Subject of the Russian Federation
The region is located in southern Siberia on the upper reaches of the Ob . It borders on Kazakhstan in the south and the Altai Republic in the southeast . It encompasses the western foothills of the Altai Mountains and extends to the west into the West Siberian lowlands .
The history of Russian settlement in the region began in the second half of the 17th century. The Russians make up the vast majority of the population today. The German National Circle of Halbstadt was founded in 1991 in the Kulunda steppe, near the border with Kazakhstan, to offer the predominantly German population there an alternative to emigrating to Germany. Today, however, most of the Russian Germans, whose ancestors had founded several German settlements here around 1900 or were forcibly resettled from the Volga regions during the Second World War , emigrated from the National District to Germany. They were only partially replaced by resettlers of German origin, most of whom no longer speak German, from other regions of the former Soviet Union.
There are numerous mineral resources such as lead, iron ore and manganese in the region. Important branches of industry are metal processing, the chemical and the food industry. Attempts are being made to give tourism in the region a higher priority.
Administrative divisions and cities
The administrative center is Barnaul , other large cities are Bijsk and Rubzowsk . The historical mining center of Smeinogorsk and the spa town of Belokuricha are also well-known nationwide . There are a total of twelve cities and six urban-type settlements in the region .
(October 14, 2010)
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- Official website of the regional administration
- Altai portal with travel, forum, current weather in Barnaul and Novosibirsk, satellite images
- Altai Forum
- Altai business directory for all Altai-affine companies in German, Russian and English
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)