Rügen district

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Basic data (as of 1990)
Existing period: 1956-1990
District : Rostock
Administrative headquarters : Mountains on Rügen
Area : 973 km²
Residents: 87,248 (1989)
Population density: 90 inhabitants per km²
License plate : A (1956–1990)
AN, AO (1974–1990)
RÜG (1991–1994)
Location of the district in the GDR
Kreis Rügen Kreis Bad Doberan Kreis Greifswald Greifswald Kreis Grevesmühlen Kreis Grimmen Kreis Ribnitz-Damgarten Kreis Rostock-Land Rostock Kreis Stralsund-Land Stralsund Kreis Wismar-Land Wismar Kreis Wolgast Kreis Güstrow Kreis Bützow Kreis Gadebusch Kreis Hagenow Kreis Ludwigslust Kreis Lübz Kreis Parchim Kreis Perleberg Kreis Schwerin-Land Schwerin Kreis Sternberg Kreis Anklam Kreis Altentreptow Kreis Demmin Kreis Malchin Kreis Neubrandenburg-Land Neubrandenburg Kreis Neustrelitz Kreis Pasewalk Kreis Prenzlau Kreis Röbel/Müritz Kreis Strasburg Kreis Templin Kreis Teterow Kreis Ueckermünde Kreis Waren Kreis Belzig Kreis Brandenburg-Land Brandenburg an der Havel Kreis Gransee Kreis Jüterbog Kreis Königs Wusterhausen Kreis Kyritz Kreis Luckenwalde Kreis Nauen Kreis Neuruppin Kreis Oranienburg Kreis Potsdam-Land Potsdam Kreis Pritzwalk Kreis Rathenow Kreis Wittstock Kreis Zossen Kreis Angermünde Kreis Bad Freienwalde Kreis Beeskow Kreis Bernau Kreis Eberswalde Kreis Eisenhüttenstadt-Land Eisenhüttenstadt Frankfurt (Oder) Kreis Fürstenwalde Schwedt/Oder Kreis Seelow Kreis Strausberg Kreis Bad Liebenwerda Kreis Calau Kreis Cottbus-Land Cottbus Kreis Finsterwalde Kreis Forst Kreis Guben Kreis Herzberg Kreis Hoyerswerda Kreis Jessen Kreis Luckau Kreis Lübben Kreis Senftenberg Kreis Spremberg Kreis Weißwasser Kreis Burg Kreis Gardelegen Kreis Genthin Kreis Halberstadt Kreis Haldensleben Kreis Havelberg Kreis Klötze Magdeburg Kreis Oschersleben Kreis Osterburg Kreis Salzwedel Kreis Schönebeck Kreis Staßfurt Kreis Stendal Kreis Wanzleben Kreis Wernigerode Kreis Wolmirstedt Kreis Zerbst Kreis Artern Kreis Aschersleben Kreis Bernburg Kreis Bitterfeld Dessau Kreis Eisleben Kreis Gräfenhainichen Halle (Saale) Kreis Hettstedt Kreis Hohenmölsen Kreis Köthen Kreis Merseburg Kreis Naumburg Kreis Nebra Kreis Quedlinburg Kreis Querfurt Kreis Roßlau Saalkreis Kreis Sangerhausen Kreis Weißenfels Kreis Wittenberg Kreis Zeitz Kreis Altenburg Kreis Borna Kreis Delitzsch Kreis Döbeln Kreis Eilenburg Kreis Geithain Kreis Grimma Kreis Leipzig-Land Leipzig Kreis Oschatz Kreis Schmölln Kreis Torgau Kreis Wurzen Kreis Bautzen Kreis Bischofswerda Kreis Dippoldiswalde Kreis Dresden-Land Dresden Kreis Freital Kreis Görlitz-Land Görlitz Kreis Großenhain Kreis Kamenz Kreis Löbau Kreis Meißen Kreis Niesky Kreis Pirna Kreis Riesa Kreis Sebnitz Kreis Zittau Kreis Annaberg Kreis Aue Kreis Auerbach Kreis Brand-Erbisdorf Kreis Flöha Kreis Freiberg Kreis Glauchau Kreis Hainichen Kreis Hohenstein-Ernstthal Kreis Karl-Marx-Stadt-Land Karl-Marx-Stadt Kreis Klingenthal Kreis Marienberg Kreis Oelsnitz Kreis Plauen-Land Plauen Kreis Reichenbach Kreis Rochlitz Kreis Schwarzenberg Kreis Stollberg Kreis Werdau Kreis Zschopau Kreis Zwickau-Land Zwickau Kreis Eisenberg Kreis Gera-Land Gera Kreis Greiz Kreis Jena-Land Jena Kreis Lobenstein Kreis Pößneck Kreis Rudolstadt Kreis Saalfeld Kreis Schleiz Kreis Stadtroda Kreis Zeulenroda Kreis Apolda Kreis Arnstadt Kreis Eisenach Kreis Erfurt-Land Erfurt Kreis Gotha Kreis Heiligenstadt Kreis Langensalza Kreis Mühlhausen Kreis Nordhausen Kreis Sömmerda Kreis Sondershausen Kreis Weimar-Land Weimar Kreis Worbis Kreis Bad Salzungen Kreis Hildburghausen Kreis Ilmenau Kreis Meiningen Kreis Neuhaus am Rennweg Kreis Schmalkalden Kreis Sonneberg Kreis Suhl-Land Suhl Ost-Berlin Volksrepublik Polen Tschechoslowakei Berlin (West) Deutschland Dänemarkmap
About this picture

The Rügen district was a district in the Rostock district of the GDR from 1956 to 1990 . From May 17, 1990, it continued as the Rügen district . Today his area belongs to the district of Vorpommern-Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . The seat of the district administration was in Bergen on Rügen .


The area of ​​the district included the Baltic islands of Rügen and Hiddensee .


A district of Rügen had existed in the Prussian province of Pomerania since 1818 . After the end of the Second World War , this district fell into the Soviet occupation zone and was incorporated into the state of Mecklenburg . On July 25, 1952, there was a comprehensive district reform in the GDR , in which, among other things, the states were dissolved and replaced by districts . The two new districts of Bergen and Putbus were formed from the area of ​​the old Rügen district . These two districts were merged on January 1, 1956 to form the Rügen district. The district of Rügen included the island of Rügen together with the offshore islands such as Hiddensee and Ummanz .

In the course of reunification , the Rügen district in the Rostock district (renamed the Rügen district on May 17, 1990) became the Rügen district in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania .

Population development

Rügen district
year 1960 1971 1981 1989
Residents 91,553 86,866 84,359 87,248


Important companies in the Rügen district were among others

  • VEB Bread and Baked Goods Bergen
  • VEB Spezialbau Binz
  • VEB Fischkombinat Sassnitz
  • VEB United Kreidewerke Rügen
  • VEB Bootsbau Rügen

The district was also of particular importance for tourism in the GDR .


The Rügen district was connected to the GDR trunk road network by the F96 Sassnitz - Berlin , which connected to the mainland via the Rügen dam near Stralsund .

A railway connection to the mainland existed with the Stralsund – Sassnitz railway , which also ran over the Rügen dam. The railway traffic in the district was also served by the Bergen – Lauterbach Mole and Lietzow – Binz branch lines and the Rügensche Kleinbahn .

In the 1980s, was in Mukran the ferry port Mukran rebuilt. The port was used in particular for rail freight traffic with the Soviet Union .


The most important places in the Rügen district were the cities of Bergen , Garz , Putbus and Sassnitz as well as the municipalities of Altefähr , Altenkirchen , Binz , Dranske , Glowe , Gingst , Göhren , Hiddensee , Poseritz , Sagard , Rambin , Samtens , Sellin and Wiek .

License Plate

Motor vehicles (with the exception of motorcycles) and trailers were assigned three-letter distinctive signs starting with the letter pairs AN and AO from around 1974 to the end of 1990 . The last number plate series used for motorcycles was AT 70-01 to AT 99-99 .

At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark RÜG .


  • Walter Ohle : The art monuments of the Rügen district . Leipzig 1963

Individual evidence

  1. Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  2. Law on the self-administration of municipalities and districts in the GDR (municipal constitution) of May 17, 1990
  3. ^ Statistical yearbooks of the German Democratic Republic. In: DigiZeitschriften. Retrieved February 6, 2010 .
  4. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 301 .
  5. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 547 .