|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||26 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||114.78 km 2|
|Residents:||6469 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||56 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||18299|
|Area code :||038459|
|License plate :||LRO, BÜZ, DBR, GÜ, ROS, TET|
|Community key :||13 0 72 062|
|LOCODE :||DE LGZ|
City administration address :
|Am Markt 7
|Mayor :||Holger Anders ( FDP )|
|Location of the city of Laage in the Rostock district|
Laage is a town in the Rostock district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). It is the administrative seat of the office of the same name , to which three other municipalities belong, and forms a basic center for its surroundings .
Terminal moraines run to the west and east of the Recknitz glacial valley . The cold mountain is 62 m above sea level. NHN the highest point in the city. Rostock-Laage Airport is to the west of the city .
The urban area consists of the city of Laage and the following districts:
Laage was called Lauena in 1216 . The originally old Polish name changed to Lawe (1257) and Laue (1306), then again Lawe , finally in 1622 in Lage (w became g) and in 1726 in the spelling Laage, which is common today . The Wendish lava could be interpreted as a footbridge or bridge ; So Laage is the bridge over the Recknitz flowing there .
Already in the Mesolithic , i.e. 8000 BC. BC, hunters, gatherers and fishermen lived here in a fertile area. Finds from the Neolithic (around 4500 to 1800 BC) and the Bronze Age (1800–70 BC) have also been recorded in this area. A burial mound near Goritz attests to finds from the late Bronze Age. Before their departure in the migration of the peoples , the region was inhabited by Germanic tribes .
In the early Middle Ages there was a Slavic castle and castle settlement. To cross the Recknitz lowlands, paved paths made of planks and gravel and boulders were built in the 6th century at the latest. A total of five crossings were discovered in 2015, the more recent among them were dated between 719 and 830, the most recent in the Old Slavic period.
German colonization took place at the end of the 12th century, and Laage became a German castle at the crossing of the Recknitz. Laage was first mentioned as a village in 1216. The place belonged to the rule Werle . In 1270, Laage was mentioned in a deed of donation from Prince Nikolaus von Werle . This was the seat of the governor until around 1500 . In the middle of the 13th century, the construction of an early Gothic village church began, which then got its tower in the 15th century. In 1309 (according to other sources 1271) Laage was named as an oppidum , so it had city rights . The city developed through the important east-west connection of the via regia - the royal road from Wismar to Demmin - and a country road to Rostock . To protect against robber barons, Laage was given a wall with a moat in the 14th century. The Wendish principality of Werle died out with Prince Wilhelm , and the Mecklenburg dukes also inherited Laage. The place became a country town in Mecklenburg and as such was one of the towns in the Wendish district that were represented on the Mecklenburg regional parliaments of the 1523 state estates until 1918 .
16th to 19th century
In 1569 a big fire broke out in the city. Parts of the city, church and town hall fell victim to the flames. In the Thirty Years War , imperial troops devastated Laage in 1638. Then the plague followed, which only five residents survived. The Northern War and the Seven Years' War hardly recovered, with the billeting of soldiers requiring great sacrifices. In 1712 Tsar Peter the Great had his quarters in Laage. In 1759 another city fire followed, in which 63 houses and 24 barns burned down.
The city was recovering from the wars. In 1768 it received a new city constitution, which was in force until 1918. Since then there has only been one mayor and two senators. The citizen college consisted of speakers, three quarter men and three deputies.
A paper mill was built in 1692 and the post mill on Bullenberg in 1748 . In 1786 the first pharmacy of the surgeon Hektor was established. In 1814 Field Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher visited the city.
In 1829 Laage was better connected to the transport network with the construction of the Rostock- Neubrandenburg highway . After the founding period , the place had 2345 inhabitants in 1885. The district court and a paper mill were set up. The railway connection followed in 1886. In 1891 a volunteer fire brigade was founded. A dairy was built, the gas station (1905), the waterworks (1926), and in 1915 the place received electric light.
In the 1920s, new residential buildings were built, including in Paul-Lüth-Straße, St.-Jürgen-Straße, Goethestraße and Breesener Straße. The sewer system was also expanded.
On May 1, 1945, the Red Army marched into Laage. The day before, local Social Democrats had dismantled the armored barriers erected for defense. The acting mayor, Otto Thode, went to meet the Soviet troops and thus prevented destruction in Laage.
Shortly after the Red Army marched in, on May 2, 1945, the famous architect Paul Korff committed suicide with his wife. Otto Thode also committed suicide with his wife and daughter that day. They were buried in communal graves in the Laager cemetery.
At the end of 1945 and beginning of 1946 ten young people (aged 16 and over) were arrested in Laage by the Soviet secret service NKVD and sentenced to long prison terms by a military tribunal for “hostile attitudes towards communism and the Red Army”. Seven of them perished in the Soviet special camp in Sachsenhausen . The group was rehabilitated in 1993 by the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation .
The milk sugar plant started producing again in 1946. Agricultural production cooperatives emerged around 1950, and the state-owned estate was important. An outdoor pool was built and a second school was built on the new sports field in 1967. The Breesener Strasse hospital became a rural outpatient clinic.
The military airfield was built around 1980 . The Jagdbombenfliegergeschwader 77 and the Naval Aviation Squadron 28 of the National People's Army (NVA) had been stationed at this military airfield with Sukhoi Su-22 aircraft from 1984 until the NVA was dissolved. Therefore, from 1979 to 1988 the residential area Kronskamp was built with 850 apartments in prefabricated construction , u. a. for the soldiers stationed in Laage. A third school now also had to be built.
After the fall of the Wall, the historic town center with its town hall and a little later the only barn district still preserved in Mecklenburg was completely renovated as part of the urban development subsidy. The prefabricated building area has also been significantly improved since 1998 through demolitions and upgrading measures.
The military airfield continues to be operated by Jagdgeschwader 73 "Steinhoff" of the Bundeswehr and after 1994 it was expanded in parallel to the civil airport Rostock-Laage . In 2018, around 290,000 passengers used the airport.
History of the districts
Rossewitz: There was a castle here in the Middle Ages. Landowners were u. a. the Nortman (until 1450) and von Vieregg (until 1760) families ; it was then ducal chamber property . The early baroque manor house Rossewitz was built on the foundations of the castle according to plans by Charles Philippe Dieussart between 1657 and 1680 . It is considered to be the first baroque building in Mecklenburg. Grand Duke Friedrich Franz I lived in the palace several times. After 1945 it was a refugee accommodation. In 1982 the roof collapsed and in 1986 an emergency roof was built. Renovation work has been taking place since 1993.
Weitendorf: The church dates from the 13th century, the upper baroque tower tower from the 18th century and the baroque park from 1763.
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent communities Breesen and Kronskamp were incorporated. Liessow was incorporated into the city of Laage on June 13, 2004, Weitendorf on July 1, 2006 and Diekhof on May 26, 2019.
from 1990: as of December 31 of the respective year
The sharp increase in the number of inhabitants in 2019 is due to the incorporation of Diekhof.
|Party / list||CDU||Voting group districts of Laage||The left||FDP||Diekhofer voter group||SPD||All in all|
|Share of votes||35.7%||16.4%||14.4%||12.6%||11.1%||9.8%||100%|
- 1900–1936: Fritz Kähler
- 1936–1942: Paul Koop (NSDAP)
- 1943–1945: Otto Thode (NSDAP)
- 1945–1946: August Hanitz (KPD)
- 1946–1947: Richard Hübner (SED)
- 1947–1950: Heinrich Schlaack (SED)
- 1951–1954: Helmuth Lendner (SED)
- 1954–1955: Robert Bendlin (SED)
- 1955–1960: Fritz Gelhaar (SED)
- 1960–1975: Willi Serve (SED)
- 1975–1979: Annelore Bull (SED)
- 1979–1990: Eckhart Bomke (SED)
- 1990–1994: Wolfram Steinke (CDU)
- 1994–2010: Uwe Heinze (SPD)
- 2010–2017: Ilka Lochner (CDU)
- since 2017: Holger Anders (FDP)
In the mayoral election on October 8, 2017, the vote was different with 50.9% of the valid votes.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold, a black bull's head looking forward with a closed mouth, a knocked-out red tongue, a red lily growing between its silver horns."
The coat of arms was established on April 10, 1858 by Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, redrawn in 1998 and registered under No. 5 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms, based on the seal image of the SIGILLVM CIVITATIS LAWE - first handed down as an imprint in 1353 - and laid down in its current form in April 1858, with the bull's head typical of the Werler line of the Mecklenburg dynasty, points to Herr zu Werle as the founder and lord of the city. Since the meaning of the lily is largely unclear, it disappeared from the seal images of the city over time.|
The flag was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on April 4, 2016.
The flag is made of yellow cloth and is covered in the middle with the figure of the city's coat of arms, which occupies two thirds of the height of the flag: a looking black bull's head with a closed mouth and a knocked-out red tongue, between whose silver horns a red lily grows. The relation of the height of the flag cloth to the length is like 3: 5.
The official seal shows the city arms with the inscription "• STADT LAAGE •".
→ See also the list of architectural monuments in Laage
- City church , Romanesque / early Gothic three-bay hall church made of bricks and field stones, construction started in the middle of the 13th century, massive west tower from the 14th or 15th century. Interior fittings: ceilings of the vaults in the first two naves made of wood, glass windows with motifs from biblical history, chalice from 1603. The houses around the church square are among the oldest in the city. The rectory dates from the late 18th century.
- Town hall on the market in neo-Gothic style, completed in 1872 together with syringe house, ice cellar and prison and renovated in 1997
- Ruin of the Dutch windmill from 1792 on the Mühlenberg
- Scheunenviertel from 1875 shows Laage's development as a small farming town
- Pharmacy from 1786 and other half-timbered houses on the market
- Otto Intzes birth house , Breesener Straße 21, half-timbered house from the beginning of the 19th century
- Stadtscheune, built between 1860 and 1880 in Pfendkammerweg, today a meeting place and local history museum
- Korffsche Villa, built in 1911/12 by Paul Korff
- Water tower in Pfendkammerweg, used until the 1980s and today a lookout tower on the Recknitztal
- Memorials to the fallen of 1870/71 and 1914/18 and the victims of the Second World War
- Weitendorf district: Classicist burial chapels from 1816 to 1845
- District Kritzkow: Village church as a medieval brick Gothic building , almost completely renovated in 1900, parsonage as a half-timbered house from the 19th century
- District Liessow: Herrenhaus Rossewitz from 1657 to 1680, first owner Major General Heinrich von Vieregge , first renovation measures 1993
Rostock-Laage Airport is to the west of the city .
sons and daughters of the town
- Franz Susemihl (1826–1901), classical philologist
- Otto Intze (1843–1904), hydraulic engineer and university lecturer
- Bernhard Riedel (1846–1916), surgeon
- Paul Korff (1875–1945), architect
- Bernhard Beyer (1879–1966), Freemason
- Rolf H. Dittmeyer (1921–2009), entrepreneur
- Karlheinz Gieseler (1925–2010), sports official, born in Schweez
- Axel Kaspar (* 1939), documentary filmmaker
- Frauke Weiß (* 1946), politician (CDU)
Personalities associated with Laage
- Carl Beyer (1847–1923), 1875–1900 pastor in Laage, local writer
- Rudolf Sieger (1867–1925), painter, lived in Laage
- Friedrich Kähler (1873–1942), 1900–1936 mayor of Laage, local writer
- Joachim Gauck (* 1940), former Federal President, vicar in Laage
- Karin Schmidt (* 1955), politician (Die Linke), teacher in Laage
- Ilka Lochner (* 1970), politician (CDU), 2010–2017 mayor of Laage
- Carl Beyer: History of the city location. In: Yearbooks of the Association for Mecklenburg History and Archeology. Part I, Vol. 52, 1887, pp. 209-293; Part II, Volume 53, 1888, pp. 1-130.
- Fritz Kähler: Truth and Poetry about Laage. Paul Holm, Laage 1937.
- City administration Laage (ed.): 775 years of Laage / Mecklenburg. Timeline. Lage / Lippe 1991.
- Monika Riek: Laage and the surrounding area. Edition Temmen, Rostock 1998, ISBN 3-86108-433-3 .
- City of Laage (Ed.): Laager Almanach 2004. Printing works AC. Glad, Plau am See 2004.
- Association of Friends of Nature and Homeland Laage and Surroundings e. V .: Laager stories I. Contributions to the history on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the city of Laage , Laage 2016.
- Association of Friends of Nature and Homeland Laage and Environment eV: Laager Stories II. Contributions to the history of the city of Laage , Laage 2016.
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Regional Spatial Development Program Central Mecklenburg / Rostock 2011 - Central locations and perspective development, planning region MMR, accessed on July 12, 2015
- Main statute of the city of Laage
- Ernst Eichler and Werner Mühlmer: The names of cities in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Ingo Koch Verlag, Rostock 2002, ISBN 3-935319-23-1
- Monika Riek: Laage and surroundings . Edition Temmen , Bremen 1998, ISBN 3-86108-433-3 .
- J.-P. Schmidt: Fixed paths across the river valley , in: Archäologie in Deutschland, Heft 1 (2016), p. 46.
- Alexander Querengässer: The Electoral Saxon Military in the Great Northern War 1700–1717. Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 2019, p. 465.
- Michael Buddrus, Sigrid Fritzlar: The cities of Mecklenburg in the Third Reich. Edition Temmen, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8378-4029-2 .
- Anja Hauffe: On the living situation in the city of Laage in 1945 and 1946. (unpublished homework on the first state examination for teaching at grammar schools, 15-A-GUE)
- Benno Prieß: Shot at dawn . (Co-editor: State Commissioner for the Documents of the State Security Service of the GDR) Self-published, Calw 2002, ISBN 3-926802-36-7 . Pp. 203-207.
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2006
- Announcement of the Ministry of the Interior and Europe of January 16, 2019, Official Gazette. MV, p. 254
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Announcement of the election results for the election of the city council in the city of Laage on May 26, 2019 (PDF; 1.3 MB) City of Laage, May 26, 2019, accessed on December 11, 2019 .
- Holger Anders conquers Laage. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , October 8, 2017.
- Hans-Heinz Schütt: On shield and flag - the coats of arms and flags of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and its municipalities . Ed .: production office TINUS; Schwerin. 2011, ISBN 978-3-9814380-0-0 , pp. 267/268 .
- main statute § 2 (PDF).