Subject of the Russian Federation
The Astrakhan oblast ( Russian Астраханская область Astrachanskaja oblast ) is an oblast in Russia with around one million inhabitants. The region on the Caspian Sea forms the eastern edge of the Federal District of Southern Russia of the Russian Federation .
The oblast lies in the Caspian Depression and occupies a narrow strip on the lower reaches of the Volga . South of the city of Astrakhan is the Volga Delta, the largest river delta in Europe, in which the Volga flows into the Caspian Sea. The oblast borders Kalmykia to the west, Volgograd Oblast to the north and Kazakhstan to the east . Despite the proximity to the Caspian Sea, the climate is strictly continental with little rainfall.
In addition to the Russians , the autochthonous population also includes the Kazakhs , Tatars , Nogai Tatars ( Nogai ) and Kalmyks . Other, smaller minorities in the region are Azerbaijanis , Armenians , Chechens and Ukrainians . About 25% of the population are Muslim. The oblast is sparsely populated; without the capital, the population density is less than 10 inhabitants per square kilometer.
(inh / km²)
(inh / km²)
|Administrative headquarters||More places||Number of
|1||Akhtubinsk||72,494||7810||9||53,449||19,045||Akhtubinsk||Nizhny Baskuntschak , Verkhny Baskuntschak||3||12|
|4th||Ikrjanoje||48,736||1950||25th||11,108||37,628||Ikrjanoje||Ilyinka , Krasnye Barrikady||2||15th|
|5||Kamysjak||50,476||3493||14th||20,970||29,506||Kamysjak||Kirowski , Volgo-Kaspijski||3||17th|
|6th||Krasny Jar||36,796||5260||7th||-||36,796||Krasny Jar||-||16|
|11||Tschorny Yar||20,362||4200||5||-||20,362||Tschorny Yar||-||10|
- number of the district / district (in alphabetical order of the names in Russian )
- SATO (" Closed City ")
- Urban-type settlements or municipalities
Cities and urban settlements
|City * / City settlement||Russian||City district / Rajon||Residents
(October 14, 2010)
|coat of arms||location|
|Astrakhan *||Астрахань||Urban district||520.339|
|Krasnye Barricady||Красные Баррикады||Ikrjanoje||6,488|
|Nizhny Baskuntschak||Нижний Баскунчак||Akhtubinsk||2,789|
|Znamensk *||Знаменск||City District ( SATO )||29,401|
|Verkhny Baskuntchak||Верхний Баскунчак||Akhtubinsk||8,411|
The last Russian censuses in 2002 and 2010 showed a population of 1,005,276 and 1,010,073 residents, respectively. Thus, the population increased by 4,797 people (+0.47%) in these eight years. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:
|nationality||VZ 1989||percent||VZ 2002||percent||VZ 2010||percent|
Notes: The proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 2,963 and 2010 95,217 people). Since the number of people who did not provide information in 2010 is very high, it is difficult to provide precise information
The majority of the population in the area is now Russian. The Kazakhs and Tatars are the numerically strongest ethnic minorities in Astrakhan Oblast. Other indigenous peoples such as the Nogai and the Kalmyks make up only a small proportion of the total population. Since 1989 the population of Russians and Tatars has declined, while the proportion of Kazakhs has increased, as has the number of recently immigrated populations.
The proportion of Kazakhs in Astrakhan Oblast is the highest in any Russian region. In some districts near the border, this number is still well above the average of the oblast, for example in Volodarsk Raion (68.05% of the Kazakh population), in Krasny Yar (47.65%), in Kharabali (41.84%) and in Kamysjak (31.05%). Kazakh can be learned in many schools and there are numerous Kazakh associations and cultural centers. There is a Kazakh consulate in Astrakhan, and Ak Arna, a bilingual (Kazakh-Russian) newspaper, has been published in the oblast since 1991 . Since 2007, Kazakh language and literature can be studied at the Astrakhan State University . The Tatars also live mainly in some regions, especially in Priwolschski Rajon, where their population share is above average at 31.05%, and in Narimanow Raion (20.16%). The presence of the Kazakhs and Nogais in the region can be traced back to the Astrakhan Khanate .
The population growth of the region is mainly caused by an increase in the number of inhabitants in the city of Astrakhan itself.
Culture, sights and traditions
The most famous sight of the capital Astrakhan is probably the Astrakhan Kremlin , with which the city has been trying to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage since 2009 . In Astrakhan, historical buildings from various epochs have been preserved to a large extent.
- Churches, mosques and temples
- Church in the village of Rasino
- Church in the village of Marfino
- Astrakhan mosques
- The Buddhist temple in Rechnoye village
- The ruins of the church in the village of Yenotayevka
- The tombs of Chan Bukej (founder of the Bukej horde) and Seid-Baba in the village of Malyj Aral, a sacred place for the Kazakhs.
- The mausoleum for the Kazakh composer Kurmangasi in Altynschar
- Architectural monuments
- 19th century lighthouse in the village of Vyshka on the Caspian Sea.
- Traditional festivals and holidays
- The Kalmuck festival of Zagan Sar in the Kalmuck villages of Astrakhan Oblast
- The Persian-Turkish holiday Nouruz among the Kazakhs and Nogaiians of Astrakhan Oblast. In Iran, Novrus traditionally takes place on March 23rd, in Astrakhan - to avoid scheduling difficulties with the Russian Maslenitsa - it is often officially not celebrated until a month later, in mid-April.
- Navy Day on the last Sunday of July.
- Victory Day on May 9th every year. Victory Day is celebrated with a parade in the city center.
There are several nature reserves in the area of Astrakhan Oblast, including the Astrakhan Nature Reserve. It is primarily ornithologically interesting because of the massive migration of migratory birds in spring and winter; however, there is currently no ringing of migratory birds. Russian and German travel companies offer excursions to the nature reserve. Another big reserve is the Bogdo Baskunchak Nature Reserve to the Salt Lake Baskunchak .
Large parts of the Astrakhan region are steppe landscape, in contrast to this is the Volga delta in the southern part . Several uninhabited islands in the Caspian Sea belong to the oblast, including Blinow and Batkatschny .
Species such as bee-eater , hoopoe and various limikoles can be seen in Astrakhan Oblast . The oblast is rich in various amphibians, but also reptiles such as turtles and snakes, due to the natural spatial diversity of the steppe, the floodplain regions of the Volga and Akhtuba as well as the Caspian Sea.
In the Astrakhan Oblast Duma, which has 56 members, the United Russia party has the largest number of 33 members. The second largest group is Fair Russia / Pensioners / Life with 7 MPs, followed by the Communists with 6 and the Astrakhan and Astrakhan Region groups with 4 MPs each.
- Astrakhan Oblast website
- English and Russian short messages from Kawkaski Usel from Astrakhan Oblast
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Nacional'nyj sostav naselenija po sub "ektam Rossijskoj Federacii. (XLS) In: Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Rosstat, accessed on June 30, 2016 (Russian, ethnic composition of the population according to federal subjects , results of the 2010 census).
- Population2010 at the Federal Service for State Statistics of Russia (calculation as of January 1; Excel file; 562 kB)