|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 53 ° 43 ' N , 12 ° 58' E
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|County :||Mecklenburg Lake District|
|Height :||53 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||39.61 km 2|
|Residents:||831 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||21 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||17153|
|Primaries :||039954, 039600|
|License plate :||MSE, AT, DM, MC, MST, MÜR, NZ, RM, WRN|
|Community key :||13 0 71 068|
|Community structure:||6 districts|
|Office administration address:||Castle 1
|Mayor :||Roy Lüth|
|Location of the municipality of Ivenack in the Mecklenburg Lake District|
Ivenack is a Mecklenburg community in the Mecklenburg Lake District in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . It is administered by the Stavenhagen Office, which has its seat in the Reuterstadt Stavenhagen .
Fritz Reuter called the place an "oasis consecrated to tranquility, [...] which, like a slumbering naiad, is lying on a green meadow and flowery meadow and its head, which is surrounded by the arbor of thousand-year-old oaks, reflects in the liquid silver of the lake".
Geography and traffic
Ivenack is located about four kilometers east of Stavenhagen and 20 km west of Altentreptow . The B 194 runs west of the community. The Neubrandenburg - Güstrow railway line runs through the municipality . The place is right on the Ivenacker See . The Augraben rises in Lake Ivenacker . Large parts of the community are forested.
- Goddin (incorporated into Grischow on July 1, 1950)
- Grischow (incorporated on June 1, 1999)
- Markow (incorporated on January 1, 1962)
- Weitendorf (incorporated into Grischow on July 1, 1950)
- Zolkendorf (incorporated on January 1, 1951)
The districts of Markow and Zolkendorf are typical Mecklenburg manor villages with no longer preserved symmetrically laid out manors and the Katenzeile along the village street. The manor house in Zolkendorf is empty. The original layout of Grischow and Goddin as former manor villages can still be seen today. In Grischow, the manor house is being expanded and is being inhabited; in Goddin it is empty. The former Gutsdorf Weitendorf has developed into a street perch village with a wide variety of architectural styles. The former manor house with a few farm buildings has been preserved.
The manors Goddin, Grischow, Weitendorf and Zolkendorf belonged to the nine subsidiary estates of the main knightly estate Ivenack . The entire estate had an agricultural area of 6964 hectares , making it by far the largest agricultural operation in the Mecklenburg Grand Duchies.
The estate was a fideikommissarisches allod and consisted of fields , gardens , meadows , pastures and woods . There were twelve long-term lease farms as well as a water mill , a brick factory and a steam dairy on the estate. For the purpose of taxation, the property was subject to an Ivenack knighthood office set up especially for the property.
The place was first mentioned when a knight Reinbern von Stove founded a Cistercian convent in Ivenack in 1252 . The current districts of Zolkendorf and Grischow were mentioned in 1256 in a deed of donation from the Pomeranian Duke Wartislaw to the Ivenack monastery. Goddin was mentioned in 1283 and Weitendorf in 1302 as property of the monastery. After the secularization of the monastery in the course of the Reformation around 1555, it fell under sovereign administration as the ducal Mecklenburg office of Ivenack. After the death of his brother, the court marshal Hans von Neuenkirchen, Christoph von Neuenkirchen inherited the Mecklenburg office of Ivenack, which was acquired as a pledge.
During the Thirty Years War , the former monastery buildings, a first mansion built there, and the village were destroyed. In 1649 only the miller, the blacksmith and eight other people were counted in Ivenack. All the villages in the current parish were badly hit by the Thirty Years' War and some were in desolation.
In 1709, the Ivenack office and the estate in Ivenack, which had been leased up until then, came to the Privy Councilor Ernst Christoph von Koppelow as a knightly property through an exchange of goods . He also received compensation of 5000 thalers, as there was no mansion in Ivenack at that time. The reconstruction of Ivenack Castle and the village church goes back to von Koppelow . Via Koppelow's widow, the estate came to Helmuth Reichsgraf von Plessen and, through his death in 1761, to the barons of Maltzahn , whose majority holder on Ivenack now bore the title and coat of arms of a Count of Plessen with sovereign consent.
Around the middle of the 18th century, sexton Joachim Trumpf built Mecklenburg's first verifiable observatory in Ivenack , which at that time was visible from afar in the landscape through the largest celestial telescope that existed in all of Europe at that time. On the threshold of the 19th century, the Graflich Plessen stud and especially its legendary stallion Herodot Ivenack made famous far beyond national borders.
In the 19th century, the palace and church were expanded to include a spacious palace park with a tea house and orangery, and the associated zoo also included the historic Ivenack oaks .
When Ivenack was taken by the Red Army at the end of the Second World War in early May 1945 , 29 people in the village, including the last landlord Albrecht Freiherr von Maltzahn, Count von Plessen (* 1891), his wife Magdalena, née Countess von Waldersee and her nanny Emma Fuchs committed suicide .
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold, topped with a red Schrägeck, in a silver left turned-over horse's head, a green rooted oak with five green fruit, a red-silver in two rows geschachte humbled bar overlapping."
The coat of arms was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on April 13, 2017 and registered under the number 362 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Justification of the coat of arms: Because of the supraregional importance and fame of the Ivenack oaks as a natural monument, the use of a stylized oak as a common figure in the municipality's coat of arms is justified. Another reason for the oak in the coat of arms is that the Ivenack oaks are, according to legend, seven enchanted nuns who, after breaking a vow, were turned into oaks as a punishment. Only after a thousand years should the oaks gradually die off and thus the nuns be redeemed (Albert Niederhöffer. Mecklenburg's Volkssagen. Bremen, Rostock 1998). As a separate symbol for the monastery, which decisively determined the history of the village up to the secularization in the middle of the 16th century, the symbol of the Cistercians, the red and silver carved bar, is in the coat of arms, which in this specific case is narrower and only as a bar is performed. In the discussion about the municipal coat of arms , the wish was expressed that the famous stallion "Herodotus" should also be represented in the coat of arms. "Herodotus" was a well-known gray dapple from the stud farm Ivenack, so famous that even Napoleon had him searched for in order to bring him to France, whereupon the animal was hidden - albeit in vain - in a hollow oak. After the Napoleonic Wars, the animal came back to Ivenack. The silver horse's head that can be seen in the diagonal corner is intended on the one hand to allude to the legendary stallion, but also to represent the traditional stud in Ivenack.|
The municipality does not have an officially approved flag .
The official seal shows the municipal coat of arms with the inscription "GEMEINDE IVENACK • LANDKREIS MECKLENBURGISCHE SEENPLATTE •".
→ See also the list of architectural monuments in Ivenack
- The Ivenack Castle is a three-lobe stucco building, which its present form has obtained by new construction in the early 18th century and expansion of 1810 The northwest wing contains remains of a half-timbered building from the 16th century, probably parts of the first, under Duke Johann VII. Built mansion . To the north of the castle is the semi-circular stables with connecting tracts and corner pavilions ; to the east of the castle is the castle park with the castle church, orangery and tea house .
- The Ivenack church goes back to the 13th century monastery church of the Cistercian convent. The church, which was destroyed in the Thirty Years' War like the first manor house, was rebuilt around 1700 and was given its current appearance in 1867/68. In addition to the altar, the church contains other historical furnishings, including the organ loft decorated with allegorical paintings , a historical pulpit and a patron s box as well as the ornate epitaph for Ernst Christoph von Koppelow.
- The Ivenack oaks are located northwest of the village in a large zoo. According to the state forest of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the strongest of these oaks is said to be 1000 years old, making it the oldest living oak in Germany. She has a chest height of 11.70 m (2016). Fallow deer have been kept in the zoo since its creation around 1710 - except from 1929 to 1972 . The Baroque - Pavilion at the zoo was renovated of 2003. In 2017, a barrier-free treetop path, which is 620 meters long and between 18 and 21 meters high, was opened, which is proving to be a magnet for visitors.
- Further historical buildings have been preserved in the village, in addition to residential buildings, in particular various farm buildings, of which a former barn has now been converted into a traditional hall and is used for events.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Karl von Maltzahn (1797–1868), horse breeder, co-founder of the Doberan racecourse
- Albrecht von Maltzahn (1821–1877), lord of the manor and hereditary land marshal
- Adolf von Plessen (1835–1909), conservative member of the Reichstag
- Berthold Schmidt (1856–1929), archivist and historian
- Erich Demmin (1911–1997), landscape painter, graphic artist and restorer
Personalities who have worked in the place
- Ernst Christoph von Koppelow (1659–1721), Privy Councilor
- Joachim Trumpf (1687–1769), sexton, organist, astronomer and instrument maker
- Helmuth Reichsgraf von Plessen (1699–1761), royal Polish and electoral Saxon chamberlain, real secret council, minister of state and envoy to the Danish court
- Literature about Ivenack in the state bibliography MV
- René Wiese (ed.): Vormärz and Revolution. The diaries of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (2014), esp. Pp. 225–227
- Ivenack on www.stavenhagen.de
- Ivenack in the album Mecklenburgischer Schlösser und Landgüter by Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch
- 1000 year old Ivenacker oaks on wald-mv.de
- ↑ Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ^ Fritz Reuter: De Reis near Belligen. Retrieved on May 26, 2020 (Low German).
- ↑ a b c d municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
- ↑ Traugott Mueller: Handbook of real estate in the German Empire - The Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz ( Memento of the original from December 16, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Rostock 1888, p. 102.
- ↑ Traugott Mueller: Handbook of real estate in the German Empire - The Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz , Rostock 1888, p. 103.
- ↑ See archival material of the month April 2020: Register des Horens. The second death register of the registry office Ivenack 1945 , accessed on April 6, 2020
- ↑ a b c main statute § 1 (PDF)
- ^ Entry in the directory of monumental oaks . Retrieved January 10, 2017