Federation subject

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As federal subjects ( subjects of the federation , also subjects of the Russian Federation ), the 85 (including the internationally controversial inclusion of the peninsula of Crimea located Republic of Crimea and the city of federal rank Sevastopol ) territorial, equipped with certain political and administrative autonomy and the Federation Council represented Denotes administrative units of Russia , under which one would classify the term federal state in Germany or Austria .

The term corresponds to the Russian name Субъект Федерации (subject Federazii). Because in Russia - unlike in the Federal Republic of Germany or the Republic of Austria , for example - there are different categories of territorial units with different degrees of autonomy, this abstract generic term, which is not known in the Soviet Union , had to be introduced.

Article 65 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation defines six categories of federal subjects, which precisely defines the federal structure of Russia .

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