License plate (Russia)

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Russian license plates of the current series are usually white with black lettering, usually with one letter, three digits and then two letters, followed by a separate field, the number of which provides information about the origin of the vehicle. Driving on Ukrainian territory is prohibited by the Ukraine with the Russian license plates for the Crimea (82, 92).

Structure of the license plate

Russian registration, here the city of Moscow (177)
Russian license plate (DE) .png
License plates for motorbikes, here Tomsk Oblast (70)

The majority of the license plates are single-line, the size of most European license plates. Under certain circumstances, they can also be two-line if this better suits the conditions of the vehicle. This is particularly true of motorcycles and special groups of vehicles such as tractors. Only single-line signs are used for cars. The license plates consist of two fields. In the left field is the identification number of the vehicle, the right field shows the number of the federal subject in which the vehicle was registered, and underneath the English-language nationality abbreviation "RUS" with the flag of the Russian Federation . For reasons of space, there is no flag on motorcycles.

The number that the subject reproduces is two or now also three digits. The subjects were sorted according to their status and numbered in alphabetical order. Most often the number corresponds to the administrative number of the subject. However, changes in the administrative structure such as mergers can result in differences.

In vehicles, the identification number consists of a letter, then a three-digit number and finally two more letters. Pendants have two letters followed by a four-digit number. Motorcycles have a four-digit number in the first line and two letters on the left in the second line and the subject number field on the right. To facilitate international traffic, only letters that occur in both the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabet are used, these are the following 12 letters:

А, В (= W), Е (= JE), К, М, Н (= N), О, Р (= R), С (= S), Т, У (= U), Х (= CH ).

This results in the problem that the number of possible number combinations is limited. Only about 1.7 million license plates can be assigned per number range of a subject. This results from the following equation:

12 possible letters × 1,000 (three-digit number, also 000) × 12 possible letters × 12 possible letters = 1,728,000

Since 2004/2005, therefore, further identifiers with two and three-digit subject numbers have been issued in subjects whose number range was no longer sufficient. First that was the case in Moscow (initially “77”, then “99”, “97” and now also “177”, “199”, “197”, “777” and “799”). Due to the increasing need for numbers, it is planned to issue slightly different license plates with four instead of three digits.

Special license plates

President or premier badge
Commercial license plate for passenger transport
Police license plate
License plate of the military
License plate for diplomats
Transfer indicator
Transit number until 2010

For certain vehicle groups, special license plates are issued, which differ particularly in terms of color, but also in terms of the license plate structure.

Until recently, license plates were issued for government vehicles, which enlarged the Russian flag instead of the subject number. Most of the time, the identification marks of these numbers began with "A". Vehicles with these numbers have a special status and can therefore only be checked by the police to a limited extent. This led to frequent misuse of these numbers and, as a result, to some serious accidents, apart from frequent serious hazards to traffic due to excessive speed and risky maneuvers. Almost all of these license plates were withdrawn in 2006. Only vehicles that belong directly to the fleet of the President or Prime Minister have such license plates. Instead, have been in Moscow several series such as A (...) MP, E (...) KX, M (...) MM or H (...) HH issued license plate, where E (...) KX-mark only to high-ranking employees of the FSB and FSO distributed and enjoy roughly the same status as the previous government plates.

Yellow license plates were given to foreigners and company cars of foreign joint ventures until around the year 2000 . This led in part to discrimination against vehicle drivers by the police, who had an opportunity to collect unjustified penalties. Now they mark commercial vehicles for passenger transport , i.e. buses, taxis and regular taxis . The identification number consists of two letters and three digits.

Number plates highlighted in blue are used by the police , including on their civilian vehicles.

Black license plates with white lettering identify military and interior ministry vehicles .

Diplomatic vehicles are entitled to red license plates with white characters . The first three digits denote the country of origin, followed by the Latin letters “CD”, “D” or “T” for diplomatic status. The conclusion is a differentiating one to three-digit number as well as the field with the subject number and the nationality symbol "RUS" without a flag. “CD” marks are given to heads of diplomatic missions. This is often mistakenly interpreted as “corps diplomatique”, but in Russian documents it is defined as “Chef de Mission”. It happens that several “CD” tags are issued per mission. The UK Embassy has two such labels: 001 CD1 and 001 CD2.

Vehicles marked with a "D" are given to all other employees of the diplomatic missions, regardless of whether they are members of the "Corps Diplomatique" or not. The status "T", originally defined as "Trade" for commercial agencies, is now mainly for technical employees. For example, all teachers sent to the German School Moscow have a "T" mark.

White and yellow license plates apply to vehicles that are transferred between purchase and sale. They show two holograms and are made of laminated paper. Except for the color of the right field, the appearance corresponds to that of the normal license plate. The laminated transfer license plates replaced the transit license plates in 2010. They were made of paper and stuck to the front and rear windows. In addition to the number of the subject and the identification number, they showed the word “ТРАНЗИТ” (transit) at the beginning.

Historic hallmarks of the USSR

License plate from 1958 to 1981
License plate from 1981

The current system of vehicle registration numbers was introduced in 1993/94 when a separate registration system became necessary after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Two types of the USSR can still sometimes be seen in the streets.

The older system from 1959 to 1981/82 used black license plates with white lettering. The number plate on the front of the vehicle was one line, the rear two lines. Four digits, separated by a double-digit hyphen at the front and back of the first line. Behind it were three letters in the two-line form, the first two of which were assigned to the administrative unit from which the vehicle came, the oblast or an (autonomous) republic. Often the third letter indicated the vehicle category: private or public vehicle.

From 1982 to 1993 new license plates were issued in the USSR, white plates with black letters. Private license plates with one letter followed by a four-digit number and another two letters for the administrative area. State vehicles, on the other hand, had a four-digit number followed by three letters, including the first two for the area of ​​origin.

In all of these cases, the letters were those from the Cyrillic alphabet.

See also: License plate (Soviet Union)

List of license plates of Russia

Russian Federation subjects with license plate numbers

District numbers that are no longer issued are shown in italics.

No. Subject of the Russian Federation (RF) Federal District of the RF
01 Republic of Adygea Southern Russia
02 Republic of Bashkortostan Volga
03 Republic of Buryatia Siberia
04 Altai Republic Siberia
05 Republic of Dagestan North Caucasus
06 Republic of Ingushetia North Caucasus
07 Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria North Caucasus
08 Republic of Kalmykia Southern Russia
09 Karachay-Cherkessia Republic North Caucasus
10 Republic of Karelia Northwest Russia
11 Republic of Komi Northwest Russia
12 Republic of Mari El Volga
13 Republic of Mordovia Volga
14th Sakha Republic (Yakutia) far East
15th Republic of North Ossetia-Alania North Caucasus
16 Republic of Tatarstan Volga
17th Republic of Tuva Siberia
18th Udmurt Republic Volga
19th Republic of Khakassia Siberia
20th Chechnya Republic (now 95) North Caucasus
21st Republic of Chuvashia Volga
22nd Altai region Siberia
23 Krasnodar Territory Southern Russia
24 Krasnoyarsk Territory

(merged with the Taimyr Autonomous Okrug (84) and the Evenk Autonomous Okrug (88) to form the Krasnoyarsk Territory )

25th Primorye region far East
26th Stavropol region North Caucasus
27 Khabarovsk region far East
28 Amur Oblast far East
29 Arkhangelsk Oblast Northwest Russia
30th Astrakhan Oblast Southern Russia
31 Belgorod Oblast Central Russia
32 Bryansk Oblast Central Russia
33 Vladimir Oblast Central Russia
34 Volgograd Oblast Southern Russia
35 Vologda Oblast Northwest Russia
36 Voronezh Oblast Central Russia
37 Ivanovo Oblast Central Russia
38 Irkutsk Oblast

(merged with the Autonomous Okrug of the Ust-Ordynsk Buryats (85) to form Irkutsk Oblast )

39 Kaliningrad Oblast (Koenigsberg) Northwest Russia
40 Kaluga Oblast Central Russia
41 Kamchatka Region

(Merger of Kamchatka Oblast (41) with the Koryak Autonomous Okrug (82))

far East
41 Kamchatka Oblast

(merged with the Koryak Autonomous Okrug (82) to form the Kamchatka Region )

far East
42 Kemerovo Oblast Siberia
43 Kirov Oblast Volga
44 Kostroma Oblast Central Russia
45 Kurgan Oblast Ural
46 Kursk Oblast Central Russia
47 Leningrad Oblast Northwest Russia
48 Lipetsk Oblast Central Russia
49 Magadan Oblast far East
50 Moscow Oblast Central Russia
51 Murmansk Oblast Northwest Russia
52 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Volga
53 Novgorod Oblast Northwest Russia
54 Novosibirsk Oblast Siberia
55 Omsk Oblast Siberia
56 Orenburg Oblast Volga
57 Oryol Oblast Central Russia
58 Penza Oblast Volga
59 Perm Oblast

(merged with the Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (81) to form the Perm region )

60 Pskov Oblast Northwest Russia
61 Rostov Oblast Southern Russia
62 Ryazan Oblast Central Russia
63 Samara Oblast Volga
64 Saratov Oblast Volga
65 Sakhalin Oblast far East
66 Sverdlovsk Oblast ( Yekaterinburg ) Ural
67 Smolensk Oblast Central Russia
68 Tambov Oblast Central Russia
69 Tver Oblast Central Russia
70 Tomsk Oblast Siberia
71 Tula Oblast Central Russia
72 Tyumen Oblast Ural
73 Ulyanovsk Oblast Volga
74 Chelyabinsk Oblast Ural
75 Transbaikalia region

(Merger of Chita Oblast (75) with the Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug (80))

75 Chita Oblast

(merged with the Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug (80) to form the Transbaikalia region )

76 Yaroslavl Oblast Central Russia
77 Moscow city Central Russia
78 City of Saint Petersburg Northwest Russia
79 Jewish Autonomous Oblast far East
80 Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug

(merged with Chita Oblast (75) to form the Transbaikalia region )

81 Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug

(merged with Perm Oblast (59) to form Perm Region )

82 Republic of Crimea Crimea
82 Koryak Autonomous Okrug

(merged with Kamchatka Oblast (41) to form Kamchatka Region )

far East
83 Autonomous Okrug of the Nenets Northwest Russia
84 Taimyr Autonomous County

(merged with the Evenk Autonomous Okrug (88) and the Krasnoyarsk Territory (24) to form the Krasnoyarsk Territory )

85 Ust-Ordynsk Buryat Autonomous Okrug

(merged with Irkutsk Oblast (38) to form the new Irkutsk Oblast )

86 Autonomous circle of the Khanty and Mansi Ural
87 Chukchi Autonomous Okrug far East
88 Autonomous circle of the Evenks

(merged with Taimyr Autonomous Okrug (84) and Krasnoyarsk Krai (24) to form Krasnoyarsk Krai)

89 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Ural
90 Moscow Oblast (second numbering [after 50]) Central Russia
91 Kaliningrad Oblast (second numbering [after 39]) Northwest Russia
92 Sevastopol city Crimea
93 Krasnodar region (second numbering [after 23]) Southern Russia
94 Vehicles in areas outside the borders of the Russian Federation, but under the administration of the Russian Interior Ministry (employees at the Baikonur spaceport , peacekeeping force in Abkhazia, etc.)
95 Chechnya Republic North Caucasus
96 Sverdlovsk Oblast (Yekaterinburg) (second numbering [after 66]) Ural
97 City of Moscow (third number assignment [after 99]) Central Russia
98 City of Saint Petersburg (second number assignment [after 78]) Northwest Russia
99 City of Moscow (second number assignment [after 77]) Central Russia
102 Republic of Bashkortostan (second number assignment [after 02]) Volga
113 Republic of Mordovia (second numbering [after 13]) Volga
116 Republic of Tatarstan (second numbering [after 16]) Volga
121 Republic of Chuvashia (second numbering [after 21]) Volga
123 Krasnodar region (third numbering [after 93]) Southern Russia
124 Krasnoyarsk region (numbering [after 24, 84 and 88]) Siberia
125 Primorye region (second numbering [after 25]) far East
126 Stavropol region (second numbering [after 26]) North Caucasus
134 Volgograd Oblast (second numbering [after 34]) Southern Russia
136 Voronezh Oblast (second numbering [after 36]) Central Russia
138 Irkutsk Oblast (second numbering [after 38]) Siberia
142 Kemerovo Oblast (second numbering [after 42]) Siberia
147 Leningrad Oblast (second numbering [after 47]) Northwest Russia
150 Moscow Oblast (third numbering [after 90]) Central Russia
152 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (second numbering [after 52]) Volga
154 Novosibirsk Oblast (second numbering [after 54]) Siberia
159 Perm region (second numbering [after 59]) Volga
161 Rostov Oblast (second numbering [after 61]) Southern Russia
163 Samara Oblast (second numbering [after 63]) Volga
164 Saratov Oblast (second numbering [after 64]) Volga
173 Ulyanovsk Oblast (second numbering [after 73]) Volga
174 Chelyabinsk Oblast (second numbering [after 74]) Ural
177 City of Moscow (fourth number assignment [after 97]) Central Russia
178 City of Saint Petersburg (third number assignment [after 98]) Northwest Russia
186 Autonomous circle of the Khanty and Mansi (second numbering [after 86]) Ural
190 Moscow Oblast (fourth numbering [after 150]) Central Russia
196 Sverdlovsk Oblast (Yekaterinburg) (third numbering [after 96]) Ural
197 City of Moscow (sixth number assignment [after 199]) Central Russia
198 City of Saint Petersburg (fourth number assignment [after 178]) Northwest Russia
199 City of Moscow (fifth number assignment [after 177]) Central Russia
702 Republic of Bashkortostan (third number assignment [after 102]) Volga
716 Republic of Tatarstan (third numbering [after 116]) Volga
750 Moscow Oblast (fifth number assignment [after 190]) Central Russia
761 Rostov Oblast (third numbering [after 161]) Southern Russia
763 Samara Oblast (third numbering [after 163]) Volga
777 City of Moscow (seventh number assignment [after 197]) Central Russia
799 City of Moscow (eighth number assignment [after 777]) Central Russia

List of numbers for diplomatic license plates

Diplomatic vehicle of the Finnish Embassy in Moscow, taken in Finland

001 United Kingdom 002 Germany 003 Canada 004 United States 005 Japan 006 Spain 007 France 008 Belgium 009 Greece 010 Denmark 011 Italy 012 Luxembourg 013 Netherlands 014 Norway 015 Turkey 016 Australia 017 Austria 018 Algeria 019 Egypt 020 Rwanda 021 Argentina 022 Afghanistan 023 Myanmar 024 Bolivia 025 Brazil 026 Burkina Faso 027 Ghana 028 Bangladesh 029 Guinea 030 Zambia 031 Peru 032 India 033 Indonesia 034 Jordan 035 Iraq 036 Iran 037 Ireland 038 Iceland 039 Cambodia 040 Kenya 041 Cyprus 042 Republic of the Congo 043 Costa Rica 044 Kuwait 045 Laos 046 Liberia 047 Lebanon 048 Libya 049 Mali 050 Morocco 051 Mexico 052 Nepal 053 Nigeria 054 Venezuela 055 New Zealand 056 PakistanUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom 
United StatesUnited States 
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 
Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus 
Congo RepublicRepublic of the Congo 
Costa RicaCosta Rica 
New ZealandNew Zealand 

057 Burkina Faso 058 Senegal 059 free 060 Somalia 061 Sudan 062 Sierra Leone 063 Thailand 064 Tanzania 065 Tunisia 066 Uganda 067 Uruguay 068 Philippines 069 Finland 070 Sri Lanka 071 Chad 072 Switzerland 073 Sweden 074 Ecuador 075 Ethiopia 076 Angola 077 Democratic Republic of the Congo 078 Colombia 079 Cameroon 080 Guinea-Bissau 081 Portugal 082 Bulgaria 083 Hungary 084 Vietnam 085 free, former GDR 086 Poland 087 North Korea 088 Cuba 089 Mongolia 090 People's Republic of China 091 Romania 092 free, former Czechoslovakia 093 Serbia (former Yugoslavia ) 094 Benin 095 Gabon 096 Guyana 097 Mauritania 098 Madagascar 099 Malaysia 100 Niger 101 Singapore 102 Togo 103 Central African Republic 104 Jamaica 105 Yemen 106 free 107 Palestine 108 Nicaragua 109 Mozambique 110 Equatorial Guinea 111 Order of Malta 112 MaltaBurkina FasoBurkina Faso 

Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 
Sri LankaSri Lanka 
Congo Democratic RepublicDemocratic Republic of Congo 

Korea NorthNorth Korea 
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 

Central African RepublicCentral African Republic 

Palastina autonomous areasPalestine 
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea 
Sovereign Order of MaltaSovereign Order of Malta 

113 Cape Verde 114 free 115 Zimbabwe 116 United Arab Emirates 117 Ivory Coast 118 Namibia 119 free 120 Oman 121 Qatar 122 free 123 free 124 South Korea 125 Chile 126 Panama 127 Israel 128 North Macedonia 129 Albania 130 free 131 Vatican City 132 Lithuania 133 Syria 134 Estonia 135 Latvia 136 Bahrain 137 South Africa 138 Armenia 139 Free 140 Saudi Arabia 141 Slovenia 142 Uzbekistan 143 Kyrgyzstan 144 Croatia 145 Azerbaijan 146 Ukraine 147 Moldova 148 Czech Republic 149 Slovakia 150 Belarus 151 Tajikistan 152 Turkmenistan 153 Kazakhstan 154 Guatemala 155 Bosnia and Herzegovina 156 Eritrea 157 Paraguay 158 Georgia 159 Brunei 160 Gambia 161 Vietnam 162 Mauritius 163 Dominican Republic 164 Montenegro 165 South Ossetia 166 Abkhazia 167 Djibouti 168 South SudanCape VerdeCape Verde 

United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates 
Ivory CoastIvory Coast 


Korea SouthSouth Korea 
North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia 

Vatican cityVatican 
South AfricaSouth Africa 

Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 
Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova 
Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina 
Dominican RepublicDominican Republic 
South OssetiaSouth Ossetia 
South SudanSouth Sudan 

International organizations

499 - European UnionEuropean UnionEuropean Union 


501 - free

502 - free

503 - Arab LeagueArab LeagueArab League 

504 - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

505 - International Monetary Fund

506 - International Organization for Migration

507 - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent SocietiesInternational Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement 

508 - International Committee of the Red CrossInternational Committee of the Red Cross 

509 - IFCIFC

510 - UNIDOUnited Nations Industrial Development OrganizationUnited Nations 

511 - UNOUnited NationsU.N. 


514 - International Bank for Economic Cooperation

515 - International Investment Bank

516 - Intersputnik

517 - International Center for Scientific and Technical Information

518 - International Science and Technology Center

520 - International Labor OrganizationInternational labor organizationInternational labor organization 

521 - Interelektro International organization for economic, scientific and technical cooperation in the electrical industry

522 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

523 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

524 - European Space Agency

525 - Eurasian Patent Organization

526 - free

527 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

528 - Interstate Bank

529 - Eurasian Economic Community

530 - International Research Institute for Administrative Problems

531 - Organization of the Collective Security Treaty

532 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

533 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

534 - Eurasian Development Bank

535 - CISCommonwealth of Independent States 

900 - Honorary Consul

Web links

Commons : Russian license plates  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. В России введут четырехзначные регистрационные номера. авто тут, October 17, 2008; accessed September 10, 2010 (Russian).
  2. Транзитные номера в новом году будут другими. Управление ГИБДД УВД по Тамбовской области, November 19, 2009, archived from the original on April 3, 2010 ; Retrieved September 10, 2010 (Russian).
  3. General information about the region - City of St. Petersburg
  4. General information about the region - City of Moscow