Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
|Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law|
The institute building in Heidelberg
|Carrier:||Max Planck Society|
|Legal form of the carrier:||Registered association|
|Seat of the wearer:||Munich|
|Type of research:||Basic research|
|Areas of expertise:||Jurisprudence , international law|
|Basic funding:||Federal government (50%), states (50%)|
|Management:||Armin von Bogdandy (Managing Director)|
The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law ( Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law ) was established in 1949 by the Max Planck Society founded (MPG) and has its headquarters in Heidelberg . Today's institute building is located in the northern part of the Neuenheimer Feld , part of the Handschuhsheim district .
The institute is regularly headed by two directors, with the management changing between the directors every two years. Until the end of 2012 the directors of the institute were Rüdiger Wolfrum (since 1993) and Armin von Bogdandy (since 2002). In 2013 Anne Peters succeeded Wolfrum.
When the Max Planck Society founded the Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in 1949 , the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law still existed in Berlin-Dahlem as part of the German Research University, which in turn came from a foundation of the entrepreneur Carl Leopold Netter emerged from 1916/18. This is also where the library that was relocated to Mecklenburg during the war returned. Carl Bilfinger was the director of this Kaiser Wilhelm Institute until the summer of 1946, but he was already performing his office in Heidelberg, which is why Karl von Lewinski provisionally headed the institute in Berlin .
Lewinski's successor was the diplomat Erich Kraske (1881–1954), who was increasingly critical of the institute's involvement in the German Research University. During his term of office in 1949, the MPI for Foreign Public Law and International Law was founded in Heidelberg under the direction of Carl Bilfinger. He no longer had any great sympathy for the “Berlin Fragment” and favored its dissolution or transfer to Heidelberg. However, this was opposed to the interests of the Berlin Senate, which in turn demanded that the MPG “rebuild the Berlin Institute into a fully-fledged research facility”.
The different ideas about the future of the Berlin Institute developed against the background of the looming dissolution of the German Research University . Following the request of the Berlin Senate would have meant for the MPI to operate two institutes with the same name, which is why alternative solutions were sought. Ultimately, however, on July 1, 1953, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law became the “Berlin Department” of the Heidelberg MPI. This initially meant looking for new areas of focus for the Berlin Institute, but soon led to the gradual winding up of the “Berlin Department” under Hermann Mosler. At first parts of the library moved to Heidelberg, and in the summer of 1960, after an agreement with the Berlin Senate, the institute itself could be transferred to Heidelberg. The parts of the library that remained in Berlin were loaned from the Max Planck Society to the Free University of Berlin .
The institute is one of the most renowned institutions in German-speaking countries, researching questions of international law , European law , comparative law in public law and the theoretical foundations of transnational law. Directors and former directors of the Institute have advised the federal government and other government agencies on many cases and have appeared on their behalf in various courts. So represented z. B. Jochen Abr. Frowein presented the federal government to the International Court of Justice in the Certain Properties case (Liechtenstein v. Germany). In addition, they have held outstanding national and international positions, v. a. in international courts of law. The following are to be mentioned:
- Hermann Mosler , judge at the European Court of Human Rights (1959–1976), judge at the International Court of Justice (1976–1985);
- Rudolf Bernhardt , judge at the European Court of Human Rights;
- Jochen Abr. Frowein, member of the European Commission for Human Rights (1977–1993);
- Rüdiger Wolfrum , judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (since 1996, President from 2005 to 2008);
- Armin von Bogdandy , member of the Science Council of the Federal Republic of Germany (2005–2008), judge at the European Nuclear Energy Court (since 2001, President since 2006).
The institute's library , which also includes the most important parts of the library of the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law from Berlin, houses the largest collection on international law, European law and public law in Europe with over 615,000 volumes. Its head is Johannes Mikuteit (since September 1, 2015).
Various series of publications are published by the institute directors. This includes the monograph series articles on foreign public law and international law , the quarterly journal for foreign public law and international law (English / German, English title: Heidelberg Journal of International Law ), as well as the annual Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law . The institute is also responsible for editing the Journal for the History of International Law , of which Rüdiger Wolfrum is one of the editors.
The institute is also known for the first two editions of the multi-volume Encyclopedia of Public International Law published by the former director Rudolf Bernhardt , which was reissued in 2012 as the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law under the editorship of Rüdiger Wolfrum .
The institute is not divided into departments. However, there are sections for the law of various states, European and international organizations, for basic questions of international law and special areas of international law. Each presentation is supervised by one or more employees.
- Carl Bilfinger (1950–1954), previously director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Berlin
- Hermann Mosler (1954–1980)
- Karl Doehring (1980–1987)
- Rudolf Bernhardt (1970-1993)
- Helmut Steinberger (1987–1997)
- Jochen Frowein (1981-2002)
- Rüdiger Wolfrum (1993–2012)
- Armin von Bogdandy (since 2002)
- Anne Peters (since 2013)
- Felix Lange: "Carl Bilfinger's denazification and the decision for Heidelberg: The founding history of the Max Planck Institute under international law after the Second World War." In: ZaöRV 2014, pp. 697–633.
- Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule (1947-1953) , publications from the archive of the Max Planck Society, Volume 23, Berlin, 2013, ISBN 978-3-927579-27-9 . The study is the revised version of a dissertation submitted in 2010; it is available online at Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule .
- Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Kaiser Wilhelm Society) / Kaiser Wilhelm / Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, (Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law) , in: Eckart Henning and Marion Kazemi : Handbook on the history of the institutes of the Kaiser Wilhelm / Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science 1911–2011 - data and sources , Berlin 2016, 2 volumes, volume 2: Institutes and research centers M – Z ( online ) p. 1619–1645 (chronology of the institute and its predecessor institutions).
- Rudolf Bernhardt; Karin Oellers-Frahm: The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. History and development from 1949 to 2013, articles on foreign public law and international law 270, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-662-55374-9 , published in electronic form in 2017.
- Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule (1947-1953) , 106
- Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule (1947-1953) , 106-108
- Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule (1947-1953) , 108-109
- Inga Meiser: Die Deutsche Forschungshochschule (1947-1953) , 109