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coat of arms
coat of arms
State : EstoniaEstonia Estonia
Circle : Flag of et-Järva maakond.svg Järva
Coordinates : 58 ° 53 '  N , 25 ° 33'  E Coordinates: 58 ° 53 '  N , 25 ° 33'  E
Residents : 10,759 (2018)
Time zone : EET (UTC + 2)
Mayor : Alo Aasma
Postal address : Keskväljak 14
72711 Paide
Website :
Paide (Estonia)
Octagonal keep the Ordensburg

Paide ( German  Weissenstein ) is a city in Estonia .


Paide is located in the center of the country, from which the city motto "Estonia's heart" ( Estonian Eestimaa süda ) is derived.


railway station

In the Middle Ages , the 13th century castle of Paide marked the Danish sphere of influence. It was built from white limestone (Estonian paekivi ), from which the German name “Weissenstein”, which was used from the 17th century onwards , is derived from the Low German Wittenstein (also Wittensten ). Paide was first mentioned in writing in 1265 and received city ​​rights in 1291 . While the castle was destroyed, the mighty, 30-meter-high tower, the octagonal "Lange Hermann", was preserved and is today the town's landmark.

From 1721 the city belonged to the Estonia Governorate and was there the county seat for the Jerwen county .

In 2017 the municipalities of Estonia were restructured. This increased the area of ​​Paide considerably and numerous surrounding villages were incorporated into the actual city.

Population development
year 2005 2012 2017 (1) 2017 (2) 2018
Residents 9,700 8,415 8,226 10,957 10,759
Figures 2017 before (1) and after (2) the reorganization of the municipalities

Town twinning

Paid maintains city partnerships with

Culture and sights

The main sights are the ruins of the medieval order castle with the tower restored in 1993, which today serves as a gallery, the town hall with its Art Nouveau facade (1920) and the main square with the church, which was rebuilt in 1848.

In the city museum you can see the interior of the city pharmacy, which was set up in the 18th century and to which Hermann Hesse's grandfather , Karl Hermann Hesse (1802–1896), who worked as a district doctor in Paide, sent his patients. Today he is buried in the Reopalu cemetery in Paide; his niece Monika Hunnius dedicated her book Mein Unkel Hermann to him. Memories of old Estonia .


The most famous football club in the region is Paide Linnameeskond , who competes in the first division ( Meistriliiga ). The rugby team called Paide RFC currently plays in the Estonian First League. The KK7 basketball team also plays first class.


sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Paide  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Monika Hunnius: My Uncle Hermann (Gutenberg-de)