West Siberian Lowlands
The West Siberian Lowland (also West Siberian Plain , Russian Западно-Сибирская низменность , Sapadno-Sibirskaya nismennost and Западно Сибирская , Sapadno Sibirskaja called) is one of seven major regions of Siberia and one of the eight Russian regional landscapes . It is about 2,500,000 km², which is about seven times the area of Germany .
The extensive West Siberian lowland lies between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Central Siberian mountainous region in the east. In the north, the lowlands border on the Kara Sea via the Jamal Peninsula . In this direction, it also seamlessly merges into the North Siberian lowlands - without precisely defined or directly visible natural boundaries - to which the Taimyr Peninsula joins in the north . In the southeast, there are various South Siberian mountains and in the southwest the Kazakh threshold .
The swampy landscape of the West Siberian lowlands in the south is determined by extensive boreal coniferous forests , which in the north merge first into the taiga and then into the forest tundra and tundra . In these northern regions, due to permafrost and low water content in the soil, tall plants (such as trees) cannot develop, but mosses , bushes and ferns predominate.
The three longest rivers of the West Siberian Lowlands are:
The localities of the West Siberian Lowlands, which are mainly in its southern regions or on its edges, include (sorted alphabetically):