|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altmarkkreis Salzwedel|
|Height :||31 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||272.7 km 2|
|Residents:||7580 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||28 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||39624|
|Primaries :||039080, 039009, 039030, 039081, 039085|
|License plate :||SAW, GA, KLZ|
|Community key :||15 0 81 240|
|LOCODE :||DE KLB|
City administration address :
39624 Kalbe / Milde
|Mayor :||Karsten Ruth (independent)|
|Location of the town of Kalbe (Milde) in the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel|
The city is divided into 16 localities (former municipalities). They include the same name and other districts with living spaces.
Kalbe was first mentioned in a document in 983. In the chronicle of the bishop and historian Thietmar von Merseburg , the place was mentioned when describing the destruction of the Laurentius monastery by rebellious Slavs.
Kalbe belonged to the district of Salzwedel until 1952 , but became a district town in the newly founded district of Magdeburg as part of the administrative reform in the GDR . To distinguish it from Calbe (Saale) , Kalbe has been spelled with a "K" since then. The Kalbe district was dissolved again at the end of 1987 and the town was assigned to the Gardelegen district.
The municipal councils of the municipalities of Kalbe (Milde) (on May 8, 2008), Altmersleben (on May 14, 2008), Güssefeld (on May 6, 2008), Kahrstedt (on May 7, 2008), Neuendorf on Damm and Karritz (on May 2, 2008), Wernstedt (on May 13, 2008) and Winkelstedt (on May 13, 2008) that their communities are dissolved and united into a new town of Kalbe (Milde). This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2009.
The area of the city increased from 30.44 km² to 113.44 km².
The municipal councils of the municipalities of Kalbe (Milde) (on June 25, 2009), Brunau (on May 12, 2009), Engersen (on June 2, 2009), Jeetze (on June 3, 2009), Kakerbeck ( on June 25th, 2009), Packebusch (on June 4th, 2009) and Vienau (on May 14th, 2009) that their parishes are dissolved and united into a new town of Kalbe (Milde). This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2010.
After the implementation of the unification agreement of the previously independent town of Kalbe (Milde), Bühne, Kalbe (Milde) and Vahrholz became districts of the new town of Kalbe (Milde). For the included municipality, the local constitution according to §§ 86 ff. Of the rules of procedure of the state of Saxony-Anhalt is introduced. The incorporated municipality of Kalbe (Milde) and the future districts of Bühne, Kalbe (Milde) and Vahrholz became the locality of the new town of Kalbe (Milde). A local council with seven members including the local mayor was formed in the incorporated municipality and now the village of Kalbe (Milde).
The urban area increased to 222.91 km².
On January 1, 2011, the municipalities of Badel, Jeggeleben and Zethlingen became districts of Kalbe (Milde). As a result, the urban area has increased almost nine-fold within two years.
City of Kalbe (Milde)
District Kalbe (Milde)
Unified municipality of the city of Kalbe (Milde)
The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following composition of the city council in Kalbe:
|Party / list||Share of votes||+/-% p||Seats||+/-|
|CDU||26.6%||+ 1.4||5||± 0|
|The left||14.4%||+ 1.0||3||± 0|
|SPD||11.0%||- 4.6||2||- 1|
|Green||8.1%||+ 2.4||2||+ 1|
|Groups of voters||39.9%||- 0.2||8th||- 1|
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved by the district on June 7, 2010.
Blazon : "Split of silver and gold, at the front of the gap a half red eagle with gold reinforcement, at the back a red calf bursting out of the edge of the shield."
The coat of arms goes back to a seal from the 17th century with the inscription SIGILLVM OPIDI CALBENSIS. It already showed half the Brandenburg eagle with a rose underneath, which was part of the coat of arms of the von Alvensleben family , the former owners of the castle, but the rose was later dropped. While the eagle indicates that the place belongs to Brandenburg, the calf is an allusion to the name of the city.
The flag was approved by the county on March 3, 2014.
The flag is red - yellow (1: 1) striped (cross shape: stripes running horizontally, lengthways shape: stripes running vertically) and centered with the municipal coat of arms.
- Tombs on the local cemetery for a particularly well-known woman from the Ukraine and three Poles , including a ten year old boy who, during the Second World War deported to Germany and here victims of forced labor were
Culture and sights
The Burg Kalbe , formerly Castle Calbe , was built in the 9th and 10th centuries. Its ruins still shape the eastern edge of the cityscape today. It was owned by the von Alvensleben family from 1324 to 1945 .
The Kalber watermill near the castle can be traced back to a mill in the Middle Ages . The complex, to which a now dilapidated mansion- style house belongs, was last used as a feed factory. It was shut down in 1991. The weir was renewed in 1999; a restoration of the watermill system is planned.
The house at Marktstrasse 9 was built in 1775 and is the oldest commercial building in the city. After extensive renovation, it is now used by several companies and a hotel.
The Nicolaikirche was built around 1170 as a Romanesque basilica made of field stones at the highest point of the city, expanded around 1575 and rebuilt in 1755 in the Baroque style. It is named after Nikolaus von Myra and today belongs to the Kalbe-Kakerbeck parish in the parish of Salzwedel of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany . A description of the church's tombstones and epitaphs was published in 1868 by Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt.
The Catholic St. Peter Church is named after the apostle Simon Peter . The Kuratie Kalbe was founded in 1946 , initially under the patronage of St. Hedwig. In 1963, the parishioners did a great job of building the St. Petrus Church. The church is located on the east promenade and today belongs to the parish of St. Hildegard based in Gardelegen .
The New Apostolic congregation Kalbe / Milde existed until 2012, it belonged to the Stendal church district. Their church was in the northern area of the east promenade.
The station Kalbe (Milde) was for decades the operation center of the approximately 127-kilometer route network of the Altmark railway AG and its predecessor companies (see also Altmärkische Kleinbahn AG ). In June 2001 the traffic on the Hohenwulsch – Kalbe connection was stopped as the last route .
Kalbe has been involved in the new public transport concept of the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel since around 2008. This consists of the state bus 100 (Salzwedel – Kalbe – Gardelegen – Magdeburg) and the bus line 500 (Kalbe – Brunau – Salzwedel). The small villages are mostly served by on- call buses , the timetables of which are tailored to the bus routes. The basic frequency is every two hours on weekdays, on weekends there are gaps in the timetable, especially in the mornings.
Long-wave transmitter Goliath
On an area of 263 hectares northeast of Calbe an der Milde, the Navy operated the Goliath long-wave transmitter from 1943 to 1945 to transmit commands to submerged submarines . The antenna of this transmitter, which with a transmission power of 1000 kilowatts was probably the most powerful transmitter in the world at the time, consisted of a shield antenna that was suspended from 15 guyed, earthed lattice masts 170 meters in height and on three tubular masts 204 meters in height, insulated from earth was. After 1945, the facility initially served as a prisoner of war camp before being dismantled in 1946. The foundation of mast number 8 is still preserved. After dismantling, the long-wave transmitter was the first transmitter of its kind to be rebuilt in the Soviet Union near Nizhny Novgorod in the Druzhny settlement. It is still in operation today.
Kalbe is one of the Altmark hiking nests that are organized in the Altmark hiking club.
- 1895: Otto von Bismarck , Reich Chancellor
- 2010: Ulrich Schmidt, master painter and local painter
- 2012: Fritz Hagen, local poet
sons and daughters of the town
- Busso V. von Alvensleben (urk. 1393–1433), Lord Master of the Order of St. John and Commander of Werben (Elbe)
- Busso VII. Von Alvensleben (urk. 1441–1495), governor and Obermarschall of Kurbrandenburg
- Busso VIII of Alvensleben († 1493), Bishop of Havelberg
- Busso X. von Alvensleben (1468–1548), Bishop of Havelberg
- Gebhard XVII. von Alvensleben († 1541), governor
- Johann Friedrich Danneil (1783–1868), prehistorian and educator
- Johann Ludwig Gebhard von Alvensleben (1816–1895), landlord and musician
- Heinrich Sältmann (1874–1950), clergyman, homeland and family researcher and non-fiction author
- Ludolf Hermann Müller (1882–1959), bishop of the Evangelical Church in the ecclesiastical province of Saxony
- Wilhelm Stapel (1882–1954), publicist
Personalities who have worked on site
- Andreas I von Alvensleben (1495–1565) was lord of the castle of Calvörde and lord of Eichenbarleben and Randau .
- Frank Schauer (* 1989), athlete, long-distance runner, German marathon champion 2013, grew up in Kalbe.
- Heinzgeorg Oette, Ludwig Schumann: Saxony-Anhalt . 1st edition 2016, Trescher Verlag , Berlin, ISBN 978-3-89794-325-4 , p. 315 f.
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . In: Publications of the Brandenburg State Main Archives . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 117-1128 .
- Johann Christoph Becmann , Bernhard Ludwig Beckmann: Historical description of the Chur and Mark Brandenburg . 2nd volume. Berlin 1753, Part 5, Book 1, IX. Chapter, III. Calf ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DidVOAAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DRA8-PA43~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- City of Kalbe (Milde) (ed.): Main statute of the municipality of City of Kalbe (Milde) . §12, local constitution. June 1, 2015 ( stadt-kalbe-milde.de [PDF; 208 kB ; accessed on December 23, 2017]).
- District directory of the state of Saxony-Anhalt (directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality), territorial status January 2014, State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, Halle (Saale), 2016
- StBA: Area changes on 01/01/2009
- Agreement on the formation of a new municipality Stadt Kalbe (Milde) with the municipalities Stadt Kalbe (Milde), Altmersleben, Güssefeld, Kahrstedt, Neuendorf am Damm, Wernstedt and Winkelstedt and the approval of the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel from June 19, 2008 . In: Altmarkkreis Salzwedel (Hrsg.): Official Journal for the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel . Volume 15, No. 7/2008 . General-Anzeiger Salzwedel, Salzwedel July 16, 2008, p. 115-119 .
- Official Journal of the District No. 8/2009 Pages 208-214 ( Memento from January 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- StBA: Area changes from January 1 to December 31, 2010
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt: Result of the election of the 2019 municipal council in Kalbe (Milde) , accessed on May 12, 2020
- Official Journal of the District No. 7/2010 page 182 , accessed on April 18, 2018
- Official Journal of the District No. 4/2014 page 44 ( Memento from May 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Story (s) about calves: From the history of the mill. kalbe-milde.de. accessed on March 21, 2018
- Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt: The tombstones and epitaphs of noble people in and near the churches of the Altmark. Comprising the districts of Salzwedel and Gardelegen. In: Issue I. 1868, pp. 17-21 , accessed on November 24, 2018 .
- Hiking , accessed March 21, 2018
- Website of the city of Gardelegen ( Memento from August 1, 2012 in the archive.today web archive ), accessed on January 4, 2016.