Kemerovo Oblast

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Subject of the Russian Federation
Kemerovo Oblast
Кемеровская область
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Siberia
surface 95,725  km²
population 2,763,135 inhabitants
(as of October 14, 2010)
Population density 29 inhabitants / km²
Administrative center Kemerovo
Official language Russian
Russians (91.9%)
Tatars (1.8%)
Ukrainians (1.3%)
Germans (1.2%)
(as of 2002)
governor Sergei Ziwiljow (acting)
Founded January 26, 1943
Time zone UTC + 7
Telephone prefixes (+7) 384xx
Postcodes 650000-654999
License Plate 42, 142
ISO 3166-2 RU-KEM
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Coordinates: 54 ° 30 '  N , 87 ° 0'  E

The Kemerovo Oblast ( Russian Кемеровская область / Kemerowskaja oblast ) is an oblast (administrative district) in Russia . It was formed on January 26, 1943 as part of the RSFSR from the southeastern part of the area that had previously belonged to Novosibirsk Oblast .

The oblast is located in southern Siberia at the transition from the western Siberian lowlands to the mountains of southern Siberia . The capital of the oblast is Kemerovo . To simplify matters, the administrative unit in Russia is also called Kuzbass , as its area is largely identical to the Kuznetsk Basin (Kuzbass).

With around 30 inhabitants per square kilometer, the oblast is one of the most densely populated Siberia.

The first cities in the region were founded at the beginning of the 17th century, and industrialization of the oblast began as early as the early 19th century. The region experienced an upswing during the Second World War , as many companies were relocated here from the west of the country after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 .

The basis of industrialization is coal . The Kuzbass - coal basin is one of the largest in the world, to a lesser extent, iron ore and gold are encouraged. Numerous industries such as metal processing, the chemical industry and steel production are located here. The coal-processing factories, however, have a major impact on the environment in the region.

In 1957 the Abasa iron ore deposits in Khakassia were connected by a railway line.

Administrative division and largest cities

Kemerovo Oblast is divided into 18 Rajons and 16 districts.

The most important cities in the oblast, in addition to their administrative center of Kemerovo, are the even larger Novokuznetsk and the major cities of Prokopyevsk , Leninsk-Kuznetsky , Kisseljowsk and Meschduretschensk .

Biggest cities
city Russian Residents
(October 14, 2010)
Novokuznetsk Новокузнецк 547.904
Kemerovo Кемерово 532,981
Prokopyevsk Прокопьевск 210.130
Meshduretchensk Междуреченск 101,678
Leninsk-Kuznetsky Ленинск-Кузнецкий 101,666
Kisselevsk Киселёвск 98,365

See also: List of cities in Kemerovo Oblast


In the last censuses in 2002 and 2010, there were a population of 2,899,142 and 2,763,135 residents respectively. The number of inhabitants thus fell by 136,007 people (−4.7%) in these eight years. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:

Population of the oblast by ethnic group
nationality VZ 1989 percent VZ 2002 percent VZ 2010 percent
Russians 2,870,125 90.51 2,664,816 91.92 2,536,646 91.80
Tatars 63.116 1.99 51.030 1.76 40,229 1.46
German 47,990 1.51 35,965 1.24 23,125 0.84
Ukrainians 65,245 2.06 37,622 1.30 22,156 0.80
Shear 12,585 0.40 11,554 0.40 10,672 0.39
Armenians 2,295 0.07 10,104 0.35 10,669 0.39
Tschuwaschen 24,372 0.77 15,480 0.53 9,301 0.34
Azerbaijanis 3,909 0.12 7,250 0.25 6,057 0.22
Belarusians 19,294 0.61 10,715 0.37 6,049 0.22
Tajiks 875 0.03 4,474 0.15 5,646 0.20
Residents 3,171,134 100.00 2,899,142 100.00 2,763,135 100.00

Note: the proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 5,241 and 2010 55,899 people)

The area's population is over 90% Russian. The Ukrainians, Tatars, Germans, Belarusians and Chuvashes were important ethnic minorities in Kemerovo Oblast when the Soviet Union collapsed . However, their numbers have been falling sharply since then. Most of the once numerous Mordwinen (13,894 in 1989, 3,932 in 2010) have left the area. In contrast, immigration from the Transcaucasus and Central Asia has taken place since the early 1990s. Of the indigenous peoples of Russia , in addition to the Shores, the Teleuts (2,520 people in 2010) are represented in significant numbers.

See also

The Kemerovo pig was named after Kemerovo.

Web links

Commons : Kemerovo Oblast  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  3. Ukas of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of January 26, 1943 (Russian)