Barbara Distel

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Barbara Distel (* 1943 ) is a German curator and publicist. From 1975 to July 2008 she was director of the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial .


Distel first studied library sciences at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . During her training at the university, between 1964 and 1967, she played a key role in building the Dachau concentration camp memorial , in particular the archive and the library. After a two-year stay in the United States, she took over the management in 1975. In this function, she developed the memorial into a place of intellectual debate and made a lasting contribution to the scientific analysis of the Nazi repressive apparatus.

From 1985 to 2009, together with Wolfgang Benz , she edited the annual Dachauer Hefte - studies and documentation on the history of the National Socialist concentration camps .

Distel is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Simon Wiesenthal Center , the Advisory Board of the Topography of Terror Foundation and the House of the Wannsee Conference in Berlin.



  • Women. Persecution and resistance . In: With Wolfgang Benz (Ed.): Dachauer Hefte . Issue 3. dtv, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-423-04608-2 .
  • Labor education camps, transit camps, ghettos, police detention camps, special camps, gypsy camps, forced labor camps . In: With Wolfgang Benz (ed.): The place of terror . History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps . 1st edition. tape 9 . CH Beck, 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-57238-8 .
  • With Wolfgang Benz and Angelika Königseder (eds.): National Socialist Compulsory Camp . Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-86331-065-3 .

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