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Wood as a group of woody plants

The term wood or woody plant refers to a type of vegetation . It includes perennial plants whose axes are lignified and permanently preserved, so that their aboveground sprout system increases in size over the years. The woods include trees , shrubs and lianas . Trees are primarily seed plants , but there are also some woody representatives among the ferns ( tree ferns ). The term is only vaguely differentiated from other growth forms (cf. for example half-shrubs , whose axes are only partially lignified).

With woody (of medium high German wood ) and a closed collection of different or uniform woody species is referred to. Trees and trees can vary greatly in size and shape ( forest , grove , field trees , hedges , bushes ).

See also


  • Dietrich Böhlmann: Wood biology. Why trees don't grow into the sky. 2nd, corrected edition. Quelle & Meyer Verlag, Wiebelsheim 2013, ISBN 978-3-494-01547-7 .
  • Jost Fitschen : Woody flora. A book to identify the trees and bushes that are growing and planted in the wild in Central Europe. With bud and fruit key. Edited by Franz H. Meyer, Ulrich Hecker, Hans Rolf Höster and Fred-Günter Schroeder. 12th, revised and expanded edition. Quelle & Meyer Verlag, Wiebelsheim 2007, ISBN 978-3-494-01422-7 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Gehölz  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations