Heidelberg Botanical Garden

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Showhouse bromeliads
Show house cacti
Showhouse succulents of the old world
Part of the Euphorbia collection, not public

The Heidelberg Botanical Garden is located on the north bank of the Neckar from Heidelberg in the Neuenheimer Feld . It belongs to the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and is a department of the Center for Organizmal Studies Heidelberg (COS) there.


The botanical garden was founded in 1593 as Hortus medicus at the then 200-year-old Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg , making it the third oldest botanical garden in Germany.

In the course of its history, the location of the garden has been relocated a total of seven times. Daniel Nebel , which he re-established in 1708 after the destruction caused by the Palatinate War of Succession and whose extensive plant collection formed the basis for further development, earned great merit for the botanical garden in Heidelberg .

The current seventh garden was built by Georg Albrecht Klebs and his head gardener Erich Behnick in Neuenheimer Feld and opened in 1915 . Shortly before the end of the Second World War , the garden largely lost its plant population due to bombing .

Under Werner Rauh , gardening director in the years 1960–1982, the garden received its present, rich collections ( succulents of the Old and New World, neotropical orchids , bromeliads ).

The botanical garden today

Plant collections

In the Botanical Garden Heidelberg z. Currently over 14,000 plant species in culture. The focus of the garden's collection is on the greenhouses. The following 11 special collections form the core:

Only a small part of the greenhouses is freely accessible to visitors. In principle, the special collections located in the non-public greenhouses can also be viewed, but an appointment must be made in advance at the secretariat.

Research and Teaching

The botanical garden participates in the research and teaching of the affiliated biological and pharmaceutical institutes of the university. For this purpose, plants are used and kept ready for research and lectures. In the context of biodiversity research , questions of kinship and phylogeography are examined using the example of the cruciferous family (Brassicaceae) .


  • Homepage and leaflet of the Botanical Garden (courtesy of the management)

Web links

Commons : Botanischer Garten Heidelberg  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 24'53.4 "  N , 8 ° 40'4"  E