Subject of the Russian Federation
The Kemerovo Oblast ( Russian Кемеровская область / Kemerowskaja oblast ) is an oblast (administrative district) in Russia . It was formed on January 26, 1943 as part of the RSFSR from the southeastern part of the area that had previously belonged to Novosibirsk Oblast .
The oblast is located in southern Siberia at the transition from the western Siberian lowlands to the mountains of southern Siberia . The capital of the oblast is Kemerovo . To simplify matters, the administrative unit in Russia is also called Kuzbass , as its area is largely identical to the Kuznetsk Basin (Kuzbass).
With around 30 inhabitants per square kilometer, the oblast is one of the most densely populated Siberia.
The first cities in the region were founded at the beginning of the 17th century, and industrialization of the oblast began as early as the early 19th century. The region experienced an upswing during the Second World War , as many companies were relocated here from the west of the country after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 .
The basis of industrialization is coal . The Kuzbass - coal basin is one of the largest in the world, to a lesser extent, iron ore and gold are encouraged. Numerous industries such as metal processing, the chemical industry and steel production are located here. The coal-processing factories, however, have a major impact on the environment in the region.
Administrative division and largest cities
Kemerovo Oblast is divided into 18 Rajons and 16 districts.
The most important cities in the oblast, in addition to their administrative center of Kemerovo, are the even larger Novokuznetsk and the major cities of Prokopyevsk , Leninsk-Kuznetsky , Kisseljowsk and Meschduretschensk .
(October 14, 2010)
See also: List of cities in Kemerovo Oblast
In the last censuses in 2002 and 2010, there were a population of 2,899,142 and 2,763,135 residents respectively. The number of inhabitants thus fell by 136,007 people (−4.7%) in these eight years. The distribution of the different ethnic groups was as follows:
|nationality||VZ 1989||percent||VZ 2002||percent||VZ 2010||percent|
Note: the proportions refer to the total number of inhabitants. Including the group of people who did not provide any information about their ethnic affiliation (2002 5,241 and 2010 55,899 people)
The area's population is over 90% Russian. The Ukrainians, Tatars, Germans, Belarusians and Chuvashes were important ethnic minorities in Kemerovo Oblast when the Soviet Union collapsed . However, their numbers have been falling sharply since then. Most of the once numerous Mordwinen (13,894 in 1989, 3,932 in 2010) have left the area. In contrast, immigration from the Transcaucasus and Central Asia has taken place since the early 1990s. Of the indigenous peoples of Russia , in addition to the Shores, the Teleuts (2,520 people in 2010) are represented in significant numbers.
The Kemerovo pig was named after Kemerovo.
- Administrativno-territorialʹnoe delenie po subʺektam Rossijskoj Federacii na 1 janvarja 2010 goda (administrative-territorial division according to subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2010). ( Download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Ukas of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of January 26, 1943 (Russian)