district of Hamburg
|Residents||7181 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1670 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein|
The district borders in the west on Blankenese (here part of the former Dockenhuden belongs to Nienstedten), in the north on Osdorf , in the east on Othmarschen and in the south, in the area of the Elbe, on Finkenwerder . Nienstedten covers the western part of the Klein Flottbek district .
The village belonged to Stormarn around 800 . It was first mentioned in a document in 1297. The founding of the church in the 13th century ensured that Nienstedten was one of the oldest parishes in Holstein . The administration of Nienstedten was from 1350 with the residence of the Schauenburg counts in Pinneberg . At that time the place was a Katendorf , in which traders, craftsmen, small farmers and Elbe fishermen lived. In 1735 Nienstedten had 16 craftsmen and three inns. In 1751 the Nienstedten church was built , which had previously been built and demolished several times. The Elbe in this area was subject to constant widening and carried the church as well as houses and courtyards with it. Around 1800 the population of the place rose to about 150. In 1801 and 1803 Danish troops occupied the village, in 1808 it was replaced by French and Spanish occupiers, who in turn were driven out by the Cossacks in 1813/1814 . From 1846 Nienstedten was on the Altona-Blankenese horse-and-bus line. As part of the German-Danish War of 1864, Prussia came into being . The school at Schulkamp was established in 1881 after the first school operation in Nienstedten was set up 400 years ago as part of the Reformation. The first and so far only industrial enterprise, the Elbschloss-Brauerei , was established in 1883. In 1899 Nienstedten was connected to the railway network, which now connected the place with Blankenese and Altona. In 1914 the place already had 2,672 inhabitants, five times more than 60 years earlier. The time of belonging to Pinneberg came to an end in 1927 when the town became part of the city of Altona through the Groß-Altona Act . Due to the Greater Hamburg Act in 1937/1938, it fell to Hamburg together with Altona and other districts. Nienstedten survived the Second World War with almost no damage.
- Minor quota: 19.9% [Hamburg average: 16.3% (2017)].
- Elderly rate: 25.5% [Hamburg average: 18.2% (2017)].
- Proportion of foreigners: 10.6% [Hamburg average: 17.1% (2017)].
- Unemployment rate: 1.8% [Hamburg average: 5.2% (2017)].
Nienstedten is Hamburg's richest district. The average income here is 120,716 euros a year (2013) and is therefore around three times as high as the overall average in Hamburg.
For the election to the citizenship and the district assembly , Nienstedten belongs to the constituency Blankenese . In 2011, the SPD became the strongest party for the first time in the bourgeois district.
Since 1966 there have been the following election results in citizenship elections:
|SPD||FDP||CDU||Green 1||AfD||Left 2)||Rest|
|Citizenship election 2020||33.2%||14.5%||21.3%||21.7%||2.7%||3.0%||3.5%|
|Citizenship election 2015||36.1%||22.9%||20.0%||12.0%||4.6%||2.2%||2.2%|
|State election 2011||34.7%||17.3%||31.8%||10.4%||-||2.0%||3.8%|
|2008 general election||17.0%||8.1%||62.6%||10.0%||-||1.6%||0.7%|
|2004 general election||16.6%||4.5%||64.8%||11.4%||-||-||2.7%|
|2001 general election||22.4%||15.0%||37.0%||9.0%||-||0.2%||16.4% 3)|
|Citizenship election 1997||20.4%||8.3%||46.0%||12.8%||-||0.4%||12.1% 4)|
|Citizenship election 1993||21.7%||9.4%||39.9%||12.8%||-||-||16.2% 5)|
|Citizenship election 1991||23.3%||12.3%||54.6%||7.8%||-||0.1%||1.9%|
|Citizenship election 1987||24.9%||12.5%||55.8%||6.0%||-||-||0.8%|
|State election 1986||20.6%||11.1%||59.6%||8.3%||-||-||0.4%|
|State election December 1982||26.2%||5.9%||61.5%||6.3%||-||-||0.1%|
|May 1982 general election||21.9%||6.4%||63.9%||6.8%||-||-||1.0%|
|Citizenship election 1978||26.7%||6.8%||60.2%||3.9%||-||-||2.4%|
|State election 1974||22.0%||12.6%||62.4%||-||-||-||3.0%|
|State election 1970||32.5%||12.3%||50.9%||-||-||-||4.3%|
|City elections 1966||37.0%||12.2%||45.8%||-||-||-||5.0%|
Culture and sights
Church and cemetery
In the Nienstedten cemetery there are tombs of old Holstein and Hamburg families. The location of the Nienstedten church is one of the oldest in the Hamburg area. Today's half-timbered building is very popular for weddings and the Nienstedtener Kantorei organizes many concerts here. The altar is decorated with the oil painting The Last Supper by Heinrich Stuhlmann , which was made in 1843. Leonardo da Vinci's mural The Last Supper served as a template for the painting . Thanks to a private donation following the extensive renovation, it has housed a pair of paintings by the reformers Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon by Lucas Cranach the Younger from 1562 since September 15, 2012 .
Country house Baur
On the Elbchaussee on the site of the former Elbschloss brewery , the architect Christian Frederik Hansen built a country house for the Hamburg merchant Johann Heinrich Baur from 1804 to 1806 . The so-called Elbschlösschen has been the seat of the Hermann Reemtsma Foundation since 2000 .
Country house JC Godeffroy
The JC Godeffroy country house, built by Christian Frederik Hansen from 1789 to 1792 for the Hamburg merchant and shipowner Jean Cesar IV. Godeffroy , is located in the Hirschpark and is now used by a ballet school.
The Nienstedten annual market (amusement market / fair) takes place twice a year , and an organic market takes place on the market square on Fridays. Business people and clubs organize a Christmas market every year, the Nienstedten Advent stroll . The Nienstedten volunteer fire brigade always opens its gates to the public in September, and the citizens' associations organize an art and culture mile at irregular intervals in the summer.
The annual German show jumping and dressage derby with the famous obstacle Pulvermanns Grab takes place in Klein Flottbek . Classic sports clubs with a long tradition are the Nienstedtener Turnverein, the Nienstedten sports club (soccer) and the TTC Grün-Weiß-Rot Nienstedten from 1949 (table tennis, since 1994 in a syndicate with TuS Osdorf ).
The building of the Nienstedten volunteer fire brigade also achieved a certain level of awareness, on which a life-size cow figure in fire brigade uniform has been sliding down a pole since 2002.
Economy and Infrastructure
The northern border of Nienstedten forms the S-Bahn line Altona – Blankenese (lines S1 / S11 ) with the Klein Flottbek train station and the Hochkamp stop . The south-western approach lane of Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel airport begins via Nienstedten . The Elbchaussee - a narrow main thoroughfare and upper-class residential street - and the Elbuferweg run along the Elbe in the south . The ferry runs from the Teufelsbrück ship pier to the Airbus aircraft plant and to Finkenwerder.
Nienstedten is the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea , a UN body . Here, judges from different countries decide on points of dispute that affect the use of the world's oceans and all related matters. The building is located north of Elbchaussee on the street Am Internationale Seegerichtshof . The area of the Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an extra-territorial area . Another important institution in Nienstedten is the Bundeswehr Leadership Academy (FüAkBw) from 1958 with the Manfred Wörner Center (MWZ) established in 2000 in the Clausewitz barracks .
In 2013 Nienstedten had six kindergartens and one elementary school.
Sons and daughters of Nienstedtens
- Eduard Marxsen (1806–1887), composer
- John Cornelius Booth (1836–1908), gardener and tree nursery owner
- Rudolph Jürgens (1850–1930), horticultural engineer, landscape gardener and businessman
- Hein Bollow (1920–2020), jockey and trainer
Associated with Nienstedten
Lived and live in Nienstedten:
- Max Emden (1874–1940), chemist and wholesale merchant
- Kurt Küchler (1883–1925), journalist and writer
- Willy Bruns (1904–1998), shipowner
- Heidi Kabel (1914–2010), popular actress
- Hermann Brandt (1922–2018), trade unionist
- Peter Lübbers (1934–1982), painter
- Dieter Asmus (* 1939), painter
- Brigitte Kronauer (1940–2019), writer
- Rosmarie Halbrock: Nienstedten , Rasch and Röhring, Hamburg 1994, ISBN 3-89136-502-0 .
- Krug-Brayshaw / Cords: Nienstedten in old views , European Library, Zaltbommel / NL 1984, ISBN 90-288-2916-4 .
- Werner Johannsen: Who they were where they rest. A guide to remarkable graves at the Nienstedten cemetery , Heinevetter, Hamburg 1992, ISBN 3-929171-22-8 .
- List of streets and squares in Hamburg-Nienstedten
- List of cultural monuments in Hamburg-Nienstedten
- List of stumbling blocks in Hamburg-Nienstedten
- (epd): Large map: This is how much the people in your district earn . Hamburger Abendblatt . Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- Statistics North
- minors in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Proportion of 65-year-olds and older in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- foreigners in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Unemployment rate in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (ed.): Hamburg District Profile 2016 (= NORD.regional . Volume 19 ). 2018, ISSN 1863-9518 ( Online PDF 6.6 MB [accessed February 12, 2018]).
- Election database at the Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein . For the elections from 1966 to 2004 the historical election database is to be used.
- Cranach paintings by Luther and Melanchthon move into a Hamburg church ( Memento from October 10, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Landhaus JC Godeffroy (Hirschparkhaus) (Hamburg.de, accessed on April 19, 2013)
- Guard - FF Nienstedten. In: feuerwehr-nienstedten.de. Retrieved July 23, 2016 .
- Statistics North District Profile 2013