Soap tree-like

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Soap tree-like
Paullinia cupana, illustration from Koehler 1887

Paullinia cupana , illustration from Koehler 1887

Class : Bedecktsamer (Magnoliopsida)
Nuclear eudicotyledons
Eurosiden II
Order : Soap tree-like
Scientific name
Yuss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl

The soap tree-like (Sapindales) are a plant order of the flowering plants (Magnoliopsida).


Depending on the family, they are woody or herbaceous plants .

In each flower there are twice as many stamens as there are petals . There is always a discus .


The Sapindales are within the Eurosiden II the sister group of the ( Huerteales + ( Brassicales + Malvales )).

In the order Sapindales there are nine families with 460 genera and 5670 species :

  • Sumac plants (Anacardiaceae) are trees , shrubs or woody climbing plants. There are 70 to 82 genera with 600 to 800 species.
  • Biebersteiniaceae are annual to mostly perennial herbaceous plants . There is only one genus with four to five species, spread from Greece to Central Asia :
  • Balsam trees (Burseraceae) are trees or bushes. There are 18 genera and 550 species.
  • Kirkiaceae are trees or shrubs. There are one or two genera and six to eight species in tropical and southern Africa and Madagascar .
  • Mahogany (Meliaceae) are trees with bitter bark. There are two subfamilies with 52 genera and around 621 species.
  • Nitrariaceae (Syn .: Peganaceae and Tetradiclidaceae) are shrubs. There are three genera and around 16 species in the arid regions of the northern hemisphere and Australia .
  • Diamond plants (Rutaceae): There are very different growth forms, from herbaceous plants to trees; about 161 genera and about 1815 species.
  • Soap tree plants (Sapindaceae) are trees or lianas . There are four subfamilies with around 135 genera and around 1580 species.
  • Bitter ash family (Simaroubaceae) are trees or bushes. There are about 19 genera and about 95 mainly tropical species.


Individual evidence

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group : An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. Volume 161, No. 2, 2009, pp. 105-121, DOI: 10.1111 / j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x

Web links

Commons : Sapindales  - collection of images, videos and audio files