Hiddensee Island

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Insel Hiddensee
Hiddensee Island
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Insel Hiddensee highlighted

Coordinates: 54 ° 32 '  N , 13 ° 5'  E

Basic data
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
County : Western Pomerania-Ruegen
Office : West Ruegen
Height : 2 m above sea level NHN
Area : 19.03 km 2
Residents: 981 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 52 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 18565
Area code : 038300
License plate : VR, GMN, NVP, RDG, RÜG
Community key : 13 0 73 040
Address of the
municipal administration:
Office West Rügen
Dorfplatz 2
18573 Samtens
Website : www.amt-westruegen.de
Mayor : Thomas Gens (HIDDENSEE party)
Location of the municipality of Insel Hiddensee in the district of Vorpommern-Rügen
Rostock Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Landkreis Rostock Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Altenpleen Groß Mohrdorf Groß Mohrdorf Groß Mohrdorf Klausdorf (bei Stralsund) Kramerhof Preetz (bei Stralsund) Prohn Saal (Vorpommern) Barth Divitz-Spoldershagen Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Fuhlendorf (Vorpommern) Karnin (bei Barth) Kenz-Küstrow Löbnitz (Vorpommern) Lüdershagen Pruchten Saal (Vorpommern) Trinwillershagen Bergen auf Rügen Buschvitz Garz/Rügen Gustow Lietzow Parchtitz Patzig Poseritz Ralswiek Rappin Sehlen Ahrenshoop Born a. Darß Dierhagen Prerow Wieck a. Darß Wustrow (Fischland) Franzburg Glewitz Gremersdorf-Buchholz Millienhagen-Oebelitz Papenhagen Richtenberg Splietsdorf Velgast Weitenhagen (Landkreis Vorpommern-Rügen) Wendisch Baggendorf Elmenhorst (Vorpommern) Sundhagen Wittenhagen Baabe Göhren (Rügen) Lancken-Granitz Sellin Mönchgut Zirkow Groß Kordshagen Jakobsdorf Lüssow (bei Stralsund) Lüssow (bei Stralsund) Niepars Pantelitz Steinhagen (Vorpommern) Wendorf Zarrendorf Altenkirchen (Rügen) Breege Dranske Glowe Lohme Putgarten Sagard Wiek (Rügen) Bad Sülze Dettmannsdorf Deyelsdorf Drechow Eixen Grammendorf Gransebieth Hugoldsdorf Lindholz Tribsees Ahrenshagen-Daskow Schlemmin Ribnitz-Damgarten Semlow Altefähr Dreschvitz Dreschvitz Gingst Insel Hiddensee Kluis Neuenkirchen (Rügen) Neuenkirchen (Rügen) Rambin Samtens Schaprode Schaprode Trent (Rügen) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Ummanz (Gemeinde) Binz Grimmen Marlow Putbus Putbus Sassnitz Stralsund Stralsund Süderholz Zingst Zingst Zingstmap
About this picture

The municipality of Insel Hiddensee (until February 2, 1993 Hiddensee ) comprises the island of Hiddensee and some of the islands off the coast to the east . It has been part of the West-Rügen Office since 2005, based in the municipality of Samtens . The community is divided into the districts of Grieben , Kloster , Vitte and Neuendorf .


The community name "Insel Hiddensee" refers directly to the name of the island, which is mentioned as "Hedinsey" in the Prosa-Edda and as "Hithinsö" in the Gesta Danorum of the Saxo Grammaticus . Both mean something like "Island of Hedin" or "Hedin's Island". The legendary Norwegian king Hedin is said to have fought for a wife or even for gold. Under Danish rule, "Hedins-Oe" was officially in use. Until 1880 the island was still called "Hiddensjö" in German maps, and in 1929 "Hiddensöe" in German travel guides. The complete Germanization and reinterpretation to "Hiddensee" is relatively new.

Outline map of Hiddensee


The community

Aerial view of the steep coast at the Dornbusch lighthouse , Nordhaken on the island of Hiddensee

The elongated (16.8 kilometers long) island of Hiddensee occupies the largest part of the municipality. The island is bounded by the Schaproder Bodden and Vitter Bodden in the east, the Gellenstrom (the fairway to Stralsund) in the south and the open Baltic Sea to the west and north. Also included are a number of smaller, uninhabited islands to the municipality: Fährinsel , Gänsewerder and Tedingsinsel . The water bodies bordering the islands are not part of the municipality.

The municipality of Insel Hiddensee has four districts (from north to south):

Grieben district

Greaves is the oldest, northernmost and smallest village on Hiddensee and is located on the eastern edge of the island's highlands. The name is derived from the Slavic grib (for "mushroom"). Greaves does not have its own port. Between 1969 and around 1990 there was a concrete jetty on the Bodden side (at Schwedenhagen ) between greaves and the monastery , which was initially used for the oil tankers. After the end of production, the push boat moored here. After that it was used as a sailing port for a short time. The jetty was eliminated at the beginning of the 21st century. With the complete redesign of the port of Kloster, a real sailing port was created .

Monastery district

The district monastery takes its name from the former convent of the Cistercians , which was from 1296 to 1536 near the present-day port of monastery. It was dissolved with the Reformation . Today, the monastery with the Gerhart Hauptmann house, the island church and the island cemetery with the graves of Gerhart Hauptmann , Walter Felsenstein and Gret Palucca is the cultural center of Hiddensee. It is located directly on the highlands, the highest point of which is the thorn bush. The Hiddensee Biological Station and the Hiddensee Ornithological Station are located in Kloster as branch offices of the University of Greifswald , both of which emerged from the Hiddensee Biological Research Institute , which was established in 1930 . Because of the island's favorable location far from the mainland, there is a beehive in the thorn bush forest .

Vitte district

Vitte (pronounced: Fitte ) was first mentioned in a document in 1513, is the main town and at the same time the largest and central town on the island. The name is a derivative of "vit" ; This used to be used to describe fish sales outlets (for the origin of the word, see also Vitten ). The town hall with the municipal administration is in Vitte. In addition, here is the ferry dock for the cargo ferry, with which the vehicles for the supply and disposal of Schaprode on the island of Rügen translate. The freight traffic is transferred to trailers that are pulled by electric tugs and distributed to the food markets and restaurants on the island. Sometimes smaller goods are also delivered with horse-drawn vehicles. The heathland on Hiddensee, between Vitte and Neuendorf, is also part of Vitte. The oldest surviving house on the island is in Vitte, the "Hexenhaus" (formerly the summer house of Adolf Reichwein ). In addition, Vitte is home to the (probably last) tent cinema, the Hiddensee lake stage ( puppet theater ) and a Dutch windmill, the “Black Mill”.

Neuendorf district

Port of Neuendorf

Neuendorf is the southernmost place on Hiddensee. The residents of Neuendorf are referred to as "The South". Large parts of Neuendorf resemble a large meadow on which the houses are lined up like a string. In some cases there are no laid-out paths, so that individual addresses can only be reached directly across the meadow. Neuendorf has its own port.

Neuendorf consists of two originally independent towns: the older Plogshagen , probably dating back to the 13th century, in the south, and the actual Neuendorf, which was created around 1700 when the Glambek settlement was evacuated . Remains of this settlement can still be seen today northeast of the Neuendorf area.

South of Neuendorf is the so-called Gellen , the southern part of which, an important bird sanctuary, belongs to protection zone I of the Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft National Park and is therefore not accessible to the public.


The places on the island of Hiddensee formed the three communities of Kloster-Grieben , Vitte and Neuendorf-Plogshagen until the 1930s . Between 1937 and 1939 they united to form the municipality of Hiddensee , which thus included the entire island area.

Since the founding of the GDR in October 1949 to 1990, the community belonged to the Rügen district in the Rostock district and became part of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania after German reunification . It has been called the Insel Hiddensee since the 1990s . In 1996 the municipality fought for freedom of office , which it lost again in 2005 during the regional reform in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Since then she has been part of the West Rügen Office .

Since 2005, the municipality of Insel Hiddensee has had the addition of Seebad to its name .


Community representation

The community council of Seebad Insel Hiddensee has 8 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:

Party / list Share of votes Seats
Mindful Democrats - The HIDDENSEE Party 50.45% 4th
SPD 10.71% 1
Citizens for Hiddensee 38.84% 3

The turnout was 59.66 percent.

Thomas Gens was re-elected as mayor with 55.06% of the vote.

coat of arms

Blazon : “Split by blue and gold; on the right a golden seahorse turned left ; on the left a blue house brand , consisting of a rafter head shaft, central cross rung and raised central cross rung as well as a front foot strut. "

The left flank has a light blue background with a yellow seahorse (silhouette of the island), the right flank has a yellow background, on which a house brand typical for Hiddensee appears in light blue. The blue-yellow color shows that it belonged to the Kingdom of Sweden between 1648 and 1815.

Civic flag? Flag of the municipality of Insel Hiddensee

The coat of arms designed by the Weimar heraldist Michael Zapfe was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on January 29, 1998 and registered under the number 141 of the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.


The municipality's flag is evenly striped across the longitudinal axis of the flag cloth in gold (yellow) and blue. In the middle of the flag is the coat of arms of the municipality, extending over a third of the length of the golden (yellow) and blue stripes. The length of the flag is related to the height as 5: 3.

The official signet of the seaside resort of Hiddensee is based on a design by the Berlin painter Torsten Schlüter from 1996. It depicts the Hiddensee lettering and an abstract coastline on a white background.


The inhabitants of the island live mainly from tourism . The majority of the visitors are day tourists, Hiddensee has around 50,000 visitors annually. Even before 1990, Hiddensee was a popular holiday destination, in the 1970s there were up to 4,000 holidaymakers and 3,000 day-trippers on the island every day during the main season. Due to the desired naturalness, the tourism sector has hardly been expanded, and the number of visitors has hardly changed since then.

A significant part of the Hiddensee area is used for agricultural purposes.


Teaching has been taking place on the island since 1788. In the beginning, this was done by the sexton . The first school in Vitte was founded on November 2nd, 1887. In 1990 the Vitter School became a secondary school with a main and elementary school section, later a “ regional school with elementary school”. In 2016/2017 56 students will be taught in the first to tenth grades.



Transport of people with a horse-drawn carriage

Private motor vehicle traffic has been prohibited on the entire island since the 1950s. Some motor vehicles are approved for public tasks, delivery traffic and agricultural use, mostly with electric drive since the 21st century. This makes the island almost car-free . Part of the movement of people and goods is carried out with horse-drawn vehicles. The steadily accumulating legacies of the horses are usually removed very quickly by community workers or residents.

Between the districts of Grieben, Kloster, Vitte and Neuendorf, a regular bus ( line sprinter ) runs every week between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m. , actually the school bus of the Vorpommern-Rügen transport company (VVR). The residents can use the bus free of charge, tourists pay ticket prices depending on the destination, they are between 3 and 4 euros; half a day ticket costs 3.20 euros (as of July 2019)

The most important individual means of transport on the island is the bicycle . Private bicycle rental companies have established themselves in every district, renting children's bicycles, tandems, bicycles with child trailers, rickshaws and high-quality e-bikes on an hourly or daily basis.

In contrast, the condition of the sidewalks and driveways in urban areas is not particularly good: because nothing may be changed in a national park, the roads remain unchanged. After heavy rain, large puddles of water hinder traffic and walkers, and some streets have transverse concrete slabs from the 1960s. These are not only bad routes, but also sources of danger. The dike path from Kloster to behind Neuendorf and the connecting road between Kloster and Vitte are in good condition.


You can reach the island of Stralsund and of Schaprode on Rügen with passenger ferries of Reederei Hiddensee that invest in ports Monastery, Vitte and Neuendorf. The Vitte ferry , which can also transport freight, starts from Schaprode in Vitte. In the summer season there are other irregular boat connections with Ralswiek , Breege , Wiek and Zingst . There are also water taxi connections with Stralsund and Schaprode. Since the 2010s, Vitte has also been increasingly used by smaller cruise ships for passengers to stay on the island for several hours.

Sights and museums


People who lived or stayed on the island frequently or worked here or live on the island (alphabetical)
  • Erich Arendt (1903–1984) poet and translator, had a house on Hiddensee
  • Elisabeth Büchsel (1867–1957), painter, summer apartment in the Gau family house at the southern end of Vitte
  • Werner Buhss (1949–2018), playwright and translator, spent most of the year in Kloster writing adaptations of the dramas Gorky, Shakespeare and Chekhov for many years
  • Hanns Cibulka (1920–2004), writer, frequent guest in monasteries between 1970 and 1985; Author of books about landscapes in Hiddensee, z. B. "Sea buckthorn time", "Sea thorn"
  • Manfred Domrös, island pastor from 1986 to 2008, co-founder of the “ Swords to Plowshares ” initiative in the GDR
  • Albert Einstein (1879–1955), physicist - a metal commemorative plaque at the ornithological station of the University of Greifswald in Kloster announces his stays: Albert Einstein stayed here several times during his visits to Hiddensee .
  • Felix Emmel (1888–1960), acquired a house in Vitte am Hafen in 1921, which his descendants owned after 1989.
  • Alexander Ettenburg (1858-1919), actor and poet, known as the " Hermit of Hiddensee"
  • Hans Fallada (1893–1947), writer, wrote his novel Kleiner Mann - what next? In 1933 in the Freese inn “Hotel am Meer” in the small town of Neuendorf . .
  • Walter Felsenstein (1901–1975), opera director , buried in the Inselfriedhof; Landhaus Pjerregard Hügelweg 19 on the outskirts of Kloster.
  • Günter Fink (1913–2000), (painter) exhibited since 1949 in Vitte am Norderende and in the Blue Barn, which he acquired in 1955. Today the blue barn belongs to his widow Helga Fink.
  • Paul Herbert Freyer (1920–1983), writer, theater director, lived in Neuendorf during the summer and died in Neuendorf
  • Otto Fee (1877–1954), actor, owned a house in Kloster, in 1934 for the first time on Hiddensee as a “coffee drinker” in the Gasthaus zur Heiderose
  • Arnold Gustavs (1875–1956), the "old pastor" - home chronicle and author, as well as his son,
  • the painter Eggert Gustavs (1909–1996)
  • Gerhart Hauptmann (1862–1946), writer, lived every summer between 1896 and 1899 in the Gasthof zur Ostsee in Vitte, then in the former Pension Haus am Meer (since the end of the 20th century ornithological station of the University of Greifswald in Kloster); In 1930 acquired the Seedorn house in Kloster, which has served as a memorial since his death; is buried in the island cemetery.
  • Erich Heckel (1883–1970), painter and member of the Brücke group , spent a summer vacation in Grieben in 1912, and created a total of 35 pictures based on landscapes by Hiddensee
  • Hanns Dieter Hüsch (1925–2005), cabaret artist, actor and author, has been to Hiddensee several times in the summers since the 1990s, several programs in the Inselkirche
  • Werner Klemke (1917–1994), painter and illustrator, own house
  • Brigitte Köhler-Kliefert (1924–2001), painted on the island
  • Käthe Kollwitz (1867–1945), often stayed at Hiddensee in the 1920s and was a guest of the painter Leo Klein von Diepold in Kloster, in the north of Vitte
  • Käthe Kruse (1883–1968), doll maker
  • Oskar Kruse (1847–1919), painter, builder of the Lietzenburg , which his brother Max and his wife Käthe Kruse later took over
  • Henni Lehmann (1862–1937), painter, Wiesenweg 2 in Vitte
  • Käthe Löwenthal (1878–1942), painter, stayed regularly in Vitte in the summer of 1912–1935
  • Klaus Müller (* 1941), author, has been sailing regularly on the waters around Hiddensee since the 1980s, fled Neuendorf in a sailing boat to Denmark in 1988 and returned to the GDR after eight months.
  • Hermann Muthesius (1861–1927), architect, had owned a house at the southern end of Vitte since 1912.
  • Asta Nielsen (1881–1972), silent film star , Haus Karusel in Vitte, Am Seglerhafen
  • Nikolaus Niemeier , painter and poet, lived in his own house at the north end in Vitte from the 1920s; created the flower painting in the Inselkirche in Kloster and wrote poems in Low German
  • Gret Palucca (1902–1993), dancer, first on the island in 1948; from the 1960s she owned her own summer house at the north end in Vitte; Palucca was buried in 1993 at the Inselfriedhof in Kloster.
  • Gisela Peschke (1942–1993), painter
  • Rosemarie Reichwein (1904–2002) and her husband Adolf Reichwein (1898–1944), reform pedagogue and member of the Kreisau district , owned a summer house on Hiddensee from the 1930s, the witch's house , which has been family-owned since 1990
  • Joachim Ringelnatz (1883–1934), poet, frequent guest of Asta Nielsen
  • Robert Rompe (1905–1993), physicist, owned a summer house in a monastery and is buried in the island cemetery.
  • Aljoscha Rompe (1947–2000), GDR punk musician, organized beach concerts on Hiddensee
  • Torsten Schlüter (* 1959), painter, has his second studio on Hiddensee and has been working on Hiddensee since 1983
  • Renate Seydel (* 1935), writer, editor of anthologies about Hiddensee, owner of the Koralle bookstore in Vitte
  • Thomas Wilkening (1956–2005), television producer, died on Hiddensee
  • Julie Wolfthorn (1864–1944), painter, draftsman and graphic artist and victim of the Nazi regime, lived and worked in Vitte

Hiddensee in literature

Web links

Commons : Hiddensee  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Hiddensee  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Alexander Ettenburg : The island of Hiddensee near Rügen and western Rügen. Bergen on Rügen 1912. Newly published by Tomas Güttler, Hamburg 2014, p. 5.
  3. Homepage of the Seglerhafen Kloster , accessed on June 4, 2019.
  4. Martin Reepel: Pomerania. The manual for travel and hiking in Pommerland , Verkehrsverband für Pommern, Stettin 1932, reprinted in the series of travel guides by Anno dazumal , Verlag Gerhard Rautenberg, Leer 1988, p. 175.
  5. Main statutes of the municipality of Seebad Insel Hiddensee , based on the resolution of the municipal council of September 15, 2005.
  6. Announcement of the final election results of the election of the municipal council in the Baltic Sea resort of Binz on May 26, 2019
  7. https://votemanager.kdo.de/20190526/130735362/html5/Wahl_der_Gemeindevertretung_einer_Mitgliedsgemeinde_MV_86_Mitgliedsgemeinde_Seebad_Insel_Hiddensee.html
  8. https://votemanager.kdo.de/20190526/130735362/html5/Buergermeisterwahl_Mitgliedsgemeinde_MecklenburgVorpommern_110_Mitgliedsgemeinde_Seebad_Insel_Hiddensee.html
  9. Main statute, section 2, paragraph 1 (PDF; 264 kB)
  10. Main statute, section 2, paragraph 2 (PDF; 264 kB)
  11. Holidays on the Baltic Sea, tips for the island of Hiddensee .
  12. The German Road Traffic , Issue 8/1979
  13. Hiddensee: No place for hectic. In: Spiegel Online . August 10, 2002, accessed June 9, 2018 .
  14. ↑ School statistics 2016/2017 at schule-hiddensee.de, accessed on June 13, 2017
  15. Auto Road Traffic Issue 8/1979.
  16. https://www.seebad-hiddensee.de/service/wissenswertes/inselbus/
  17. https://www.vvr-bus.de/vvr/tarifbestektiven/
  18. Gunter Preuss: The violence of the summer