Subject of the Russian Federation
The Tver Oblast ( Russian Тверская область / Tverskaja oblast ) is an oblast in the northwest of the Central Federal District . It was formed on January 29, 1935, and 1990 in honor of the eponymous Soviet politician as Oblast Kalinin called.
The oblast lies in the Eastern European Plain and also includes the Waldai Heights . Numerous lakes, including the Seligersee (Russian озеро Селиге́р / osero Seliger), are in their area, including the upper reaches of the Volga . Almost 50% of the area is forested.
The favorable geographical location made the Principality of Tver an influential trading region even in the days of the Kievan Rus . After the creation of Saint Petersburg, the area played an important role as a stopover on the way from one capital to the other.
Kalinin Oblast was formed under the RSFSR on January 29, 1935 from parts of Moscow , West and Leningrad Oblast . In August 1944, a larger area in the west was separated to form the Velikije Luki Oblast, which existed only until 1957 .
In the last censuses in 2002 and 2010, there were a population of 1,471,459 and 1,353,392 residents respectively. Thus, the number of inhabitants fell by 118,067 (−8.02%) in these eight years. In 2010, 1,011,406 people lived in cities. This corresponds to 74.73% of the population (in Russia 73%). By January 1, 2014, the population continued to decrease to 1,325,249. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:
|nationality||VZ 1989||percent||VZ 2002||percent||VZ 2010||percent|
Note: the proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 13,951 and 2010 99,260 people)
The area's population is around 90% Russians. The Karelians are the only significant ethnic minority in Tver Oblast. However, their number falls rapidly as they adjust to the Russian majority (1926: 140,567; 1959: 59,120; 1970: 38,064; 1979: 30,387). Other larger ethnic groups that have settled there since the early days of the Soviet Union are the Ukrainians, Jews (1959: 3,863; 2010: 584 people), Belarusians and Tatars. However, their numbers are falling sharply. By contrast, thousands of people have immigrated from the North Caucasus, Transcaucasus and Central Asia since the end of World War II. In addition to the nationalities listed above, there are also many Georgians (1959: 319; 2010: 1,267), Lesgians (1959: 0; 2010: 1,077 people) and Kyrgyz (1959: 0; 2010: 1,036).
Administrative divisions and cities
The most important cities besides the administrative center of the oblast and the only major city of Tver are Rzhev and Vyshny Volochok . There are a total of 23 cities and 28 urban-type settlements in the oblast .
(October 14, 2010)
|Vyshny Volochok||Вышний Волочёк||52,370|
The governor of the oblast has been Dmitri Selenin since December 2003 . In June 2011 he was released early. Andrei Shevelyov was appointed as his acting successor . Igor Rudenja has been the incumbent governor of Tver Oblast since 2016 .
The textile industry was one of the most important branches of the economy. Peat extraction also played a role. Today the region is mainly active in the agriculture and metalworking sectors. One of the largest companies is the Tver wagon construction plant, where modern trains for Moscow and other regions are manufactured.
Energy generation also plays a major role in the area. In the city of Konakovo there is a hydropower plant that not only supplies Tver, but also partly Moscow with electricity. Another traditional branch of production is the chemical industry.
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Eberhard Winkler: Karelian. (About the Finno-Ugric minority of the Tver-Karelians)
- Biography of Selenine ( Memento of the original from November 4, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the official website of the Oblast Administration (Russian)
- Медведев досрочно отправил в отставку тверского губернатора Зеленина
- Биография Игоря Рудени , ria.ru , March 2, 2016 (Russian)
- Подписан указ об исполняющем обязанности губернатора Тверской области , kremlin.ru , March 2, 2016 (Russian)
- Вошел в открытую Тверь , lenta.ru , March 3, 2016 (Russian)