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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Jork
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Jork highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 32 '  N , 9 ° 41'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Stade
Height : 4 m above sea level NHN
Area : 62.26 km 2
Residents: 12,293 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 197 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 21635
Area code : 04162
License plate : HOURS
Community key : 03 3 59 028
Community structure: 7 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Am Gräfengericht 2
21635 Jork
Website :
Mayor : Matthias Riel ( independent )
Location of the municipality of Jork in the district of Stade
Balje Krummendeich Freiburg/Elbe Oederquart Wischhafen Drochtersen Großenwörden Engelschoff Hammah Düdenbüttel Himmelpforten Burweg Kranenburg Estorf Oldendorf Heinbockel Stade Deinste Fredenbeck Kutenholz Jork Buxtehude Apensen Beckdorf Sauensiek Ahlerstedt Brest Bargstedt Harsefeld Nottensdorf Bliedersdorf Horneburg Dollern Agathenburg Landkreis Stade Niedersachsen Landkreis Cuxhaven Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme) Landkreis Harburg Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein Grünendeich Mittelnkirchen Neuenkirchen Guderhandviertel Steinkirchen Hollern-Twielenflethmap
About this picture

Jork ( Low German : Jörk ) is a municipality in Lower Saxony in the Stade district on the south-western border with Hamburg and the center of the Altes Land , one of the largest fruit-growing areas in Europe.

Part of Jork

Community structure

Jork is divided into the following districts:

  1. Borstel (with Lühe )
  2. Estebrugge
  3. Hove (Small and Big Hove)
  4. Jork (core town)
  5. Kingdom (with Leeswig)
  6. Charging head
  7. Moor end


The place Jork was first mentioned in 1221. In the period that followed, it developed into the administrative center of the Old Country. In 1885 Jork became the seat of the Prussian district of Jork , which in addition to the old country also included the city of Buxtehude and the municipality of Neuland. In 1932, Jork lost the function of an administrative center, as the district was dissolved and connected to the Stade district to the west of the Este , and to the Harburg district to the east . The Jork District Court no longer exists since 1972.

Jork in the Altes Land was the starting point for several new apple varieties. The Gloster 69 emerged as a cross between bell apple and Richared in 1951 from a breed at the local fruit growing research institute Moorende in the state. The jamba also found its origin here in 1955.

In 1776 the writers Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Eva König married in Jork . To commemorate this, a wedding bench with a memorial plaque was set up in front of the Jork town hall and the Lessing Talks have taken place every November since 1992.

Place name

Old names of the place were around 1221 Maiorc, 1232 Mayorc, 1247 Jorike, 1257 Mayorke, 1313 Jorke, 1315 Jorke, 1315 Jork, 1316 Jorke, 1317 Jorke, 1320 Maiorke, 1324 Maiorke, around 1330 Maiorke, around 1330 Jorke, 1334 Jorke, 1335 Majorke, 1336 Maiorke, 1349 Maiorka, 1349 Maiorka and in 1358 Mayorka.

It is clear that the place name was initially Majork (e) and only later became Jork (e), Jork. There was a phrase "to dem jorke", "bei dem Schlamm, Schlick" contains Low German "gor (k)", thus "Schlamm, Schlick", also attested in Dutch "gor", which explains the older documents "Majorke" : “To dem jorke” merged with “demjorke” to “mejorke, majorke”. In addition, more and more "jorke, gorke" from the same word used to describe the settlement.


Today's Jork community was created on July 1, 1972 through the merger of the seven formerly independent communities Borstel, Estebrugge, Hove (until then in the Harburg district ), Jork, Kingdom, Ladekop and Moorende (until then in the Harburg district).


The following parishes belong to Jork:

  1. Borstel (St. Nikolai)
  2. Estebrugge (St. Martini)
  3. Jork ( St. Matthias )


Jork Town Hall

Municipal council

The council of the municipality of Jork consists of 28 council members. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 11,001 and 12,000. The council is elected for a five-year term in local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor is also entitled to vote in the council.

The last local election resulted in the following distribution of seats immediately after the election:

Local election Citizens' Association Jork (BVJ) CDU SPD FDP Green total
11th September 2016 9 8th 5 4th 3 29 seats


The full-time mayor has been Matthias Riel ( independent ) since November 1, 2019 . His deputies are Michael Eble (CDU) and Peter Rolker (FDP).

Chronicle of the mayor

  • November 1, 2019 - Date: Matthias Riel (independent)
  • September 11, 2011 - October 31, 2019: Gerd Hubert (Jork Citizens' Association)

coat of arms

New coat of arms (from 1972)

The municipal coat of arms of the municipality of York was of the grown in York painter and sculptor Carsten Eggers designed.

Coat of arms of Jork
Blazon : "In the divided shield above in blue , two diagonally crossed silver gable boards thatendin turned swan's heads, below in silver a red spade in the green shield base , the spade is accompanied by two red oath hands ."
Reasons for the coat of arms: still open

Old coat of arms (until 1972)

The old municipal coat of arms of the municipality of York was the heraldist Otto Hupp designed.

Coat of arms of Jork
Blazon : "In red three, two-to-one, raised silver oath hands ."
Justification for the coat of arms: Klemens Stadler says in his book:

“Two“ Seals of the Old Country ”from the 16th and 19th centuries show one of the keys from the coat of arms of the Archbishopric of Bremen . Then Hupp designed the image of the alleged coat of arms for Jork (in silver, an upright blue key with the beard pointing upwards on the right). However, this was not approved in another form until 1952 by the Minister of the Interior . Through the hands of the sworn, it symbolizes the Altland Council of Three Juries as the highest court in the area, which had its seat in Jork from 1566 until its abolition in 1832. It was under the direction of one of the two Altland counts, to whom 71 assessors were attached. Jork was also the meeting place of the estates and until 1932 the administrative center of the former district of the same name. "

Community partnerships

Culture and sights


Well-preserved old half-timbered courtyards with magnificent gates, the so-called Altländer gates, can be found throughout the Altländer Land . The Obstmarschenweg runs along the huge fruit-growing areas and (historical) farms . Another tourist destination is the mill located on a piece of dike in the Borstel district . Of particular note is the town hall - the so-called Graefenhof - whose history can be traced back to the 12th century. In particular, the wedding room on the first floor is very well preserved and in proper style.

In the district of Moorende there is the Esteburg, a manor from the beginning of the 17th century. There are numerous old lighthouses near the Elbe dike, for example in Twielenfleth, Lühe and Mielstack.

On the Elbe island Hahnöfersand are the juvenile detention center, the juvenile detention center and a correctional facility for women of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.


Nature reserves

Regular events

  • Lessing Talks (beginning of November). The event has been held in the Altes Land Museum since 1992. A series of publications documents the contributions, which are editorially supervised by the Altländer Archive and scientifically accompanied by the brand sociologist Prof. Dr. Alexander drawbar.
  • Easter bonfires in different districts
  • Altländer flower march - fire brigade march of the Jork volunteer fire brigade with around 1000 participants through the apple and cherry blossom - annually on the first Sunday in May
  • Altländer flower festival on the first weekend in May
  • Shooting festivals
  • The traditional Estebrugge market (in the district of Estebrugge) takes place every year on the third weekend in September and is organized by the local history association of de Est
  • Open court day on the second weekend in September
  • North German fruit growing days always in February
  • Viking market in Neuenschleuse
  • on the second Advent: Christmas market in the center of Jork
  • on the third Advent: Christmas market at the church in Estebrugge

Photo gallery


Four bus routes operate in Jork, all of which are operated by KVG Stade and are connected to the Hamburg transport association:

  • 0257 Jork - Hamburg-Neuenfelde - S-Bahn Hamburg-Neugraben
  • 2030 Buxtehude - Dammhausen - Jork - Borstel - Steinkirchen (only on weekdays)
  • 2040 Buxtehude - Estebrugge - Jork - Borstel - Hamburg-Cranz
  • 2050 Stade - Hollern - Steinkirchen - Jork
  • In addition, Airbus and school-related scheduled services

There is a pathway , the "Altländer Bimmelbahn", for round trips .


Sons and daughters of the church

People connected to the community

  • Peter Joseph du Plat (1728–1782), cartographer from the Electorate of Hanover and chief dike, in 1759 he married Anna Dorothea Feind (t) here
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729–1781), writer, poet and playwright, in 1776 he married Eva König here
  • Johannes Schuback (1732–1817), businessman, he owned a summer residence here, where Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Eva König married
  • Eva Lessing , b. Hahn, married König (1736–1778), in 1776 she married Gotthold Ephraim Lessing here
  • Rudolf Stechmann (1899–1989), politician (DP), he was a member of the Lower Saxony state parliament from 1955 to 1959, died here
  • Otto Rahm (1904–1994), expressionist painter, graphic artist and sculptor, created a wall mosaic here
  • Heinrich Hellwege (1908–1991), politician ( DHP , DP and CDU), was district chairman of the DHP in Jork from 1931
  • Günter Ssymmank (1919–2009), architect and designer, died here
  • Hans Feindt (1920–2012), politician (CDU) and member of the Lower Saxony state parliament, he took over his father's fruit growing business
  • Gerhard Kaufmann (1936–2009), geographer, folklorist and director of the Altona Museum, lived here
  • Jan-Henrik Horn (1944–2002), lawyer and politician (Greens), was a member of the Jork Municipality Council
  • Otto Waalkes (* 1948), comedian, comic artist, musician, actor, director and voice actor, in 2000 he married Eva Hassmann here
  • Eckart Brandt (* 1950), pomologist (fruit tree expert) and author, in 2004 he founded Boomgarden e. V.
  • Eckhard Gorka (* 1955), Lutheran theologian and regional superintendent of the Hildesheim-Göttingen district of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover and abbot of the Amelungsborn monastery, was vicar in the Evangelical Lutheran church here. Matthias parish (1981–1988)
  • Stefan Studer (* 1964), football player and official, worked here as a branch manager at Hypovereinsbank
  • Andreas Boltze (* 1966), volleyball and beach volleyball player, played for TuS Jork
  • Silke Schmitt , b. Meyer (* 1968), volleyball and beach volleyball player, played for TuS Jork
  • Elton , bourgeois Alexander Duszat (* 1971), TV presenter, grew up here
  • Eva Hassmann (* 1972), actress and artist, she married Otto Waalkes here in 2000
  • Deniz Barış (* 1977), former German-Turkish soccer player, lived here
  • Sarah Hannemann (* 1990), actress, spent her childhood here

Web links

Commons : Jork  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Territorial change agreement. (PDF; 24 kB) In: Website Jork municipality. June 20, 1972. Retrieved October 8, 2018 .
  3. ^ Jürgen Udolph (research): The "place name researcher". In: Website NDR 1 Lower Saxony . Archived from the original on December 2, 2016 ; accessed on October 8, 2018 .
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p.  246 .
  5. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Lower Saxony Regulations Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed November 26, 2019 .
  6. ^ Members of the municipal council including the mayor. In: Website of the municipality of Jork. Retrieved September 8, 2019 .
  7. main statute. (PDF; 127 kB) In: Website Jork municipality. July 1, 2017, accessed October 8, 2018 .
  8. a b c Klemens Stadler : German coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Germany . The municipal coats of arms of the federal states of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. tape 5 . Angelsachsen-Verlag, Bremen 1970, p. 52 .