Grimmen district

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The district area 1905

The district of Grimmen (until 1939 Kreis Grimmen ) was a district that existed in the Prussian province of Pomerania and from 1946 in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania of the SBZ or GDR until 1952. The former district area is now part of the districts of Mecklenburg Lake District , Western Pomerania-Greifswald and Western Pomerania-Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Administrative history

Swedish Pomerania

The area of ​​the later district had belonged to Swedish Pomerania since the Thirty Years War . From 1806 there was a profound change in the state constitution in Swedish Pomerania, which also included a new territorial division, in the wake of the coup d'état by King Gustav IV Adolf in June 1805. In 1806, Swedish Pomerania was divided into four offices (Swedish: Härade ) Bergen , Franzburg , Greifswald and Grimmen structured. The Grimmen office was formed from the area of ​​the former royal offices of Loitz, Grimmen and Tribsees and the aristocratic district of Loitz-Grimmen-Tribsees. The official seat was initially Loitz as the largest city in the area, in which the Loitz official governor had his seat and where the aristocratic district conventions were held.


After the Congress of Vienna , Swedish Pomerania came to the Kingdom of Prussia and became the administrative district of Stralsund in the province of Pomerania . The Swedish offices formed in 1806 became Prussian districts , including the Grimmen district of Grimmen , which at the time was also called the Grimmen District . The district office had been in Grimmen since 1818 .

Since July 1, 1867, Prussia belonged to the North German Confederation and from January 1, 1871 to the German Empire . In 1871 the district included three cities, 42 rural communities and 149 independent manor districts . On July 1, 1874, were former precincts parts of the city Demmin from Grimmen county in Demmin reclassified.

On September 30, 1929, a territorial reform took place in the Grimmen district, as in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and either assigned to neighboring rural communities, e.g. B. Passow, Trissow, Böken and Groß Zastrow to the municipality of Görmin , or formed their own new rural communities, z. B. the community Jargenow from the manor districts Jargenow and Göslow. On October 1, 1932, the Stralsund administrative district was dissolved. The district of Grimmen came to the administrative district of Stettin . On January 1, 1939, the district of Grimmen was given the designation Landkreis in accordance with the now unified regulation . In 1939 it included the three cities of Grimmen , Loitz and Tribsees as well as 64 other communities. In the spring of 1945 the district was occupied by the Red Army .

Soviet occupation zone / German Democratic Republic

In the Soviet occupation zone , the district initially continued to exist unchanged. On January 1, 1949, the Beestland community moved to the Demmin district. During the district reform of 1950, the communities of Mesekenhagen with Frätow and Gristow moved to the district of Greifswald and the communities of Wotenick and Seedorf to the district of Demmin. A complete reorganization then took place on July 25, 1952:

Population development

year Residents source
1816 22,446
1846 35,344
1871 37.173
1890 34,576
1900 35,450
1910 36,954
1925 40,150
1933 41,065
1939 41,805
1946 75,537

District administrators

Local constitution until 1945

The district of Grimmen was divided into cities, rural communities and - until their dissolution - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German municipal code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced on April 1, 1935 at the municipal level . A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

cities and communes

As of 1939

In 1939 the district of Grimmen comprised three cities and 64 other municipalities:

Municipalities dissolved before 1939


  • Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 208-215.
  • Joachim Wächter : Changes in the administrative areas of Western Pomerania since 1945. In: Bert Becker, Kyra T. Inachin (Ed.): Pomerania between caesura and continuity: 1918, 1933, 1945, 1989. Helms, Schwerin 1999, ISBN 3-931185-50- 8 , pp. 269-281.
  • Joachim Wächter: Borders and administrative areas of Swedish Western Pomerania 1806 and their further development . In: Ivo Asmus (Ed.): Geographical and historical contributions to regional studies in Pomerania. Eginhard Wegner on his 80th birthday. Helms, Schwerin 1998, ISBN 3-931185-48-6 , pp. 281-287.
  • Gerhard Strübing: Grimmen district, a plan of history. Ed. Council of the District of Grimmen 1989.

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Grimmen  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Hermann Sonnenschmidt (ed.): Collection of the laws passed for New Western Pomerania and Rügen in the years 1802 until the end of 1817 . tape 1 . Stralsund 1844, p. 288 ( digitized - Royal Decree of July 9, 1806).
  2. ^ Heinrich Berghaus: Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . IV. Part, Volume IW Dietze, Berlin 1866, Territorial History of New Western Pomerania and Rügen, p. 1 ( digitized version ).
  3. a b The municipalities and manor districts of the province of Pomerania and their population in 1871
  4. a b c d e f g h Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Grimmen district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  5. GenWiki: Beestland  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  6. GenWiki: Grimmen district
  7. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative district of Stralsund, p. 229 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  8. Royal Statistical Bureau (ed.): Mittheilungen des Statistisches Bureau's in Berlin, Volume 2 . Population of the districts. S. 317 ( digitized version ).
  9. 1946 census