: 36.002
- 1990: 37.134
(as of December 31st)
- 1998: 39,382
- 1999: 39,300
- 2000: 39,423
- 2001: 39.502
- 2002: 39.905
- 2003: 40.244
- 2004: 41,063
- 2005: 41,461
- 2006: 41,972
- 2007: 42,301
- 2008: 42,367
- 2009: 42,314
- 2010: 40,988
- 2011: 41,270
- 2012: 41,726
- 2013: 42,055
- 2014: 42,002
- 2016: 42,638
The local elections on May 6, 2018 led to the following result:
|Political party||be right||percent||Seats|
|The citizens close||1294||9.50%||4th|
- 1876–1901: Christoph Kosack (independent)
- 1901–1923: Franz Heinsohn
- 1923–1933: Wilhelm Burmeister ( SPD )
- 1933–1937: Heinrich Backhaus ( NSDAP )
- 1937–1945: Karl Coors (NSDAP)
- 1945: Dietmar Petersen ( independent )
- 1945–1950: Richard Köhn (SPD)
- 1950–1963: Henry Glissmann (SPD)
- 1963–1990: Hans-Hermann Kath (independent)
- 1990–1996: Jan Nevermann (SPD)
- 1996–2008: Horst-Werner Nitt (independent)
- 2008–2012: Kristin Alheit (SPD)
- 2012: Klaus Seyfert (CDU, executive)
- since 2013: Urte Steinberg (independent)
coat of arms
The coat of arms and flag were approved on November 25, 1960.
Blazon : “In red over a green three-mountain, on it a silver wave bar, a silver, square crenellated tower tapering upwards in three crenellated floors with an open gate in which a golden, raised portcullis is visible, the whole thing accompanied by one on both sides golden, six-pointed star. "
The tower in the coat of arms represents the former castle complex and thus the Pinneberg era as the center of the county of the same name. The place "Pinnenberghe" and the castle were first mentioned in 1351. The castle was temporarily the residence of the "Pinneberger Line" of the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein , whose home lands were on the Weser . With the extinction of the Schauenburgers in 1640, the ruin of the castle was sealed. In 1720 the Count's Castle was finally demolished. The development of Pinneberg, which began in the 18th century, became an administrative center as the official seat of Drosten in the now royal rule of Pinneberg, which led to the elevation of the town into a patch in 1826. When it was connected to the Altona-Kiel Railway , Pinneberg became an industrial center and, in 1875, a town. Until the present day coat of arms was awarded, Pinneberg had the Holstein nettle leaf in the city seal. The origin of the stars on both sides of the tower is unclear. It is probably just a matter of decor. The Dreiberg illustrates the location of the former castle on the Schlossberg. The location of the city on the south bank of the Pinnau, which flows into the Elbe, is indicated in the coat of arms by the silver wave bar. When the coat of arms was changed in 1960, it replaced blue waves in the base of the shield.
The coat of arms was designed by Max Kirmis from Neumünster and the Brunsbüttel heraldist Willy "Horsa" Lippert .
The flag shows the city coat of arms in a white field, each bordered by a narrow red border at the top and bottom, shifted slightly from the middle of the cloth towards the pole.
Partnerships exist with the city of Rockville , Maryland ( USA ), the Nzega District ( Tanzania ), with the German ethnic group in Hadersleben ( North Schleswig / Denmark ) and the city of Primorsk ( Russia ). After the Second World War in 1957, the partnership with Rockville was the first in Germany between the defeated and the victors.
Economy and Infrastructure
Pinneberg lies essentially between the federal highway 23 with three junctions in the east and the highway 103 in the west. A western bypass has been planned in Pinneberg since the 1970s to connect the motorway with the L 103 and thus relieve the city. The first section has already been realized under the name "Westring". The construction of the two remaining sections began in 2015. These were opened to the public on September 29, 2019 under the name of the “West Bypass” .
Pinneberg is crossed by the Hamburg-Altona-Kiel railway , which was built by the Altona-Kieler Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft - the first Danish railway. In the center of the city is the Pinneberg station , where the regional trains from Hamburg-Altona and Hamburg-Hauptbahnhof via Elmshorn to Itzehoe and Wrist stop. Since a timetable change, most RegionalExpress trains to Husum and Sylt as well as Neumünster, Flensburg and the state capital Kiel have been running without stopping. The S3 of the Hamburg S-Bahn also ends in Pinneberg . The station building from 1844 is the oldest still existing station building in Schleswig-Holstein. Since the end of 2018, it has been fundamentally renovated and a new pedestrian tunnel built so that passengers to the northern line no longer have to use the S-Bahn platform.
Another S-Bahn station is located in the Thesdorf district. It has a large Park + Ride car park that many passengers from the Pinneberg district use (for example from Tornesch and Barmstedt outside the main area of the HVV.)
|Bf.Elmshorn (ZOB) - Ellerhoop - Pinneberg - S Halstenbek||Bf. Elmshorn (ZOB) - Daimler Street - Ellerhoop - Kummerfeld -Pinneberg bf - Rellingen -S Halstenbek|
|Station Pinneberg - Hamburg-Iserbrook||Pinneberg Bf - Thesdorf - Waldenau - Schenefeld - Hamburg-Iserbrook , Reinheimer Weg|
|Terminal Pinneberg - U Niendorf Nord||Pinneberg Bf - Rellingen - Egenbüttel - Ellerbek - Hamburg-Schnelsen - U-Bf Niendorf Nord|
|Station Pinneberg - U Garstedt||Pinneberg Bf - Rellingen - Ellerbek - Bönningstedt - Norderstedt, U-Bf Garstedt|
|Pinneberg - Tangstedt station||Pinneberg station - Rellingen - Tangstedt|
|Wedel - Pinneberg - Quickborn - Norderstedt center||(Wedel, Schulau ferry -) Wedel train station - Holm - Appen-Etz - Pinneberg train station - Borstel - Hohenraden - Renzel - Quickborn train station - Norderstedt Mitte train station|
|Bf. Pinneberg - Uetersen||Pinneberg Bf - Appen - Moorrege - Uetersen , Buttermarkt ( KViP line )|
According to its own information, Pinneberg is unsurpassed in the world in terms of the number of different types of wood it cultivates in this branch of industry . There are small family businesses as well as medium and large businesses. Most of the plants (in addition to trees, bushes, roses and many other flowering plants) are sold outside of Schleswig-Holstein. Customers include tree nurseries at home and abroad, landscapers, garden centers and department stores.
The tree nurseries in the Pinneberg area cultivate an area of around 4,170 hectares , which has been steadily decreasing for several years. On the one hand, being part of the Hamburg metropolitan region allows the land to be used more profitably for residential purposes, on the other hand, the consequences of decades of use of plant toxins and insecticides are increasing . Several drinking water wells in the area of the town of Pinneberg had to be closed in the early 1990s due to increased exposure to insecticides and fungicides.
With the "Dingstätte", Pinneberg has a pedestrian zone as a shopping center and several small shopping arcades. The retail trade is negatively influenced by the proximity to the city of Hamburg and by hypermarkets in the surrounding area. Current plans for the further settlement of retail outlets on the areas of the market square when the weekly market was moved to the city center were controversial. A project to develop the area with a hypermarket failed due to a referendum. However, the construction of a brewery on a section of the market square has already been approved.
German Weather Service
Pinneberg is the transmitter location of the German Weather Service (DWD). The DWD operates the long-wave transmitter DDH47 here and, since 2006, in cooperation with the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Germany's only NAVTEX transmitter.
From 1913 until its closure in 1990, the ILO engine works were located in Pinneberg. The company was the largest producer of two-stroke engines in Germany and played a key role in the upswing in the region in the 1950s and 1960s.
Union iron works
Union-Eisenwerke has existed in Pinneberg since 1856 and was taken over by entrepreneur Herman Wupperman in 1878. Under Herman Wupperman and his son Otto, the company developed into one of the largest employers in the city. There are enamel - cookware made and in the world wars and armaments. The company had to give up in the 1960s.
The settlement was promoted by numerous building areas, including the Vogelsiedlung and the Rosenfeld as well as the area at the Pinneberg-Süd junction of the A 23 . The infrastructure also played a role in the development of the site of the former Eggerstedt barracks, the use of which was controversial.
Schools and kindergartens
There are five elementary schools in Pinneberg (Hans Claussen School, Rübekamp School, Helene Lange School, Thesdorf School, Waldenau School), three elementary and community schools (Pinneberg elementary and community school without upper level, school center north without upper level, Johann-Comenius-Schule with upper school level) as well as two high schools (Johannes-Brahms-Schule, Theodor-Heuss-Schule). There is also a special educational support center (Förderzentrum Pinneberg) and two independent schools ( student school , International School Campus). A lack of places in schools and kindergartens is criticized. The city's last preschool closed in 2014.
The oldest cemetery in Pinneberg is the cemetery in Kirchhofsweg (now the cemetery of the Luther parish in Pinneberg). It was created in 1891. In 1939 the government president in Schleswig approved the construction of a new cemetery . The so-called city cemetery was created at Hogenkamp as a forest cemetery and is not linked to denominations or religions. In this cemetery there are also 167 graves of soldiers from the Second World War as well as 34 graves of foreign and forced laborers and their children, some of whom were born in Germany.
Culture, media, sport
Due to its close proximity to Hamburg, Pinneberg is culturally oriented towards Hamburg and more of a commuter city. The annual jazz festival (“SummerJazz”) that takes place on the second weekend in August is known nationwide; The mentor of this event was Gottfried Böttger for many years , currently Tom Shaka . There is also an annual wine festival (beginning of July) and the town festival (beginning of September). The rock festival "Wake Up PI" takes place regularly in Drosteipark. 4Lyn headlined in 2006 and One Fine Day in 2007 .
The Pinneberger Tageblatt is published by A.-Beig-Verlag as a regional daily newspaper . This publisher also has a large printing company, in which u. a. the Quickborner Tageblatt , the Wedel-Schulauer Tageblatt , the Barmstedter Zeitung and the Schenefelder Tageblatt are also produced.
Since March 2009 a city magazine with the name “Pinnwand” has been published in Pinneberg. It is a glossy magazine and deals with regional and national content.
The Pinneberg shopping center (PIZ for short) was known for its vacant space and its bright yellow color, but benefited from a new management. The town hall was integrated into the newly built shopping mall around 2000.
The largest sports club in the district is VfL Pinneberg with around 5000 members. With this number, VfL is one of the leading clubs in Schleswig-Holstein. Other clubs in the core area of Pinneberg are the SC Pinneberg , as well as SUS Waldenau, TBS Pinneberg and the amateur sports club Pinneberg (ASP).
There has also been a water ski and wakeboard arena with a large, freely accessible beach club (Burmeisterallee 2) in the former outdoor swimming pool in Pinneberg since 2007, where the T-Mobile and Telekom Extreme Playgrounds were held from 2007 to 2011, a one-day rock music event - and action sports event with up to 8000 spectators as well as Internet and TV live transmission. Other regular major events in the water ski arena were the New Year's fireworks on January 1st, the Easter bonfire and a charity beach soccer tournament. After a change of operator in winter 2013/2014, numerous structural and conceptual changes are planned.
In the immediate vicinity of the water ski arena is the Pinneberg indoor pool (Burmeisterallee 6) with a heated 50-meter pool, diving pool and, since 2006, a stainless steel outdoor pool with an adjacent sunbathing area. The Pinneberger Waldstadion and the Pinneberger Tennis Club eV are also in the immediate vicinity.
Pinneberg is also home to the largest North German amateur musical association, the Pinneberg Musical Company .
The amateur radio is represented in Pinneberg by the local association E15 in the German Amateur Radio Club (DARC eV) with the club station DK0PI . A 70 cm FM relay with the call sign DB0PI maintained by the local association is located in Elmshorn on a silo owned by the Peter Kölln company . The members of the local association meet regularly every second Monday of the month in a Tangstedt restaurant.
- This North German Baroque building is the most important architectural monument in the city of Pinneberg. It is in the center of the village at the Dingstätte. The Drosteipark joins in the south. From 1991 the Drostei is used as a district cultural center.
- The former magistrate's house (1855)
- The building on the Dingstätte now houses the Pinneberg City Museum.
- The former district administration
- From 1867 Pinneberg was the seat of the district administration. While the district administrators lived in Drostei, the administration moved to the district administration office, which was newly built in 1893.
- The water tower on Peiner Weg was built in 1912 by the Wuppermann company. He was responsible for the city's water supply until 1956. Today it is privately owned.
- The former manor house in Waldenau, now used as a school building for the school .
The baroque Drostei (1765–1767)
Until the Reformation, Pinneberg belonged to the Hamburg part of the Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen, which was headed by the cathedral provost.
With the Heilig-Geist-Kirche (Pinneberg-Nord), the Christuskirche (Pinneberg-Mitte) as well as the Lutherkirche (Pinneberg-Süd) and the Kreuzkirchengemeinde (Waldenau) there are four Evangelical-Lutheran parishes in Pinneberg . They belong to the Hamburg-West / Südholstein church district and thus to the Protestant North Church . In addition, there is the community in the Evangelical Church and various Evangelical Free Churches .
The Roman Catholic parish (parish of St. Katharina von Alexandrien ) emerged from the merger of the parishes of St. Michael and St. Pius and the Heart of Jesus ( Halstenbek ). It belongs to the Archdiocese of Hamburg . The St. Pius Church (Pinneberg-Süd / Quellental) was demolished in August 2010. The parish church of St. Michael im Fahltskamp, built in 1906, was therefore expanded in 2009 with modern additions. In terms of style and furnishings, it now resembles the St. Marien Cathedral in Hamburg , which was designed by the same architect, Klaus Doernen from Oldenburg.
There is also a Jewish community that maintains a community center with a prayer room on Clara-Bartram-Weg . Next to the city cemetery is the Jewish cemetery.
The DİTİB has the seat of a community and a contact point for Muslim, especially young people of Turkish origin and their families.
sons and daughters of the town
- Ludwig Meyn (1820–1878), agricultural scientist, geologist
- Sophie Wörishöffer (1838–1890), writer
- Carl Schlüter (1846–1884), sculptor
- Clara von Sivers (1854–1924), flower painter
- Paul Sudeck (1866–1945), surgeon and namesake of Sudeck's disease
- Werner von der Schulenburg (1881–1958), writer, translator
- Gerhard Lütkens (1893–1955), politician ( SPD ), Member of the Bundestag
- Ernst Meyer (1898–1975), ancient historian
- Ernst Dammann (1904–2003), religious historian and Africanist
- Rudolf Grothkop (1908–2002), painter and dentist
- Elsa Oehmigen (1908–1995), organ grinder
- Jupp Becker (1909–1997), gymnastics and sports teacher, recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit.
- Bernhard Timm (1909–1992), CEO of BASF
- Ernst Ehlers (1909–1980), SS-Obersturmbannführer and war criminal
- Bernhard Siebken (1910–1949), SS leader
- Harald Bürck (1938–2015), German lawyer, judge at the Federal Social Court
- Detlef Junker (* 1939), historian
- Heiner Bremer (* 1941), Stern editor-in-chief, moderator of the RTL night journal
- Eva Grabosch (* 1947), pediatrician, doctor in Ethiopia, Yemen and Guinea, consultant for health programs at the German Development Service
- Henning Hars (* 1955), German Brigadier General in the Bundeswehr
- Wolfram Gambke (* 1959), track and field athlete and Olympic participant
- Jost Kramer (1960–2012), business economist, university lecturer and author
- Kerstin Schipper (* 1964), judge at the Federal Administrative Court
- Axel Heinrich (* 1965), Roman Catholic theologian and university professor
- Michael Westphal (1965–1991), professional tennis player
- Boris Henn (* 1967), TV presenter and TV producer
- Michael Stich (* 1968), professional tennis player
- Sören Voigt (* 1968), film director and screenwriter
- Michael Rohde (* 1973), Baptist theologian
- Björn Warns alias "Schiffmeister" (* 1973), musician ( Fettes Brot )
- Carsten Stormer (* 1973), foreign reporter and war correspondent
- Thyra Schmidt (* 1974), artist
- Sonja M. Schultz (* 1975), writer and journalist
- Jens Petersen (* 1976), writer
- Jonatan Kotzke (* 1990), soccer player
- Nina Brüggemann (* 1993), soccer player
- Tony Halbig (* 1993), racing driver
- Jacob Heidtmann (* 1994), swimmer
- Sam Schreck (* 1999), soccer player
Other personalities who are closely related to Pinneberg
- Adolph von Elm (1857–1916), member of the cooperative, trade unionist, social democrat, member of the Reichstag , founder of the People's Welfare Organization
- Johannes Brahms (1833–1897), composer
- Mathilde Block (1850–1932), painter
- Heinrich Backhaus (1888–1943), mayor and district administrator of the RDB
- Nikolai Estis (* 1937), painter (lives and works in Pinneberg)
- Britt Hagedorn (* 1972), television presenter
- Steffen Henssler (* 1972), TV chef (lived in Thesdorf until 1982)
- Peter Hilffert (* 1958), TV presenter (grew up in Pinneberg)
- Tim Mälzer (* 1971), TV chef (grew up in Pinneberg)
- Lydia Schulgina (1957–2000), artist (lived and worked in Pinneberg)
- Mario Szenessy (1930–1976), Hungarian-German writer
- Erhard Wittek (1898–1981), writer
- Heinrich Brauer u. a .: The art monuments of the Pinneberg district . Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 1939 (= The Art Monuments of the Province of Schleswig-Holstein)
- Pinneberg - historical grazing lights . Published by the VHS-Geschichtswerkstatt, Pinneberg 2003
- Johannes Seifert: From Castle to City - Pinneberg 1640–1875. Pinneberg 2011
- Günter Pape: Pinneberg - an outline of the local history. Pinneberg 1975
- North Statistics Office - Population of the municipalities in Schleswig-Holstein 4th quarter 2019 (XLSX file) (update based on the 2011 census) ( help on this ).
- Main statutes of the Pinneberg district (PDF), accessed on May 5, 2016
- Department of Urban Development and Building, Department of Urban and Landscape Planning: Reporting of the city of Pinneberg, structural report 2010. (PDF; 428 kB) Annex I: Urban areas. (No longer available online.) City of Pinneberg, March 13, 2012, archived from the original on July 28, 2014 ; Retrieved July 21, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 1600 year old Germanen house discovered during construction work . Abendblatt.de, February 17, 2016; accessed on February 18, 2016
- Dieter Kienitz: Der Kosakenwinter , p. 63
- Schleswig-Holstein's municipal coat of arms
- After 50 years: Pinneberger western bypass completed. NDR, September 28, 2019, accessed on May 15, 2020 .
- Pinneberger western bypass is completed ( Memento from February 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) NDR.de from December 11, 2015, accessed on November 24, 2016
- This is where the Pinneberger Westumgehung Abendblatt.de from June 11, 2016, accessed on November 24, 2016 is growing
- The last preschool in the circle closes. In: Abendblatt.de. June 30, 2014, accessed July 23, 2014 .
- Eckart Roloff , Karin Henke-Wendt: First uniforms, then emergency cases, medals and vintage cars. (The Museum for Red Cross History Pinneberg) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 1, Northern Germany. S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, p. 241/242, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 .
- DARC eV: Local Association Pinneberg (E15). Retrieved November 20, 2017 .