Heidelberg University Hospital
|Heidelberg University Hospital|
|place||Neuenheimer Feld , Bergheim , Rohrbach , Schlierbach , Heidelberg , Germany|
|Senior Medical Director||Ingo Autenrieth|
|areas of expertise||50|
|Affiliation||University of Heidelberg|
The Heidelberg University Hospital is one of the largest medical centers in Germany.
The common goal of the clinic and faculty is the development of innovative diagnostics and therapies as well as their rapid implementation for the patient. The clinic and faculty employ around 13,732 people (2018) and are committed to training and qualification. In more than 50 clinical departments with 1991 beds (2018), around 79,000 patients are treated as inpatients and more than 243,000 outpatients annually. Currently (as of 2018) there are around 3600 medical students studying in Heidelberg.
The motto of the university hospital is In Scientia Salus ("Health through Science").
At Heidelberg University Hospital, around 108,000 inpatients are treated annually with over 1.1 million outpatient visits (2018). One focus is on cancer treatment. Together with the German Cancer Research Center , the Heidelberg Thorax Clinic and the German Cancer Aid , the National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT) was founded, with the aim of interdisciplinary treatment and the rapid application of new therapeutic approaches.
Another focus is the treatment of cardiovascular diseases within the scope of the Heart Center Heidelberg. Innovations in this area include the introduction of the first “Chestpain Unit” (emergency room for patients suspected of having a heart attack) and the first “Advanced Heart Failure Unit” (monitoring station for patients with severe cardiac insufficiency).
Further focus areas are in the areas of transplant medicine, neuroscience with psychosocial medicine, cardiovascular medicine, genetics and infectious diseases.
The Heidelberg Medical Faculty is one of the most important research institutions in Germany. In particular, there is intensive cooperation with other research institutions located in Heidelberg such as the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) , the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research , the Center for Molecular Biology Heidelberg (ZMBH) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) . According to the treatment focus, the research focus is in the areas of infectious diseases, cardiovascular research, neurosciences, translational and individualized oncology, transplantation and individualized immunotherapy. Areas with high development potential are lung research and metabolic diseases.
- In 2016, the German Research Foundation (DFG) approved the supraregional Collaborative Research Center SFB 179 “Causes of the healing or chronification of infections with hepatitis viruses” with a funding volume of 12.1 million euros. The speaker is Ralf Bartenschlager, Director of the Department of Molecular Virology at the Center for Infectious Diseases at Heidelberg University Hospital and Head of the Infections and Cancer Research Center at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ). In addition to other scientists from the University of Heidelberg, teams from the University Hospital Freiburg, the TU and LMU Munich and the DKFZ are involved.
- The German Research Foundation (DFG) has set up the Collaborative Research Center (SFB) “Self-Renewal and Differentiation of Stem Cells” at Heidelberg University, the University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Center. The funding volume is 9.3 million euros. An international research network led by Anthony Ho and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) has been funded by the European Union with a total of 6 million euros since 2013. The aim is to research what role stem cells play in aging processes and age-related diseases of the bone marrow.
- The Medical Faculty and Heidelberg University Hospital are involved in five of the six German Centers for Health Research. The aim of the centers funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is to bring new medical research results on the major widespread diseases to application more quickly. Centers with Heidelberger participation are: German Center for Lung Research , German Center for Cardiovascular Research , German Center for Infection Research , German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research , German Center for Diabetes Research .
- Scientists at the Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine are building a central European patient registry that will collect data on a total of 26 rare metabolic disorders. If left untreated, these metabolic disorders can lead to death or severe organ damage. The European Union is funding the “European network and registry for homocystinurias and methylation defects” (E-HOD) with 28 project partners from 22 countries over the next three years with a total of 1.15 million euros.
- Collaborative Research Centers with the Medical Faculty Heidelberg in the speaker function (2015): SFB 638 “Dynamics of Macromolecular Complexes in Biosynthetic Transport”, SFB 938 “Milieu-specific Control of Immunological Systems”, SFB-TR 125 “Knowledge and Model-Based Surgery”, SFB 1118 “Reactive Metabolites as a cause of long-term diabetic damage ”, SFB 1129“ Integrative analysis of the replication and spread of pathogenic agents ”, SFB 1134“ Functional ensembles: Integration of cells, genesis of activity patterns and plasticity of groups of co-active neurons in local networks ”, SFB 1158“ From the Nociception for chronic pain: structure-function characteristics of neuronal pathways and their reorganization ", SFB-TR156" The skin as a sensor and initiator of local and systemic immune reactions "
- Collaborative Research Center with the participation of the Medical Faculty Heidelberg (2015): SFB 636 “Learning, memory and plasticity of the brain: Implications for psychopathology”, SFB 873 “Self-renewal and differentiation of stem cells”, SFB 1036 “Cellular quality control and damage limitation”, Transregio-SFB 23 “Vascular Differentiation and Remodeling”, Transregio-SFB 79 “Materials for Tissue Regeneration in Systemically Diseased Bones”, Transregio-SFB 83 “Molecular Architecture and Cellular Functions of Lipid / Protein Complexes”, Transregio-SFB 152 “Control of Body Homeostasis through TRP channel modules "
Teaching and training
3,780 medical students studied at the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg in the 2017 winter semester. In October 2001, the reformed course Heidelberg Curriculum Medicinale (HeiCuMed) was introduced, which aims to provide practical training and was developed in cooperation with the Harvard Medical School in Boston .
Heidelberg University is the only German university to have two medical faculties: one in Heidelberg and one in neighboring Mannheim. The primary teaching hospital of the Medical Faculty Mannheim is the University Hospital Mannheim .
One focus of the clinic is the training of non-medical medical staff. In 2005, Heidelberg University Hospital and other regional hospitals founded the Heidelberg Academy for Health Professions . The academy offers apprenticeships in twelve health professions - u. a. Health and children's nursing, health and nursing, geriatric care, speech therapy and physiotherapy - and four state-recognized advanced training courses for nursing professions. Around 800 training positions are available, and the facility is one of the largest of its kind in Germany.
In addition, the University Clinic is the sponsor of a vocational support organization for people with physical and mental disabilities. As a gGmbH, the Kurt-Lindemann House in Schlierbach is a subsidiary of the University of Heidelberg and trains around 30 people every year in the professions of office worker, office manager and industrial clerk.
Most of the university clinics are located on the new scientific and medical campus in the Neuenheimer Feld , some clinics are still in the Bergheim Altklinikum . The Heidelberg University Hospital is divided into 15 clinics:
- Center for Internal Medicine (Krehl Clinic, after Ludolf von Krehl )
- Surgical Clinic
- University Clinic for Anaesthesiology
- Women's Clinic
- Center for Child and Adolescent Medicine
- Center for Psychosocial Medicine
- Oral, dental and jaw clinic
- Eye clinic
- Ear, nose and throat clinic
- Neurological Clinic
- Neurosurgical Clinic
- Dermatology clinic
- Radiological Clinic
- Center for Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Paraplegiology (Heidelberg-Schlierbach location)
- Thorax Clinic (Heidelberg-Rohrbach location)
In addition - from a legal point of view not belonging to the Heidelberg University Hospital - but functionally occupying the position of a clinic of the Heidelberg University Hospital:
- Accident Clinic Ludwigshafen , Clinic for Plastic and Hand Surgery at Heidelberg University
There are also several institutes belonging to the Heidelberg University Hospital that carry out further diagnostics and research:
- Institute of Human Genetics
- Institute for Immunology
- Center for Infectious Diseases
- Institute for Medical Biometry and Computer Science
- Institute and Polyclinic for Occupational and Social Medicine
- Pathological Institute
- Institute for Forensic Medicine and Traffic Medicine
- Institute for Public Health
There are also institutes administered by the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg University:
- Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology
- Institute for Physiology and Pathophysiology
- Institute for the History and Ethics of Medicine
- Pharmacological Institute
Important parameters (2017)
- Number of inpatients: 107,731
- Number of outpatients: 247,271, including human medicine 231,241, dentistry 16,030
- Plan beds: 1,988
- Average length of stay: 7.9 days
- CaseMix (with overhang): 116,758, CaseMix Index (with overflow): 1.848
- Summer semester 2017 students at the Medical Faculty Heidelberg: 3,534
The University of Heidelberg was founded in 1386 by Elector Ruprecht I with papal approval. One of the four proposed faculties was the medical faculty. This started operations in 1388. The acquisition of two medical books from 1474 is documented. Although there was no practical class, the medical course lasted six years. From 1552 until his death in 1557, the first chair of medicine was held by the superintendent of the Collegium principis, medical professor and general practitioner Johannes Wagenmann. A botanical garden was laid out in 1593 as a herb garden and was used for pharmacology. The hospital in Bussemergasse was founded in 1561. At the beginning of the 17th century, the hospital and the medical faculty were merged for the practical training of students.
The polyclinical institution was opened in 1805. For the first time there was the possibility of systematically training medical students practically on patients. The surgical clinic was opened in 1818. The polyclinic was reopened in 1826 under Friedrich August Benjamin Puchelt . The four pre-clinical institutes on Heidelberger Hauptstrasse were rebuilt in 1874. The clinic in the Bergheim district was built in 1867 under the direction of Wilhelm Manchot . The first dental department was founded on October 1st, 1895 at the Surgical University Clinic of Heidelberg University. For the first time, women were admitted to medical school in 1899.
The Ludolf Krehl Clinic was moved into the Bergheim district in 1922. Over 20 professors, including medical professionals, were excluded from Heidelberg University for political reasons between 1933 and 1945. Forced sterilizations took place in the surgery and gynecological clinic. Child patients in psychiatry are murdered in the so-called "euthanasia" campaign. The surgical university clinic was the first clinic to move to Neuenheimer Feld in 1939. The new building offers space for 350 beds. Karl Heinrich Bauer became the medical director of the Surgical University Clinic on August 8, 1945, the first post-war director of Heidelberg University. The Faculty of Clinical Medicine Mannheim at the University of Heidelberg was established as the second medical faculty in 1964, later it was renamed the Medical Faculty Mannheim . In 1976, the Council of Ministers decided on the concept of the “Heidelberger Klinikring”, which was supposed to unite the clinics of the Heidelberg University Hospital in Neuenheimer Feld. The individual buildings were connected by an underground corridor system. The head clinic in Neuenheimer Feld was opened in 1987, the first stone in the clinic ring.
In 2001, the reform course Heidelberg Curriculum Medicinale (HeiCuMed) was introduced. The new building of the medical university clinic in Neuenheimer Feld 410 was occupied from April 2004. The University of Heidelberg became an "elite university" with significant participation from the medical faculty. On March 31, 2008, the building of the Angelika Lautenschläger Children's Clinic was handed over in the presence of Prime Minister Günther Oettinger and Finance Minister Gerhard Stratthaus . In March 2013, the University Hospital took over 90 percent of the Bergstrasse district hospital in the state of Hesse. The converted technical orthopedic areas, supplemented by a new building, were opened in 2015. Patients and employees benefit from more space in workshops and fitting areas for prostheses and orthoses. The Thorax Clinic's functional building, which was extensively renovated and expanded while the clinic was still in operation, was opened in October 2015. The building offers expanded operating theater capacities, spatial interlinking of the areas and the latest technology for high-performance medicine. In November 2015, the Medical Faculty and Heidelberg University Hospital celebrated the topping-out ceremony for the new Center for Infection Research (CIID).
The Heidelberg Foundation for Surgery is a non-profit organization that supports medicine. The foundation bears the name “Heidelberg Foundation for Surgery” and is a non-legal foundation under civil law. It was founded in the spring of 2003 when doctors, nursing staff and other employees of the Heidelberg University Hospital as well as representatives of the public met with the aim of maintaining and expanding the medical quality standards in Heidelberg.
The purpose is to promote university medicine at Heidelberg University Hospital, Surgical Clinic and the other locations where the medical director of the clinic is also the medical director of the local surgery department. This is intended to support patient care in connection with the scientific mandate for research and teaching.
- Academic teaching hospitals at Heidelberg University Hospital
- Psychiatric University Clinic Heidelberg
- Heidelberg drug sheet
- Institute for Cardiomyopathies Heidelberg
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- Brochure Shaping the Future - Portraits from Medical Research and Teaching. October 2010 ( online ).
- Brochure patient information from Heidelberg University Hospital. Edition 2007.
- Article on Heidelberg University Hospital in the Rhein-Neckar-Wiki
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- Website of the Heidelberg University Hospital
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-  Annual Report 2017 of the Heidelberg University Hospital
- Annual Report 2012 (PDF; 3.5 MB)
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-  Annual Report 2015 of the Heidelberg University Hospital
- Press release of May 27, 2016: DFG funds 20 new Collaborative Research Centers Website of the German Research Foundation, accessed on September 29, 2016.
- Press release from the University Hospital of September 10, 2013 , published at Lokalmatador.de
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- http://www.orphan-europe.com/collaboration/e-hod/ Website E-HOD
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated November 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Mannheimer Morgen Online, August 20, 2013
- Press release of the Heidelberg University Hospital of January 28, 2010, accessed on July 12, 2010
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- Rolf Heyers: Dr. Georg Marius, called Mayer von Würzburg (1533-1606). (Dental) medical dissertation Würzburg 1957, p. 7 f.
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- Press release of October 19, 2007: Excellence Initiative: “Heidelberg Biomedicine is a major contributor to success” Website of the Heidelberg University Hospital. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
- A. Tuffs: Handover of the new Angelika Lautenschläger Children's Clinic on March 31, 2008. In: IDW-Online from March 25, 2008, accessed on February 14, 2010
-  Darmstädter Echo Online , March 21, 2013
- Press release from June 15, 2015: Expansion of technical orthopedics completed Website of the Heidelberg University Hospital. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
- Press release of October 29, 2015: New functional building of the Thoraxklinik Heidelberg officially inaugurated Website of the University Hospital Heidelberg. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
- Press release of November 30, 2015: Topping-out ceremony for the new Center for Integrative Infection Research (CIID) of the Medical Faculty Heidelberg Website of the Heidelberg University Hospital. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
- Statutes of the Heidelberg Surgery Foundation (PDF; 462 kB)