Visceral surgery

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The visceral surgery (from Latin. Viscera = "guts") is the " surgery of the abdominal cavity and the abdominal wall of the endocrine glands and soft tissues including transplantation". As it includes abdominal surgery ( abdominal surgery ), surgical treatment of abdominal - organs , d. H. the entire digestive tract including the esophagus , stomach , small and large intestines , rectum , liver , gallbladder , pancreas and spleen . Surgical treatment of the thyroid and parathyroid glands as well as the treatment of hernias and the transplantation of abdominal cavity organs such as the liver , kidneys , pancreas and small intestine are also part of the visceral surgery. Visceral surgical diseases include acute injuries, tumors , inflammation and malformations of the organs mentioned.

In the 21st century, minimally invasive surgery, and in particular laparoscopic surgery , gained acceptance in more and more areas of visceral surgery . In some regions of Germany there is a distinction between specialist training in general surgery and visceral surgery . The joint medical society is the German Society for General and Visceral Surgery .

Theodor Billroth , who founded gastrointestinal surgery in 1881 with the first gastric resection, is one of the pioneers of visceral surgery . Seven years earlier, the famous London surgeon John Erichsen wrote: "The bowels will remain closed forever to the clever and humane surgeon".


  • Wilhelm Hartel (ed.): Visceral surgery - sources, development, status . Reinbek 2001.
  • Margret Liehn, Lutz Steinmüller, Sabine Bröker, Ursula Engel, Hendrik Schimmelpenning, Ralf Weise, Marianne Preuth: General and visceral surgery. In: Margret Liehn, Brigitte Lengersdorf, Lutz Steinmüller, Rüdiger Döhler (eds.): OP manual. Basics, instruments, surgical procedure. 6th, updated and expanded edition. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2016, ISBN 978-3-662-49280-2 , pp. 37–174.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Christoph Weißer: Visceral surgery. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , pp. 1448 f .; here: p. 1448.
  2. Ernst Kern : Seeing - Thinking - Acting of a surgeon in the 20th century. ecomed, Landsberg am Lech 2000, ISBN 3-609-20149-5 , p. 39.