University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

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University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf
Sponsorship Science, Research and Equality Authority
place Hamburg , Germany
Coordinates 53 ° 35 '29 "  N , 9 ° 58' 36"  E Coordinates: 53 ° 35 '29 "  N , 9 ° 58' 36"  E
medical director Burkhard Göke
beds 1738 (including 210 in the University Heart Center Hamburg and 68 in the Martini-Klinik)
Employee 10,944
including doctors 2,803
areas of expertise 14th
Annual budget around 208 million euros (2016)
Affiliation University of Hamburg
founding May 19, 1889

The University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf ( UKE ), until 2001 University Hospital Eppendorf , is a hospital of the University of Hamburg in the Hamburg district of Eppendorf .


Alfred Kast
New main entrance (2011)
Old main entrance (2006)
Erikahaus (2006)

Prehistory and construction

Towards the end of the 19th century the hitherto only general hospital in Hamburg, the General Hospital St. Georg , founded in 1823, was apparently no longer able to cope with the tasks of providing care for the infirm and sick despite previous structural extensions. A revision in 1876 established a condition of permanent overcrowding. The treatment of seriously ill people in the basement and the lack of ventilation in the hospital rooms were particularly criticized. The unexpected increase in the number of patients resulted not only from the city's strong population growth and the epidemics (e.g. cholera ) that were rampant at the time, but also from expanded treatment options due to the strong medical advances.

To solve the problem, the Senate created the position of a medical director and appointed Heinrich Curschmann to this post in 1879 . He was convinced from the start that only a large new hospital building could solve the problems. After five years of negotiations with the authorities (also because Mayor Carl Friedrich Petersen was behind the project) in 1884 the Senate approved the new building as a pavilion based on the Curschmann concept. While Curschmann had favored a site in the city center, the Senate decided to buy more cost-effective sites on the outskirts of the city in the Eppendorf district .

The new building with 55 pavilions , generously arranged on a park-like area, marked the transition from the barrack-like hospital for the poor to the modern treatment hospital according to the state of medical knowledge, implemented in the following five years according to plans by the Hamburg architects Carl Johann Christian Zimmermann and Friedrich Ruppel . During the construction period (from 1885), operations began in buildings that had already been completed. One year before the official completion, Curschmann accepted a professorship in Leipzig in 1888 and left Hamburg. Alfred Kast was appointed the first medical director of the new hospital.

New General Hospital 1889–1934

Imperial times

In the opening year, the New General Hospital had 1,340 beds in two main departments. In addition to the medical and internal medicine department with an epidemic station, there was the surgical department with the only special department for the time being, the one for eye patients. In addition to 25 doctors, the personnel files recorded 160 members of the maintenance staff and 134 members of the service staff . With an official population of 1,436 patients, the hospital was already overcrowded on the day of its official opening (May 19, 1889).

The structure was considered to be the most consistent implementation of a pavilion hospital and for decades it was a model for many new hospitals all over the world. As a result of the cholera epidemic in Hamburg in 1892, the water supply with unfiltered Elbe water was recognized as a weak point in patient care and so a sewer pit and a disinfection facility were built in the following year . From 1908 the hospital was supplied with safe drinking water from its own deep well.

Patient care was placed not only by trained nurses and guards during the initial years, which was due to good experiences with trained nurses during the cholera epidemic around the turn of the century Sister supply introduced. In 1900 the nurses' school, which was founded shortly before, had already 80 graduates.

After the turn of the century, the hospital, now known as the Eppendorf General Hospital, was specifically expanded by the medical directors into a research and teaching facility, which - as the commemorative publications on the 25th anniversary of its existence in 1914 - were able to compete with university hospitals. Further special departments were created: 1899 department for childbirth and gynecology, 1900 department for ear, nose and throat patients, 1908 department for skin diseases, 1912 department for physical therapy and an X-ray department, 1913 department for paediatrics.

Weimar Republic

Erika Sisters with Matron Dietrich and Ernst Roedelius (1923)

After the University of Hamburg was founded in 1919, a number of doctors at the Eppendorf Hospital were appointed professors, but formal recognition as a university hospital by the Senate remained unreached for decades. In order not to lose a general hospital, the health authorities favored the construction of a new university clinic in Hamm / Horn and thus met the opposition of the majority of doctors who wanted to stay in Eppendorf. The expansion of the existing hospital requested by the doctors in order to fulfill the new tasks in teaching and research was rejected by the authorities, with reference to the higher costs compared to a new building. So there was no agreement, in addition to a few modernization measures, a single building for university tasks with a lecture hall with 150 seats was built in 1926. During the global economic crisis of 1929–1932, due to a lack of funds, neither a new building nor a comprehensive modernization was initiated. On the contrary, the nurses' school had to be closed and so there was a shortage of nursing staff (also due to the decline in the birth rate as a result of the World War).

University Hospital Eppendorf (UKE)

time of the nationalsocialism

Stumbling blocks at the main entrance of building O10.

It was not until the beginning of National Socialism in 1934 that the closure plans were given up for the time being and the hospital was officially named Eppendorf University Hospital on April 1, 1934 .

After the seizure of power , 16 Jewish members of the teaching staff were revoked. More than 60 “non-Aryan” medical students have been expelled from the university. To commemorate the dismissed professors and private lecturers, 16 stumbling blocks were laid in front of the entrance to the main building in 2014 for Ernst Delbanco , Walter Griesbach , Arthur Haim , Erwin Jacobsthal , Hermann Josephy , Viktor Kafka , Otto Kestner , Paul Kimmelstiel , Walter Rudolf Kirschbaum , Rahel Liebeschütz-Plaut , Martin Mayer , Ernst-Friedrich Müller , Heinrich Poll , Ernst Sieburg , Hans Türkheim , Friedrich Wohlwill . One of those released took his own life, one died in Hamburg in 1937, the others managed to emigrate in 1934, 1936, 1938 and 1939. One returned to Hamburg in 1949, another in 1951.

Company employees who were organized in the SPD or KPD were dismissed and the work of the works council was prohibited. The long-time director Ludolph Brauer was retired because of "nationally unreliable convictions".

The rule of the National Socialists had devastating consequences, especially for the mentally ill at the Friedrichsberg State Hospital. The institution was closed in 1934, 700 patients were taken to other institutions for custody , 300 people classified as curable were placed in a newly established psychiatric and nervous clinic of the UKE. For this clinic, new pavilions were built on the site in 1942. When new admissions were made, this clinic functioned as a lock operation : If no treatment was certified, the patient was usually first transferred to the Langenhorn sanatorium and later transferred from there to killing centers. Euthanasia measures in the children's clinic failed due to resistance from staff. Heinrich Berning made human experiments.

It is known that two professors ( Johannes Brodersen and Rudolf Degkwitz (senior) ), medical students (including Margaretha Rothe , Friedrich Geussenhainer , Hiltgunt Zassenhaus ) and some employees of the UKE were in active opposition to the regime. T. suffered imprisonment, torture and death.

During the Second World War 22 underground and 4 bunkers were built on the UKE site. As a result, the number of bomb victims and staff was low, although a third of the UKE was destroyed by the end of the war. In addition, the hospital has been the in the adjoining Lyceum Curschmannstraße equipped military hospital assigned.

1945 to 2000

Despite the most difficult organizational conditions (water, electricity, space and staff shortages), the UKE continued to provide patient care after the war without interruption. Training was resumed after approval by the British crew. A restoration of the building fabric was refrained from because the spacious distribution of small pavilions no longer met the requirements of contemporary patient care. Rather, larger functional clinical areas were created, e.g. Sometimes by connecting individual pavilions.

The sister house named after the Erika Sisterhood, built in 1912-14 according to plans by Fritz Schumacher , was placed under monument protection. The building shows typical elements of Fritz Schumacher's first creative period, which was shaped by Reformed and traditional architecture. On each of the balustrade posts on the outside there is a group of figures "Woman with Child" by the sculptor Karl Weinberger .

University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)

Main entrance, construction site (2006)

At the turn of the millennium, the Senate passed a master plan for the further development of the UKE. In addition to the reorganization of operations, 339 million euros were budgeted for a structural restructuring, and in 2001 the official name of the UKE was changed from Eppendorf University Hospital to Hamburg-Eppendorf University Hospital . At the moment (first construction phase until 2010) the site is being centralized through large-scale construction measures. Shorten long and risky patient transports. In 2006, the inpatient care of the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine was integrated into the Eppendorf University Medical Center.

Since January 2007 there has been a cooperation in education, training and further education as well as health care between the UKE and the Bundeswehr Hospital Hamburg .

On February 1, 2009, the new clinic building in the center of the UKE site was moved into.

Today the clinic comprises more than 80 clinics, polyclinics and institutes in 14 centers. With 1738 beds, including 210 beds in the University Heart and Vascular Center UKE (UHZ) and 68 beds in the Martini Clinic, it is one of the largest hospitals in Hamburg. The clinic accepts around 98,000 inpatients every year. There are also 373,000 outpatients, including around 126,000 through the emergency room. In total, almost 11,000 doctors, nurses and other employees work at the UKE. With the medical faculty, the UKE is part of the University of Hamburg and participates in academic training. Around 3,600 students study medicine and dentistry at the UKE. Seven lecture halls are available on the premises for teaching.

In 2010, the Medical History Museum was opened at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf . The museum is under the aegis of the Institute for the History and Ethics of Medicine and is located in a building that was also built according to plans by Fritz Schumacher between 1913 and 1926 for pathology and other institutes, which, with its old section room, is also a listed building.


The site is bordered in the north by Geschwister-Scholl-Strasse and Süderfeldstrasse, in the east by Frickestrasse, in the south by Martinistrasse and in the west by Strasse Butenfeld and the Hoheluft stadium. Curschmannstrasse is the main entrance to the New Clinic, the emergency room, the underground car park and the hospital grounds. There are also entrances for pedestrians from Frickestraße, Martinistraße and Süderfeldstraße. In addition to the new buildings, the site is characterized by selected trees and historic brick buildings. The “UK Eppendorf” station on Metrobus routes 20 and 25 in Martinistraße is at the main entrance. The Kellinghusenstraße underground station and the Altona or Holstenstraße S-Bahn stations have connections to buses 20 and 25.

On December 17, 2019, Hochbahn announced that the new U5 subway line in the northern area of ​​the clinic's premises should have its own station.

Centers of the UKE

The UKE is organized in 14 centers.

UKE GmbH ambulance center

In addition to inpatient care, the ambulance center of UKE GmbH - Medical Supply Center (MVZ) was founded in 2004. It works together with the referring colleagues and with specialists from the inpatient facilities of the UKE. The departments of the MVZ are structured according to treatment fields.

Centers, institutes and clinics of the UKE

Head and Neurocenter

  • Clinic and polyclinic for ear, nose and throat medicine , head and neck surgery
    • Ear diseases - middle ear surgery - cochlear implantation - skull base surgery
    • General ENT - allergies - nose / paranasal sinuses - plastic and aesthetic surgery
    • Tumor surgery - robot-assisted surgery - thyroid surgery - plastic-reconstructive surgery
    • Oncology - drug tumor therapy - tumor surgery - salivary gland surgery
    • ENT private patients - plastic-reconstructive surgery - oncology
  • Clinic and polyclinic for hearing , voice and speech medicine
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (former Northwest German Jaw Clinic )
    • Private consultation
    • Cleft lip and palate, facial malformations
    • Oral mucosal diseases, medication-associated jaw problems
    • Neurofibromatosis, phacomatosis
    • Interdisciplinary Tumor consultation
    • Facial skin changes, rehabilitation facial paralysis
    • Drug-associated jaw problems, facial pain
    • Jaw malpositions, temporomandibular joint (CMD), sleep apnea
    • Implant consultation
    • Ceramic implant
    • Oral surgery
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Neurosurgery
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Neurology

Oncology Center

Center for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

Direct connection to the board

  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Ophthalmology
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Hepatobiliary Surgery and Transplant Surgery

Center for Diagnostics

Center for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH)

  • Institute for Medical Systems Biology
  • Institute for Molecular Neurogenetics
  • Institute for Molecular and Cellular Cognition
  • Institute for Neuroimmunology and Multiple Sclerosis
  • Institute for Structural Neurobiology
  • Institute for Synaptic Physiology

Center for Operative Medicine

Center for Psychosocial Medicine

Center for Experimental Medicine

Center for Obstetrics, Child and Adolescent Medicine

Center for Internal Medicine

Center for Radiology and Endoscopy

  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Interdisciplinary Endoscopy
  • Clinic and Polyclinic for Neuroradiological Diagnostics and Intervention

Center for Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine (ZMK)

University Heart and Vascular Center UKE Hamburg (UHZ)


  • UKE Athleticum
  • Breast center
  • German Center for Addiction Issues in Children and Adolescents (DZSKJ)
  • University Cancer Center Hamburg (UCCH)
  • Martin Zeitz Center for Rare Diseases
  • University Perinatal Center Hamburg
  • University Transplant Center
  • University spine center

Representation of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

The UKE is a public institution that offers medical and nursing assistance. It is therefore to be understood in the broadest sense as a service company, but in contrast to the now privatized LBK Hamburg , it is still public and, as a university clinic, also represents the increased claim of a training hospital, which the LBK operations also meet.

Organization and staff of the UKE

The UKE is affiliated with the University of Hamburg. The UKE employs around 9,400 people, 2,400 of whom are doctors and scientists. Another 3,100 are caregivers and therapists. The rest is employed in technology and administration.


The UKE offers 50 to 70 apprenticeships per year, including for dieticians , health and nursing staff , health and pediatric nurses , medical assistants (MFA), surgical assistants (OTA), orthoptists , Physiotherapists , dental assistants (ZFA). The subsidiary School of Life Science Hamburg , a state-recognized vocational school for biological-technical assistance, offers 78 training positions annually.


The committees of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf consist of the Board of Trustees, the Board of Directors, the Dean's Office, the Faculty Council Medicine and the staff representatives. The board consists of:

Medical Directors

The first medical director , the internist Kast, who held the office from 1889 to 1892, was followed as directors in the German Empire, in the Weimar Republic and in the Nazi state, the internist Theodor Rumpf (1892 to 1901), the doctor Hermann Lenhartz (1901 until 1910), the internist Ludolph Brauer (1911 to 1934), the pharmacologist Eduard Keeser (1934 to 1938 and 1940/41) and the psychiatrist Hans Bürger-Prinz (1941 to 1945).

In the Federal Republic of Germany, the following held the office: the internist Karl Heinz Hölzer (1976 to 1992), the physiologist Heinz-Peter Leichtweiß (1992 to 2001), the dentist Hans Dieter Jüde (2001 to 2003, acting), the radiologist Jörg Debatin (2003 to 2011), the internist Martin Zeitz (2012 to 2013) and the internist Burkhard Göke (since 2015).


The group includes the scientific and medical subsidiaries and the service companies.

Scientific Subsidiaries

  • ForEX Gutachten GmbH. Forensic medical services. A UKE company.
  • MediGate GmbH. A UKE company.
  • School of Life Science Hamburg gGmbH. A UKE company.

Medical subsidiaries

  • Altona Children's Hospital gGmbH. A UKE company. (AKK)
  • Medical care center at the Altonaer Kinderkrankenhaus GmbH. A UKE company.
  • UKE GmbH ambulance center.
  • Martini Clinic at UKE GmbH. A UKE company: The Martini-Klinik am UKE is a private-sector medical center founded in 2004 that specializes in the diagnosis, gentle treatment and research of prostate cancer . About 2000 interventions are carried out every year. A total of around 55 employees work at the clinic. The Martini-Klinik is a subsidiary of the UKE and is based on its premises.
  • University Heart and Vascular Center UKE Hamburg. A UKE company. (UHZ).
  • Janssen House Psychiatric Day Clinic Hamburg-Mitte GmbH. Psychiatric outpatient department. A UKE company.

Service companies

  • Clinic Facility Management Eppendorf GmbH (KFE)
  • KFE Energie GmbH (KEE)
  • Hospital Gastronomy Eppendorf (KGE)
  • Clinic Logistics Eppendorf (KLE)
  • Clinic Medical Technology Eppendorf GmbH (KME)
  • Clinic Service Eppendorf (KSE)
  • Clinic Textiles Eppendorf (KTE)
  • UKE Business Services GmbH & Co. KG (UBS)
  • UKE Verwaltungs GmbH (UVG)

Kick with heart

Kicken mit Herz is a charity campaign by the University Heart Center Hamburg in favor of children's heart medicine at the UKE. Every year a team of doctors, the Placebo Kickers Hamburg , play against the Hamburg Allstars , which are made up of athletes, actors and artists . From May 2008 the event took place on a Sunday in the Hoheluft Stadium. On the first Sunday in Advent 2017, the event was held once in the Hamburg sports hall . In September 2018, for the 10th anniversary, again in the Hoheluft Stadium. Since its premiere in May 2008, the celebrity soccer game has had over 35,000 viewers.

See also


  • The General Hospitals and Asylums of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg . Verlag von Leopold Voss, Hamburg 1901, pp. 9–83.
  • Jens Alnor: The history of surgery in Hamburg-Eppendorf . Med. Diss. Univ. Hamburg 1984.
  • Hendrik van den Bussche / Friedemann Pfäfflin / Christoph Mai: The Medical Faculty and the Eppendorf University Hospital . In: Eckart Krause / Ludwig Huber / Holger Fischer (eds.): Everyday university life in the “Third Reich”. The Hamburg University 1933-1945 , Vol. 3, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin / Hamburg 1991, pp. 1257-1384, ISBN 3-496-00867-9 .
  • Gordon Uhlmann / Ursula Weisser : Basics of a history of the Eppendorfer hospital. In: Ursula Weisser (Ed.): 100 Years University Hospital Eppendorf 1889–1989 , Tübingen 1989, pp. 13–129.
  • Gordon Uhlmann / Ursula Weisser: Everyday hospital life since the times of cholera . Hamburg 1992, ISBN 3-8225-0212-X .

Web links

Commons : Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. ^ Ralf Lange: Architectural Guide Hamburg . Edition Menges, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-930698-58-7 , p. 145. (Entry D 81: University Hospital Eppendorf)
  3. We face our responsibility. Conversation with Prof. Hendrik van den Bussche . In: Board of Directors of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) (Ed. :) 125 years of UKE. Retrospect and Prospect. UKE, 2014, pp. 22-27.
  4. Medical Faculty of the University of Hamburg, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (Ed.): Stolpersteine ​​im UKE. Leaflet, Hamburg 2014 (photos, areas of expertise and information on the stages of emigration)
  5. Oliver Schirg: When the UKE was a cog in the Nazi machine without resistance. In: Hamburger Abendblatt from October 15, 2014.
  6. We face our responsibility. Conversation with Prof. Hendrik van den Bussche. In: Board of Directors of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) (Ed. :) 125 years of UKE. Retrospect and Prospect. UKE, 2014, pp. 22-27.
  7. Homepage of the UKE Presentation of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, keyword About us: The University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf with key figures, accessed on May 20, 2015
  8. University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (ed.): Walks University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. Plan with description from around 2014.
  9. Milestone: U5 stops for UKE and Lokstedt: Visited on January 11, 2020
  10. Centers at a glance
  11. ^ Board of Directors of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (ed.): Annual report and yearbook 2014 . Hartung Druck + Medien GmbH, 2015. Centers: p. 42.
  12. Departments of the Medical Care Center at the UKE
  13. ^ Website of the UKE GmbH ambulance center
  14. Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (Ed.): Clinic and Polyclinic for Ear, Nose and Throat Medicine, Head and Neck Surgery. Patient information. approx. 2014 (leaflet).
  15. Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (Ed.): Clinic and Polyclinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. UKE GmbH ambulance center. Mouth, jaw, and facial surgery. Office hours. November 2015. (leaflet).
  16. Apprenticeships at the UKE
  17. UKE - About us - Board of Directors. Retrieved May 14, 2020 .
  18. ^ Karl Heinz Hölzer PhD award for interdisciplinary medical research , accessed on May 12, 2020.
  19. UKE scandal: Hospital director Leichtweiß on leave , accessed on May 12, 2020.
  20. UKE scandal: Hospital director Leichtweiß on leave , accessed on May 12, 2020.
  21. ^ Board of Directors of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (ed.): Annual report and yearbook 2014 . Hartung Druck + Medien GmbH, 2015. Centers: p. 47.
  22. Altona Children's Hospital ( Memento of the original dated November 27, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  23. K. Polke-Majewski: Clinics of the future - the hospital as a patient. In: The time. 25 September 2008.
  24. G. Schüttle: More space for the specialists. In: The world. June 13, 2010.
  25. Martini Clinic
  27. Celebrities kick for children with heart disease
  28. [1] In: DIE ZEIT online .