Subject of the Russian Federation
The Kursk ( Russian Курская область / Kurskaya oblast ) is an oblast in the southwestern Russia . It borders on Ukraine ( Sumy Oblast ) and is conveniently located on the connection between Moscow and the densely populated, industrial areas of eastern Ukraine.
Geography and economy
The area lies on the western edge of the Central Russian Plate with heights of 150 to about 300 m and an area of 250 × 150 km. Most of it is drained from the Seim and Swapa to the west to the Dnepr , and from the Psel and Oskol rivers to the south and east . The capital Kursk is roughly in the center of the oblast.
Iron ore mining is economically important . The Kursk Basin contains the largest known iron ore deposit and, with the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, causes the world's strongest anomaly of the Earth's magnetic field. Other important mineral resources are gold , uranium and platinum . In addition to iron processing, important industries are the chemical and food industries. The soil consists of fertile black earth and is heavily used for agriculture.
The Kursk nuclear power plant is located near Kurchatov . Four graphite-moderated reactors of the type RBMK-1000 are operated there. The same type of reactor was used in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant . The reactors went into operation between 1977 and 1986.
Administrative division and largest cities
Kursk Oblast is divided into 28 Rajons and 5 urban districts. The largest cities besides the administrative center of Kursk are the mining town of Schelesnogorsk as well as Kurchatow and Lgow . There are a total of 10 cities and 22 urban-type settlements in the oblast .
(October 14, 2010)
Although the number of residents is constantly falling, the proportion of the urban population increases from census to census. The following table illustrates this:
Urban population and total population in Kursk Oblast
Note: the urban population in green, the total population in red
The last Russian censuses in 2002 and 2010 showed a population of 1,235,091 and 1,127,081 residents, respectively. The number of inhabitants thus fell by 108,010 people (−8.75%) in these eight years. 734,649 people lived in cities in 2010. This corresponds to 65.18% of the population (in Russia 73%). By January 1, 2014, the population decreased further to 1,118,915 people. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:
|nationality||VZ 1989||percent||VZ 2002||percent||VZ 2010||percent|
Note: the proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 2,615 and 2010 52,722 people)
The area's population is more than 90% Russian. The Ukrainians are the only significant ethnic minority in Kursk Oblast. Their number - like the number of Belarusians and Jews - is falling sharply, however. In contrast, numerous people have immigrated from the Transcaucasus, Anatolia and Central Asia since the end of the Soviet Union.
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)