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City of Salzwedel
Coordinates: 52 ° 51 ′ 24 "  N , 11 ° 16 ′ 22"  E
Height : 22 m above sea level NHN
Area : 19.09 km²
Residents : 199  (December 31, 2015)
Population density : 10 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 2010
Postal code : 29410
Area code : 039037
Riebau (Saxony-Anhalt)
Location of Riebau in Saxony-Anhalt

Riebau is a town and part of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel in the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel in Saxony-Anhalt .


The Altmark village of Riebau is located 8 kilometers east of Salzwedel on the Riebauer Graben. It is a street green village that has been expanded to the east as a street village . Neighboring towns are Jeebel , Mechau , Pretzier and Groß Chüden .

Local division

The districts of Riebau and Jeebel belong to the locality of Riebau .


Riebau was first mentioned in 1268 as in Ribowe . Margrave Otto presented the house of the lepers in Salzwedel (St. Georg Hospital) with properties in some villages. In the year 1285 it is called in villa rybuu , when the margraves Otto and Otto merged real estates for an altar in Salzwedel. The von Visne brothers had fiefdoms here. In 1369 the village was named villa Ryboue in a document . In the Landbuch der Mark Brandenburg from 1375 the village is listed as Rybowe with 21½ interest hooves . In 1444 a school yard and a windmill were mentioned. Further mentions are 1541 Ribo and 1687 Riebau .

The Riebau Volunteer Fire Brigade was founded on April 4, 1924 and has since played a decisive role in shaping social life in Riebau.

Riebau station gained fame through its early border traffic. As early as 1946 it was apparently an important transshipment station. Around 200 to 300 people passed the green border to the west, and the last train station for everyone was Riebau. This station went down in GDR history when the forced evacuation took place in May and June 1952 and many people with their belongings were loaded onto the trains at the station.

An aging population and the move brought the local day care center into existential difficulties. The vacant train station was left to decay and dismantling.

During the GDR era, Riebau housed the border troop accommodation (border barracks) of "Company 5" from Border Regiment 24. The building complex over three floors is now used by the "Dream School" project together with the station building.

Origin of the place name

Riebau is the German pronounced form of the Slavic "Ribow" or "Ribowe".

Legends and customs

In 1994 Hanns HF Schmidt recounted the legend The Hagel Sermon : In Riebau, the entire harvest was once destroyed by hailstorms. The people believed they had not obeyed the Christian commandments, so now the punishment has come. After this misfortune they met once a year on the Thursday after Pentecost to celebrate church service together. Nobody was allowed to work on this sacred day. Those who could not or did not want to participate had to leave the village before sunrise and were only allowed to return after sunset.

In 1834, the custom of the hail holiday was still common in some villages in the eastern Altmark , as Georg Wilhelm von Raumer reported: On the Thursday after Pentecost, the hail holiday is celebrated with a church service and abstinence from work, as the landmarks should once be completely hailed on that day. Those who wanted to travel earlier that day had to leave before sunrise and were not allowed to come back until after sunset.


Beaker of the single grave culture from Riebau in the Johann Friedrich Danneil Museum , Salzwedel

In a cremation grave field in Riebau, cups of the individual grave culture were found, which are exhibited today in the Johann Friedrich Danneil Museum in Salzwedel.

During construction work on a field between Pretzier and Riebau in 2017, a token was recovered. The three main sites indicate that people settled in the area around Pretzier and Riebau as early as the Iron Age . Evidence of iron processing was discovered.


On July 25, 1952, the municipality of Riebau was reclassified from the district of Salzwedel to the newly established district of Salzwedel . On January 1, 1963, the Jeebel community was incorporated into Riebau from the same district. Already on July 1, 1950, the municipality of Jahrsau from the district of Salzwedel was incorporated into the municipality of Jeebel.

By the end of 2009, Riebau formed an independent community with the Jeebel district and the former Jahrsau district, which fell victim to the GDR border expansion and is now a desert. Most recently she was a member of the Salzwedel-Land administrative association .

On January 23, 2009, the municipality council of the municipality of Riebau decided that the municipality of Riebau should be incorporated into the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel. This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2010.

After the previously independent municipality of Riebau was incorporated, Jeebel and Riebau became districts of the Hanseatic city of Salzwedel. The local constitution was introduced for the incorporated municipality in accordance with §§ 86 ff. Municipality code of Saxony-Anhalt . The incorporated municipality of Riebau with the future districts of Jeebel and Riebau became the locality of the receiving Hanseatic city of Salzwedel. A local council with five members including the local mayor was formed in the incorporated municipality and now Riebau.

Population development

year Residents
1734 167
1774 157
1789 170
1798 208
1801 175
1818 165
year Residents
1840 341
1864 414
1871 407
1885 426
1892 414
1895 427
year Residents
1900 378
1905 399
1910 387
1925 401
1939 382
1946 530
year Residents
1964 534
1971 501
1981 399
1993 366
2006 305
2008 299
year Residents
2014 222
2015 229

Territory of the respective year. Swell:


The Protestant parish of Riebau used to belong to the parish of Groß Chüden and is now part of the parish of Salzwedel-St. Georg in the parish of Salzwedel in the provost district of Stendal-Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .



Wilfried Bettzieche (CDU) was the last mayor of the community and is now the local mayor of Riebau.

Political events

The Hedonist International held its second world congress from June 9th to 13th, 2011 with more than 300 participants in Riebau.

Culture and sights

  • The Protestant village church in Riebau is a field stone building from the late 12th century with a transverse rectangular west tower. The church is a branch church of Groß-Chüden. Until 1822, Riebau was a branch of the formerly independent parish of Pretzier.
  • The local cemetery is located at the northwest exit of the village.
  • A memorial in the local cemetery is the grave of a Yugoslav prisoner of war known by name , who was a victim of forced labor during the Second World War .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Jens Heymann: Core town and villages of the unified municipality of Salzwedel are growing . In: Altmark Zeitung , Salzwedel edition . January 15, 2016 ( az-online.de ).
  2. Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
  3. ^ A b c Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1764-1769 .
  4. ^ Hermann Krabbo: Regesta of the Margraves of Brandenburg from Ascanic house . Ed .: Association for the history of the Mark Brandenburg. 1. Delivery. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1910, p. 236 , No. 961 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
  5. ^ Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 14 . Berlin 1857 ( digitized ).
  6. ^ Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 14 . Berlin 1857, p. 32 ( digitized version ).
  7. ^ Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1st volume 14 . Berlin 1857, p. 150 ( digitized version ).
  8. Johannes Schultze : The land book of the Mark Brandenburg from 1375 (=  Brandenburg land books . Volume 2 ). Commission publisher von Gsellius, Berlin 1940, p. 397-398 ( uni-potsdam.de ).
  9. Alexander Rekow: GDR: My time as a border guard in the Altmark . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Salzwedel . December 16, 2017 ( volksstimme.de [accessed April 28, 2019]).
  10. tRiebau nursery school. Retrieved April 28, 2019 .
  11. ^ Hanns HF Schmidt : The great book of legends of the Altmark . Part 2 from K for Kleinau to Z for Zichtau. dr. ziethen verlag, Oschersleben 1994, ISBN 3-928703-42-0 , p. 182 .
  12. ^ Georg Wilhelm von Raumer : Volksfeste in der Altmark (=  General Archive for the History of the Prussian State . Volume 14 ). Berlin 1834, p. 298-294-295 ( digitized versionhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10013512~SZ%3D00300~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
  13. ^ Antonius Wollmann: The Iron Age greets you from the field . In: Volksstimme Magdeburg, local edition Salzwedel . December 28, 2017 ( volksstimme.de [accessed April 28, 2019]).
  14. Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 359, 362 .
  15. Official Journal of the District No. 5/2009 Page 128–130 ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.altmarkkreis-salzwedel.de
  16. StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
  17. ^ A b Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, GmbH, Salzwedel 1928, DNB  578458357 , p. 132 .
  18. ^ A b parish almanac or the evangelical clergy and churches of the province of Saxony in the counties of Wernigerode, Rossla and Stolberg . 19th year, 1903, ZDB -ID 551010-7 , p. 96 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed April 28, 2019]).
  19. Parish area Salzwedel-St. George. Retrieved April 28, 2019 .
  20. Velten Schäfer, Riebau: High-tech around the campfire . In: New Germany . June 15, 2011 ( neue-deutschland.de [accessed April 28, 2019]).
  21. Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 388 .