district of Heidelberg
|Population density||2414 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: Data atlas of the Office for Urban Development and Statistics of the City of Heidelberg|
The district extends across from Bergheim and the old town on the northern bank of the Neckar . The Heiligenberg with the Philosophenweg is in the east of the district on the border with Ziegelhausen . Handschuhsheim joins in the north . Neuenheim is separated from Wieblingen in the west by the Neckar.
In Roman times there was a Roman camp and the Roman bridge in the area of today's Neuenheim. In addition, the remains of two mithraea and a brick factory operated by the Roman Publius Attius Rufinus (brick stamp: PAR) were found. Neuenheim is significantly older than Heidelberg itself: The village was first mentioned in 765 in the Lorsch Codex and is likely to have originated as early as the Franconian period in the 6th century. Until the increasing urbanization of the Wilhelminian era , it was primarily a farming, winemaking and fishing village. In 1891, Neuenheim was the first Heidelberg district to be created by incorporating a neighboring village.
In 1961, the border to Handschuhsheim was moved to the north so that the campus in Neuenheimer Feld would not be divided by it. The villa district in the east (Ludolf-Krehl-Straße) also became part of Neuenheim.
The actual settlement area in the middle is bordered by two large traffic arteries, Brückenstraße in the east and Berliner Straße in the west. They converge in Handschuhsheim and are also served by the RNV tram and bus routes.
In Neuenheimer Feld , to the west of the old village center, there are several facilities and faculties of the University of Heidelberg , the new building for the pedagogical university and student dormitories, and most of the university hospital. The German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) is also located there.
Neuenheim is characterized by its convenient location, its architecture characterized by many villas, excellent infrastructure and lots of green areas, which above all has an increasing effect on rental prices and attracts wealthy citizens from the entire region.
The Neuenheimer Ufer at dusk with Heiligenberg, Uferstrasse, Neckarvorland and Neckarwiese
The Neuenheimer Ufer with the villa development on the slope of the Heiligenberg , the Neckar frozen over on February 11, 2012
View from the Theodor-Heuss-Brücke on Neuenheim with Heiligenberg
Neuenheimer villa around 1900, Heidelberg residence of the Eberhard Gothein family
The Catholic Church of St. Raphael and the Protestant Johanneskirche are characteristic of the district . In 1989 the Protestant St. James Church was added in Kastellweg, the establishment of which illustrated the growth of the district to the west and the traditionally high Protestant population in Neuenheim. Of the original village church, the old Johanneskirche on the market square, only the tower and the choir remain.
The 55 meter high neo-Gothic tower of the Protestant Johanneskirche is a landmark of the district. The church was planned and built by senior building officer Hermann Behaghel , who also built the Friedenskirche in Handschuhsheim and the Christ Church in Heidelberg's Weststadt .
The Neuenheim district advisory board is composed as follows:
|Party / list||2019|
- City of Heidelberg: Neuenheim at a Glance 2018. In: www.heidelberg.de. City of Heidelberg, August 2019, accessed on January 29, 2020 .
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 274 November 13th 765 - Reg. 11. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 66 , accessed on January 24, 2016 .
- City of Heidelberg - District Advisory Board Neuenheim. Retrieved December 12, 2019 .
- Meinhold Lutz, Daniela Vogt: Neuenheim in transition. A social history in pictures from 1870 to 1950. Published by the Neuenheim district association, 1990.
- Gabriele Schick: Population structure, building fabric and change in use in the Heidelberg-Neuenheim district. University of Heidelberg, admission thesis, 1980.