List of German license plates (historical)
The issuing of license plates in Germany goes back to the year 1906. (The Free City of Lübeck already prescribed police license plates on motor vehicles by ordinance of October 1, 1903). From 1906 to 1956, in the course of political changes, several systems of motor vehicles - used until the system in use today was introduced. From 1953 to 1990 the GDR also had its own registration system.
License plate in the German Empire 1906–1945
In 1906, the Federal Council passed a resolution on the principles of motor vehicle engineering, which were implemented by ordinances of the individual states. Police license plates and right-hand driving with left-hand overtaking were thus introduced in general throughout the German Reich.
|IA||State police district of Berlin|
|IB||Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia (1922–1938)|
|IC||East Prussia Province|
|ID||West Prussia Province (until 1922)|
Province of Silesia (1906–1919, 1938–1941)
Provinces of Upper and Lower Silesia (1919–1938, 1941–1945)
|IL||Hohenzollernsche Lande ("Administrative Region Sigmaringen")|
|IN THE||Province of Saxony|
|IX||Province of Westphalia|
Poznan Province (1906–1922)
Düsseldorf District (1928–1945)
|IZ||Rhine Province (from 1928 without Düsseldorf administrative district)|
|II A||Munich district|
|II B||District of Upper Bavaria|
|II C||District of Lower Bavaria|
|II D||Palatinate district|
|II E||District of Upper Palatinate|
|II H||District of Upper Franconia|
|II M||Bavarian military (1910-1919)|
|II N||Nuremberg district|
|II P||Post (1910-1923)|
|II p||Middle Franconia district|
|II U||District of Lower Franconia|
|II Z||Swabia district|
District Headquarters Bautzen (1906–1932)
District Headquarters Dresden-Bautzen (1932–1945)
District Headquarters Dresden (1906–1932)
District Headquarters Dresden -Bautzen (1932–1945) and Police Headquarters Dresden
|III||District Headquarters Leipzig and Police Headquarters Leipzig|
|IV||District Headquarters Chemnitz and Police Headquarters Chemnitz|
|V||District Headquarters Zwickau and Police Offices Zwickau and Plauen|
|IV B||to bathe|
|VO||Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse (1906–1937)|
|VR||Hesse, Province of Rheinhessen (1906–1937)|
|VS||Hesse, Starkenburg Province (1906–1937)|
|VI A||Alsace-Lorraine , District of Lower Alsace (1906–1918)|
|VI B||Alsace-Lorraine, Upper Rhine District (1906–1918)|
|VI C||Alsace-Lorraine, Lorraine District (1906–1918)|
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1906–1918)
Saxe-Gotha and Coburg (1918–1920)
|HB||Hanseatic City of Bremen|
|HH||Hanseatic City of Hamburg|
|HL||Hanseatic City of Lübeck (1906–1937)|
|L.||Hanseatic City of Lübeck (1903-1906)|
|M II||Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1906-1934)|
|O II||Oldenburg, Lübeck region (1906–1937)|
|O III||Oldenburg, Birkenfeld region (1906–1937)|
|RA||Reuss older line (1906–1920)|
|RJ||Reuss younger line (1906–1920)|
|SAAR||Saar area (1920-1935)|
Non-private motor vehicles
|MK||Military vehicle of the German Army (1914-1919)|
German Empire 1933 to 1945
Non-private vehicles were given the following license plates, regardless of their territory:
|DR||Deutsche Reichsbahn (1933–1945)|
|Fp.-No.||Field Post Number (1940; temporary number)|
|LC||Legion Condor (1936–1939; German troops in Spain)|
|OT||Organization Todt (1943–1945)|
|pole||Police , technical emergency aid (1935–1945)|
|WHEEL||Reich Labor Service (1941–1945)|
|RK||German Red Cross (1943–1945)|
|SP||Security Police (from 1941)|
|SS||Schutzstaffel (1936-1945; abbreviation was shown as Siegrune )|
|WH||Wehrmacht , Army (1935–1945)|
|WL||Wehrmacht, Air Force (1935–1945)|
|WM||Wehrmacht, Navy (1935–1945)|
|WP||Wehrmacht, Police (1944; Military Police )|
|WT||Wehrmacht, Road Transport Service East (1943–1945)|
With the annexation of Austria on March 13, 1938, the regulations applicable there ( see historical license plates (Austria) ) for the identification of motor vehicles were adopted, although there was a clear difference in appearance to the German license plates. The license plates were made in white letters on a black background and from 1939 onwards had the following groups of letters to identify the parts of the country:
|Nd||Niederdonau (Lower Austria)|
|Od||Upper Danube (Upper Austria)|
With the cession of the Sudetenland forced by Czechoslovakia in the autumn of 1938, the code S was introduced for the area of the administrative districts of Karlsbad , Aussig and Troppau . Those areas that were annexed to the surrounding Gaue of the German Empire (Niederdonau, Oberdonau, Bavaria) were given the respective license plates. After the forcible annexation of the so-called “rest of Czechia” on March 15, 1939, the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was created with its own license plates.
|Pc||Railway and postal administration|
In October 1939, parts of occupied Poland were annexed by the German Reich . Areas assigned to the provinces of East Prussia and Silesia were given the license plates there. The rest of the annexed territory was divided into two Reichsgaue. The area of the Free City of Danzig (1920–1939: registration DZ , oval nationality mark DA ) became part of the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia .
The so-called Generalgouvernement was formed from the territories of occupied Poland that were not attached to the Reich , which from 1939 to 1942 had its own distinctive mark; after that, their own license plates were used in its districts:
|DW||Gdansk West Prussia|
|east||General Government (1939–1942)|
|I east||General Government, Krakow District|
|II east||General Government, Radom District|
|III East||General Government, Lublin District|
|IV East||General Government, Warsaw District|
|V east||Government General, District of Galicia|
After the conquest of France and the Benelux countries, Alsace , Lorraine and Luxembourg were annexed. The Alsatian areas received the number IV analogous to Baden , with which they were to be united to form a district. Lorraine was to be united with the Palatinate and Saarland to form Westmark .
|IV ST||Strasbourg county|
|IV T||Districts of Altkirch , Mulhouse and Thann|
|IV U||Districts of Erstein, Molsheim , Schlettstadt|
|IV X||Districts of Gebweiler , Colmar and Rappoltsweiler|
|IV Z||Districts of Haguenau , Weißenburg and Zabern|
|RO||Reichskommissariat Ostland (1942–1945)|
|RKU||Reichskommissariat Ukraine (1941-1942)|
|RU||Reichskommissariat Ukraine (1942–1945)|
In the area of military commanders in occupied and friendly countries, the following marks were used.
|MB||Military Commander of Belgium and Northern France|
|MD||Military Commander of Denmark|
|MF||Military Commander of France|
|MG||Military Commander of the General Government|
|MH||Military Commander of Holland ( Netherlands )|
|MN||Military Commander of Norway|
|MO||Military Commander of the Ostland|
|MR||Military Commander of Romania|
|MS||Military Commander Southeast ( Serbia and Greece )|
|MU||Military Commander of Ukraine|
|RK||Reich Commissioners of the occupied Norwegian and Dutch territories|
|E.g.||Military Commander of Belgium and Northern France (non-armed forces vehicles)|
|ZF||Military Commander of France (non-armed forces vehicles)|
|ZO||Military Commander of the Eastern Operations Area (vehicles not owned by the Armed Forces)|
After the Second World War , Germany was divided into four zones of occupation . The four powers each carried out their own registrations and labeling of motor vehicles . The first uniform number plates were introduced at the end of 1945. In the British occupation zone , a procedure similar to today's principle was initially common. The first three letters were used to identify the approval district (as in DUS for Düsseldorf).
In 1947 the British joined the system that had been introduced in the American and French zones of occupation in 1946 , the Soviet followed in 1948. The identification system only became uniform in 1949, after the French zone also introduced the zone letter in the identification (A = American zone of occupation, B = British occupation zone, F = French occupation zone, S = Soviet occupation zone). The letters were not arranged next to each other, but on top of each other in small letters ( for Hesse).
Registration in the occupation zones:
- All indicators for the area of the American zone of occupation , including the numbers, see under 
- All indicators for the territory of the British zone of occupation , including the numbers, see under 
- All identifiers for the territory of the French zone of occupation , including the numbers, see under 
- All characteristics for the area of the Soviet Occupation Zone (SBZ), including the numbers, see under 
|AE||Bremen, "American exclave"||1948-1956|
|БM (= BM)||Berlin||1945-1946|
|ГФ (= GF)||Berlin||1945-1946|
|БГ (= BG)||Berlin||1945-1947|
|ГM (= GM)||Berlin||1945-1947|
|AUR||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Aurich||1945-1947|
|BRA||Lower Saxony , State of Braunschweig||1945-1947|
|HAN||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Hanover||1945-1947|
|HIL||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Hildesheim||1945-1947|
|LUN||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Luneburg||1945-1947|
|OLD||Lower Saxony , State of Oldenburg||1945-1947|
|OSN||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Osnabrück||1945-1947|
|STA||Lower Saxony , Reg.-Bez. Stade||1945-1947|
|AAC||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Aachen||1945-1947|
|ARN||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Arnsberg||1945-1947|
|DUS||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Dusseldorf||1945-1947|
|COL||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Cologne||1945-1947|
|LIP||North Rhine-Westphalia , Land Lippe||1945-1947|
|MIN||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Minden||1945-1947|
|MUN||North Rhine-Westphalia , Reg.-Bez. Muenster||1945-1947|
|NO||North Rhine-Westphalia , North Rhine||1947|
|WF||North Rhine-Westphalia , Westphalia||1947|
|X||Lindau (Lake Constance) , city and district||1947 (?) - 1949|
|FBY||Lindau (Lake Constance), city and district||1948-1950|
|By||Lindau (Lake Constance), city and district||1950-1956|
|RL||Rhineland-Palatinate , Rhineland||1945-1949|
|PF||Rhineland-Palatinate , Palatinate||1945-1949|
|FS||Saarland||Planned in 1948|
|BP||Brandenburg , Province||1945-1947|
|IN THE||Thuringia||1946 (?) - 1947|
|A.||/||Trailer (British and American Zone)||1946-1947|
|BT||SBZ central administration and subordinate institutions||1947– (?)|
|DR||Government of the GDR||1949|
|GDR||Government of the GDR||1949-1951|
|TEM||temporarily, together with the license plate||1945-1947|
License plate in the GDR from 1953 to 1990
In the GDR, all vehicles with a cubic capacity larger than 50 cm³ were subject to registration . The license plates had the general form "XX 00–01". Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the following, the license plate had black writing (a GDR development of the Prussian pattern drawing IV 44 from 1906) on a white background. With the increase in the number of vehicles, the form "XXX 0–01" was also introduced from October 1974. The first letter of the license plate indicated the district in which the vehicle was registered. The letters were assigned from A to Z in a north-south direction. Some districts had two different possible letters as identification.
|D , P||Potsdam district|
|E.||Frankfurt (Oder) district|
|H , M||Magdeburg district|
|I.||Berlin, capital of the GDR ( East Berlin )|
|K , V||Halle district|
|L , F||District of Erfurt|
|O||District of Suhl|
|R , Y||Dresden district|
|S , U||Leipzig district|
|T , X||Karl-Marx-Stadt district ( Chemnitz )|
The letters G , J , Q and W were not used for the district codes. The number combination “00–00” or “0–00” was not assigned. However, there were Suhl license plates with the letters OO , which looked like 00 due to the similarity to the number glyphs.
The second letter indicated the allowable circle (in alphabetical order) for license plates with three letters and three digits. This type of license plate was not allowed for motorcycles.
The assignment of identification numbers for license plates with two letters and four digits was very complex. On the basis of allocation lists from the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR, each license plate could be specifically assigned to a city or district. However, these lists were not available to the public.
The second letter was assigned to different vehicle types, but these were assigned differently in each district. The system was subdivided again with the series of numbers. The letter combinations with the rows of numbers could be distributed over several circles, whereby license plates were assigned twice, but only on different types of vehicle (cars, trucks, etc.). For example, a motorcycle in circle A could have the same license plate number as a trailer in circle B.
The vehicle license plates of the Society for Sport and Technology consisted of just one letter for the district, followed by the usual number combination. Yellow license plates with black lettering were used.
The combination VA was reserved for the National People's Army , GT for border troops and 1990 GS for border guards . The German People's Police used from 1949 in a superimposed form. An exclusive combination of numbers followed for all of them. Certain combinations of the normal license plates were reserved for camouflage for civilian vehicles of the Criminal Police and the Ministry of State Security .
In the Neubrandenburg district , the combinations CC , CD , CY were also not assigned because of the abbreviations for the consular and diplomatic corps. The abbreviations " HJ ", " KZ ", " SA ", and " SS " were not given either. The letter Q was not used as a second or third letter in the GDR license plate system.
Diplomatic missions and consulates used two-letter symbols beginning with a C in white letters on a red background. Other foreigners, on the other hand, used two-letter marks beginning with a Q with white letters on a blue background. This is followed by a maximum of three digits that indicate the country of origin and, after a hyphen, another two serial digits. There was the following key:
|CC||Service vehicles of consular posts and consular officials|
|CD||Diplomatic missions and their staff|
|CY||Vehicles of technical and administrative staff|
|QB , QX||Foreign trade branches, industrial agencies and commercial offices|
|QC||Travel agencies, airlines and cultural and information centers|
(* unoccupied in July 1990, ** reserved but never taken, 1 taken twice)
The customs license plate used from 1966 onwards consisted of a number indicating the customs district, a hyphen and four other numbers. Green characters were used on these signs.
In the course of reunification , Federal German license plates were assigned from 1991. License plates according to the GDR scheme were still issued until December 31, 1990, but had to be exchanged by December 31, 1993. Even before reunification, however, the font type and size began to be used as in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990.
Federal Republic of Germany after 1956
In 1956, the labeling system that is still in use today was introduced. The most important feature of the system is an allocation of up to three-letter distinctive signs for each registration area. Urban districts and districts of the same name had the same distinguishing mark. In an annex to the road traffic regulations it was determined which letter and number combinations the municipal registration office and which those of the district were allowed to issue. The distinctive sign of the districts was also strictly from the seat of the district administration, not from a u. U. deviating district names derived (e.g. "FH" for the Main-Taunus district, because the district administration had its seat in Frankfurt-Höchst, "GM" for the Oberbergischen district after the seat of the district administration in Gummersbach). With the territorial reforms in the 1970s, this principle was increasingly deviated from; Newly formed great districts were now often given a distinctive sign derived from the district name, no longer from the seat of the district administration (e.g. "MKK" for the Main-Kinzig district instead of initially "HU" for the seat of the district administration in Hanau).
Originally, the distinguishing signs for the administrative district were set out in an appendix to the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations , since 2007 to the Vehicle Licensing Regulations . Since the so-called. Mark liberalization distinguishing marks, at the request of the country concerned by the new Minister of Transport set or canceled and only in the Federal Official Gazette published.
An overview of the currently established distinctive signs can be found in the list of vehicle license plates in Germany . For all distinctive signs issued so far in Germany with information on the periods of time, see the list of all vehicle registration numbers in the Federal Republic of Germany .
After 1956, only five distinctive signs have completely disappeared from road traffic. These were the distinguishing signs DB of the Deutsche Bundesbahn and BP of the Deutsche Bundespost . Since June 2006, BP has been used again for the Federal Police , replacing the old BG mark of the Federal Border Police . The license plate ROH for the former district of Rotenburg in Hanover was completely replaced by ROW ( district of Rotenburg (Wümme) ). On May 12, 1995, the last woman driver who still wore ROH signs on her vehicle was given two new license plates with the letters ROW.
- License plate map of Germany. Edition Jungbluth, Freiburg 2001, ISBN 3-932172-00-0 .
- Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate. 4th edition. German Flag Society V. 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 .
- Directory of owners of motor vehicles in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. 1913.
- Directory of owners of motor vehicles in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. 1921.
- The motor vehicle owners in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. Stuttgart, 1926.
- Detailed presentation of the GDR license plate history including many illustrations
- Handbook of German license plates
- International Museum of License Plates, Traffic and Registration History (Großolbersdorf)
- Martin Isaac: The law of the automobile according to the police regulations at home and abroad . Comparative representation for police officers, lawyers and motorists in the form of explanations on the German automobile ordinances (main features of the Federal Council of May 3, 1906). 2nd edition, Berlin 1907.
- vehicle registration number (before 1945) (Russian).
- SS license plate ( memento from July 22, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- www.dr-herzfeld.de (PDF; 198 kB).
- Annualreport 2002 ( Memento from July 9, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 615 kB), Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt, p. 17, accessed on June 7, 2011.