Bützow-Güstrow Canal

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Construction 1895/96 - in front of Güstrow

The Bützow-Güstrow Canal is a 14 kilometer long canal in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . It connects the city of Güstrow with the Warnow near Bützow and was part of the former Warnow-Nebel waterway.

The canal is the remnant of an inland waterway from Rostock to Berlin that was planned and partially realized in the 19th century . The connection should be realized from the Warnow with the inclusion of the Krakower and the Plauer See over Elde and Havel . But only the section to Güstrow was built.

The canal branches off the Warnow on the northeast edge of Bützow ( 53 ° 50 ′ 58 ″  N , 11 ° 59 ′ 52 ″  E ) and, located in the Fog Valley, passes the villages of Zepelin , Klein Schwiesow and Parum to Güstrow .


The expansion of the Oberwarnow with a lock on Mühlendamm in Rostock and the construction of the canal were planned by Moritz Wiggers since the middle of the 19th century . The first funds were approved in 1886, but the construction of the canal did not begin until 1894 after a thorough economic feasibility study. The canal route uses the bed of fog for the first and last 2.5 kilometers, in between it runs as a 9 kilometer long side channel north of the winding fog. The traffic route was designed for ships up to 150 tons. The canal had an average water surface width of 21 meters, a bottom width of 14 meters and a fairway depth of 1.80 meters. The clouds and Zepelin locks (51.0 × 6.6 m) made it possible to overcome a height difference of around 4 meters.

The originally planned system with a connection to the Elde did not materialize, since further expansion to Plauer See was not implemented.

After the canal was flooded in October 1896 and tested by a trip with the petrol motor ship “Borwin”, it was opened to traffic at the end of 1896. Eight loading points have been set up for chartering.

Three tugboat shipping companies settled in Güstrow, but they ceased operations after a few years. Until the First World War , there was only moderate freight traffic on the canal, increasingly impaired by other types of traffic, mainly with building materials. In 1929, the Güstrow sugar factory, which was not rebuilt, was also canceled as an important shipper. The canal was used by shipping until 1953. It has not been a waterway since 1968 and is only of limited importance for water tourism. Evidence of the technology of the late 19th century are the stone chamber lock clouds, today with a weir in the head, the repaired drawbridge 2.5 kilometers south of Lüssow and four swing bridges .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Guide to the German shipping routes. 5th part: The Oder region. 4th edition. Published by the Reich Ministry of Transport, Berlin 1939, DNB 36587681X .
  2. Topographic city map Bützow, topographic map Gülzow-Langensee and Gülzow, topographic city map Güstrow 1.10.000; published by the Ministry of the Interior, Administration of Surveying and Mapping 1985.

Web links

Commons : Bützow-Güstrow-Kanal  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files