Irkutsk Oblast

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Subject of the Russian Federation
Irkutsk Oblast
Иркутская область
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Siberia
surface 774,846  km²
population 2,428,750 inhabitants
(as of October 14, 2010)
Population density 3.1 inhabitants / km²
Administrative center Irkutsk
Official language Russian
Russians (89.9%)
Buryats (3.1%)
Ukrainians (2.1%)
Tatars (1.2%)
(as of 2002)
governor Sergei Levchenko
Founded September 26, 1937
Time zone UTC + 8
Telephone prefixes (+7) 395xx
Postcodes 664000-666999,
License Plate 38, 85, 138
OKATO 25th
ISO 3166-2 RU-IRK
Iran Turkmenistan China Kasachstan Usbekistan Mongolei Japan Nordkorea China Norwegen Dänemark Deutschland Schweden Vereinigte Staaten Finnland Kirgisistan Georgien Türkei Armenien Aserbaidschan Ukraine Polen Litauen Lettland Estland Weißrussland Norwegen Oblast Sachalin Region Kamtschatka Jüdische Autonome Oblast Region Primorje Region Chabarowsk Tuwa Chakassien Oblast Kemerowo Republik Altai Region Altai Oblast Nowosibirsk Oblast Omsk Oblast Tjumen Oblast Tomsk Burjatien Region Transbaikalien Oblast Amur Oblast Magadan Autonomer Kreis der Tschuktschen Oblast Irkutsk Sacha Region Krasnojarsk Autonomer Kreis der Jamal-Nenzen Autonomer Kreis der Chanten und Mansen/Jugra Oblast Swerdlowsk Oblast Tscheljabinsk Oblast Kurgan Oblast Orenburg Autonomer Kreis der Nenzen Republik Komi Baschkortostan Region Perm Oblast Wologda Republik Karelien Oblast Murmansk Oblast Archangelsk Oblast Kaliningrad Sankt Petersburg Oblast Leningrad Tatarstan Udmurtien Oblast Kirow Oblast Kostroma Oblast Samara Oblast Pskow Oblast Twer Oblast Nowgorod Oblast Jaroslawl Oblast Smolensk Moskau Oblast Moskau Oblast Wladimir Oblast Iwanowo Mari El Tschuwaschien Mordwinien Oblast Pensa Oblast Nischni Nowgorod Oblast Uljanowsk Oblast Saratow Oblast Brjansk Oblast Kaluga Oblast Tula Oblast Rjasan Oblast Orjol Oblast Lipezk Oblast Woronesch Oblast Belgorod Oblast Kursk Oblast Tambow Oblast Wolgograd Oblast Rostow Oblast Astrachan Kalmückien Dagestan Adygeja Region Krasnodar Karatschai-Tscherkessien Kabardino-Balkarien Region Stawropol Nordossetien-Alanien Inguschetien TschetschenienSituation in Russia
About this picture

Coordinates: 57 ° 42 '  N , 107 ° 27'  E

Irkutsk Territorial Administration

The Irkutsk Oblast ( Russian Иркутская область Irkutskaja oblast ) is an administrative unit ( oblast ) in Russia .

The oblast is located in southern Siberia on the west bank of Lake Baikal . However, it extends far north into the central Siberian mountainous region . The most important rivers are the Angara in the west and the upper reaches of the Lena , Lower Tunguska and Tschona in the north of the oblast.

The area used to be inhabited by Buryats and small Turkic peoples , but today the Russians make up the overwhelming majority. After Uighur and Mongolian rule, intensive Russian settlement began in the 18th century.

The most important branches of industry include mining (gold, coal, iron ore), energy generation ( Irkutskenergo ) through large river power plants ( Bratsk Reservoir , Irkutsk Reservoir , Ust-Ilimsk Reservoir ), aluminum production and the chemical industry.

Administrative division and largest places

Irkutsk Oblast is divided into 33 rajons and 9 urban districts .

On April 16, 2006, the integration of the Autonomous Okrug of the Ust-Ordynsk Buryats into the Irkutsk Oblast was decided in a referendum . The Autonomous Okrug, consisting of six rajons and completely enclosed by the oblast, formed an independent federal subject until the merger came into force on January 1, 2008.

The most important cities in the oblast, in addition to the major cities of Irkutsk , Bratsk and Angarsk, are Ust-Ilimsk , Usolye-Sibirskoje and Cheremkhovo . There are a total of 22 cities and 52 urban-type settlements .

Biggest cities
Surname Russian name Resident
October 14, 2010
Irkutsk Иркутск 587,891
Bratsk Братск 246.319
Angarsk Ангарск 233,567
Ust-Ilimsk Усть-Илимск 86,610
Usolye-Sibirskoye Усолье-Сибирское 83,327
Cheremkhovo Черемхово 52,647


The governor of Irkutsk Oblast is the head of the regional government and has been directly elected by the people since 2015, according to a Russian law from 2012 . In the gubernatorial election in 2015 won Sergei Levchenko of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and is expected to remain five years in office. The legislature of Irkutsk Oblast is the Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast , which is also directly elected every five years. In the parliamentary elections in 2018 the party lost Russia its absolute majority . It even had to cede its status as the strongest party to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. As of February 2019, Irkutsk Oblast is one of the few federal subjects with an oppositional governor and the only federal subject in which the United Russia party is not the strongest party in the regional parliament.


In the last Russian censuses in 2002 and 2010, there were a population of 2,581,705 and 2,428,750 residents respectively. The number of inhabitants thus fell by 152,955 people (−5.9%) in these eight years. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:

Population of the oblast by ethnic group
nationality VZ 1989 percent VZ 2002 percent VZ 2010 percent
Russians 2,499,460 88.48 2,320,493 89.88 2,144,075 88.28
Buryats 77,330 2.74 80,565 3.12 77,667 3.20
Ukrainians 97.405 3.45 53,631 2.08 30,827 1.27
Tatars 39,609 1.40 31,068 1.20 22,882 0.94
Belarusians 25,713 0.91 14,185 0.55 7,929 0.33
Armenians 2,833 0.10 6,849 0.27 6,558 0.27
Azerbaijanis 4,741 0.17 6.125 0.24 5,384 0.22
Tschuwaschen 11,417 0.40 7,295 0.28 4,589 0.19
Kyrgyz 869 0.03 1,322 0.05 4,507 0.19
Uzbeks 3,517 0.12 1,904 0.07 4,367 0.18
Residents 2,824,920 100.00 2,581,705 100.00 2,428,750 100.00

Note: the proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 11,035 and 2010 83,115 people)

The majority of the population in the area is now Russian. The Buryats, Ukrainians and Tatars are the most important ethnic minorities in Irkutsk Oblast. The percentage of Russians is stagnating at a high level. As the second largest ethnic group, the Buryats are stagnating in numbers, but increasing in percentage terms due to the high level of emigration. Since the end of the Soviet Union, the number of people from the Transcaucasus and Central Asia has also increased. Other ethnic groups such as the Ukrainians, Tatars and Belarusians have left the area in droves. Minorities that used to be significant, such as the Germans (1989: 7,616, 2010: 3,725), Jews (1989: 4,796, 2010: 1,594) or Poles (1989: 3,118, 2010: 1,364), have now shrunk significantly. The members of the Siberian peoples are small minorities (VZ 2010; Tuwins 1,674, Evenks 1,272, Yakuts 858 and Tofalars 678 people as the most important of these ethnic groups) and are numerically roughly on a par with the Chinese (1,118), Koreans (1,342) and Mongols (867).

Web links

Commons : Irkutsk Oblast  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service of State Statistics of the Russian Federation); Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 g. po Irkutskoj oblasti (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010 for Irkutsk Oblast). on-line
  3. About the project of integration of the Ust-Ordynsk district (Russian)
  4. Result of the referendum (Russian)