License plate (Russia)
Russian license plates of the current series are usually white with black lettering, usually with one letter, three digits and then two letters, followed by a separate field, the number of which provides information about the origin of the vehicle. Driving on Ukrainian territory is prohibited by the Ukraine with the Russian license plates for the Crimea (82, 92).
Structure of the license plate
The majority of the license plates are single-line, the size of most European license plates. Under certain circumstances, they can also be two-line if this better suits the conditions of the vehicle. This is particularly true of motorcycles and special groups of vehicles such as tractors. Only single-line signs are used for cars. The license plates consist of two fields. In the left field is the identification number of the vehicle, the right field shows the number of the federal subject in which the vehicle was registered, and underneath the English-language nationality abbreviation "RUS" with the flag of the Russian Federation . For reasons of space, there is no flag on motorcycles.
The number that the subject reproduces is two or now also three digits. The subjects were sorted according to their status and numbered in alphabetical order. Most often the number corresponds to the administrative number of the subject. However, changes in the administrative structure such as mergers can result in differences.
In vehicles, the identification number consists of a letter, then a three-digit number and finally two more letters. Pendants have two letters followed by a four-digit number. Motorcycles have a four-digit number in the first line and two letters on the left in the second line and the subject number field on the right. To facilitate international traffic, only letters that occur in both the Cyrillic and the Latin alphabet are used, these are the following 12 letters:
А, В (= W), Е (= JE), К, М, Н (= N), О, Р (= R), С (= S), Т, У (= U), Х (= CH ).
This results in the problem that the number of possible number combinations is limited. Only about 1.7 million license plates can be assigned per number range of a subject. This results from the following equation:
12 possible letters × 1,000 (three-digit number, also 000) × 12 possible letters × 12 possible letters = 1,728,000
Since 2004/2005, therefore, further identifiers with two and three-digit subject numbers have been issued in subjects whose number range was no longer sufficient. First that was the case in Moscow (initially “77”, then “99”, “97” and now also “177”, “199”, “197”, “777” and “799”). Due to the increasing need for numbers, it is planned to issue slightly different license plates with four instead of three digits.
Special license plates
For certain vehicle groups, special license plates are issued, which differ particularly in terms of color, but also in terms of the license plate structure.
Until recently, license plates were issued for government vehicles, which enlarged the Russian flag instead of the subject number. Most of the time, the identification marks of these numbers began with "A". Vehicles with these numbers have a special status and can therefore only be checked by the police to a limited extent. This led to frequent misuse of these numbers and, as a result, to some serious accidents, apart from frequent serious hazards to traffic due to excessive speed and risky maneuvers. Almost all of these license plates were withdrawn in 2006. Only vehicles that belong directly to the fleet of the President or Prime Minister have such license plates. Instead, have been in Moscow several series such as A (...) MP, E (...) KX, M (...) MM or H (...) HH issued license plate, where E (...) KX-mark only to high-ranking employees of the FSB and FSO distributed and enjoy roughly the same status as the previous government plates.
Yellow license plates were given to foreigners and company cars of foreign joint ventures until around the year 2000 . This led in part to discrimination against vehicle drivers by the police, who had an opportunity to collect unjustified penalties. Now they mark commercial vehicles for passenger transport , i.e. buses, taxis and regular taxis . The identification number consists of two letters and three digits.
Number plates highlighted in blue are used by the police , including on their civilian vehicles.
Diplomatic vehicles are entitled to red license plates with white characters . The first three digits denote the country of origin, followed by the Latin letters “CD”, “D” or “T” for diplomatic status. The conclusion is a differentiating one to three-digit number as well as the field with the subject number and the nationality symbol "RUS" without a flag. “CD” marks are given to heads of diplomatic missions. This is often mistakenly interpreted as “corps diplomatique”, but in Russian documents it is defined as “Chef de Mission”. It happens that several “CD” tags are issued per mission. The UK Embassy has two such labels: 001 CD1 and 001 CD2.
Vehicles marked with a "D" are given to all other employees of the diplomatic missions, regardless of whether they are members of the "Corps Diplomatique" or not. The status "T", originally defined as "Trade" for commercial agencies, is now mainly for technical employees. For example, all teachers sent to the German School Moscow have a "T" mark.
White and yellow license plates apply to vehicles that are transferred between purchase and sale. They show two holograms and are made of laminated paper. Except for the color of the right field, the appearance corresponds to that of the normal license plate. The laminated transfer license plates replaced the transit license plates in 2010. They were made of paper and stuck to the front and rear windows. In addition to the number of the subject and the identification number, they showed the word “ТРАНЗИТ” (transit) at the beginning.
Historic hallmarks of the USSR
The current system of vehicle registration numbers was introduced in 1993/94 when a separate registration system became necessary after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Two types of the USSR can still sometimes be seen in the streets.
The older system from 1959 to 1981/82 used black license plates with white lettering. The number plate on the front of the vehicle was one line, the rear two lines. Four digits, separated by a double-digit hyphen at the front and back of the first line. Behind it were three letters in the two-line form, the first two of which were assigned to the administrative unit from which the vehicle came, the oblast or an (autonomous) republic. Often the third letter indicated the vehicle category: private or public vehicle.
From 1982 to 1993 new license plates were issued in the USSR, white plates with black letters. Private license plates with one letter followed by a four-digit number and another two letters for the administrative area. State vehicles, on the other hand, had a four-digit number followed by three letters, including the first two for the area of origin.
In all of these cases, the letters were those from the Cyrillic alphabet.
See also: License plate (Soviet Union)
List of license plates of Russia
District numbers that are no longer issued are shown in italics.
List of numbers for diplomatic license plates
499 - European Union
500 - EBRD
501 - free
502 - free
503 - Arab League
509 - IFC
510 - UNIDO
511 - UNO
512 - UNESCO
515 - International Investment Bank
516 - Intersputnik
517 - International Center for Scientific and Technical Information
518 - International Science and Technology Center
521 - Interelektro International organization for economic, scientific and technical cooperation in the electrical industry
522 - CIS
523 - CIS
524 - European Space Agency
526 - free
527 - CIS
528 - Interstate Bank
530 - International Research Institute for Administrative Problems
532 - CIS
533 - CIS
534 - Eurasian Development Bank
535 - CIS
900 - Honorary Consul
- В России введут четырехзначные регистрационные номера. авто тут, October 17, 2008; accessed September 10, 2010 (Russian).
- Транзитные номера в новом году будут другими. Управление ГИБДД УВД по Тамбовской области, November 19, 2009, archived from the original on April 3, 2010 ; Retrieved September 10, 2010 (Russian).
- http://platesmania.com/ru/regionstat-198?&lang=de General information about the region - City of St. Petersburg
- http://platesmania.com/ru/regionstat-799?&lang=de General information about the region - City of Moscow