district of Heidelberg
|Population density||1027 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: City of Heidelberg (PDF; 147 kB)|
The first traces of settlement are excavation finds (vessels, stone ax, stone chisel) from the younger Stone Age (3500–1800 BC). The finds can be assigned to the cultures of the band ceramists and the cord ceramists . There are also indications of a Neckarsweb settlement in the Kirchheim district.
The place was first mentioned in writing in 767 AD as Chirichheim in the Lorsch Codex .
On April 1, 1920, Kirchheim with its approximately 8,000 inhabitants was incorporated into Heidelberg and has been a district since that time.
Structure of Kirchheim as a district
Kirchheim as a district is subdivided into five districts for statistical purposes. Three of them encompass the closed built-up area, two the surrounding areas. The following figures are as of 2012.
Kirchheim West (No. 007 3, 70.7 hectares, 5234 inhabitants) is the name of the area west of Pleikartsförster and Sandhäuser Straße. It is the area of the district that has grown the most in recent years. Until the 1980s, the development was limited to houses on the west side of the two streets mentioned, short side streets leading from them, the Hüttenbühl and the loose row of houses along the Heuauer Weg. In the period that followed, the area bounded by the Cuzaring in the west was increasingly built on. With the residential areas Kirchheim West and Am Dorf as well as the most recent expansion in Im Bieth , the district has now been fully developed.
Kirchheim Mitte (No. 007 1, 116.5 hectares, 6584 inhabitants) includes the historic town center, in which the former town hall from the time of Kirchheim's independence is also located. This also includes structural expansions to the north, carried out until around the middle of the 20th century, as well as the cooperative settlement Höllenstein to the east, separated from the rest of the town by the railway line to Karlsruhe .
In the direction of the city center, Kirchheim-Nord (No. 007 3, 31.9 hectares, 2580 inhabitants) joins, and was essentially built after the Second World War. Two of the four schools, the Geschwister-Scholl and the Robert-Koch School, are located in this district, which is the smallest in Kirchheim in terms of area.
To the north of it, the border forms the Stettiner Straße, is the district Am Kirchheimer Weg (No. 007 5, 109.7 hectares, 1023 inhabitants) with the emergency residential area Mörgelgewann and Kirchheimer Weg .
Large areas of the central area are used for leisure and recreation. In addition to allotment gardens , there are extensive sports facilities, including the South Sports Center, which is home to SG Kirchheim , the HCH hockey stadium named after Michael Peter , the rugby fields of HRK and RGH and the sports fields of Heidelberger SC . The Gregor-Mendel-Realschule, the municipal building yard and the measuring station are also located in the district; other areas are used by horticultural companies. In the north of the district, the former US barracks Patton Barracks is one of the city's conversion areas . Adjacent there is another sports field that is used by Union Heidelberg , as well as two of the three, all small residential areas: the Mörgelgewann and the cooperative settlement Am Kirchheimer Weg . The third area, which covers only two streets, is in the extreme south-east of the district.
The remaining outer areas of the district in the north, west and south are covered by the fifth district of Kirchheimer Flur and Patrick-Henry-Village (No. 007 4/007 6, 1205 ha, 444 inhabitants). It is the largest district in terms of area, but the least populous district of Kirchheim. With the former Heidelberg Army Heliport and the also abandoned Patrick-Henry-Village housing estate, two further conversion areas are located here, but a decision has not yet been made about their further use. There are a total of five living spaces in the district: the hamlet of Pleikartsförster Hof , which dates back to the Middle Ages , the centuries-old former Bruchhäuser and current Kirchheimer Mühle , as well as Neurott , the Kirchheimer Hof and the Kurpfalzhof, three agricultural settlements of the twentieth century. The district is also home to the city nursery, the recycling yard, the Kirchheimer Friedhof, two other repatriate yards in Gewann Stöckig and, in the far south-west, the ADAC driving safety center and the former municipal waste dump at Feilheck . This is also the only place where the city of Heidelberg borders the Hardtwald .
From the planning of the Old Town Hall, which was completed in 1824, to its incorporation into Heidelberg, the fortunes of the village have been directed by the following mayors, bailiffs and mayors:
- Johann Georg Koppert (1795–1824)
- Johann Georg Leiberg (1824-1825)
- Georg Adam Lüll (1825-1830)
- Heinrich Schmitt (1831–1838)
- Johann Ludwig Schneider (1838–1844)
- Georg Kaltschmitt (1845–1848)
- Heinrich Schmitt (1848-1854)
- Georg Kaltschmitt (1854–1860)
- Georg Mampel (1861–1870)
- Philipp Alexander Kaltschmitt (1870-1894)
- Georg Kaltschmitt III. (1894-1914)
- Johann Georg Goll (1914-1918)
- Matthias Driver (1918–1920)
The Kirchheim district advisory board is composed as follows:
|Party / list||2019|
Many small retail shops are located in the former main thoroughfare, which has been traffic-calmed since the 26 tram was (re) opened. The grocery stores form a dense network so that all daily business can be done on site. Numerous doctors have settled in this district.
In 1865, Kirchheim was given a train station on the Rhine Valley Railway from Heidelberg to Karlsruhe , located on the boundary of the Rohrbach community, which was also an independent community at the time . Since it went into operation in 2003, it has been served by the Rhein-Neckar S-Bahn in regular intervals, and Rohrbach has also been included in the name.
In 1910 a tram connection from Kirchheim to Rohrbach to the line between Heidelberg and Wiesloch was put into operation. It began at the market in Rohrbach and led through Heinrich-Fuchs-Strasse, over the Bürgerbrücke and through Bürgerstrasse, Hagellachstrasse, Odenwaldstrasse and Schwetzinger Strasse to the final stop at Kirchheim City Hall. Since the introduction of the line numbers on the Heidelberg tram in 1913 and throughout its existence, with the exception of a brief cessation of operations at the end of the hyperinflationary period and after the end of the Second World War, line 6 has operated there. The end of the line was the old Heidelberg main station until 1948 , then Bahnhofstrasse on Northern edge of the west town . Between 1960 and 1963 the end point was at Seegarten, today's Adenauerplatz and from then until the line was closed in 1972 at the Handschuhsheim -Nord stop .
After heated discussions in the Heidelberg municipal council, Kirchheim received a tram connection to Heidelberg city center again on December 9, 2006 after several years of construction work. This also got the line number 6 in principle, through the network-wide standardization of the line numbers, with the leading “2” for the Heidelberg tram lines, as line 26. The route is, however, with a brief exception in the center, completely different, it leads but now via the Kirchheimer Weg in a direct line to Bismarckplatz . Kirchheim is also served by bus routes 33, 717, 720, 721, and 722.
- Kurpfalzschule (elementary school)
- Geschwister-Scholl-Schule (elementary, secondary and technical secondary school)
- Gregor Mendel School (Realschule)
In Kirchheim there is the evangelical Bonhoeffer parish, which arose in 2017 from the former parishes of Blumhardt with the Petruskirche and the parish of Wichern with its parish hall Arche , as well as the Roman Catholic parish of St. Peter .
- Dieter Neuer: Kirchheim - A local history from the Electoral Palatinate . published by Volksbank Kurpfalz eG, 1st edition, Global-Druck, Heidelberg 1985.E
- Philipp Körner, Kirchheim. A local history overview , Heidelberg 2009; 2nd edition 2011
- Kirchheim at a glance. Statistical information on the district, published by the Office for Urban Development and Statistics of the City of Heidelberg, as of 2012. Available online , PDF, 171 kB.
- Oskar Schmitt, Rudolf Sickmüller, Brigitte and Werner Helmus: Family book Kirchheim (today part of Heidelberg) 1650 - 1900. Heidelberg: District Association Kirchberg 2009 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 122)
- Körner, Kirchheim , p. 6
- Renate Ludwig: A settlement of the Neckarsueben near Heidelberg-Kirchheim. In: Archaeological excavations in Baden-Württemberg 1993, pp. 126 - 129.
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 812, June 29, 767 - Reg. 187. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 301 , accessed on March 7, 2016 .
- From Dieter Neuer: Kirchheim - A local history from the Electoral Palatinate , page 87/88
- City of Heidelberg - District Advisory Council Kirchheim. Retrieved December 12, 2019 .