Heidelberg Zoo

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heidelberg Zoo
Heidelberg Zoo Logo.svg
Full name Tiergarten Heidelberg gGmbH
place Heidelberg
surface 10.2 hectares
opening November 20, 1934
Animal species 155 species (2018)
Individuals 2478 animals (2018)
Visitor numbers 457,730 (2018)
management Klaus Wünnemann (zoo director) and Frank-Dieter Heck (commercial director)
Member of WAZA , EAZA , VdZ
Heidelberg Tiergarten main entrance.JPG

Historic entrance portal

Heidelberg Zoo (Baden-Wuerttemberg)
Heidelberg Zoo

Coordinates: 49 ° 24 ′ 55 ″  N , 8 ° 39 ′ 39 ″  E

Memorial stone for the foundation of the "Kurpfälzischer Tiergarten"

The Zoo Heidelberg was founded in 1933 and officially opened on 20 November 1934th The facility covers 10.2 hectares and in 2015 had almost 500,000 visitors. The animal population includes around 2478 animals in 155 species (inventory results from January 2019). The zoo participates in several European conservation breeding programs . The zoo director has been Klaus Wünnemann since 1998 . The zoo is run as a non-profit GmbH ( Tiergarten Heidelberg gGmbH ).


The zoo was inaugurated in 1934 on a site in the west of the Neuenheim district . The new Heidelberg Central Cemetery , which had been started in 1914 but was only partially completed and rededicated as a military cemetery as a result of the First World War, was located there . He had to be abandoned because of the Neckar drains from the mid-1920s, including the construction of the Neckar side channel , the lock Schwabenheim and the weir Wieblingen , the water table was so far risen in areas adjacent to the river areas that they are no longer used for burials could. Instead, the Heidelberg Cemetery of Honor was opened in 1934 .

The basis for the establishment of the zoo was a foundation that was initiated by Carl Bosch on the initiative of the teacher and ornithologist Otto Fehringer . Otto Fehringer was one of the managing directors of the non-profit Tiergarten GmbH from 1933 to 1938. In the early years, the newly founded zoo suffered from a lack of funds, which worsened after the death of the foundation's founder in 1940 and through the war years . In March 1945 the zoo was almost completely destroyed by a bomb attack. In the years that followed, the zoo was threatened with closure and was only able to develop slowly in the 1950s, despite the start of construction work.

With the change of management in 1972, the modern age of the zoo began with a general renovation and the construction of numerous facilities such as the bird enclosure, seal enclosure (1973, rebuilt 2006), Africa enclosure (1977), predator house (1978) and the so-called bear shop window (1981). New bird enclosures (1985), the ape house (1988) and the coastal panorama (1991) were added later. In 1999, the large outdoor aviaries created for bald ibis and glossy ibis , 2000 was Kea Plant built in 2002 and was followed by the reconstruction of the small monkey house, the opening of Yellowstone Lake and the new Tiger free system.

In 2009 the new aviary for the giant sea eagles was opened. In addition, the construction work for the major project for the new elephant house , which opened in 2010, began on June 9th with the groundbreaking ceremony by Heidelberg Mayor Eckart Würzner . As the only German zoo, it currently keeps a group of young elephant bulls in freedom according to the natural social structure of growing bulls.

In March 2014 a new raccoon facility was inaugurated. A natural landscape with a pond of around 200 square meters was created on 540 square meters.

Many of the old enclosures will continue to be remodeled in a natural way, thereby further improving animal husbandry: An enlarged outdoor enclosure shared by Syrian brown bears and corsair foxes was opened in June 2015. In July 2018, the new outdoor enclosure for the lemurs was opened. At the beginning of 2018, with the symbolic groundbreaking, construction work began on a new lion enclosure, which should take around a year. On February 26, 2019, the new lion enclosure was opened by Mayor Wolfgang Erichson, zoo director Dr. Klaus Wünnemann , first chairman of the Tiergartenfreunde Dr. Jan Gradel and landscape architect Markus Rötzer from the landscape architecture office faktorgruen officially opened.


Heidelberg Zoo has a population of rare species. The great apes are represented in two species with lowland gorillas and chimpanzees . Pointed squirrels and Roloway monkeys also live in the monkey house . In the cat family in particular, rare species such as the Asian golden cat and the Sumatran tiger can be seen. Since May 2016 the zoo has also kept a pair of Berber lions . At the entrance of the zoo there is a facility that can be seen from outside and where Syrian brown bears live together with corsair foxes . Other species of predator include red pandas , raccoons , meerkats and Indian mongooses . Damara zebras , greater kudu , bloke and ostrich live together with bronze turkeys and great white pelicans on an African enclosure . Unique in Germany is the keeping of a group of young elephant bulls in freedom according to the natural social structure of growing bulls. The seals are represented by a group of maned seals , the marsupials are represented by red giant kangaroos . 80 bird species, and thus the largest group in numbers in the zoo, are kept in aviaries or on naturally designed ponds.


Web links

Commons : Zoo Heidelberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Inventory 2018 at Heidelberg Zoo Press release Heidelberg Zoo from January 24, 2019.
  2. Balance 2018: Heidelberg Zoo reports more than 450,000 visitors. In: Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung. 1st February 2019.
  3. The Ehrenfriedhof on the website of Via Monumentum, Association for the Preservation of Monuments in Heidelberg Cemeteries, accessed on May 25, 2014.
  4. ^ History of the city's cemeteries on the website of the Heidelberg History Association (with map), accessed on May 25, 2014.
  5. BAZ for Sunday 4/5. April 2009.
  6. Climbing and playing in new dimensions: The new facility for the raccoons has opened. ( Memento from March 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Heidelberg Zoo press release from March 18, 2014.
  7. Heidelberg has one more eye-catcher ( memento from February 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Press release Heidelberg Zoo from June 3, 2015.
  8. New outdoor area for the lemurs opened. Accessed April 2, 2019 (German).
  9. New lion enclosure officially opened. In: Press information Zoo Heidelberg. Retrieved on March 26, 2019 (German).
  10. A royal couple moves: two Berber lions from Hanover will soon be moving into Heidelberg Zoo. Press release from Heidelberg Zoo.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.zoo-heidelberg.de