Hamburg cracks

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of Hamburg
district of Hamburg
Neuwerk → zu Bezirk Hamburg-Mitte Duvenstedt Wohldorf-Ohlstedt Mellingstedt Bergstedt Volksdorf Rahlstedt Hummelsbüttel Poppenbüttel Sasel Wellingsbüttel Steilshoop Bramfeld Farmsen-Berne Eilbek Marienthal Wandsbek Tonndorf Jenfeld Moorfleet Allermöhe Neuallermöhe Spadenland Tatenberg Billwerder Lohbrügge Ochsenwerder Reitbrook Kirchwerder Neuengamme Altengamme Curslack Bergedorf Neuland Gut Moor Rönneburg Langenbek Wilstorf Harburg Sinstorf Marmstorf Eißendorf Heimfeld Hausbruch Neugraben-Fischbek Moorburg Francop Altenwerder Neuenfelde Cranz Rissen Sülldorf Blankenese Iserbrook Osdorf Lurup Nienstedten Othmarschen Groß Flottbek Ottensen Altona-Altstadt Altona-Nord Sternschanze Bahrenfeld Schnelsen Niendorf Eidelstedt Stellingen Lokstedt Hoheluft-West Eimsbüttel Rotherbaum Harvestehude Langenhorn Fuhlsbüttel Ohlsdorf Alsterdorf Groß Borstel Hohenfelde Dulsberg Barmbek-Nord Barmbek-Süd Uhlenhorst Hoheluft-Ost Eppendorf Winterhude Veddel Kleiner Grasbrook Steinwerder Wilhelmsburg Waltershof Finkenwerder St. Pauli Neustadt Hamburg-Altstadt HafenCity St. Georg Hammerbrook Borgfelde Hamm Rothenburgsort Billbrook Horn Billstedt Land Niedersachsen Land Schleswig-HolsteinLocation in Hamburg
About this picture
Coordinates 53 ° 34 '59 "  N , 9 ° 45' 13"  E Coordinates: 53 ° 34 '59 "  N , 9 ° 45' 13"  E
surface 16.65 km²
Residents 15,886 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 954 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 22559
prefix 040
district Altona district
Transport links
Federal road B431
S-Bahn Hamburg S1Hamburg S1.svg
HVV bus 1 189 286 388601 621
Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein

Rissen is the westernmost district of Hamburg , apart from the island of Neuwerk , located in front of the mouth of the Elbe . Rissen is in the Altona district and is part of the Elbe suburbs .


Neighboring municipalities and neighboring districts

Rissen borders the town of Wedel in the west and the municipality of Appen and the towns of Schenefeld and Pinneberg in the north , all in Schleswig-Holstein . Neighboring Hamburg districts are Hamburg-Sülldorf in the east and Hamburg-Blankenese in the southeast. The Lower Elbe lies in the south of Rissen . The border with Lower Saxony and the remaining part of the border with Schleswig-Holstein runs on the Elbe island Neßsand (Neßsand is the only accessible place where the states of Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony meet); beyond this is the municipality of Jork . The Wedeler Au flows through Rissen in the north .

Expansion of the district area

The district extends from north to south about three times as long as from west to east.

origin of the name

Rissen means roughly "houses in the bushes and bushes" or "houses in the birch forest". The vegetation of the former moor area consisted of " Ried " (= reed grass) and "Ries" (= bushes and shrubs), which were probably the inspiration for the name. The ending "sen" corresponds to the old "husen" of the seventh to ninth centuries.


Rissen was first mentioned on April 29, 1255 as "Risne". It belonged for centuries to Schauenburg County Holstein-Pinneberg and thus from 1640 to Duchy of Holstein , which in 1460 since the personal union of the Danish kings ruled. Thus, after the German-Danish War in 1864 , Rissen fell to Austria , but became Prussian with the end of the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. Rissen became an independent municipality in 1876 with around 300 inhabitants. In 1927 ( Groß-Altona-Gesetz ), Rissen was incorporated into the Prussian city of Altona / Elbe, which now has around 2,000 inhabitants, and with this in 1938 it became a suburb of Hamburg.

Cracks 1900

By 1835, the Godeffroy merchant family had acquired and reforested 3,300 acres of land. As a result, the moor, heather and sand landscape slowly turned into a forest. At that time there were only a few farmers in Rissen. After it fell to Prussia in 1866, the number of inhabitants grew steadily. Around 1900 it had around 1,000 and around 1945 around 6,000 residents. This was decisive in 1953 for the construction of residential areas such as the Mechelnbusch, which caused the population to grow to around 9,000 for the first time. In the 1960s, other housing developments such as the Niflandring and Nagelshof were built. In 2005 the population density was 863 inhabitants per km², which means that in 2005 14,375 people lived in cracks.

Today Rissen is characterized by the predominance of open single house developments on, in some cases, very large, park-like properties; Apartment buildings (up to eight floors) can only be found on Niflandring, in Grete-Nevermann-Weg, Nagelshof and occasionally in Tinsdaler Heideweg and Wedeler Landstrasse.


  • Minor quota: 18.3%, slightly above the Hamburg average of 16.2% (2016).
  • Elderly rate: 30.6%, well above the Hamburg average of 18.3% (2016).
  • Proportion of foreigners: 7.3%, well below the Hamburg average of 16.7% (2016).
  • Unemployment rate: 3.5%, well below the Hamburg average of 5.3% (2016).

Rissen is one of the richest districts in Hamburg. The average income here is 65,855 euros annually (2013) and is therefore almost twice as high as the average for the entire city of Hamburg.


The Evangelical Lutheran Church is located in the village. Johannes parish, which has been receiving its members in Raalandsweg since March 15, 1936. For the young community of Rissen, the youth café has been a popular meeting place in the district since 1993 under the name T-House .

The Catholic parish of Maria Grün in Blankenese also maintained a chapel on Raalandsweg with regular services, which was demolished in 2005. Services now take place irregularly in the community's senior citizens' home, which is also located there.


For the election to the citizenship , Rissen belongs to the constituency of Blankenese . The 2015 state election led to the following result:

  • SPD 43.6% (-0.9)
  • CDU 18.8% (−6.9)
  • FDP 13.7% (+0.4)
  • Green 10.5% (+2.0)
  • AfD 5.9% (+5.9)
  • Left 4.9% (+1.7)
  • Remaining 2.6% (–2.2)

For the federal election , Rissen belongs to the Hamburg-Altona constituency . The 2017 federal election led to the following result:

  • CDU 33.2% (−8.4)
  • SPD 18.0% (−8.5)
  • FDP 15.4% (+8.6)
  • Greens 14.3% (+2.7)
  • Left 9.2% (+3.5)
  • AfD 7.2% (+2.4)
  • Other 2.5% (−0.5)

Culture and sights



The Wittenbergen lighthouse is located directly on the right bank of the Elbe opposite the Elbe island Neßsand . The lighthouse is on the lower slope of the Elbe near the Falkensteiner Ufer and is a frequent destination for a walk on the Elbe beach. The lighthouse was put into operation in 1899 and is still the symbol of Rissen today. The structure is around 30 meters high and, together with the Tinsdal lighthouse, serves as a beacon for ships leaving the port of Hamburg in the direction of the North Sea.

The listed buildings in the district include the Johanneskirche in Rissener Dorfstraße, the Mechelnbusch settlement from the late 1940s and a large number of private houses (see list of cultural monuments ).


The Volksspielbühne Rissen from 1955 e. V. performs three to four plays a year , all of which, with the exception of the Christmas fairy tale for children , are staged in Low German . The venue is the auditorium of the Iserbarg school. The Volksspielbühne has a children's and a youth group. For Rissen's birthday (750 years old) the theater played a play about the history of the village.

Music and entertainment

For more than 30 years there was a discotheque in the street Am Rissener Bahnhof , which was known as Drop-In , El Greco and Concorde . Most recently, it operated under the name Bronx for many years and because of its easy accessibility it attracted young people from all over the western part of the city. It was closed on September 18, 1999. a. Called noise protection reasons. The Rissener Hof was previously located in the building, which was built around 1900 . In the 1950s there was also a cinema called Elektra or Rissen Lichtspiele , previously also Rissener Lichtspiele . It had 330 seats.


The Schön's Park is a small forest patches, which S-Bahn cracks is located directly behind the. The Sven-Simon-Park is mainly located in the area of ​​the Blankenese district and borders the Wittenbergen nature reserve .

Natural monuments

Thanks to its nature reserves, Rissen is known as Hamburg's “green oasis”. The northern part of Rissen is made up of the forest area Klövensteen , there is a game reserve and moor areas of the nature reserve Schnaakenmoor . The Tinsdaler Heide lies above the Geest slope to the Elbe .

Also located on the Elbe is the Wittenbergen nature reserve , which consists of heathland as well as a no longer used Kratt forest and the Elbe meadows .

The nature reserve Waldpark Marienhöhe, which is located in the eastern part of Rissen and is bordered by the Sülldorfer Landstrasse, the Sülldorfer Brooksweg and the Rissener Landstrasse, should also be mentioned. Before the renaturation , the area was a gravel pit that was operated by the Dörner company until the end of the 1970s.


The Rissener Sportverein von 1949 eV (RSV) is resident. Right from the start, the club offered a wide range of sporting activities with seven types of sport. Nowadays the following sports are offered, among others: soccer , athletics , tennis and hockey .

The golf course of the Hamburger Golf-Club eV in the east of the town has been one of the best in Europe for years. The Hamburger Golf-Club eV was a founding member of the German Golf Association in 1907 .

Other leisure activities

Aside from theater or sports, there are all kinds of leisure activities for all ages for residents of Rissen. There is an amusement park for children in the Rissen gravel pit. The Rissen youth center is located not far from here. The Hamburg Scout Association (PB Nordlicht) has been based in Rissen for many years, as has the German Forest Youth Association Hamburg. In the community center of the “Bürgererverein Rissen e. V. ”, among other things, the postage stamp friends or chess groups meet.

Economy and Infrastructure

The Rissen train station in May 1983, on the day of the inauguration ceremony of the new low-lying train station. The new B 431 has not yet been built, the old Rissen train station can still be seen in the background.
Wedeler Landstrasse, a thoroughfare before the construction of the B 431, is now a traffic-calmed shopping street
The S-Bahn station in Rissen 2009, two of the four lanes of the B 431 on the left


The federal road 431 in the area of ​​Rissen was expanded to a motor road by November 1984 , which cuts through the district from west to east in a deep cut, bypassing the Rissen town center to the north. The section of the B 431, which actually belongs to the Sülldorfer Landstrasse, has since been known as the Rissen Canyon . This is also where the S-Bahn line runs from Wedel ( Schleswig-Holstein ) to Blankenese ( S1 line ), which has had a train station in Rissen since 1883. This was rebuilt until 1983, after which the old station had to give way for the construction of the federal road.

For more than a decade there have been plans to relieve the Wedeler Landstrasse, which adjoins the canyon to the west, of heavy commuter and commercial traffic by extending the expressway to the city limits . This route is to be led over the Brünschwiesen, which form the border green here, into the Wedel industrial area; However, their implementation has so far failed due to the lack of funding and resistance from the population and parts of local politics.

Public facilities


The Hamburg office of the Federal Institute for Hydraulic Engineering is located in Wedeler Landstrasse .

The Asklepios Westklinikum Hamburg is located near the S-Bahn line. It is an academic teaching hospital of the University and has departments for surgery, internal medicine, psychiatry and psychotherapy. The company has been part of the Asklepios Kliniken group of companies since 2001 . The house was previously known as the German Red Cross and Freemason Hospital in Hamburg-Rissen .

Rissen has a volunteer fire brigade , which was founded in 1893. In addition, the Rissen ambulance has existed since 2007 , which is a branch of the Osdorf fire and rescue station and is constantly manned by an ambulance.

A police station is in the middle of the district. It is the Rissen branch of Police Commissariat 26 in Osdorf.

The Foundation children's hospice operates a Rüdigerau at the children's hospice .


There are four schools in Rissen: the high school Rissen and the district school Rissen on a common campus (Vosshagen) and the primary schools Iserbarg and Marschweg.

In the Hamburg district there is also an independent educational and research institute called Haus Rissen . This was founded in 1954 and offers political education mainly in the areas of Europe, Eastern Europe, security policy, international relations and globalization. With political and cultural evening events, Haus Rissen makes a contribution to the district culture. Eduard Pestel was one of the founders of the Club of Rome and chairman of the house of Rissen.

Established businesses

The largest employer is Asklepios Westklinikum Hamburg GmbH. Other larger employers in Rissen with around 20 to 50 employees are the Haus Wittenbergen GmbH retirement and nursing home, Interwega international - Gesellschaft für Debitorenmanagement mbH, Gesellschaft für Politik und Wirtschaft eV, Haus Rissen Services GmbH and Pony-Waldschänke. There are also around 110 shops and stores in the district, most of which are located in the established local center along Wedeler Landstrasse.

Until 2017, Berendsohn AG had its company headquarters in Hamburg-Rissen. After more than 30 years it was moved to Hamburg-Bahrenfeld. Berendsohn has a turnover of 75 million euros, employs around 150 people and is active in the European promotional products market.


  • Hans Albers (1891–1960), actor and singer, lived in Rissen (in the Melkerstieg) for a long time.
  • Carl Bianga (1930–2015), graphic artist, pop art artist, lived in Rissen for a long time
  • Dirk Bielefeldt (* 1957), cabaret artist, known for his role as the policeman "Mr. Holm".
  • Birgit Breuel (* 1937), politician, former president of the Treuhandanstalt and general commissioner of the Expo 2000 , born in Rissen.
  • Marta Damkowski (1911–1979), politician, resistance fighter, SPD member of parliament, Achter de Höf 16, (residential address in Rissen), namesake of Marta-Damkowski-Kehre.
  • Rolf H. Dittmeyer (1921–2009), entrepreneur, lived in Rissen until his death.
  • Lisa Dräger (1920–2015), patron of Lübeck, recipient of the Bene Merenti award , born in Rissen.
  • Olga Essig (1884–1965), vocational school teacher, women's rights activist, Gehlenkamp 9 (residential address in Rissen).
  • Konstanty Gutschow (1902–1978), architect, Landhaus Gutschow (cultural monument no. 16707), 1939, Gudrunstrasse
  • Hwang Hee-chan (* 1996), South Korean soccer player, lives in cracks.
  • Annegret Krischok (* 1955), politician, member of the Hamburg parliament since March 12, 2008, chairwoman of the SPD Rissen-Sülldorf from 1991 to 1994 and 1996 to 2008.
  • Erika Lorenz (1923–2003), Romance and Hispanicist, Flerrentwiete 97 (residential address in Rissen).
  • Sky du Mont (* 1947), actor, lives in Rissen.
  • Rolf Nagel (* 1929), actor, former director of the drama school, lives in Rissen.
  • Richard Samson (1885–1945), banker and art collector, lived in the Moorfred house, Auenweg 34
  • Heiko Michael Möller (* 1972), chemist and university professor, attended the Iserbarg elementary school and the Rissen grammar school between 1979 and 1992
  • Jana Schiedek (* 1974), politician, attended the Iserbarg elementary school and the Rissen grammar school between 1980 and 1994
  • Julius Schindler (1878–1941), founder of the Julius Schindler oil works , from 1926 to 1931 Villa Tannenhof in Rissen
  • Katja Suding (* 1975), politician, lived in Rissen.
  • Johanna Wolff (1858–1943), German writer, lived for a long time in Rissen, originally Landhaus Wolff, later renamed Haus Moorfred.
  • Ulrich Reinhardt (* 1970), German futurologist, lives in Rissen

See also

Web links

Commons : Hamburg-Rissen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Source: Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch, Volume 1, No. 593,
  2. Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (ed.): Hamburg District Profile 2016 (=  NORD.regional . Volume 19 ). 2018, ISSN  1863-9518 ( Online PDF 6.6 MB [accessed February 12, 2018]).
  3. [1]
  4. ↑ Presentation of the results of the 2017 Bundestag election in Hamburg ( Memento from September 25, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Hamburger Abendblatt, January 25, 1997, p. 23
  6. ^ Homepage of the former Bronx discotheque ( Memento from August 12, 2001 in the Internet Archive )
  7. Website of the Filmmuseum Hamburg ( Memento from January 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Berendsohn AG - history. Retrieved June 8, 2018 .
  9. Rissener Rundschau of September 12, 2015, Volume 63, No. 1088, p. 4
  10. a b c Source: Hamburg women's biographies database
  11. ^ List of cultural monuments in Hamburg-Rissen
  12. HSVlive: Between Two Worlds , accessed November 7, 2018
  13. Source:
  14. The truth is often improbable: Thomas Theodor Heine's letters to Franz Schoenberner from exile, by Thomas Theodor Heine, p. 287
  16. Source: Theo Müller, Annette Schlapkohl: 100 Years of Schindler - Chronicle of a Hamburg Company, Hamburg 2008, p. 9ff
  17. Source: AMTLICHER ANZEIGER Part II of the Hamburg Law and Ordinance Gazette January 6, 2015, p. 17, archived copy ( memento from February 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) now: Heinrich-Bomhoff-Weg in Groß Flottbek
  18. Source:
  19. Source: