Subject of the Russian Federation
The Transbaikalia region ( Russian Забайка́льский край / Sabaikalski krai ) is an administrative region in Russia in the Far East Federal District . Their area covers part of the region known as Transbaikalia or Dauria, east of Lake Baikal .
On March 1, 2008, the Transbaikalia region replaced the previous federal subjects Chita Oblast and Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug . This was established after a referendum in the two subjects on March 11, 2007, which was initiated on the initiative of the administrations of both subjects. In this vote, around 90 percent of the inhabitants of the region spoke out in favor of merging the Chita Oblast with the Agin Buryat Autonomous Okrug , which was geographically completely enclosed by the Chita Oblast. The region shares a 998 km long border with China and another 868 km with Mongolia .
Administrative division and largest cities
The region is divided into 31 Rajons and 4 urban districts (including the " closed city " (SATO) Gorny ). The former territory of the Autonomous Okrug of the Agin Buryats (three Rajons and the urban district of Aginskoje, which was later spun off ) continues to be regarded under this name as an administrative-territorial unit with a special status (Russian Administratiwno-territorialnaja jediniza s ossobym statussom ).
|City / town Settlement*||Russian||Residents
(October 14, 2010)
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)