from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Salzwedel
Map of Germany, position of the city of Salzwedel highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 51 '  N , 11 ° 9'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony-Anhalt
County : Altmarkkreis Salzwedel
Height : 19 m above sea level NHN
Area : 304.58 km 2
Residents: 23,453 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 77 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 29410
Primaries : 03901, 039032, 039033, 039037, 039038
License plate : SAW, GA, KLZ
Community key : 15 0 81 455

City administration address :
At the Mönchskirche 5
29410 Salzwedel
Website :
Mayoress : Sabine Blümel
Location of the district town of Salzwedel in the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel
Apenburg-Winterfeld Arendsee (Altmark) Beetzendorf Dähre Diesdorf Gardelegen Jübar Kalbe (Milde) Klötze Kuhfelde Rohrberg Salzwedel Wallstawemap
About this picture

The Hanseatic city of Salzwedel [ ˈzaltsveːdəl ] is the district town of the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel in Saxony-Anhalt .


Salzwedel is located in the northwestern part of the Altmark at the confluence of the Salzwedeler Dumme in the Jeetze . Neighboring regionally important cities are Uelzen (in the west, 44 km), Lüchow (in the north, 12 km), Gardelegen (in the south, 41 km) and Arendsee (in the east, 24 km).

City structure

View of the northern part of the city
View of the eastern part of the city
View of the western part of the city

The Hanseatic city of Salzwedel is divided into 17 localities (former municipalities) and 48 districts . The localities include the same name and other districts and residential areas:

Andorf, Hestedt , Rockenthin , Groß Grabenstedt and Klein Grabenstedt
Benkendorf and Büssen
Brietz with living space Brietzer Mühle and Chüttlitz
Groß Hüden , Klein Hüden and Ritze
Dambeck, Dambeck and Brewitz Office
Liesten and Depekolk
Mahlsdorf and Maxdorf
Osterwohle, Bombeck , United Gerstedt , small Gerstedt and Wistedt
Pretzier and Königstedt
Riebau and Jeebel
Stappenbeck and Buchwitz
Tylsen and Niephagen

Districts without localization are:

The core town of Salzwedel does not form a district. In addition, the settlements and residential areas Böddenstedter Mühle , Perver , Siebeneichen , Siedlung des Friedens and Siedlung Ost are located in the Salzwedel district .

On July 1, 2019, a change in the main statute came into effect: The village of Henningen only consists of the Henningen district. Two new localities were created: The locality Andorf, consisting of the Andorf district and the Grabenstedt district, and the Barnebeck district, consisting of the Barnebeck district.

Two earlier municipalities did not form localities after the incorporation:


Salzwedel around 1650

Early history and the first settlement in the urban area

The earliest archaeological finds that indicate settlement are far outside of today's inner city area. In the neighboring Wendland , especially in the area around Lüchow , many Middle and Neolithic sites are known, some of which have been and are still being excavated. It can therefore be assumed that groups of hunters and gatherers have repeatedly visited the area around Salzwedel for at least 7,000 years.

After the last ice age, which ended around 14,000 years ago, there was a lake between Salzwedel and Wustrow in Wendland. People who temporarily settled on its banks left behind many flint tools, but also antler and bone tools. Some of these antler devices were found in the Jeetze.

Also from the middle and late Neolithic period (around 3600–2000 BC) only a few pieces come from the urban area. A late Bronze Age find of the old waterworks and a burial ground (around today's B71 ) indicate a permanent settlement of the nearby city area of ​​Salzwedels since around 1000 BC. Chr. In the early Iron Age there was a cemetery around this area (from 700 BC) and a new cemetery called "Auf dem Höhe Felde" was built, which is very close by. At the end of the pre-Roman Iron Age from approx. 200 BC. New cemeteries were created on the Perver Windmühlenberg (south-east of Salzwedel) and on the former parade ground near Kricheldorf (south of Salzwedel). From the late Roman Empire and the Great Migration (180–500 AD) there are only very few individual finds.

Middle Ages and the Salzwedel Castle as the beginning of urban development

Castle garden and monk's church

Since the year 800 a settlement has been assumed on the site of today's town in the vicinity of Salzwedel Castle . The old name Soltwidele refers to a ford through the Jeetze on the old salt road . The castle near Salzwedel was first mentioned in a document in 1112. Salzwedel leads the founding of the city to the margrave brothers Johann I and Otto III. back who lived temporarily at Salzwedel Castle; the first name as a city dates from the year 1233. From 1247, the new city emerged immediately northeast of the old town as a planned foundation and independent city. Both cities were within the city wall. It was not until 1713 that the old town and new town were combined. From 1263 to 1518 Salzwedel was a member of the Hanseatic League , so that extensive trade was carried out. Grain, hides, cloths and beer reached Gotland and Russia from the Hanseatic city . Mainly spices, herrings and also tin and copper vessels were shipped into the city via the Jeetze. Due to the high quality fabrics, Salzwedel was known far beyond the borders of the region as a “cloth maker workshop”. Street names such as Schmiede-, Wollweber- or Radestrasse and the paved coats of arms of the respective crafts testify to the former tradition in Salzwedel to this day.

In the Polabian ("Wendish") language of the area, which died out in the 18th century , Salzwedel was called Ljosdit (Lôsdît, Lósdy) , possibly derived from ljos ( Slavic lěsă , "forest").

Reformation and early modern times

The Reformation took hold in Salzwedel in 1541. The Thirty Years War brought the city to the brink of ruin without being besieged. The reason for this was the billeting of foreign troops. Including the mercenary Peter Hagendorf in winter camp from December 1627 to February 1628.

From the 16th century, Salzwedel belonged to the Salzwedelic Circle .

From 1800 until today

Gutted half-timbered house (1990)

In 1816, Salzwedel became the seat of the Salzwedel district in the Prussian province of Saxony . In 1870 the city received a railway connection. As a result, the jets' shipping lost its importance. As a result, further rail lines were added.

After the First World War , Hoyersburg emerged as a district of Salzwedel. The settlement was founded primarily to settle Germans from Russia who mainly worked as forest workers for the city.

During the Second World War , a camp for forced laborers was set up on the site of a fertilizer factory in Gardelegener Strasse from 1942 , which was operated from the end of July 1944 to April 14, 1945 as the Salzwedel satellite camp , a women's camp of the Neuengamme concentration camp . Initially 400 and later up to 1,500 mostly Jewish prisoners of different nationalities had to do heavy labor in two twelve-hour shifts in ammunition production for the Salzwedel wire and metal factory , a subsidiary of Magdeburg's Polte-Werke . At the end of the Second World War, more and more women from other concentration camps were transported to the Salzwedel camp in front of the advancing Allies, and on April 14, 1945 the 9th US Army liberated 3,000 prisoners there.

The air raid carried out as part of Operation Clarion on February 22, 1945 destroyed the station area and killed around 300 people. However, the old town was largely preserved, as the targets of the attack were the railway lines and industrial buildings. However, during the GDR era, numerous old houses fell into disrepair.

From 1946 to 1950 Salzwedel was an independent city . In 1952 it was assigned to the newly founded Magdeburg district .

In the GDR, the city was the location of the helicopter squadron 16 of the air forces of the border troops of the GDR from April 1971 to April 1986 , then a branch of the Nordhausen site, most recently with Mil Mi-2 and Mil Mi-8 helicopters . Due to the location close to the border, many houses have been abandoned since the fall of the Wall in 1989, so that in 2007 an action was started to offer houses and land cheaply.

Since April 1, 2008 the city has had the addition of the Hanseatic City to its name .

Population development

Population development of Salzwedel.svgPopulation development in Salzwedel - from 1871 onwards
Population development in Salzwedel according to the table below. Above from 1730 to 2018. Below an excerpt from 1871
year Residents
1730 03,589
1740 03,657
1750 03,606
1770 04.017
1774 03,851
1780 04,717
1790 04,886
1925 14,927
1939 18,031
1946 24,564
1964 19,615
1971 20,501
1981 22,811
1993 23,368
year Residents
1998 20,614
1999 20,499
2000 20,349
2001 20,130
2002 19,926
2003 21,360
2004 21,070
2005 21,316
2006 20,777
2015 24,410
2016 24.199
2017 24.002
2018 23,655
Population pyramid for Salzwedel (data source: 2011 census)

(from 1998 to December 31st)


Incorporation to Salzwedel took place in 1908 (Perver), 1950 (Böddenstedt), 1974 (Krinau), 2003 (three municipalities), 2005 (Stappenbeck), 2009 (Benkendorf), 2010 (ten municipalities) and 2011 (two municipalities) .

Church in Cheine
Church in Depekolk
Church in Ritze
Kluskirche in Stappenbeck
Former parish date annotation
Andorf 05/01/1992 Incorporation to Henningen
Barnebeck 05/01/1992 Incorporation to Henningen
Benkendorf 01/01/2009
Boeddenstedt 07/01/1950
Bombeck 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Osterwohle
Brewitz 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Dambeck
Brietz 01/01/2003
Buchwitz 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Stappenbeck
Cheine 03/01/1973 Incorporation to Seebenau
Chudes 01/01/2010
Chüttlitz 03/01/1973 Incorporation to Brietz
Dambeck 01/01/2003
Depekolk 07/01/1950 Incorporation after Liesten
Eversdorf 08/01/1972 Merger with Wieblitz to Wieblitz-Eversdorf
Gerstedt 10/01/1972 Incorporation to Osterwohle
Grabenstedt 01/01/1973 Incorporation to Andorf
Great Chüden December 01, 1972 Merger with Ritze to Chüden
Great Grabenstedt 07/01/1950 Merger with Klein Grabenstedt zu Grabenstedt
Big Wieblitz 07/01/1950 Merger with Klein Wieblitz to form Wieblitz
Henningen 01.01.1974
Incorporation to Langenapel.
Separation from Langenapel.
Incorporation to Salzwedel
Hestedt 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Andorf
Year sow 07/01/1950 Incorporation according to Jeebel
Jeebel 01/01/1963 Incorporation to Riebau
Kemnitz 07/01/1950 Merger with Ziethnitz zu Steinitz
Little boys 07/01/1950 Incorporation after Ritze
Klein Grabenstedt 07/01/1950 Merger with Groß Grabenstedt zu Grabenstedt
Klein Gartz 01/01/2010
Klein Wieblitz 07/01/1950 Merger with Groß Wieblitz to form Wieblitz
Koenigstedt 01/01/1992 Incorporation after Pretzier
Kricheldorf 07/01/1950 Merger with Sienau zu Krinau
Krinau 03/15/1974
Langenapel 01/01/2010
Liesten 01/01/2010
Mahlsdorf 01/01/2003
Maxdorf 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Mahlsdorf
Osterwolle 01/01/2010
Perver 07/01/1908
Pretzier 01/01/2010
Riebau 01/01/2010
Crack December 01, 1972 Merger with Groß Chüden zu Chüden
Rockenthin 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Andorf
Seebenau 01/01/2010
Sienau 07/01/1950 Merger with Kricheldorf zu Krinau
Stappenbeck 01.01.1974
Incorporation to Mahlsdorf.
Outsourcing from Mahlsdorf.
Incorporation to Salzwedel
Steinitz 01/01/2011
Tylsen 01/01/2010
Wieblitz 08/01/1972 Merger with Eversdorf to Wieblitz-Eversdorf
Wieblitz-Eversdorf 01/01/2011
Wistedt 10/01/1972 Incorporation to Osterwohle
Ziethnitz 07/01/1950 Merger with Kemnitz zu Steinitz


Citizens' center on the market square
City and district library

In the 15 localities except Benkendorf and Wieblitz-Eversdorf, the local constitution has been introduced and there is a local council (except in Steinitz).

City council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result for the composition of the city council:

Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
left 17.9% - 5.2 6th - 2nd
CDU 16.7% - 10.40 6th - 4th
AfD 13.0% + 13.00 5 + 5
SPD 12.2% - 0.8 4th - 1
Green 07.7% + 3.3 3 + 1
FDP 03.9% + 1.6 1 ± 0
Hanseatic Citizens Association Salzwedel 15.5% + 13.00 6th + 5
WG Salzwedel-Land 11.8% - 1.6 4th - 1
VILLAGE TO CITY 01.4% + 1.4 1 + 1

In addition, the mayor is a member of the city council.

City administration

On March 9, 2008, Sabine Danicke was elected mayor of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel. Due to the incorporation of Steinitz and Wieblitz-Eversdorf on January 1, 2011, the population of Salzwedel rose to over 25,000, so that Danicke was henceforth mayor.

In the mayoral election in 2015, Sabine Blümel won by just three votes. Due to the tight election result, however, Danicke appealed. On July 10, 2015, Danicke gave up her position to the Deputy Mayor Andreas Vogel, pending a decision by the Magdeburg Administrative Court . The 9th Chamber of the Magdeburg Administrative Court, chaired by administrative judge Uwe Haack, decided on December 15, 2015 that the mayoral election was valid. However, two votes were declared invalid, so that Sabine Blümel had won the runoff election on March 8, 2015 with just one vote. After a year of administrative disputes, the new mayor of Salzwedel, Sabine Blümel, was sworn in by the city council on March 16, 2016 and took up office one day later.

coat of arms

Coat of arms on the tower of the former Neustadt town hall

Blazon : “Split in silver; in front a half red eagle with gold reinforcement and breast clasp, next to it a raised red key with a beard turned back; in the back a red eagle with gold reinforcement and breast braces, in the claws two lying red keys in pegs, over the wings two steel-colored bucket helmets with black gold-decorated flight, in the crook of the neck a hexagonal gold star. "

Before 1713, the old and new towns of Salzwedel were two separate towns with their own coats of arms. The history of the coat of arms can be traced in the development of the seal images of both cities. Originally the old town carried a whole eagle with a key lying in its claws. The old town coat of arms emblazoned above did not develop until later in the course of the Middle Ages. After the unification of the old town and new town, both coats of arms were placed side by side in a shield. The old town carried the half Brandenburg eagle with the key upright, the new town the whole Brandenburg eagle with two lying keys, two helmets and a star.


The colors of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel are white and red. The city flag shows in the longitudinal direction an upper white and a lower red half. In the middle is the city coat of arms.

Town twinning

Salzwedel maintains partnerships with the following cities:

Culture and sights

Tower of the former town hall of the new town
Neupervertor, west side
Typical half-timbered houses
Houses on the Jeetze
Historic water tower


  • Old town with numerous half-timbered houses
  • City gates (Neupervertor, Steintor, fragments of the water gate and the Lüchower gate) and medieval city fortifications
  • Remains of Salzwedel Castle (castle tower in the castle garden)
  • Town hall (former Franciscan monastery)
  • Former town hall in the old town, today's district court of Salzwedel
  • Town hall tower of the former town hall of the new town (accessible renaissance tower with a view of the town)
  • Romanesque and Gothic brick churches
  • Dambeck Monastery (District Dambeck)
  • Churches turned my deterministic villages: St. George in 1908 eingemeindeten Perver , village church Osterwohle , village church Dambeck
    • Heilig-Geist-Kirche, church of a former hospital in front of the Altpervertor, formerly Gothic rotunda (!) 20 m in diameter with a single-nave brick choir, rotunda demolished in 1792, choir preserved
  • Märchenpark Salzwedel as well as the scent and touch garden of Jeetzelandschaftssanierung GmbH on the Warthe
  • Johann-Friedrich-Danneil-Museum (former provost office)
  • Kunsthaus Salzwedel, in the listed former lyceum
  • Jenny-Marx-Haus : Birthplace of Jenny Marx
  • Bismarck Tower , a 25 m high observation tower on the Black Mountain ( ), inaugurated in 1900 , approx. 4 km south-southwest of Salzwedel
  • Praying Mantis - stylized large-scale sculpture of a praying mantis made of iron. The art object inaugurated on July 12, 2000 (title actually: For Walter - instead of flowers ) by Hilmsen artist Hans Molzberger is set up next to the choir of the monk's church and was Salzwedel’s contribution to Expo 2000 in Hanover. The city has now acquired the sculpture.
  • Former bath house on the eastern Jeetzeumfluter. The house can only be reached via a narrow entrance from Goethestrasse or the promenade from Neuperver Tor.
  • Goethepark on Goethestrasse
  • By Salzwedel lead scenic routes Romanesque Route and the German Framework Road .
  • The old mint was the city's mint . The late Gothic brick building was built in the first half of the 14th century and is used in the 21st century as the office of the Magdeburg Chamber of Commerce and Industry .


  • Memorial stone at the former Salzwedel subcamp in Gardelegener Strasse for the women prisoners who were deported there for forced labor and who perished
  • Graves including a Soviet honor grove in the Perver cemetery in Arendseer Strasse for over 500 men and women who perished in forced labor and who were abducted to Germany during the Second World War
  • Memorial complex on the outskirts of the city by the Ritzer Bridge for 244 concentration camp prisoners who lost their lives on a death march from one of the subcamps in April 1945
  • Graves in the Neustädter Friedhof for nine women prisoners known by name from the subcamp who were victims of forced labor
  • Burial in the cemetery of the local part Dambeck for twelve murdered concentration camp inmates, the 1,945 victims in a transport train, called in April lost train , from the Bergen-Belsen were
  • On June 26, 2010 the Cologne artist Gunter Demnig laid a total of 16 stumbling blocks for 13 deported Jewish residents of Salzwedel and three surviving children at five locations in Salzwedel (on Altperverstrasse, Burgstrasse and Neuperverstrasse) .

Former buildings

  • The Schwarzer Adler house next to the town hall tower is a former part of the Neustadt town hall, the Gothic upper floor of which was demolished in 1801. It has not been in the hands of the city since 1820.
  • 1792 Demolition of the nave of the Heilig-Geist-Kirche
  • In 1797 the Nikolaikirche in the old town was demolished.

Music and bands

  • The Salzwedel association "Aktion Musik / local heroes eV" organizes and coordinates the Germany-wide band competition Local Heroes , which is aimed at young up-and-coming bands. The primary goal of the club located in the “Hanseatic” is to create good performance opportunities for young bands and to make them known in their home region and beyond.

Regular events

The largest and most traditional event is the annual Dionysius Market , or Nysmarkt for short . It takes place as a big city festival around the day of German unity . The Hansefest has established itself as another regular event at the beginning of June. These events are complemented by a pub night , a wine festival and a night of lights .

The national final of the Local Heroes band competition takes place every year as a major concert event. The contest has been held in Germany since 1990 and is organized and coordinated by the association “Aktion Musik / local heroes eV” (Salzwedel).

Until 2008 the Park Festival was known nationwide as a music festival held every two years with several thousand visitors and the participation of national and international bands and musicians. Due to the high cost, it is no longer performed. The Smack Festival, later Chemical Bash , one of the largest hard rock festivals in Saxony-Anhalt, also took place in Salzwedel.

Artist and scholarship house

Since 1997, the city has been sponsoring an artist and scholarship holder in the fields of visual arts, literature and music via a sponsoring association.


From 1955 to at least 1961, Salzwedel was the venue for the Jahn Memorial Sports Festival. The city hosted the 2006 World Cup for people with disabilities .

There are several sports clubs such as SV Eintracht Salzwedel 09 , ESV Lok Salzwedel, Hansebaskets Salzwedel, SV Brietz, BSV Salzwedel, Freizeit & Sport Siebeneichen eV, Reitverein St. Georg Salzwedel, the shooting club of the city of Salzwedel and the ship model club Salzwedel 1985.

In addition, some Salzwedel athletes were successful on a national and international level, such as Doris Maletzki , Irmgard Praetz , Petra Westing and Thomas Ulbricht .

Culinary specialties

Regional specialties are Salzwedeler tree cake , the Altmärkische wedding soup , pot roast (mutton) and the tongue ragout .


Almost 80 percent of Salzwedel’s residents are non-denominational .

The 2011 census in the European Union showed that of the 24,693 inhabitants of the city of Salzwedel, around 19% belonged to the Protestant and around 3% to the Catholic Church.

The Protestant Christians of the town of Salzwedel and the surrounding villages belong to three parish areas: St. Marien (in the old town), St. Katharinen (in the new town) and St. Georg (in Perver) in the parish of Salzwedel in the provost district of Stendal-Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in central Germany .

The Catholic parish of St. Laurentius is administratively part of the Stendal deanery of the Magdeburg diocese . The church services of the congregation are held in the Lorenz Church.

In Salzwedel there are parishes of different free churches , z. B. the Adventist church , an Evangelical Free Church ( Baptist ) church and a Pentecostal church .

The New Apostolic Church is also represented on site.

In a Germany-wide comparison, the number of members of Islam and Judaism is low .

Economy and Infrastructure


Queuing for Baumkuchen in GDR times

The Salzwedeler Baumkuchen, which is produced here in several companies, is known beyond the German borders. The "First Salzwedeler Baumkuchen-Fabrik" was founded in 1808 and in 1865 became supplier to the royal court . King Wilhelm I , the future German Emperor , visited the city at that time. In 1958, during the GDR era , the company was expropriated. The owner was sentenced to two years in prison at the age of 72. She was charged with depriving the GDR population of valuable raw materials by sending the tree cake to the Federal Republic . In 1990 the expropriated company was returned.



The B 71 (Halle – Gardelegen – Salzwedel – Uelzen – Bremerhaven) crosses Salzwedel from northwest to southeast and the B 248 (Northeim – Wolfsburg – Salzwedel – Dannenberg) in a south-north direction, while the B 190 (Salzwedel– Arendsee - Seehausen ) starts from Salzwedel in an easterly direction. Salzwedel is the largest town in Germany furthest away from a motorway entrance (as of November 2012). To A 39 to Lüneburg there are 80.9 km, to A 2 at the triangle to 14 A 81.4 km and the A 39 in Wolfsburg km 59.5. A gap on the A 14 from Magdeburg via Stendal and Osterburg to Schwerin , which runs east of Salzwedel, is currently being implemented. Originally (1995) an X variant was planned, which was also approved by the ADAC and provided for a Salzwedel motorway junction made up of an extended A 39 and A 14.


Platform in Salzwedel

The only train connection in operation is the Stendal – Uelzen railway line , which originally connected Bremen with Berlin and continued as the so-called American line to Bremerhaven to Columbuskaje . Salzwedel is located on the Stendal - Uelzen section that was reopened after the end of the German division in the direction of Uelzen . On this route there are connections with a regional express in the direction of Uelzen or Stendal - Magdeburg - Halle as well as by a regional train in the direction of Stendal, which serves all on-the-go stations. An Interregio-Express , which connects Berlin and Hamburg, has stopped in Salzwedel since April 2014 ; a weekend connection via IC on the same route was discontinued in December 2015. The Eurocity pair of trains Hamburg– Breslau disappeared from the offer in December 2014.

The line to Oebisfelde was closed in 2002 and the line to Wittenberge (via Arendsee (Altmark) ) in 2004.

Bus transport

Local public transport is provided by the PlusBus and TaktBus of the Saxony-Anhalt state network . The following connections lead from Salzwedel:

The Personenverkehrsgesellschaft Altmarkkreis Salzwedel mbH (PVGS) operates other routes from Salzwedel as well as the public dial-a-bus service in Salzwedel.

Aid organizations

  • Salzwedel fire department
  • Salzwedel medical train
  • THW OV Salzwedel


In Salzwedel there is the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium.


Painting by Hermann Dietrichs: On the city wall of Salzwedel in the Altmark
Monument in honor of Friedrich Gartz

sons and daughters of the town

Persons connected with Salzwedel

Memorial plaque in honor of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn
  • Nikolaus Krage († 1559), theologian and reformer, spent the last years of his life in Salzwedel
  • Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778–1852), gymnastics father, attended high school in Salzwedel
  • Johann Friedrich Danneil (1783–1868), prehistorian and local researcher, city chronicler, director of the Salzwedeler Gymnasium
  • Wilhelm Harnisch (1787–1864), educator and writer, attended the Salzwedeler Gymnasium and described Salzwedel in Mein Lebensmorgen
  • Hermann Wagener (1815–1889), conservative publicist and politician, attended high school in Salzwedel
  • Hermann Hager (1816–1897), pharmacist and pharmacist, apprenticeship as a pharmacist in Löwenapotheke
  • Hermann Masius (1818–1893), pedagogue, temporarily high school teacher in Salzwedel
  • Bertha Behrens (1848–1912), writer (pseudonym: Wilhelmine Heimburg), began writing in Salzwedel
  • Hugo Prejawa (1854–1926), building clerk, architect and archaeologist, 1897–1910 district building clerk in Salzwedel
  • Karl Söhle (1861-1947), music critic and writer, attended the Salzwedeler Gymnasium and described Salzwedel in The spoiled musician
  • Anna Freiin von Welck (1865–1925), abbess of the Drübeck monastery, last mistress of the Salzwedel provost
  • Max Adler (1867–1937), educator and historian, 1907–1932 director of the Salzwedeler Gymnasium
  • Wilhelm Fehse (1880–1946), educator and Wilhelm Raabe researcher, from 1929 at the high school in Salzwedel
  • Wilhelm Dieckmann (1889–1947), politician (SPD), managing director of Mieter-Spar und Baugenossenschaft Salzwedel, city councilor and member of the district committee of Salzwedel
  • Ekkhard Verchau (* 1927), historian, grew up in Salzwedel
  • Egon Sommerfeld (1930–2014), politician (CDU), district administrator of the Salzwedel district, member of the Saxony-Anhalt state parliament
  • Uwe Friesel (* 1939), writer, lives in Salzwedel
  • Michel Jacot (* 1940), actor and painter, grew up in Salzwedel
  • Siegfried Schneider (1946–2016), politician, mayor and city director of Salzwedel
  • Karl-Heinz Reck (* 1949), politician, minister of culture and member of the state parliament of Saxony-Anhalt
  • Reinhard Jirgl (* 1953), writer, lived with grandparents in Salzwedel from 1953 to 1964
  • Jürgen Stadelmann (* 1959), politician (CDU), member of the State Parliament of Saxony-Anhalt, State Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of the State of Saxony-Anhalt, Managing Director of the State Agency for the Exemption of Contaminated Sites of the State of Saxony-Anhalt
  • Christian Franke-Langmach (* 1992), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), City Councilor of Salzwedel, State Chairman of Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen Saxony-Anhalt and member of the coalition committee of Saxony-Anhalt


  • Joachim Stephan: The Vogtei Salzwedel. Country and people from the development of the country to the time of turmoil . Berlin u. a. 2006, ISBN 3-631-54808-7 .
  • Sebastian Müller: Notes on the oldest Salzwedel city seals . In: Thomas Wozniak, Sebastian Müller, Andreas Meyer (Eds.): Königswege. Festschrift for Hans K. Schulze on his 80th birthday and 50th anniversary of his doctorate. Eudora-Verlag, Leipzig 2014, ISBN 978-3-938533-53-6 , pp. 171-184.
  • August Wilhelm Pohlmann: History of the city of Salzwedel from its foundation to the end of 1810 from documents and credible news . Hemmerde and Schwetschke, Halle 1811 ( digitized versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10013852_00005~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
  • Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1856-1887 .

Web links

Commons : Salzwedel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Salzwedel  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
  2. a b main statute of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel . Read version (5th amendment October 24, 2018). October 24, 2018 ( [PDF; 317 kB ; accessed on July 27, 2019]).
  3. a b Allocation of village and district according to information from the Hanseatic City of Salzwedel (Head of the Council Service and City Archives) from May 7, 2019.
  4. Allocation of the residential places to the districts: District directory of the state of Saxony-Anhalt (directory of the communities and districts), territorial status January 2014, State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, Halle (Saale), 2016
  5. Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
  6. ^ Altmarkkreis Salzwedel (ed.): Official Gazette Altmarkkreis Salzwedel . Volume 24, No. 12 . Salzwedel December 19, 2018, p. 96 , V. statutes amending the main statutes ( PDF [accessed on April 14, 2019]).
  7. Hans Medick : The war in the house? In: Philipp Batelka, Michael Weise, Stephanie Zehnle (eds.): Between perpetrators and victims: violent relationships and communities of violence . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2017, ISBN 978-3-647-30099-3 , p. 298 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  8. Hans Elger: In: Wolfgang Benz , Barbara Distel (Ed.): The place of terror . History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps. Volume 5: Hinzert, Auschwitz, Neuengamme. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-52965-8 , p. 314 ff.
  10. 2011 census database, Salzwedel, Hanseatic City, age + gender
  11. Administrative region of Magdeburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Government of Magdeburg . 1988, ZDB -ID 3766-7 , p. 212 , no. 674 .
  12. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 360-363 .
  13. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  14. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2005
  15. StBA: Area changes on 01/01/2009
  16. StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
  17. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
  18. Hanseatic City of Salzwedel - Results of the city council election 2019 , accessed on December 30, 2019
  19. New title for Danicke. In Altmark newspaper . 4th December 2010
  20. ^ Sabine Danicke retired from office. of July 11, 2015, accessed on July 11, 2015
  21. Salzwedel: runoff is valid. People's vote from December 15, 2015
  22. Court ruling: Sabine Blümel becomes the new mayor. ( Memento of the original from June 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Sunday News of December 19, 2016 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  23. Sabine Blümel was appointed mayor of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel by the Salzwedel city council. from March 16, 2016
  24. § 2 paragraph 2 of the main statute of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel
  25. a b Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 405-406 .
  26. Bismarck Tower Salzwedel on
  27. Local Heroes website
  28. Organization of sports competitions and sports festivals (DR 2/6510). Federal Archives, accessed on September 25, 2017 .
  29. Information on Baumkuchen ( memento of November 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 25, 2015
  30. ^ Database census 2011, Salzwedel, Hanseatic City, Religion
  31. Evangelical Church District Salzwedel - Parish areas , accessed on October 4, 2017.
  32. ( Memento of the original dated November 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  33. ^ Matthias Stolz: Map of Germany transport connections. In Zeit magazine . November 29, 2012, p. 49, accessed July 22, 2013