|( Gaertn. ) Noot.|
Quassia indica ( Syn . : Samadera indica ) is a species of plant in the bitter ash family(Simaroubaceae). It thrives in evergreen forests and standing waters in tropical Asia, Madagascar , the Comoros and Pemba .
Quassia indica grows as a shrub or small tree that reaches heights of around 10 meters and a trunk circumference of 50 centimeters. It forms strong branches. Its bark is pale yellow. The leaves are large and shiny, 16 to 20 (to 25) centimeters long and 9 centimeters wide, undivided, ovate to oblong-elliptical with a short tip and rounded base. The underside of the leaf shows numerous sunken glands.
Over a 15 to 20 centimeter long inflorescence stem, twenty or more flowers stand together in a dense, golden inflorescence. The flower stalks are red. The flowers are pale pink-yellow. With a length of 5 to 7 centimeters, the pear-shaped, strongly flattened stone fruit has a sharp ridge and contains a large, curved, brown core.
The wood of Quassia indica is light and light. In Madagascar it is used to build canoes. Different parts of the tree are used in Malagasy and Indian naturopathy . Boiled extracts of the trunk or the root bark are said to help against indigestion, diarrhea, fever and menstrual cramps. With the scraped bark (Samaderarinde) injuries and burns are treated. The leaves are used externally against erysipelas and itching. A fatty oil is obtained from the seeds , which is considered a remedy for rheumatism . Various extracted ingredients (quassinoids) show anti-inflammatory, antileukemic or antimicrobial properties, for example they inhibit the growth of Plasmodium falciparum .
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