Heinrich Berghaus

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heinrich Berghaus

Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Berghaus (born May 3, 1797 in Kleve , † February 17, 1884 in Stettin ) was a German geodesist and cartographer .


Heinrich Berghaus found the opportunity to train as a geodesist in 1811 as a conductor for bridge and road construction in the then French Département Lippe , joined the army administration as a volunteer after the dissolution of the Kingdom of Westphalia and came with the corps of General Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien to the Brittany .

After the peace Berghaus first lived in Weimar , doing cartographic work, then (1816) was employed as an engineer geographer in the War Ministry in Berlin , took part in the trigonometric survey of the Prussian state and in 1824 received the professorship of applied mathematics at the Bauakademie , which he until 1855. In 1828 he counted with Johann Jacob Baeyer a . a. to the co-founders of the Society for Geography in Berlin.

His nephew Hermann Berghaus was also a cartographer.


Berghaus's cartographic achievements are important, and the number of his maps is extraordinarily large. He had a pioneering effect with his large Physical Atlas (1st edition, Gotha 1837–1848, 90 sheets), in which his diligence as a collector united for the first time all representations relating to the various physical conditions of the earth and enriched them with his own representations. The work goes back to a suggestion by Alexander von Humboldt and was intended to illustrate his cosmos .

In addition to this work, the collection of hydrographic-physical maps of the Prussian seafarers (Berlin 1840 f.), A product of the geographical art school in Potsdam that he founded, should be mentioned. Berghaus also contributed to other atlases, e.g. B. the Stielerschen and Sohrschen, as well as to KFV Hoffmann's work The Earth and its inhabitants (Stuttgart 1832) cards delivered.

The movements of 1848 prompted him to publish a special ethnographic atlas of Germany, especially of the Prussian state .

As a writer, he showed a versatile activity. He was a hard worker at geographic magazines (e.g. Bertuch's General Geographical Ephemeris ) and published various periodicals.

His pilgrimage through life is an important source of information about the celebration of the great procession in Münster around 1800.


In 1826 the University of Breslau honored him with the appointment of a doctor of philosophy.



  • Hertha (with KFV Hoffmann, 1825–1829)
  • Annals of geography, ethnology and national studies (Berlin 1830–1843, 28 volumes)
  • Almanac, dedicated to the friends of geography (Volume 1–3, Stuttgart 1837–1839; Volume 4 and 5, Gotha 1840–1841)
  • Geographische Jahrbuch (Volume 1–4, Stuttgart 1850–1852; Petermann's Geographische Mitteilungen form the continuation of the same )

Journal articles (selection)

  • About the former Silesian principality of Severien . In: Annalen der Erd-, Völker- und Staatkunde , Volume 4, Berlin 1831, pp. 30–42 ( books.google.de ).

Monographs (excerpt)

  • History of barometric altitude determination in Berlin and Dresden. In addition to some articles on the hypsography and climatology of northern Germany in general. Three letters to Mr. Alexander von Humboldt . Berlin 1836, e-copy
  • General regional and ethnology (Stuttgart 1837–1840, five volumes)
  • Ground plan of geography in five books (Berlin 1842) E-copy
  • The peoples of the globe (Leipzig 1845–1847, two volumes; new edition 1862)
  • Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Markgrafthum Nieder-Lausitz (Brandenburg 1853-1856), three volumes
  • What one knows about the earth (Berlin 1856–1860, four volumes)
  • Germany for a Hundred Years - History of Territorial Division and the Political Constitution of the Fatherland (Leipzig 1859–1862, five volumes)
    • I. Department: Germany a hundred years ago
      • Volume 1: Leipzig 1859, 448 pages, e-copy.
      • Volume 2: Leipzig 1860, 440 pages, e-copy.
    • II. Department: Germany fifty years ago
      • Volume 1: Conditions from the Bavarian succession dispute, 1778, to the Reichsdeputations-Receß, 1803 . Leipzig 1861, VI + 406 pp. E-copy
      • Volume 2: (Developments from 1803 to 1809). Leipzig 1861, IV + 412 pp., E-copy
      • Volume 3: (Developments from 1809 to 1813). Leipzig 1862, IV + 426 pages, e-copy.
  • Pilgrimage through life ... (Berghaus' autobiographical memories) Leipzig, 1862 (vol. 1 + 2) e-copy , (vol. 3 - 289 p.) E-copy , (vol. 4 - 236 p.) E-copy , (Vol. 5 - 269 p.) E-Copy , (Vol. 6 - 228 p.) E-Copy , (Vol. 7 - 245 p.) E-Copy , (Vol. 8 - 230 p.) E- Copy , (Vol. 9 - 256 pp.) E-Copy .
  • Correspondence with Alexander von Humboldt , three volumes (Leipzig 1863)
  • Blücher as a member of the Pomeranian Knighthood 1777–1817 and in the Prussian Army on the Rhine in 1794 . Anklam 1863, e-copy
  • York. His birthplace and his home. His great achievement in the Poscheruner mill, along with genealogical news about his mother's family . Anklam 1863, e-copy
  • Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania - description of the conditions of this country in the second half of the 19th century (Anklam 1862–1868, 13 volumes), of which:
    • Part II: Land book of the Duchy of Stettin, of Kamin and Western Pomerania; or the administrative district of the Königl. Government to Szczecin .
      • Volume 1: Districts of Demmin, Anklam, Usedom-Wollin and Ueckermünde . Anklam 1865, 1094 pages, e-copy
      • Volume 2: Randow's circle and general information about the circles on the left bank of the Oder , Anklam 1865, E-Copy
      • Volume 3: Greifenhagen and Pyritz districts , Anklam 1868, e-copy
      • Volume 4: Saatziger Kreis, especially the city of Stargard , Anklam 1867, e-copy
      • Volume 5
        • 1st department, localities owned by the city of Stargard and from the Naugarder district, the first half . Anklam 1872, 1024 pages ( e-copy, table of contents ).
        • 2. Department, Vom Naugarder Kreis, the second half . Berlin and Wriezen a / O. 1874 ( e-copy, table of contents ).
      • Volume 6: Fireplace and Greifenberg circles , Anklam 1870 ( E-Copy ).
      • Volume 7: The rainforest district, and news of the spread of the Roman Catholic. Church in Pomerania. Berlin and Wriezen 1874 ( e-copy )
      • Volume 8 and 9: History of the city of Stettin, the capital of Pomerania - topographically and statistically described in all directions of its political, civic, mercantile and church life (Berlin / Wriezen 1875–1876, two volumes)
    • Part III: Land book of the Duchy of Kashubia and the incorporated districts of Neumark; or the administrative district of the Royal Government on Koslin western part .
      • Volume 1: Districts of the Principality of Kammin and Belgard . Anklam 1867, e-copy
    • Part IV: Land book of New Western Pomerania and the island of Rügen, or the administrative district of the Royal Government of Stralsund .
      • Volume 1 Contains the Greifswalder district according to its general circumstances; as well as the historical-statistical description of the city of Greifswald and the Königl. University there , Anklam 1866, e-copy
      • Volume 2 Greifswalder Kreis , Anklam 1868, 1232 pages, e-copy
  • The vocabulary of the Sassen. Eisenschmidt, Berlin 1883
First volume: A – H
Second volume: I – N.


Web links

Commons : Heinrich Berghaus  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. This connection is mostly not seen, but confirmed by a prospectus in the 2nd volume of the Kosmos, Stuttgart 1847. The atlas on Alexander von Humboldt's Kosmos published by Traugott Bromme is the skilful attempt of an enterprising publisher to benefit from the success of the Kosmos , which, however, does not speak against its quality.
  2. ^ L. Krull: Processions in Prussia. Catholic life in Berlin, Breslau, Essen and Münster in the 19th century (Religion and Politics, Vol. 5). Würzburg 2013. p. 114ff.
  3. ^ Obituary , in the Centralblatt der Bauverwaltung , No. 8, February 23, 1884, p. 78, accessed on December 23, 2012