Rügen district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Rügen district Map of Germany, position of the Rügen district highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 26 '  N , 13 ° 23'  E

Basic data (as of 2011)
Existing period: 1818-2011
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Administrative headquarters : Mountains on Rügen
Area : 974 km 2
Residents: 67,526 (Dec. 31, 2010)
Population density : 69 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : RÜG
Circle key : 13 0 61
Circle structure: 41 municipalities
District Administrator : Kerstin Kassner
Location of the district of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Landkreis Müritz Polen Königreich Dänemark Schleswig-Holstein Niedersachsen Brandenburg Sachsen-Anhalt Greifswald Neubrandenburg Rostock Schwerin Stralsund Wismar Landkreis Bad Doberan Landkreis Demmin Landkreis Güstrow Landkreis Ludwigslust Landkreis Mecklenburg-Strelitz Landkreis Rügen Landkreis Nordvorpommern Landkreis Ostvorpommern Landkreis Uecker-Randow Landkreis Parchim Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburgmap
About this picture

The district of Rügen was a district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , which was opened up in the course of the district reform in 2011 in the district of Western Pomerania-Rügen .


The district of Rügen was the smallest in area from 1994 to 2011 and, in terms of population, the second smallest district in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania after the district of Müritz . The district included the island of the same name Rügen (95% of the district) - the largest island in Germany - in the Baltic Sea , as well as its offshore islands Hiddensee , Ummanz and some smaller islands. On the mainland, the district of Northern Pomerania and the independent city of Stralsund were closest to the district of Rügen.


The district area 1905

In 1806, under Swedish rule, Neuvorpommern was divided into the four offices (Swedish: Härade ) Bergen, Franzburg , Greifswald and Grimmen . New Western Pomerania, which fell to Prussia in October 1815 and became part of the Pomerania Province , was formed into the Stralsund District in 1818 . The Swedish offices formed in 1806 became Prussian rural districts , including the Bergen office of the Bergen district, which at the time was also called Bergenscher Kreis . The district's administrative office was in Bergen on Rügen .

The Bergen District was renamed the Rügen District in 1842 . Since July 1, 1867, it belonged to the North German Confederation and since January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . In 1871 the district included the two cities of Bergen and Garz , 72 rural communities and 248 independent manor districts .

On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the district of Rügen, as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities. On January 1, 1939, the district of Rügen was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now unified regulation . In 1939 it included the two cities of Bergen and Garz as well as 60 other communities, of which Binz , Putbus and Saßnitz had more than 2,000 inhabitants.

In spring 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army and became part of the Soviet occupation zone . In 1952 the states of the GDR were dissolved and a comprehensive territorial reform was carried out. The district of Rügen was dissolved and divided into the two new districts of Bergen and Putbus , which became part of the Rostock district . In 1956 the two districts were reunited to form a district of Rügen . Since 1990, the district , now again referred to as a district , has been part of the newly formed state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

In the course of the district reform in 2011 , the districts of Rügen, Northern Pomerania and the Hanseatic City of Stralsund became parts of the new district of Western Pomerania-Rügen with its administrative headquarters in Stralsund.

Population development

Population development from 2002 to 2007

The district of Rügen lost almost 15% of its population between the political changes in 1990 and March 2004. These and the similar figures in other districts in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania have made committees in the state government repeatedly talk about amalgamation / reorganization of districts. On June 13, 2004, the population of the Rügen district voted in a referendum on the independence of Rügen with over 92% in favor of maintaining the district.

year Residents
1816 27,089
1846 40,619
1871 45,699
1890 46.185
1900 46,270
1910 48.159
1925 53,894
1939 59,125


1950 88,400
1961 91,913
1971 85.907
year Residents
1981 86,866
1990 85.275
1992 82,431
1994 80,466
1996 78,331
1998 76,927
2000 75,386
2002 73,611
2004 72,663
2006 70,459
2008 68,872


District council

Distribution of mandates in the district council of the Rügen district after the 2009 election

The district council of the Rügen district last consisted of 47 members. After the election on June 7, 2009, it was composed as follows:

Political party Seats
CDU 16
The left 11
FDP 7th
Alliance for Rügen (BfR) 6th
Green 2

More information on the electoral process and legal provisions : District Council (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)

District administrators

Local constitution until 1945

The district of Rügen was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts . With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, a uniform municipal constitution came into force in the German Reich on April 1, 1935, according to which the previous rural municipalities were now referred to as municipalities . These were grouped together in administrative districts . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

Coat of arms, flag and official seal

The Ministry of the Interior of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania granted the district permission on January 18, 1993 to use the coat of arms described below, which is registered under No. 68 of the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The design of the coat of arms comes from Gerhard Koggelmann from Sagard.

DEU Ruegen district COA.svg
Description of coat of arms
“Divided by gold over blue; above a red crowned and armored black lion with a double tail, which grows out of the stepped gable made of five red stones in the lower field. A people's crown rests on the shield; it consists of a golden hoop adorned with red stones and adorned with five ornamental leaves. "

In its meeting on December 7, 1995, the district council of the district decided to adopt the flag described below.

DEU Landkreis Ruegen Flag.svg
Flag description
“The flag of the former Rügen district is a coat of arms flag. It shows two longitudinal stripes of equal width in the colors yellow (above) and blue (below). On the upper strip is a red crowned and reinforced black lion with a double tail, which grows out of the stepped gable made of five red stones on the lower strip. The length of the flag cloth is related to the height as 5: 3. "
Official seal

The district of Rügen carried an official seal. The official seal contains the coat of arms with the inscription "LANDKREIS RÜGEN" and an identification number.

cities and communes

(Resident on December 31, 2010)

Municipalities not in office

Offices with municipalities and cities
belonging to the office * Seat of the official administration

  1. Bergen on Rügen , city * (14,030)
  2. Buschvitz (238)
  3. Garz / Rügen , City (2343)
  4. Gustow (643)
  5. Lietzow (275)
  6. Parchtitz (779)
  7. Smart (485)
  8. Poseritz (1110)
  9. Ralswiek (254)
  10. Rappin (346)
  11. Sehlen (898)
  1. Baabe * (837)
  2. Gager (413)
  3. Goehren (1242)
  4. Lancken-Granitz (377)
  5. Middelhagen (571)
  6. Sellin (2412)
  7. Thiessow (415)
  8. Zirkow (680)
  1. Altenkirchen (999)
  2. Breege (774)
  3. Dranske (1203)
  4. Glowe (1015)
  5. Lohme (513)
  6. Putgarten (267)
  7. Sagard * (2552)
  8. Wiek (1148)
  1. Altefaehr (1191)
  2. Dreschvitz (807)
  3. Gingst (1332)
  4. Hiddensee Island (1034)
  5. Kluis (421)
  6. New Churches (308)
  7. Rambin (991)
  8. Velvet * (1959)
  9. Schaprode (516)
  10. Trent (749)
  11. Ummanz (623)
Altefähr Altenkirchen (Rügen) Baabe Bergen auf Rügen Binz Breege Buschvitz Dranske Dreschvitz Gager Garz/Rügen Gingst Glowe Göhren (Rügen) Gustow Hiddensee Kluis Lancken-Granitz Lietzow Lohme Middelhagen Neuenkirchen (Rügen) Parchtitz Patzig Poseritz Putbus Putbus Ralswiek Rambin Rappin Sagard Samtens Sassnitz Schaprode Sehlen Sellin Thiessow Trent (Rügen) Ummanz Wiek (Rügen) Zirkow Putgarten Mecklenburg-VorpommernMunicipalities in RÜG.png
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Territory changes

In the years since 1993, extensive area changes have taken place in the area of ​​the Rügen district as in the entire state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

After the regional reform was completed on January 1, 2005, the original seven offices became four offices. The city of Bergen on Rügen and the municipality of Hiddensee Island lost their freedom of office. The number of parishes decreased from 45 to 41.

Office mergers


Name changes

Other former parishes

In the course of the 20th century, numerous communities in the Rügen district lost their independence:

License Plate

At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark RÜG . It is issued to this day in the district of Vorpommern-Rügen (excluding the Hanseatic city of Stralsund).


  • Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 178-193.

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Rügen  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Hermann Sonnenschmidt (ed.): Collection of the laws passed for New Western Pomerania and Rügen in the years 1802 until the end of 1817 . tape 1 . Stralsund 1844, p. 288 ( google.de - Royal Decree of July 9, 1806).
  2. ^ Heinrich Berghaus: Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . IV. Part, Volume IW Dietze, Berlin 1866, Territorial History of New Western Pomerania and Rügen, p. 1 ( google.de ).
  3. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Stralsund 1842, p. 171
  4. a b The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
  5. a b c d e f g Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Rügen district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  6. Page no longer available , search in web archives:@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.mv-regierung.de
  7. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Potsdam, p. 229 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  8. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 317 ( digitized version ).
  9. 1946 census
  10. ^ Statistical yearbook of the GDR 1955
  11. ^ Statistical yearbook of the GDR 1962
  12. Statistical Yearbook of the GDR 1972
  13. Statistical Yearbook of the GDR 1982
  14. a b c § 2 of the main statute of the Rügen district
  15. Flaggenkurier No. 3, Achim 1996, magazine of the German Society for Flagship , ISSN  0949-6173
  16. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Statistical Office - Population development of the districts and municipalities 2010 (PDF; 522 KB)
  17. Municipal directory 1900: District of Rügen
  18. ^ GenWiki: Rügen district