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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Güstrow
Map of Germany, position of the city of Güstrow highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 48 '  N , 12 ° 11'  E

Basic data
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
County : Rostock
Height : 13 m above sea level NHN
Area : 70.85 km 2
Residents: 29,083 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 410 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 18273
Area code : 03843
License plate : LRO, BÜZ, DBR, GÜ, ROS, TET
Community key : 13 0 72 043

City administration address :
Market 1
18273 Güstrow
Website :
Mayor : Arne Schuldt ( independent )
Location of the city of Güstrow in the Rostock district
Rostock Schwerin Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Landkreis Vorpommern-Rügen Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburg Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburg Landkreis Ludwigslust-Parchim Admannshagen-Bargeshagen Bartenshagen-Parkentin Börgerende-Rethwisch Hohenfelde (Mecklenburg) Nienhagen (Landkreis Rostock) Reddelich Retschow Steffenshagen Wittenbeck Baumgarten (Warnow) Bernitt Bützow Dreetz (Mecklenburg) Jürgenshagen Klein Belitz Penzin Rühn Steinhagen (Mecklenburg) Tarnow (Mecklenburg) Warnow (bei Bützow) Zepelin Broderstorf Blankenhagen Poppendorf (Mecklenburg) Roggentin (bei Rostock) Broderstorf Thulendorf Altkalen Behren-Lübchin Finkenthal Gnoien Walkendorf Behren-Lübchin Glasewitz Groß Schwiesow Gülzow-Prüzen Gutow Klein Upahl Kuhs Lohmen (Mecklenburg) Lüssow (Mecklenburg) Mistorf Mühl Rosin Plaaz Reimershagen Sarmstorf Dolgen am See Hohen Sprenz Laage Wardow Dobbin-Linstow Hoppenrade Krakow am See Kuchelmiß Lalendorf Lalendorf Alt Sührkow Dahmen Dalkendorf Groß Roge Groß Wokern Groß Wüstenfelde Hohen Demzin Jördenstorf Lelkendorf Prebberede Schorssow Schwasdorf Sukow-Levitzow Thürkow Warnkenhagen Alt Bukow Am Salzhaff Bastorf Bastorf Biendorf (Mecklenburg) Carinerland Rerik Bentwisch Blankenhagen Gelbensande Mönchhagen Rövershagen Benitz Bröbberow Kassow Rukieten Schwaan Vorbeck Wiendorf (Mecklenburg) Cammin (bei Rostock) Gnewitz Grammow Nustrow Selpin Stubbendorf (bei Tessin) Tessin (bei Rostock) Thelkow Zarnewanz Elmenhorst/Lichtenhagen Kritzmow Lambrechtshagen Papendorf (Warnow) Pölchow Stäbelow Ziesendorf Bad Doberan Dummerstorf Graal-Müritz Güstrow Kröpelin Kühlungsborn Neubukow Sanitz Satow Teterowmap
About this picture

Güstrow [ ˈgʏstroː ] is the seventh largest city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the district town of the Rostock district with around 30,000 inhabitants . The city is the seat of the Güstrow-Land office , to which 14 municipalities belong, but are not officially themselves . It is one of the 18 medium-sized centers in the country and has officially been named "Barlachstadt" after the sculptor Ernst Barlach since 2006 .

As a historic residential town , Güstrow is known for its castle , its well-preserved old town with many valuable buildings and its cathedral with the "floating" from Barlach. The cathedral school in Güstrow , founded in 1236, is one of the oldest schools in the German-speaking area, and since 1991 the city has also been the seat of the University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration, Police and Justice of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.


Güstrow is located about 40 kilometers south of the Rostock an der Nebel regiopolis , a tributary of the Warnow in central Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . The Bützow-Güstrow Canal , which runs parallel to the Nebel to the west, is a navigable connection to the Warnow used by water tourists. North of the Güstrow district of Klueß, the Lößnitz flows into the Nebel. With its lakes ( Inselsee with the Schöninsel , Sumpfsee , Parumer See , Grundloser See and Gliner See) and the Heidbergen, Güstrow has an area rich in lakes and forests.

The area around and in Güstrow is very deep, an average of 14  m above sea level. NN . The highest elevations are to be found southeast of the city with the Rehberg ( 55.1  m above sea  level ), the Mesterberg ( 54.8  m ), the highest point of which, however, is already just beyond the municipal boundary and the Heidberge, which is up to 46.9 meters high . The deepest points are in the west on the banks of the Parumer See , whose water level is only 3.6 meters above that of the sea, and the Bützow-Güstrow Canal , which crosses the city limits there.

The hilly landscape around Güstrow is a glacial terminal moraine landscape , which was mainly shaped by the most recent Ice Age, the Vistula Ice Age, around 10,000 years ago. The characteristics of an earlier Ice Age can be found all around Güstrow: the Heidberge as terminal moraine, the many former meltwater lakes and some boulders that were dragged along from Scandinavia over the Baltic Sea during the Ice Age .


The town of Güstrow includes the districts of Suckow in the northeast, Klueß in the southeast, Primerburg in the east and Neu Strenz in the northwest.

Neighboring communities

The following communities border on Güstrow (starting clockwise in the north): Sarmstorf , Plaaz , Glasewitz , Lalendorf , Mühl Rosin , Gutow , Gülzow-Prüzen and Lüssow .

All-round view of the St. Marien parish church in Güstrow , 2010
(note: the curvature of the horizon does not show a hill, but is an image error in the panorama)


Origin of name

The name Güstrow comes from Old Polish , from Guščerov (lizard place), which is derived from guščer for lizard. Historically, Güstrow was also called by its Latin name: Gustrovium .

middle Ages

Güstrow must have existed around 1100, as Bishop Otto von Bamberg sent two priests there in 1128. In 1219 the Wendish castle Güstrow was built on the site of the current castle in the midst of swampy meadows . According to the German city book and other sources, Prince Heinrich von Rostock ( Heinrich Borwin II. ) Founded the city of Güstrow around 1219 to 1226 and granted it Schwerin city ​​rights . In 1226, already lying on his deathbed, Heinrich Borwin II donated the cathedral as a collegiate church . In 1228 the sons of Heinrich Borwin II confirmed Schwerin's town charter. This year is therefore the first documentary evidence for the Civitas . From 1229 to 1436, when the Werle line became extinct, Güstrow was the residence of the Lords of Werle , who had gradually given up their old ancestral castle, Burg Werle, between Schwaan and Bützow . After that, Güstrow became a state town in Mecklenburg and, as the Vorderstadt, was the first of the towns in the Wendish district that were represented in the Mecklenburg state parliaments of the 1523 state estates until 1918 . In 1441 the first privileged shooting society was founded by Güstrow.

The process of desecration of the host of 1330 ended with the burning of 23 Jews from Güstrow and the destruction of the synagogue . In its place, a "Chapel of the Holy Blood" was built by Prince Johann von Werle , which burned down in 1503. An intense pilgrimage began there. From 1509 to 1550/52 Franciscan observers (monastery courtyard) settled in Güstrow. In 1503, 1508 and 1512 city fires destroyed the place. In 1556 the castle fell victim to a fire.

Ducal residence in the 16th and 17th centuries

The town and castle of Güstrow in the 16th century on the Vicke-Schorler roll . The connecting passage to the cathedral is worth highlighting .
Matthäus Merian : View of Güstrow (1653)

The Reformation ended Catholic life in the city with the introduction of Lutheran teaching. After the first Lutheran sermon had been held in the Holy Spirit Chapel in 1524, the dukes left the parish church to the Protestants in 1534. The last Catholic Mass was celebrated in the cathedral in 1552 after the state parliament of the Mecklenburg estates introduced the Protestant religion nationwide in Sternberg in 1549 . In Güstrow the reason was also the decay of the customs of the collegiate monastery , which had developed into a "financial institution" for the city and the landlords. The Franciscan monastery was dissolved in 1555, the churches and chapels at the gates of the city torn down.

In 1552 the first theater performances took place in Güstrow. The actors were exclusively students of the princely cathedral school newly founded by Duke Johann Albrecht I , which was supposed to help spread the new teaching. The ideas were retained until the Thirty Years War . The cathedral school, which has long been considered the best school in Mecklenburg, later became part of the larger John Brinckman grammar school, founded in 1902 as a secondary school.

Gustrow 1704

From 1556 to 1695, Güstrow was temporarily resident again , this time to the Dukes of Mecklenburg . Duke Ulrich zu Mecklenburg began building the palace in 1558. In the course of the second main division of Mecklenburg after the Fahrholz partition contract of 1621, the Mecklenburg region of Güstrow was created . From 1628 to 1629 Albrecht von Wallenstein resided as Duke of Mecklenburg in Güstrow Castle. The two dukes of Schwerin and Güstrow were expelled from the country by Wallenstein. On the orders of Wallenstein, regular riding posts were set up, which went from Güstrow in all directions into the country. In Güstrow, in a now dilapidated house in Grüner Winkel 4, Mecklenburg's first post office was located. After Wallenstein's fall, Duke Hans Albrecht , who had fled Güstrow, moved back into his Güstrow residence in 1631 .

In 1695 the Duke's line of Güstrow died out due to the death of Duke Gustav Adolf . In 1701, the Hamburg hereditary comparison resulted in the third division of the country, so Mecklenburg-Strelitz was created alongside Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1712 the armistice negotiations regarding the Great Northern War took place in Güstrow . It participated Tsar Peter I (the Great) of Russia , Elector Augustus II. (Strong) of Saxony and the Swedish general Steen Bock.

From the princely to the civil period 1750–1933

City map of Güstrow around 1750
View around 1850

Since 1749 some Jews immigrated. Several families settled down with letters of protection from the Duke, against the resistance of the magistrate . An important Jew from Güstrow was the sculptor Löser Cohen (1787–1873), who took part in the Wars of Liberation and received the Iron Cross . A Jewish cemetery was laid out as early as 1804, and the synagogue was finished in 1829.

From 1806 to 1812 Mecklenburg was occupied by Napoleon I's troops . In 1813, Güstrow became the center of the freedom movement in Mecklenburg when 600 hunters on foot and another 600 hunters on horseback went into battle against Napoleon. In honor of the fighters, the state monument for the liberation warriors 1813-1815 was erected in 1865 .

In 1848, Güstrow was at the center of the revolution in Mecklenburg, when several meetings for constitutional reform were held here, which were ultimately unsuccessful due to the Freienwalder arbitration award .

After that, technological progress took hold of the city step by step. In 1850 the Güstrow – Bützow railway line and the train station were built. The connection was extended in 1867 via Neubrandenburg to Strasburg in Prussia , where there was a connection to Stettin . The Güstrow – Plau am See railway followed in 1882 and the lines to Schwaan and Plaaz in 1887 .

In 1852 the gas works near the train station and the street lighting with town gas went into operation. In 1854, a Grand Ducal Mecklenburg telegraph station was built at Baustraße 3 in Güstrow. From January 1, 1856, there was also a telegraph connection between Güstrow and Neustrelitz. The two Mecklenburg duchies were linked by this connection.

The first sugar factory was built in Güstrow in 1883 ; it was given a port on the Bützow-Güstrow Canal , which was completed in 1896. The halls were illuminated with electric arc lights. In 1889, the Güstrow water pipeline, reminiscent of the Borwin fountain, was completed. From 1892 a city telephone system was used in Güstrow for 28 participants. Electricity has been available in Güstrow via a city network since 1912. The Städtische Werke Güstrow was founded in 1925. In 1931 the first telephone exchange with 800 lines was built. In 1933, a modern open-air substation was commissioned in the north of Güstrow.


During the National Socialism , the Jewish residents of Güstrow were persecuted. The Jewish community had 44 members in April 1938. During the November pogroms of 1938 , 14 Jews were arrested; on July 10, 1942, more community members were arrested and deported to Auschwitz concentration camp ; older Jewish women were deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp and perished there. Only a few Jews from Güstrow managed to emigrate to Shanghai , Australia, the USA, Chile and Palestine.

The Jewish cemetery in the Dettmannsdorf district was devastated in 1938 and the cemetery hall was set on fire. In 1988 part of it was restored on the 'Liberation Road' (now Neukruger Straße), including a wrought iron fence and a memorial stone from 1988. A notice board in the pavement in front of the former synagogue has been reminding of the building that was set on fire during the November pogroms in 1938 and later demolished (Krönchenhagen 13):

"09/28/1829 inauguration of the Güstrow synagogue 09/11/1938 destruction"

During the Second World War , several hundred men and women from the countries occupied by Germany had to do forced labor in the city's armaments factories . Among other things, they were housed in Güstrow Castle.

During the time of the Soviet occupation , the NKVD secret police maintained a prison on Schlossberg, where several Güstrow citizens were interrogated and probably executed. In May 1946 several members of the volunteer fire brigade between the ages of 15 and 23 were arrested on the grounds that they belonged to the " werewolf ". They were later taken to the Soviet special camp No. 7 Sachsenhausen , where several of them died.

On July 1, 1950, the previously independent community Suckow was incorporated.

On June 17, 1953 , a few meetings and strikes took place in Güstrow, but they did not escalate. They set up u. a. against the nationalization of smaller businesses. The furniture manufacturer Werner Bruchhäuser was released from pre-trial detention for reassurance. The People's Police and the Stasi kept the city firmly under control.

The city museum also commemorates
Helmut Schmidt's visit in 2014

In December 1981, Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visited Güstrow on a state visit to the GDR together with Erich Honecker . Honecker and Schmidt were completely shielded from the residents of Güstrow by Stasi employees. According to Honecker's ideas, they staged the image of “a happy people in a cozy Advent mood”. Most of the “visitors to the Christmas market” were MfS employees in civilian clothes, who had the task of creating a festive atmosphere at the Christmas market and cheering Honecker on. 35,000 security guards were deployed: 14,000 from the MfS, the rest from the People's Police. There were 81 arrest warrants, 11,000 people were under control for three days, and 4,500 home examinations were carried out.

Sugar factory in 1984

On December 21, 1984, a full-time employee of the Ministry for State Security shot dead two people under the influence of alcohol near the local Güstrow district office. In 1990 he was sentenced to ten years in prison for this.

From around 1968 to 1988 the residential areas Südstadt with 3921 apartments and Distelberg with 1216 apartments were built in prefabricated construction.

Call of the New Forum for a demonstration on November 3, 1989

The largest companies in Güstrow in GDR times were VEB Landmaschinenbau (LMB), the vehicle repair factory (KIW), the door factory (VEB wood processing), the sugar factory (Zufa Nordkristall) and the VEB Getreidewirtschaft. There was also the G. Winkelhausen spirits factory and a furniture factory (VEB Polstermöbel), which had emerged from the Bruchhäuser KG company through nationalization in 1972 and, among other things, produced furniture for the Ikea group.

Since 1990

After a fierce dispute during the fall of the Berlin Wall , the streets in the outskirts largely retained the names from the GDR era. The streets in the city center got their old names back: z. B. the horse market and the Hageböcker street.

In 1991 the royal seat became a model town for urban development funding in the new federal states. Numerous monuments in the historic city center and the castle area were then thoroughly renovated. The residential environment in the prefabricated housing estates has also been improved since 1993 and vacant apartments have been demolished since 2000 ( urban redevelopment ). In 1995 the first state exhibition for the millennium of Mecklenburg took place in the castle .

An adventure trail "Altstadtrundweg" was created for the tourist development of the sights; Relocated path markings lead to objects worth seeing.

From 1952 to 2011 Güstrow was the district town of the district of the same name (until 1990 in the GDR district of Schwerin , from 1990 to 2011 in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania ). With the district reform of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 2011 , the district of Güstrow was combined with the district of Bad Doberan to form the new district of Rostock . Güstrow remained the district administrative seat.

Population development

Population development from 1871 to 2017 according to the table below
year Residents
1871 10,782
1890 14,850
1900 16,882
1919 19,810
1944 29,000
1988 38,854
1990 37,513
1995 34,794
year Residents
2000 32,323
2005 31,083
2010 30,018
2015 28,845
2016 29,215
2017 29,429
2018 29,241
2019 29,083

from 1990: as of December 31 of the respective year, from 2012 according to the results of the 2011 census


City council

Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-5.0  % p
± 0.0  % p
-5.2  % p
+ 10.4  % p
+ 0.8  % p
+ 0.7  % p
+1.3  % p
-2.6  % p
+1.3  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
e Free community of voters
i single applicants

The city council of Güstrow has consisted of 27 members since the local elections on May 26, 2019 .

Party / list Seats
CDU 8th
SPD 7th
The left 4th
Free Association of Voters (FWG) 2
Alliance 90 / The Greens 2
AfD 1
Individual applicant Kurt-Werner Langer 1

Since the AfD only had one applicant, two seats remain vacant.


  • 1990–1994: Lothar Fila (CDU)
  • 1994–2001: Hans-Erich Höpner (SPD)
  • 2001–2004: Andreas Brunotte (acting)
  • since 2004: Arne Schuldt (independent)

In the mayoral election on September 24, 2017, Schuldt was confirmed in office for a further seven-year term with 73.3% of the valid votes.

Coat of arms, flag and official seal

On June 8, 1999, the City of Güstrow was granted permission by the Minister of the Interior of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania to use the coat of arms described below, which was registered under No. 72 of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania coat of arms.

Description of coat of arms
"In gold, a standing, left-facing, looking black bull with a tail tucked between its hind feet in front of a green tree leaning to the right, above with four five-pointed leaves, below with one five-pointed and one three-pointed leaf."

The coat of arms was redrawn in 1999; in it (unlike in the previous coat of arms) the shield is gold-colored (instead of red). The green tree on red was heraldically incorrect.

Flag description
“The city flag is evenly striped lengthways in yellow and green. In the middle of the flag - at two-thirds of the height of the yellow and green stripes - is the city coat of arms in yellow. The length of the flag is related to the height like 5 to 3. "
Official seal

The official seal shows the outlines of the city arms and the inscription "Barlachstadt Güstrow".

Twin cities

The twin towns of Güstrow are Kronshagen in Schleswig-Holstein, Gryfice in Poland, Neuwied in Rhineland-Palatinate and Ribe in Denmark.

Sights and culture



Monuments, evidence of the times

Memorial column of the Wars of Liberation 1813
Soviet cemetery of honor
  • 1865: State monument for the liberation warriors 1813–1815 erected according to a design by the Schwerin court building councilor Hermann Willebrand , who was also given construction management. The reliefs and female allegories were created by Carl Georg Ludwig Wiese from Güstrow . Laying of the foundation stone in 1863, inauguration in 1865
  • 1883: Elisabethstein , erected in memory of the planting of the Heidberge in 1573 by Elisabeth of Denmark († 1586), the first wife of Duke Ulrich
  • 1889: Borwin fountain with the figure of the founder of the city Heinrich Borwin II by Richard Thiele
  • 1908: Fountain Voss un Swinegel ("Fox and Hedgehog") for John Brinckman by Wilhelm Wandschneider
  • 1910: Monument to the fallen 1870/71, granite base with bronze sculpture Kneeling Warrior by Wilhelm Wandschneider
  • 1914: Grave monument with bronze relief for John Brinckman by Wilhelm Wandschneider, erected for his 100th birthday
  • 1920: Well in front of the current school for the deaf run by Paul Korff
  • 1927: Monument to the fallen in 1914/18 for members of the cathedral parish who died in World War I, Schwebender Engel by Ernst Barlach, removed as " degenerate " in 1937 , melted down in 1941; The current floating is a third cast and an impression of the second cast that hangs in Cologne's Antoniterkirche. It was hung up again in a church service in Güstrow Cathedral in 1953.
  • 1929: Bronze sculpture of the Assumption , Ludwig Nolde (Osnabrück), location of the south gable of the Catholic Church
  • around 1930: City coat of arms made of cast iron, draft Heinrich Kaehler (Museum of the City of Güstrow), probably cast in the van Tongel steelworks in Güstrow around 1930 (originally available at four different locations in Güstrow)
  • 1930: Monument to the fallen 1914/18 for the fallen parishioners, The Resurrected Warrior by Kurt Kluge
  • 1936: Coat of arms frieze of the craftsmen, hung in the hall of the congress hall until the 1950s, current location is the conference room of the district craftsmen (Neukruger Straße)
  • 1936: City coat of arms in the skylight of the entrance door to the congress hall, made by Otto Schumacher
  • 1937: Murals ( dancing girls and ball-playing boys ) ( sgraffito ), by Erwin Fuchs in the gym of the Fritz-Reuter-Schule
  • 1946: Soviet cemetery of honor on Plauer Chaussee for 545 people, including Soviet soldiers, prisoners of war, forced laborers, including women and children, built by H. Schreiber, redesigned in 1962 by Martin Eggert
  • 1953: Mosaic murals by Vera Kopetz in the theater and in the state school for the deaf
  • 1957: Glass painting with a fountain, created by Erwin Fuchs in the state school for the deaf
  • 1956/1957: Stone reliefs on the subject of education and culture, erected by Jo Jastram at the former college of education (today FHföVuR), next to it since 1972 a memorial stone for the communist Liselotte Herrmann who was murdered in 1938
  • 1960: Cenotaph for the victims of the “Resistance against Fascism”, designed by Martin Eggert, executed by R. Lange
  • 1970: Memorial plaque for the victims of the Kapp Putsch at the town hall of March 17, 1920, made by R. Lange
  • Place of honor for the victims of fascism at the Rostocker Chaussee cemetery on the 2nd main path with a memorial plaque for the murdered resistance fighters named by name
  • Granite obelisk in memory of “abducted people” above the grave site for at least 25 victims of forced labor
  • 1990: Memorial stone for the victims of the SED rule in front of the former MfS building at Neukrugerstraße 3
  • 1996: Memorial stone on Schlossberg for the victims of the Soviet secret police
  • 2003: Memorial plaque for Karl-Alfred Gedowsky, at the entrance of the John-Brinckman-Gymnasium for the former pupil who was arrested for alleged espionage at the age of 20 and executed in Moscow in 1952
  • 2007: Portrait stele by Wieland Förster for the writer Uwe Johnson on Domplatz

Monuments not or partially preserved

  • Fallen monument 1870/71 with the terracotta figure Germania by Alexander Calandrelli , consecrated in 1876, demolished in 1910 due to structural damage
  • Monument to the fallen of 1914/18 of the prisoner-of-war prisoner camp erected in Güstrow-Bockhorst in 1918, heavily destroyed, remains. During the Nazi era, there was an Air Force airfield in Güstrow-Bockhorst.
  • Monument to the fallen 1914/18 of the Holstein Artillery Regiment No. 24 based on a design by Paul Wallat , consecrated in 1923, demolished in 1942 (demolished in 1944 according to the city archives, the relief in the archive can no longer be found)
  • Wooden reliefs made of oak, depictions of the sower and the mowing farmer , height approx. 3.5 m, designed by Wilhelm Wandschneider, executed by Hermann Engel, hung in the Güstrow congress hall from 1935 to the 1970s, destroyed during renovation work in the 1970s and then burned
  • Murals in the cafeteria of the district building, created around 1936 by an unknown artist, destroyed by construction work during the renovation in the upper area.


  • Wildlife park MV with wolves, brown bears and other native species, 200 hectares of parkland, adventure worlds, adventure trails and year-round events
  • The Inselsee is located near Güstrow and is about 480 hectares in size. It got its name from the small island Schöninsel .


The Güstrow Film Club is a regional representation of the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Regional Film Communication Association with a weekly cinema program and the cinema in the Kunsthaus Güstrow and Südstadtklub as well as the mobile cinema, which makes cinemas nationwide. The office of the Association for Film Communication is here.

The library of the city of Güstrow is named after the writer Uwe Johnson : Uwe Johnson Library


From July 8 to 10, 2016, the official state festival, the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Day (MV Day), took place in Güstrow. The very first state festival took place in the Mecklenburg capital city in 2000.

The annual international motorcycle speedway race for the Whitsun Cup in the stadium on Plauer Chaussee , which is organized by MC Güstrow at Whitsun, is an event with a national “magnetism” .

Economy and Infrastructure


The headquarters of the beverage manufacturer Güstrower Schlossquell is located in the city . The retail company Coop eG also operated one of its central warehouses in Güstrow, from which the sky stores in the region were supplied until 2017. The city was also the location of Europe's largest sugar factory, a Nordzucker AG plant . In the course of taking back the sugar quota, the company closed the Güstrow plant in 2008. In 2009, the BioEnergie Park Güstrow , which is located south of Güstrow, went into operation.


Güstrow is on the Bützow – Szczecin , Güstrow – Schwaan and Güstrow – Meyenburg railway lines . From Güstrow there are S-Bahn connections with the S 2 and S 3 of the Rostock S-Bahn to Rostock and regional express connections to Rostock, Berlin , Neubrandenburg and Stettin as well as Bützow and Lübeck .

Numerous regional bus routes operated by rebus Regionalbus Rostock GmbH operate at the central bus station at Güstrower Bahnhof, while city ​​traffic is provided by the four routes 201, 203, 204, 205.

The federal highway 19 runs east of the city. The federal highways 103 and 104 cross in Güstrow. Rostock-Laage Airport is about 15 kilometers to the northeast .


Seat of the local court

Güstrow is the seat of a local court , the University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration, Police and Justice (FHöVPR) of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the State Office for Environment, Nature Conservation and Geology Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (LUNG MV).


Primary and regional schools

  • Elementary school " Georg Friedrich Kersting ", Heiligengeisthof 4
  • Primary school " Fritz Reuter ", Wendenstrasse 14
  • Elementary school "An der Nebel", Hafenstrasse 13
  • Regional school " Richard Wossidlo ", Hafenstrasse 13
  • Regional school " Thomas Müntzer ", Wendenstrasse 13
  • Regional school with elementary school "Schule am Inselsee", Werner-Seelenbinder-Straße 1

Free school

  • Freie Schule Güstrow (IGS with elementary school and high school graduation), Bistede 5

Cooperative special education support center

  • School with a focus on learning, Ahornpromenade 1
  • Anne Frank School (School for Individual Coping with Life), August-Bebel-Straße 30

High schools

Detail of the sculpture by the writer Uwe Johnson in front of the John Brinckman High School

ecolea | International school

  • ecolea | International School Güstrow, Plauer Straße 81


  • Sports and leisure pool "Oase", Plauer Chaussee 7
  • Sports and congress hall Güstrow, Speicherstrasse 8
  • Kessiner Strasse sports hall
  • Kerstingschule sports hall
  • Wendenstrasse sports hall
  • Hamburger Strasse sports hall
  • Hafenstrasse sports hall
  • Sports hall Tolstoiweg
  • Sports hall on Werner-Seelenbinder-Strasse
  • Stadium on Plauer Chaussee
Clubs (selection)
  • Güstrower SC 09 : The largest sports club was created in 2010 from the merger of the two clubs VfL Grün-Gold Güstrow and Polizeisportverein 90 Güstrow . Sports: soccer, badminton, basketball, fistball, bowling, table tennis and volleyball.
  • ATSV Güstrow (formerly BSG Lokomotive Güstrow ): Indoor and field hockey
  • Güstrower HV 94 : handball
  • MC Güstrow : The motorsport club is known nationwide thanks to the speedway race in the stadium on Plauer Chaussee. The MC Güstrow was present in the Speedway Bundesliga for several years. Qualifying runs for the Speedway World Cup took place in the stadium. The annual sporting highlight isthe international speedway race for the Whitsun Cupevery Whitsunday , which is regularly watched by 8,000 to 10,000 spectators.
  • TC Grün-Gelb Güstrow : Dance sport
  • KSV-Güstrow 1990 : Canoe racing and dragon boat sport



  • Johann Friedrich Besser: Contributions to the history of the Vorderstadt Güstrow. 3 volumes. Guestrow 1819-1823.
  • Bärbel Blaschke (Red.): Contributions to the history of the city. Guestrow, 1228–1978. Guestrow 1978.
  • Horst Ende : Güstrow. (Famous Art Places). Leipzig 1993.
  • Oskar Gehrig: Güstrow ( German country - German art ). Berlin 1928.
  • Guestrower yearbook. Güstrow from 1992 ( ZDB : 13354474, 21816013).
  • Friedrich Lorenz: 777 years city of Güstrow. Interesting and amusing things from the city's history. Schwerin 2005, ISBN 3-937747-03-6 .
  • Hans Marquardt: Des Magister Georg Schedius, Rector of the Cathedral School from 1629-1650, description of the city of Güstrow from 1647 , German translation from Latin, 1911.
  • Gisela Scheithauer (Ed.): Güstrower Stadtsachen.
    • Volume 1: Honorable, dear faithful ... Berlin 1994.
    • Volume 2: Stones from St. Gertruden. [Mühlengeez / Güstrow] 1999.
    • Volume 3: A Solid House. [Mühlengeez] 2008.
  • Angelika Schmiegelow Powell (Hrsg.): Güstrow in the 20th century.
    • Volume 1: History and stories of a small Mecklenburg town. With a complete first print of the memories of old houses and their residents in our dear Güstrow by Elise Langfeld, as well as 75 contemporary witness reports. Bremen 2001, ISBN 3-86108-760-X .
    • Volume 2: Güstrow in transition: 60 contemporary witness reports. Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-392-2 .
  • Angelika Schmiegelow Powell (ed.): Güstrow im Aufbruch, autumn 1989. Documents and memories. Güstrow 2004, ISBN 3-00-015231-8 .
  • Christoph Wunnicke: December 13, 1981 in Güstrow. A bishop, Poland and little public. In: Contemporary history regional. Volume 10 (2006), 1, ISSN  1434-1794 , pp. 100-107.

Web links

Commons : Güstrow  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Güstrow  - travel guide
Wikisource: Güstrow  - sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Main statute of the Barlachstadt Güstrow, § 1 (1)
  3. ^ Ernst Eichler : City name book of the GDR. Leipzig 1988, p. 125.
  4. Irene Diekmann (Ed.): Guide through the Jewish Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Potsdam 1998, p. 128f.
  5. ^ Ingo Ulpts: The mendicant orders in Mecklenburg . Saxonia Franciscana 6. Werl 1995.
  6. ^ Official website of the John Brinckman High School
  7. Loser Cohen: Memoirs of the volunteer hunter Löser Cohen . Ed. Hentrich, Berlin 1993.
  8. Bernd Kasten: Persecution and deportation of the Jews in Mecklenburg 1938-1945 . State Center for Civic Education Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Ed.), Schwerin 2008, ISBN 978-3-940207-16-6 , pp. 34–38.
  9. A. Kaminsky (Ed.): Places of Remembrance, Memorial Signs, Memorials and Museums on the Dictatorship in the Soviet Zone and GDR. Bonn 2007, p. 251 f.
  10. Detlef Brunner, Fred Mrotzek, Werner Müller: Our battle greeting is freedom. Social democracy in Güstrow. (Dictatorships in Germany. Volume 4). KSZ Verlag und Medien, Rostock 2007, ISBN 978-3-930845-43-9 .
  11. Stefan Wolle : The ideal world of dictatorship. 2nd Edition. Bonn 1999, p. 168f.
  12. ^ Jan Eik, Klaus Behling: December 13, 1981: Güstrow ghost town. In: classified information. The greatest secrets of the GDR. Verlag Das Neue Berlin, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-360-01944-8 , p. 204 f. (See also " Potemkin village ")
  13. BStU , topic: Helmut Schmidt in Güstrow - Third German-German summit or the Stasi in a state of emergency
  14. Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk: Stasi concrete . Verlag CH Beck, Munich 2013, p. 208.
  15. Johannes Erichsen (Ed.): 1000 years of Mecklenburg. History and Art of a European Region. State exhibition Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 1995. Rostock 1995.
  16. Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
  17. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  18. ^ Studies on the city history of the Barlachstadt Güstrow: The mayors of Güstrow from 1270 to 2013 . Retrieved May 11, 2020 .
  19. ^ Main statute of the Barlachstadt Güstrow, § 7
  20. Another seven years for Schuldt. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , September 24, 2017.
  21. a b c § 1 of the main statutes of Güstrow, PDF .
  22. Major parts of the well were severely damaged on January 1, 2018 as a result of the explosion of a pyrotechnic object. see. Massive damage to the historic Borwin fountain in Güstrow . In: . January 1, 2018; accessed on January 1, 2018.
  23. ^ Website of the Uwe Johnson Library , accessed on August 7, 2019
  24. ^ MV days in June 2016 in Güstrow. at: , accessed on September 8, 2014.
  25. ^ Güstrow speedway race
  26. ^ Eckhardt Rosentreter: Coop logistics center closes. In: May 16, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2018 .
  27. ↑ Start of training 2011. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 11, 2016 ; accessed on May 10, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Farmers' Association , accessed on November 1, 2014
  29. State Office for Environment, Nature Conservation and Geology