The New Feld is a new district in the west of the Heidelberg district of New Home in the predominantly (but not exclusively) the scientific faculties and parts of the University Hospital of the University of Heidelberg are housed. The part north of the section of the street Im Neuenheimer Feld , which lies between Berliner Straße and Tiergartenstraße , is already in the Handschuhsheim district .
Similar to the Handschuhsheimer Feld bordering to the north , the site was largely used for agriculture until the 1960s. In the first half of the 20th century, the Botanical Garden , which was moved here in 1915 , the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research (today: Max Planck Institute for Medical Research ) and the Surgical Clinic (1933–39) were built on the north bank of the Neckar ) first research institutions. In 1935, the Heidelberg Zoo, founded on a private initiative, was added to replace a planned cemetery.
In terms of traffic, the Neuenheimer Feld was connected as early as 1928 by today's Ernst-Walz-Brücke (in addition to Mönchhofstrasse ). A tram line that was originally intended to transport the wounded has also been running over this bridge since 1939 . That is why there was also an operating track leading to the surgical clinic. The passenger trains initially ended directly at the northern bridgehead. The street over the Ernst-Walz-Brücke was extended as Berliner Straße in the 1950s . The tram was then gradually extended. Since then, both the tram route and Berliner Straße have been running along the eastern edge of Neuenheimer Feld.
After the Second World War, the university had a considerable need to expand, so that the natural science faculties (apart from several buildings of the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy) and part of the medicine were relocated as a campus university in Neuenheimer Feld, for which almost the entire area was built on. Since the turn of the millennium there has been a new wave of construction, numerous clinics and medical institutes are leaving the old clinic in Bergheim and moving to new buildings in Neuenheimer Feld. The facilities that are housed here in new buildings also include student residences, the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), the South Asia Institute (SAI) and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law .
A 14 km long underground corridor system was built under the Neuenheimer Feld for transport between the various buildings of the clinic and the local institutes. Food and laundry are transported underground by a driverless electric monorail. There is also an underground pneumatic tube system. A continuous ring system is expected to be in place with the completion of the new surgical clinic in 2020.
The development has also been extended to the neighboring Handschuhsheim area; the Institute for Sports Science , the new building for the University of Education and, since 1985, the Heidelberg Technology Park are located here .
Particularly explosive in the resident population Wieblingens, Neuenheims and Handschuhsheims have plans for a fifth Neckar crossing, which should give the Neuenheimer Feld a direct motorway connection. An expansion of the tram network , which should open up the area, is in the planning phase. The plan approval procedure was initiated in May 2011 and completed in June 2014. Following the university's lawsuit, the Baden-Württemberg Administrative Court imposed a temporary construction freeze in December 2014 and repealed the planning approval decision on May 11, 2016.
- Kathrin Miedniak: Clinic ring underground . Mannheim morning. September 4, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Petra Bauer, Dieter Teufel: Current developments in the transport sector . UPI Institute / Yearbook Handschuhsheim. February 26, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
- Campus tram: Now a court is slowing everyone down. December 19, 2014, accessed July 1, 2018 .
- Heidelberg Campusbahn fails due to the development plan from 1960. May 12, 2016, accessed on July 1, 2018 .