License plate (Estonia)

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Estonian license plate
License plate for two-wheelers since 2004
License plate from 1993 to 2004
License plate up to 2004 in US size

Estonian license plates ( Estonian : numbrisilt or numbrimärk ) usually consist of three digits and three letters. The system of Estonian license plates is based on the Swedish one , which looks similar. Just like in Sweden, the license plates are not tied to the owner and his place of residence, but to the vehicle.

In addition to the usual signs in the European standard dimensions of 520 mm × 110 mm, there are US-size plates (302 mm × 152 mm) with only two numbers and three letters, as well as shortened two-wheeled signs (177 mm × 101 mm) with only two digits each and letters. Until 2001, license plates for motorcycles were two-line.

The current system was introduced after Estonia regained independence in 1991 and has changed slightly since then. In 1993, the black frame, which had previously been interrupted at the sides, was replaced by a continuous one. While the first letter originally indicated the place of registration, since the mid-1990s only license plates have been used whose number block begins with T (in Tartu ), M (in Tallinn and in Harju County ) or A and B (in the other areas of Estonia), issued. Furthermore, the letters H and Z are used for shortened signs in US size. Since Estonia joined the European Union on May 1, 2004, license plates have been issued that show a blue band with the letters EST and the twelve European stars on the left edge of the shield . Until 2006, a TÜV color field separated the block of numbers and letters, but the TÜV inspection is now carried out digitally, just like in Sweden.

For an additional fee may be thought of as license plates and a free combination a desired combination of three digits and three letters (for example, "777 XXX") order for higher fees (for example, his own name).

Special marks

Moped license plate
Trial license plate
Diplomatic plates
Flag for sporting events
License plate for foreigners until 2004
Classic car license plate
Military license plate
License plate of the president

Until 2008 license plates for trailers showed three digits, only two letters and were slightly shorter than the license plates for cars. Today they are similar to the serial license plates with three digits and three letters. However, the letter block begins with YH , now also YJ , and only with H for US-size signs .

Special vehicle groups such as tractors or quads license plates based on the “1234 T x” model. As a rule, these are two-line signs.

Marks for trial and test purposes begin with the word PROOV ( Eng . Probe), followed by a sequential number.

Temporary signs show red text on a white background. They consist of two letters and four digits.

Mopeds have been given green license plates with black inscription since 2011. They show three digits and one letter.

Estonian diplomatic plates have a blue background and white text. They show the letters CD ( Diplomatic Corps ) or AT ( Attaché ) followed by a maximum of four digits. Ambassadors' private vehicles are marked with the letters CMD . The first two digits indicate the sending country.

Foreigners living in Estonia are given yellow license plates with black letters. The letter block begins with EE .

Historic vehicles receive black license plates. They show a letter and a maximum of four digits in white letters.

For vehicles used in sporting events such as B. To participate in rallies , red license plates with the white letters SP and a number have been issued since 2011 .

License plates of the Estonian armed forces have a black background and white lettering, with the letter block always beginning with E.

The vehicle of the Estonian President only bears the national coat of arms on the license plate.


New division

(first letter of the number pad)

  • A (from 1991) and B (from August 2007), D (from November 2018) : districts of Estonia excluding the districts listed under M and T
  • M : Tallinn and Harjumaa
  • T : Tartu

Old division

Geographical distribution of the abbreviations

Until the mid-1990s, the first letter of the letter block indicated the district or the city.

Abbreviation District / city comment
A. Tallinn city
B. Tallinn city
D. Viljandi County
F. Parnu County
G Valga district
H Circle Hiiu = Hiiumaa Island
I. Ida-Viru district
J Jõgeva County
K Saare district = Saaremaa Island, K to Kuressaare administrative center
L. Rapla County
M. Harju County
N Narva city
O Põlva County
P Järva County P according to the administrative seat Paide
R. Lääne-Viru district R to the administrative center of Rakvere
S. Kreis Lääne S to the administrative seat Haapsalu
T Tartu County
V Võru County


License plates from 1933 and 1938
Registration number of the Estonian SSR between 1960 and 1980
License plate number of the Estonian SSR between 1980 and 1990

The first uniform labeling system was introduced in Estonia in 1929. The signs initially showed a letter for the corresponding region followed by a maximum of four digits. White lettering was used on a black background. Military plates showed the reverse color scheme and began with K for Kaitseministeerium (Ministry of Defense) .

In 1933 the system was reformed. From now on the black and white color scheme changed annually. In even years, white backgrounds were used, in odd black backgrounds. The existing scheme with regional letters and a sequence of digits was supplemented by a two-digit year in the upper left corner. Below that was a yellow stamp with details of the respective approval authority and the abbreviation EV for Eesti Vabariik (Republic of Estonia) . In 1938 the system was modified again in that the year now appeared above a hyphen between letters and numbers.

Between 1918 and 1940, Estonia was divided into three cities and 11 counties.

Abbreviation District / city comment
A. Tallinn city
B. City of Tartu
E. Narva city
H Harju County
J Järva County
K Ministry of Defense K from Estonian Kaitseministeerium
L. Kreis Lääne including the islands of Hiiumaa and Vormsi
N Petseri county is now in the Pskov Oblast on Russian territory
O Võru County
P Parnu County
R. Valga district
S. Saare district = Saaremaa island
T Tartu County
U Viru district
V Viljandi County

With the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union in 1941, black signs according to the ER 12-34 model were introduced. During the Nazi occupation , German license plates with the identification letters RO for Reichskommissariat Ostland were issued until 1944 . As a result of the renewed Soviet conquest, the scheme from 1941 was used, this time with the Cyrillic letters ЗТ at the beginning. Regular Soviet license plates have been issued since 1947 . The Estonian SSR initially received the recognition letters ЗС , later ЕА .



Web links

Commons : Estonian license plates  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files