Field Marshal General
The field marshal (from Old High German marahscalc, " marshal , stable master, groom") was the leader of the cavalry in the 16th century. In the Thirty Years War the field marshal was a higher rank of general. Since the end of the 17th century, the designation field marshal was used as the highest military rank in many European armies . From 1664 until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (1806), there was a field marshal who was in command of the imperial army , the imperial army . Derived from this, Brandenburg was initially the only country to introduce the Field Marshal General, who was later also taken over by the Tsarist Russian army. From 1871 this rank was awarded throughout the German Empire.
Field Marshal in Germany
Middle Ages to the 16th century
In the Middle Ages, the position of commander-in-chief of the cavalry developed from the original court office of a stable master . In the 16th century, the field marshal was usually the cavalry commander and the deputy commander in chief with judicial powers.
In the Holy Roman Empire , a field marshal general could only be appointed jointly by the emperor and the imperial estates in the Reichstag . Accordingly, the appointee had to take his oath before the emperor and the Reichstag.
The field marshal has been the highest general rank since the 18th century.
The marshal's baton , introduced in Germany in the 19th century, adorned with the emblem of the sovereign, and only awarded or sent by him, made the marshal a partner in the power of the sovereign.
The field marshal general was a rank in the Prussian army which, as a rule, could only be awarded to officers for outstanding military successes. Field Marshal General could become anyone who had successfully led a campaign, stormed a fortress or won an important battle.
In the Prussian army - as well as in the Wehrmacht - a field marshal was entitled to certain privileges. A field marshal did not retire from active service and was listed and honored as an active soldier until his death. In Prussia , all field marshals were also members of the Prussian Council of State .
In the Reichswehr , according to the ordinance of the Reich President on the rank and superior relationship of the soldiers of the Reichsheer of December 10, 1920, the highest-ranking general ranks were initially only major general , lieutenant general and generals of infantry , cavalry and artillery . It was not until the new ordinance of November 13, 1926 that the ranks of the Colonel General and the General Field Marshal were reintroduced. At the time of the Reichswehr, no officer was promoted to General Field Marshal.
All General Field Marshals of the Royal Prussian Army ( Paul von Hindenburg , August von Mackensen ) and the Royal Bavarian Army (Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and Prince Leopold of Bavaria ) who were still alive at that time were not included in the rankings or seniority lists of the Reichswehr, Hindenburg was named only as Head of the Reichswehr recorded.
In the wake of the Blomberg-Fritsch crisis in January 1938, Blomberg was forced to resign by Hermann Göring , apparently in the hope of becoming his successor as Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht. Hitler fired Blomberg, but decided to take over command of the Wehrmacht himself. He promoted Goering to Field Marshal General on February 4, 1938. At first Göring was the only bearer of this rank and thus the highest ranking officer in the Wehrmacht.
During the Second World War , after the end of the campaign in the west on July 19, 1940 , Hitler appointed nine generals of the army and three of the air force field marshal. Holders of this rank had the right to a “direct presentation to the Führer ”. For Göring, who was not to lose his position as the highest ranking officer through the appointments, Hitler created the Reichsmarschall as the highest officer rank in the Wehrmacht .
In the last days of the Battle of Stalingrad , at the end of January 1943, Hitler appointed Friedrich Paulus , the commander-in-chief of the enclosed 6th Army , and then his superiors and two other army group commanders on the Eastern Front as field marshals. After Paulus surrendered to the Red Army instead of going down fighting as expected , Hitler declared that he did not want to appoint another field marshal in the army. Nevertheless, Walter Model was appointed to the army in 1944 and Ferdinand Schörner was appointed in 1945 .
In April 1945, after Goering's dismissal, Hitler appointed Robert Ritter von Greim Field Marshal General of the Air Force.
Federal Republic of Germany
In the Bundeswehr there are no ranks general field marshal, field marshal or marshal.
Field Marshal in other countries
Field Marshal General ( Russian генерал-фельдмаршал ) was the highest military rank in Russia from the government of Peter the Great in 1700 until the February Revolution in 1917 . In the general ranking table he corresponded to 1st class, equal to the Admiral General in the Navy, the Chancellor and the Secret Council of 1st class in the civil service. The tsars also awarded the title General Field Marshal as a special honor to civilians such as the former Chancellors Golowin , Trubezkoi , and Shuwalov , who were thereby able to maintain their prominent position in court ceremonies , and foreign highly deserved military figures such as the Duke of Wellington , Archduke Albrecht , Radetzky , Ferdinand I. , Tsar of the Bulgarians , and the elder Moltke .
In 1933, the country introduced the rank of field marshal ( FI: Sotamarsalkka / SV: Fältmarskalk ). The only holder of this rank was Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim ; In 1942 he was promoted to FI: Suomen marsalkka / SV: Marskalk av Finland (Marshal of Finland), which corresponds to the Reichsmarschall .
The field marshal corresponds to the Maréchal de France ( Marshal of France ). However, it is not a rank, but only an honorary position. He is therefore not promoted, but appointed. At the time of the Ancien Régime, the Maréchal général des camps et armées du roi (literally "Field Marshal General of the King") possessed a large amount of power ; however, this position was only sporadic. In the fourth republic (1947-1958) three marshals were appointed. After the death of the last Marshal of France Alphonse Juin in 1967, the title was no longer awarded.
In addition, the rank of Maréchal de camp (literally field marshal) existed until 1791 . This was only the brigade commander and the brigadier des armées du roi ; Both ranks disappeared in 1793 and went to the new rank of brigadier general ( général de brigade ).
A mere NCO rank today is the Maréchal des Logis for motorized units and the gendarmerie. He is equal to the sergent .
In Sweden from 1561 to 1824 the title of field marshal ( fältmarskalk ) was awarded 83 times as the highest military rank.
Field Marshal corresponds to the Capitán general captain general . At present the king is the only one who holds this rank. During fascism , the commanders of the military districts were in the rank of captain general, who performed political and judicial functions in addition to military ones. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the captains general enjoyed unrestricted authority, as generalissimo he could order battles and sieges on his own initiative. Since 1630 ranked the Gobernador de las Armas y Ejército (about "Army Governor", ie. Commander of the Army) as his deputy.
Not to be confused with the field marshal is the Maestre de Campo (literally field master). Between 1534 and 1704, as a colonel , he commanded the new regiments ( Terzios ) that were set up at the same time . Since 1540 he was in charge of the Maestre de campo general ( Colonel General ), at that time the second highest rank in the army, with the Teniente de Maestre de campo general (about "Colonel General-Lieutenant", compare Field Marshal Lieutenant ) as deputy.
Subordinate to the Maestre de Campo was the Sargento Mayor (about major / lieutenant colonel ). Around 1640 the Sargento General de Batalla (about " General Sergeant of the Battle ") formed a further step directly above the Maestre de Campo.
In 1924 the Marshal of Italy was introduced as the highest rank of general. A total of thirteen army generals and one air force general were appointed marshals. With the end of kingship in 1947, the rank was abolished.
An Italian maresciallo is a non-commissioned officer.
Today, Law No. 80 of July 11, 1995 regulates the appointment of the rank of military cadre to the effect that the rank of field marshal or admiral may only be awarded for special services in the event of war, and only by the president Romania .
The rank of Field Marshal was introduced in Great Britain in 1736 by King George II , the second king of the House of Hanover , as an equivalent to the field marshal common on the continent with the appointment of two generals.
In the 20th century, the Chief of the General Staff (formerly Chief of the Imperial General Staff , now Chief of the Defense Staff ) is a regular field marshal. In addition, individual members of the royal family were raised to this rank. In the Royal Navy the Admiral of the Fleet corresponds to the Field Marshal , in the Royal Air Force to the Marshal of the Royal Air Force . Only the Royal Marines do not have a corresponding rank. The rank is associated with certain privileges, including a field marshal who does not retire.
→ See also: Category: Field Marshal (United Kingdom)
→ See also: Marshal of Great Britain , list of well-known British field marshals
After the end of the First World War , John J. Pershing was the only one awarded the rank of General of the Armies of the United States . He was ranked above the four-star general of the US Army , comparable to the contemporary German field marshal.
In 1944, the General of the Army, or informally five-star general, was created as the equivalent of the British Field Marshal and Marshal of the Soviet Union and corresponds to the Fleet Admiral in the US Navy and the rank of General of the Air Force created in 1947 in the US Air Force . A total of five officers received this rank; with Omar N. Bradley died in 1981, the last owner of the rank. It has not been awarded since then.
List of field marshals
The sorting is based - as far as known - according to the order of appointment.
Field Marshal General of the Holy Roman Empire
- 1664 (Protestant) - Prince Georg Friedrich zu Waldeck (1620–1692)
- 1664 (Catholic) - Margrave Leopold Wilhelm of Baden-Baden (1626–1671)
- 1674 (Protestant) - Margrave Friedrich VI. of Baden-Durlach (1617–1677)
- 1702, September 30th (Catholic) - Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm of Baden-Baden (1655–1707), "Türkenlouis"
- 1707, February 21 (Catholic) - Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736)
- 1712, 9 September (Protestant) - Duke Eberhard Ludwig of Württemberg (1676–1733)
After Duke Eberhard Ludwig's death, three other Reich Field Marshals were appointed in addition to Prince Eugen.
- 1734, May 21 (Catholic) - Duke Karl Alexander von Württemberg-Winnental (1684–1737)
- 1734, May 21 (Protestant) - Duke Ferdinand Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (1680–1735)
- 1734, May 21 (Protestant) - Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau (1676–1747)
- 1737 (Catholic) - Duke Franz Stephan of Lothringen (1708–1765), from 1745 Emperor Franz I.
- 1741 (Catholic) - Prince Joseph Friedrich of Saxony-Hildburghausen (1702–1787)
- 1753 (Protestant) - Prince Ludwig Ernst of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1718–1788)
- 1756 (Protestant) - Johann August von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg (1704–1767)
- 1760, March 17th (Catholic) - Count Palatine Friedrich Michael von Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1724–1767)
- 1760 (Protestant) - Margrave Karl August of Baden-Durlach (1712–1786)
- 1767, December 18 (Catholic) - Duke Albert Casimir von Sachsen-Teschen (1738–1822)
- 1793, spring (Protestant) - Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1737–1815)
- 1796, February 10 (Catholic) - Archduke Karl of Austria-Teschen (1771–1847) - last Reich Field Marshal
Imperial Field Marshal 1618–1806
- 1618 - Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly (1559–1632), general of the Catholic League
- 1618 - Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Comte de Bucquoy (1571–1621)
- 1621 - Tommaso Caracciolo , Conte di Roccarainola (1572–1631)
- 1625 - Ramboldo di Collalto (1579–1630) - President of the Court War Council 1624–1630
- 1626 - Baltasar of Marradas (1560–1638)
- 1627 - Heinrich Graf Schlick (Schlik zu Bassano and Weißkirchen) (1580–1650) - President of the Court War Council 1632–1650
- 1628 - Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg (Arnheim) (1583–1641) - partly in the service of the Electorate of Saxony
- 1629 - Torquato Marchese Conti di Guadagnolo (1591-1636)
- 1629 - Johann Jakob Graf von Anholt and Bronckhorst (1582–1630)
- 1631 - Rudolf von Tiefenbach (Teuffenbach zu Mayerhofen) (1582–1653)
- 1631 - Gottfried Heinrich zu Pappenheim (1594–1632), general of the Catholic League
- 1632 - Hannibal von Schauenburg (Schaumburg) (1582–1634)
- 1632 - Wolfgang von Mansfeld (1575–1638)
- 1632 - Johann von Aldringen (1588–1634)
- 1632 - Matthias Gallas (1588–1647)
- 1632 - Heinrich von Holk (1599–1633) - also Henrik Greve Holck
- 1633 - Christian von Ilow (1585–1634) - in Schiller: Illo
- 1633 - Philipp von Mansfeld (1589–1657)
- 1634 - Rudolf Hieronymus Eusebius von Colloredo-Waldsee (1585–1657)
- 1634 - Octavio Piccolomini d'Arragona, Duke of Amalfi , (1599–1656)
- 1635 - Melchior Count Hatzfeld von Gleichen (1593–1658)
- 1636 - Carl Duke of Lorraine-d'Elboeuf (1596–1657)
- 1637 - Matthias of Toscana (1613–1667)
- 1638 - Maximilian Prince of Liechtenstein (1578–1645)
- 1638 - Friedrich Duke of Savelli († 1649)
- 1639 - Gottfried Graf Huyn , Baron von Geleen Amstenraedt and Wachtendonck (1598–1657)
- 1639 - Francesco Carretto de Grana (1594-1651)
- 1641 - Franz Albrecht Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg (1598–1642)
- 1642 - Peter Melander Count von Holzappel (1589–1648) - Peter Eppelmann, rose from the simplest of circumstances to become an important general
- 1644 - Johann von Götzen (1599–1645)
- 1647 - Wenzel Eusebius von Lobkowicz , Prince, Duke of Sagan (1609–1677) - President of the Court War Council 1650–1666
- 1647 - Johann von Werth (1591–1652) - farmer's son, successful equestrian general in the Thirty Years' War
- 1648 - Johannes Ernst Freiherr von Reuschenberg zu Setterich (1603–1660)
- 1648 - Hans Christoph III. von Puchheim (1605–1657)
- 1648 - James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose (1612–1650)
- 1649 - Alessandro Marchese del Borro (1600–1656)
- 1650 - Walter Graf Leslie (1607–1667) - conspirator against Wallenstein, later Vice President of the Court War Council
- 1653 - Count Alexander von Velen (1599–1675)
- 1655 - Adam Forgach de Ghymes (1601–1681)
- 1658 - Raimondo Montecuccoli (1609–1680) - victor of St. Gotthard-Mogersdorf in 1664, President of the Court War Council 1668–1680, important military theorist and writer
- 1658 - Don Hannibal Gonzaga (1602–1668) - City Commandant of Vienna ("Gonzagagasse"), President of the Court War Council 1666–1668
- 1658 - Adrian von Enkevort (1603–1663)
- 1664 - Otto Christoph Freiherr von Sparr (1599–1668)
- 1664 - Jean-Louis Raduit de Souches (1608–1682)
- 1664 - Philipp Florinus von Pfalz-Sulzbach (1630–1703)
- 1664 - Leopold Wilhelm Margrave of Baden (1626–1671), Reich Field Marshal
- 1667 - Paul I. Esterházy de Galantha (1635–1713), commander in chief of the military border between southern Hungary and Palatine
- 1672 - Alexander de Bournonville (1616–1690) - entered service in Spain in 1676
- 1675 - Charles V of Lorraine (1643–1690) - Relief from Vienna 1683
- 1676 - Johann Adolf Herzog of Holstein (1634–1704)
- 1676 - Friedrich Margrave of Baden-Durlach (1617–1677), Reich Field Marshal
- 1682 - Georg Friedrich Prince of Waldeck (1620–1692), Reich Field Marshal
- 1683 - Hermann Margrave of Baden-Baden (1628–1691) - President of the Court War Council 1681–1691
- 1682 - Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg (1638–1701) - defender of Vienna 1683, President of the Court War Council 1692–1701
- 1683 - Kaspar Zdeněk Kaplíř von Sulevic (1611–1686), Vice-President of the Court War Council, logistical organizer of the defense of Vienna in 1683
- 1683 - Julius Franz von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1641–1689)
- 1683 - Count Aeneas Caprara (1631–1701)
- 1683 - Jakob Leslie († 1692)
- 1683 - Otto Heinrich Carretto di Grana e Savona (1629–1685)
- 1686 - Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden-Baden (1655–1707) - the Türkenlouis , Reich Field Marshal General
- 1687 - Rudolf Discounta zu Dornberg (1636–1688)
- 1687 - Karl Theodor Otto Prince of Salm , Wild Count of Daun and Kyrburg, Count of the Rhine in Stein (1645–1710)
- 1688 - Johann Heinrich von Dünewald (1617–1691)
- 1688 - Antonio of Caraffa (1646–1693)
- 1688 - Charles Eugène de Croÿ (1651–1702)
- 1689 - Maximilian Lorenz von Starhemberg († 1689)
- 1689 - Heinrich Franz von Mansfeld , Prince of Fondi (1641–1715) - President of the Court War Council 1701–1703
- 1689 - Johann Carl Serény (1640–1691)
- 1689 - Christian Ludwig von Waldeck (1635–1706)
- 1690 - Walrad Prince of Nassau (1635–1702)
- 1691 - Christian Ernst Margrave of Bayreuth-Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1644–1712)
- 1693 - Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736) - Prince Eugene, the noble knight , field marshal of the Reich, President of the Court War Council 1703–1736
- 1694 - Johann Carl Pálffy (1645–1694)
- 1694 - Francis Taaffe, 3rd Earl of Carlingford (1639–1704) - Relief of Vienna in 1683 and subsequent Turkish Wars
- 1694 - Ferdinand von Stadl (1643–1694)
- 1694 - Friedrich Carl Duke of Württemberg (1652–1698)
- 1694 - Friedrich Ambros Veterani (1650–1695)
- 1694 - Johann Wilhelm Anton von und zu Daun (1621–1706)
- 1696 - Karl Philipp von Pfalz-Neuburg (1661–1742)
- 1696 - Hermann Otto Graf von Limburg-Styrum (1646–1704)
- 1696 - Leopold Philipp Prince of Montecuccoli (1663–1698)
- 1696 - Donat Johann Graf Heissler von Heitersheim (1648–1696)
- 1696 - Charles of Lorraine-Commercy (1661–1702)
- 1696 - Carlo di San Martino , Marchese di Parella († 1710)
- 1696 - Friedrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Wiesenburg (1652-1724)
- 1696 - Hans Carl Freiherr von Thüngen (1648–1709)
- 1697 - Franz Sigmund von Thun (1639–1702)
- 1697 - Maximilian Wilhelm of Braunschweig and Lüneburg (1666–1726)
- 1699 - Georg of Hessen-Darmstadt (1669–1705)
- 1701 - Ferdinand Degli Obizzi († 1710)
- 1701 - Don Cesare Angelo Marchese Del Vasto and Pescara , Prince of Francavilla († 1701)
- 1704 - Ludwig Johann Bussy-Rabutin (1642-1717)
- 1704 - Sigbert von Heister (1646-1718)
- 1704 - Guido von Starhemberg (1657–1737)
- 1704 - Carl Thomas Vaudémont (Lorraine-Vaudémont) († 1704)
- 1704 - Johann Ernst Count of Nassau-Weilburg (1664–1719)
- 1704 - Johann Franz von Gronsfeld († 1719)
- 1704 - Ludwig Herbeville (1635–1709)
- 1704 - Henri de Massue , Marquis de Ruvigny, Earl of Galway († 1720) - a Frenchman in British service, allied commander in the War of the Spanish Succession
- 1704 - Siegmund Joachim Count Trauttmannsdorff (1636–1706)
- 1705 - Don Juan Tomaso Enriquez Cabrera von Riosecco (1652–1705) - supporter of the Habsburgs in the War of the Spanish Succession
- 1705 - Friedrich Castell († 1718)
- 1706 - Jacques-Louis de Noyelles († 1708) - French, entered imperial service from the Dutch in the War of the Spanish Succession
- 1707 - Leo Graf Uhlefeld (recte Ulfeldt) (1651–1716) - son of Corfitz and Leonora Christina Ulfeldt , general in the War of the Spanish Succession
- 1707 - Leopold Graf Schlik zu Bassano and Weisskirchen (1663–1723)
- 1707 - Maximilian Wilhelm Prince of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Hanover (1666–1726) - son of Duke Ernst August
- 1707 - Friedrich Wilhelm Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1663–1735) - a Hohenzollern in the Habsburg service
- 1707 - Maximilian Ludwig Count Breuner († 1716)
- 1707 - Leopold von Herberstein († 1728)
- 1707 - Eberhard Ludwig Duke of Württemberg (1676–1733) - participant in the Battle of Höchstädt 1704 , Commander-in-Chief of the Rhine Army, Field Marshal General
- 1707 - Wirich Philipp Count Daun, Prince of Thiano (1669–1741)
- 1708 - Johann Martin Freiherr Gschwindt von Pöckstein († 1721)
- 1708 - Johann Josef Count Huyn († 1719)
- 1708 - Prince Philip of Hesse-Darmstadt (1671–1736)
- 1709 - Johann Pálffy von Erdöd (1664–1751) - Palatine of Hungary, Maria Theresa's "Father Pálffy"
- 1713 - Georg Wilhelm Margrave of Bayreuth-Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1678–1726)
- 1713 - Albrecht Ernst II. Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen (1669–1731)
- 1715 - Don Francisco Colmenero Conde de Vaderios († 1715)
- 1715 - Carl Wilhelm Margrave of Baden-Durlach (1679–1738)
- 1716 - Tobias Freiherr von Hasslingen († 1716)
- 1716 - Scipio Count Bagni († 1721)
- 1716 - Annibale Marchese Visconti († 1750)
- 1717 - Johann Philipp Eugen Marquis Westerloo Count of Merode (1674–1732)
- 1717 - Eberhard von Neipperg († 1717)
- 1717 - Franz Sebastian Graf Thürheim († 1726)
- 1717 - Carl Alexander Duke of Württemberg (1684–1737), Reich Field Marshal
- 1717 - Alexander Otto Graf Vehlen († 1727)
- 1717 - Stephan Graf Stainville († 1720)
- 1717 - Carl Ernst von Rappach († 1719)
- 1717 - Don Luis de Borza Marques de Tarrazena († 1717)
- 1718 - Nicholas VI. Count Pálffy (1657–1732), Imperial Field Marshal General, participant in the relief of Vienna in 1683 and the subsequent Turkish wars, Palatine of Hungary
- 1720 - Don Fernando Pignatelli Duca de Hijar († 1720)
- 1723 - Ferdinand Albrecht Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (1680–1735), Reich Field Marshal
- 1723 - Johann Heinrich Bürkli (1647–1730), Baron von Hohenburg (Switzerland)
- 1723 - Adam Graf Kollonits († 1726)
- 1723 - Ladislaus Freiherr von Ebergényi († 1724)
- 1723 - Johann Graf Caraffa († 1743)
- 1723 - Maximilian Adam Graf Starhemberg († 1741)
- 1723 - Hercules Count of Montecuccoli († 1729)
- 1723 - Claudius Florimund Mercy (1666–1734)
- 1723 - Hermann Graf von Hohenzollern (1665–1733)
- 1723 - Antonio Conte Sormani († 1723)
- 1723 - Lothar Joseph Graf Königsegg-Rothenfels (1673–1751) - President of the Court War Council 1736–1738
- 1723 - Hubert Dominik Du Saix d'Arnant († 1729)
- 1723 - Johann Damian Philipp Freiherr von und zu Sickingen († 1732)
- 1723 - Johann Hieronymus Freiherr von and Zum Junge († 1732)
- 1723 - Johann Philipp Joseph Count Harrach zu Rohrau (1678–1764) - President of the Court War Council 1739–1762
- 1723 - Don Antonio Conde Puebla de Portugalo († 1723)
- 1723 - Heinrich Wilhelm Graf Wilczek († 1739)
- 1723 - Don José Antonio Marqués de Ruby y Boxados († 1723)
- 1724 - Don Giuseppe Boneo Conte della Caromina († 1724)
- 1726 - Count Fabian Wrangel (1651–1737)
- 1729 - Carl Rudolf Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt (1667–1742)
- 1734 - Dom Emanuel Infant of Portugal († 1766)
- 1736 - Theodor Prince Lubomirski († 1745)
- 1737 - Leopold Philipp von Arenberg (1690–1754)
- 1737 - Friedrich Heinrich Graf von Seckendorf (1673–1763)
- 1737 - George Olivier Count Wallis (1673–1744)
- 1737 - Ferdinand Maria Innozenz of Bavaria (1699–1738) - son of Elector Max Emanuel
- 1737 - Count Viktor Philippi (1739)
- 1737 - Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller (1683–1744) - one of the four most important generals of Maria Theresa
- 1737 - Johann Christoph von Seherr-Thoß (1670–1743)
- 1737 - Franz Stephan Hereditary Prince of Lorraine (1708–1765) - the consort of Maria Theresa, 1737 Field Marshal General, from 1745 as Franz I Stephan Roman Emperor
- 1740 - Carl Duke of Lorraine (1712–1780)
- 1741 - Gundacker von Althan (1665–1747)
- 1741 - Heinrich Joseph Count Daun (1678–1761)
- 1741 - Kaspar Count Cordova († 1765)
- 1741 - Johann Hermann Graf Nesselrode († 1751)
- 1741 - Maximilian von Hessen-Kassel (1689–1753) - younger son of Landgrave Karl
- 1741 - Ludwig Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
- 1741 - Friedrich Ludwig Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1688–1750)
- 1741 - Johann Jakob de Vasquez y de la Puente, Conde de Vasquez de Pinos (1681–1754)
- 1741 - Count Otto Ferdinand von Abensperg and Traun (1677–1748) - the second of the four great Theresian military leaders
- 1741 - Reinhard Wilhelm Graf Neipperg (1684–1774)
- 1741 - Johann Georg Christian Prince Lobkowitz (1686–1755) - commander of the imperial army in Italy, 1753 governor of Sicily
- 1741 - Joseph Friedrich Prince of Saxony-Hildburghausen (1702–1787), Reich Field Marshal
- 1741 - Count Joseph Esterházy de Galantha († 1748)
- 1741 - Georg Emmerich Count Csáky de Keresztszegh († 1741)
- 1741 - Count Alexander Károlyi de Nagy-Károly († 1743)
- 1744 - Francesco Cavaliere Marulli († 1751)
- 1745 - Josef Wenzel I, Prince of Liechtenstein (1696–1772) - reorganizer of the Austrian artillery
- 1745 - Prince Carl Joseph Batthyány (1697–1772)
- 1745 - Francesco Marqués de Los Rios (1689–1775)
- 1745 - Carl Hermann Graf O'Gilvy († 1751)
- 1745 - Franz Rudolf Graf von Hohenems (1686–1756)
- 1745 - Ernst Hartmann Baron von Diemar († 1754)
- 1746 - Carl August Prince of Waldeck (1704–1763)
- 1750 - Ludwig Ernst Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1718–1788), Reich Field Marshal
- 1751 - Count Franz Esterházy de Galantha († 1758)
- 1751 - Claudius Prince de Ligne († 1766)
- 1754 - Aegydius Marchese de Roma († 1761)
- 1754 - Ferdinand Prince de Ligne († 1766)
- 1754 - Franz Wenzel Count Wallis († 1774)
- 1754 - Anton Otto Marchese Botta d'Adorno (1688–1774)
- 1754 - Wolfgang Siegmund Freiherr von Damnitz († 1755)
- 1754 - Carl Urban von Chanclos († 1761)
- 1754 - Johann August von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg (1704–1767), Reich Field Marshal
- 1754 - Paul Carl Graf Pálffy from Erdöd († 1774)
- 1754 - Philipp Ludwig Freiherr von Moltke († 1780)
- 1754 - Leopold Joseph Graf Daun (1705–1766) - President of the Court War Council 1762–1766, most important general Maria Theresa, victor of Kolin
- 1754 - Niklas Leopold von Salm-Salm (1770)
- 1754 - Franz Ludwig von Sallaburg († 1758)
- 1754 - Count Ulysses Browne de Camus (1705–1757) - died of injuries sustained while defending Prague
- 1754 - Siegmund Friedrich von Gaisruck († 1769)
- 1754 - Ferdinand Karl Gobert von Aspremont-Lynden (1689–1772)
- 1754 - Conde Giovanni Luca di Pallavicini († 1773)
- 1754 - Marchese Ascanio Guadagni († 1759)
- 1754 - Wilhelm von Pfalz-Gelnhausen (1701–1760)
- 1755 - Francesco III. Duke of Modena (1698–1780)
- 1758 - Friedrich Michael Count Palatine on the Rhine, Prince of Zweibrücken (1724–1767), Field Marshal General
- 1758 - Christian Moritz Eugen Count Königsegg-Rothenfels (1705–1778)
- 1758 - Count Kajetan Kolowrat-Krakowsky († 1758)
- 1758 - Carl Gustav Graf Kheul († 1758)
- 1758 - Franz Leopold von Nádasdy (1708–1783) - General in the Seven Years War , Banus of Croatia
- 1758 - Ernst Marschall at Burgholzhausen (1692–1771)
- 1758 - Johann Baptist Serbelloni († 1778)
- 1758 - Prince Paul Anton Esterházy de Galantha (1711–1762) - General in the service of Maria Theresa; called Haydn to his court
- 1760 - Anton Ignaz Count Mercy d'Argenteau († 1767)
- 1760 - Count Leopold Pálffy-Daun von Erdöd (1716–1773)
- 1760 - Anton von Colloredo-Waldsee (1785)
- 1765 - Albert Duke of Sachsen-Teschen (1738–1822) - Maria Theresa's son-in-law, founder of the "Albertina", field marshal of the Reich
- 1766 - Carl Raimund Herzog zu Arenberg (1721–1778)
- 1766 - Franz Moritz von Lacy (1725–1801) - President of the Court War Council 1766–1774
- 1766 - Peter Leopold Archduke of Austria (1747–1792), Grand Duke of Toscana - from 1790 Emperor Leopold II.
- 1766 - Hercules Rainald Duke of Modena (1727–1803)
- 1768 - August Georg Margrave of Baden-Baden (1706–1771)
- 1769 - Christoph Prince of Baden-Durlach (1717–1789)
- 1770 - Nikolaus I Joseph Prince Esterházy von Galántha (1714–1790)
- 1772 - Ferdinand Karl Anton Archduke of Austria (1754-1806)
- 1774 - Andreas Hadik von Futak (1711–1790) - capture of Berlin on October 16, 1757, President of the Court War Council 1774–1790
- 1778 - Friedrich Georg Heinrich von Wied-Runkel († 1779)
- 1778 - Gideon Ernst von Laudon (1717–1790) - the fourth of the “paladins” Maria Theresa, the legendary General Laudon
- 1778 - Prince Franz Ulrich Kinsky zu Wchinic and Tettau († 1792)
- 1778 - Franz Ludwig von Thürheim (1710–1782)
- 1785 - Joseph Maria Carl von Lobkowitz († 1802)
- 1788 - Carl Pellegrini († 1795)
- 1788 - Carl Borromäus Joseph von Liechtenstein (1730–1789)
- 1789 - Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1737–1815), Reich Field Marshal
- 1789 - Michael Johann von Wallis (1732–1798) - President of the Court War Council 1791–1796
- 1789 - Joseph Colloredo-Mels and Wallsee (1735–1818)
- 1790 - Jakob Marchese Botta d'Adorno († 1803)
- 1790 - Blasius Columban Freiherr von Bender (1713–1798)
- 1790 - Friedrich August Duke of Nassau-Usingen (1790–1806, 1815–1816, † 1816)
- 1792 - Ferdinand Archduke of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany († 1824)
- 1795 - Carl Graf Clerfayt de Croix (1733–1798) - General in the coalition wars, honorary grave at Hernalser Friedhof Vienna
- 1795 - Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser (1724–1797)
- 1796 - Friedrich Moritz von Nostitz-Rieneck (1728–1796) - President of the Court War Council 1796
- 1796 - Joseph Kinsky zu Wchinic and Tettau († 1804)
- 1799 - Alexander Wassiljewitsch Suworow (1730-1800), 1794 Russian Field Marshal General and 1799 Generalissimo
- 1801 - Archduke Karl of Austria-Teschen (1771–1847) - the victor of Aspern in 1809, last Reich Field Marshal
Field Marshals of Austria / Austria-Hungary
From 1804 the Habsburg field marshals were appointed in the new Austrian Empire .
Austrian Empire 1804–1867
- February 24, 1805 - Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski (1734–1823), in Austrian service since 1764, representative of Poland at the Congress of Vienna 1814/15
- April 1, 1805 - Duke Ferdinand Friedrich August of Württemberg (1763–1834)
- September 6, 1808 - Archduke Joseph Anton of Austria (1776–1847) - Palatine of Hungary ("Jószef nádor")
- September 6, 1808 - Charles Joseph de Ligne (1735–1814) - the rose-colored prince
- September 6, 1808 - Joseph Alvinczy von Berberek (1735–1810) - troop leader in the Turkish and Napoleonic Wars
- September 6, 1808 - Joseph Johann Graf Ferraris (1726–1814) - troop leader in the coalition wars, topographer
- December 19, 1808 - Wenzel Graf Colloredo-Waldsee (1738–1822) - President of the Court War Council under Archduke Carl
- September 12, 1809 - Heinrich von Bellegarde (1756–1845) - President of the Court War Council
- September 12, 1809 - Johann Karl Kolowrat-Krakowsky (1748–1816) - important artillery leader in the Napoleonic Wars
- September 12, 1809 - Prince Johann von und zu Liechtenstein (1760–1836) - troop leader near Austerlitz, Aspern and Wagram
- October 2, 1812 - Karl Philipp zu Schwarzenberg (1771–1820) - Commander of the Allies in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig on 16–19. October 1813
- November 6, 1814 - Georg Prince of Wales, Prince Regent of Great Britain and Ireland (1762–1830)
- November 6, 1814 - Friedrich August, Duke of York and Albany (1763–1827)
- December 15, 1814 - William I, King of the Netherlands (1772–1843)
- November 16, 1818 - Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), British Field Marshal
- September 10, 1824 - Henry XV. Reuss zu Greiz (1751–1825) - 1814/15 Viceroy of Veneto-Lombardy
- January 9, 1826 - Camille Marquis de Lambertye (1746–1826)
- September 18, 1830 - Archduke Ferdinand Archduke of Austria (1793–1875) - Crown Prince, 1835–1848 Emperor of Austria ("Ferdinand the Kind")
- September 18, 1830 - Friedrich Franz Xaver von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1757–1844) - President of the Court War Council
- July 2, 1833 - Christoph Freiherr von Lattermann (1753–1835)
- September 17, 1836 - Archduke Ferdinand Karl Archduke of Austria-Este (1781–1850)
- September 17, 1836 - Johann Archduke of Austria (1782-1859) - Reichsverweser 1848, the popular "Styrian Prince"
- September 17, 1836 - Josef Wenzel Radetzky von Radetz (1766–1858) - Radetzky father
- November 4, 1844 - Maximilian von Wimpffen (1770–1854) - Chief of Staff of Archduke Carls near Aspern 1809
- November 28, 1846 - Philipp Landgrave of Hessen-Homburg (1779–1846)
- June 16, 1848 - Ignaz Freiherr von Lederer (1769–1849)
- October 17, 1848 - Alfred Fürst Windisch-Graetz (1787–1862) - fought against the revolution in Vienna in 1848
- October 16, 1849 - Laval Count Nugent von Westmeath (1777–1862), Roman prince - took Rome and Naples in 1815, made prince by the Pope
- October 30, 1850 - Ivan Fyodorowitsch Paskewitsch (1782–1856), 1830 Russian Field Marshal General
- September 10, 1854 - Eugen Graf Wratislaw von Mittrowítz-Nettolitzky (1786–1867) - 1848 corps commander under Radetzky in Italy
- July 12, 1859 - Heinrich Freiherr von Hess (1788–1870) - Chief of the General (quartermaster) staff 1840–1860
- April 4, 1863 - Albrecht Archduke of Austria (1817–1895) - victor of Custozza on June 24, 1866, General Inspector of the Army 1869–1895
- October 19, 1867 - Edmund Fürst Schwarzenberg (1803–1873) - the last field marshal in the 19th century
- May 4, 1900 - Wilhelm II. King of Prussia, German Emperor (1859–1941)
- May 1, 1904 - Edward VII, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India (1841–1910)
- December 8, 1914 - Friedrich Archduke of Austria (1856–1936) - Army Commander in Chief 1914–1917
- January 20, 1916 - Ferdinand I Tsar of Bulgaria (1861–1948)
- May 5, 1916 - Anton Freiherr von Haus (1851–1917) - Commander-in-Chief of the Austro-Hungarian Navy 1916–1917 (rank: Grand Admiral )
- November 23, 1916 - Eugen Archduke of Austria (1863–1954)
- November 25, 1916 - Count Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf (1852–1925) - Chief of the General Staff 1906–1911 and 1912–1917
- August 5, 1917 - Hermann Kövess von Kövesshaza (1854–1924)
- November 5, 1917 - Alexander Freiherr von Krobatin (1849–1933)
- January 30, 1918 - Franz Freiherr Rohr von Denta (1854–1927)
- January 31, 1918 - Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli (1856–1941), October 31, 1940 character as German field marshal
- February 1, 1918 - Svetozar Boroëvić of Bojna (1856–1920) - the lion from Isonzo
- May 19, 1918 - Mehmed V Grand Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1844–1918)
- October 22, 1918 - Archduke Joseph of Austria (1872–1962)
Electorate and Kingdom of Bavaria
- 1610 - Johann t'Serclaes von Tilly , general of the Catholic League
- 1636 - Count Johann Götz
- 1640 - Count Johann Christoph von der Wahl
- 1643 - Baron Franz von Mercy
- 1645 - Count Gottfried Huyn von Geleen
- 1647 - Count Jost Maximilian von Cronsfeld
- 1648 - Baron Adrian von Enkevort
- 1648 - Baron Johann von Rauschenberg
- 1675 - Count Palatine Philipp Florinus of Pfalz-Sulzbach
- 1702 - Johann Baptist Graf von Arco
- 1741 - Count Joseph Ignaz Törring zu Jettenbach
- 1743 - Count Max Cajetan Törring zu Seefeld
- 1743 - Prince of Grimberg
- 1771 - Count Joseph Piosasque de Non
- 1814 - Prince Carl Philipp von Wrede
- 1841 - Prince Karl of Bavaria
- 1905 - Prince Leopold of Bavaria
- 1915 - Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- 1916 - Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria
- 1703 - Count Johann Ernst von Nassau-Weilburg
- 1753 - Prince Friedrich Michael von Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld , Reich Field Marshal
Electorate and Kingdom of Saxony
- June 21, 1631 - Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg (1583–1641)
- November 24, 1632 - Duke Franz Albrecht of Sachsen-Lauenburg (1598–1642)
- October 19, 1638 - Rudolph von Marzin (also Marazin)
- January 1, 1666 - Ernst Albrecht Freiherr von Eberstein (1605–1676)
- August 28, 1681 - Joachim Rüdiger Freiherr von der Goltz (1620–1688)
- September 8, 1688 - Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming (1632–1706)
- April 9, 1691 - Hans Adam von Schöning (1641–1696)
- May 10, 1693 - Jeremias of Chauvet († 1696)
- September 30, 1697 - Count Heinrich VI. Reuss zu Obergreiz (1649–1697)
- August 27, 1699 - Adam Heinrich Count von Steinau († 1712)
- December 3, 1706 - Georg Benedikt Freiherr von Ogilvy (1651–1710)
- February 22, 1712 - Jakob Heinrich Graf von Flemming (1667–1728)
- April 17, 1730 - August Christoph Graf von Wackerbarth (1662–1734)
- November 26, 1735 - Duke Johann Adolf II of Saxony-Weissenfels (1685–1746)
- January 11, 1749 Friedrich August Graf Rutowski (1702–1764)
- July 27, 1763 - Johann Georg Chevalier de Saxe (of Saxony) (1704–1774)
- January 6, 1775 - Prince Friedrich Heinrich Eugen of Anhalt-Dessau (1705–1781)
- July 11, 1871 - Crown Prince Albert (later King) of Saxony (1828–1902)
- June 15, 1888 - Prince Georg (later King) of Saxony (1832–1904)
- 1685 - Jeremias von Chauvet († 1696) - Field Marshal of the Cellic troops
- 1689 - Heinrich von Podewils (1615–1696) - Field Marshal of the Calenberg troops
- September 14, 1728 - Baron Cuno Josua von Bülow (1658–1733)
- April 10, 1763 - August Friedrich von Spörcken (1698–1776)
- February 17, 1778 - Christian Ludwig von Hardenberg (1700–1781)
- April 20, 1784 - Johann Wilhelm von Reden (1717–1801)
- February 26, 1793 - Wilhelm von Freytag (1720–1798)
- May 2, 1798 - Count Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn (1769–1862)
- June 21, 1813 - Duke Arthur Wellington (1769-1852)
- November 26, 1813 - Duke Adolf Friedrich of Cambridge (1774–1850)
- April 8, 1831 - Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig (1806-1884)
Kurbrandenburg and Prussia
The great elector
- June 26, 1657 - Baron Otto Christoph von Sparr (1599–1668), the first in the series of Brandenburg and Prussian field marshals
- January 24, 1670 - Prince Johann Georg II of Anhalt-Dessau (1627–1693), governor of the Kurmark Brandenburg, father of Leopold I, the "old Dessauer"
- February 18, 1670 - Baron Georg von Derfflinger (1606–1695), defeated the Swedes in the Battle of Fehrbellin
- June 28, 1675 - Landgrave Friedrich II of Hessen-Homburg "with the silver leg" (1633–1708), fought with Derfflinger at Fehrbellin and inspired Heinrich von Kleist to his drama "The Prince of Homburg"
- May 1, 1688 - Hans Adam von Schöning (1641–1696), Brandenburg and Saxon (1691) field marshal, the conqueror of the Turks
Elector Friedrich III. / King Friedrich I.
- March 12, 1691 - Alexander Freiherr von Spaen (1619–1692), Brandenburg field marshal
- April 16, 1691 - Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming (1632–1706), Electoral Saxon General Field Marshal since 1681, later in the service of Brandenburg, Governor of Berlin
- January 11, 1696 - Johann Albrecht Reichsgraf von Barfus (1635–1704)
- March 23, 1706 - Alexander Hermann Reichsgraf and Count von Wartensleben (1650–1734), in Prussian service since 1702, Governor of Berlin
- December 2, 1712 - Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau (1676–1747), “the old Dessauer” , military leader and military reformer, was appointed Prussian field marshal in 1712 and field marshal in 1733
Friedrich Wilhelm I.
- February 27, 1713 - Count Philipp Karl von Wylich and Lottum (1650–1719)
- September 5, 1713 - Alexander Burgrave and Count zu Dohna-Schlobitten (1661–1728), Chief Chamberlain of the Prince Elector, later King Friedrich Wilhelm I.
- June 3, 1728 - Dubislaw Gneomar von Natzmer (1654–1739)
- May 2, 1733 - Albrecht Konrad Count Finck von Finckenstein (1660–1735), Prussian field marshal and prince tutor
- July 15, 1737 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow (1678–1739), advisor and confidante of King Friedrich Wilhelm I, member of the Tobacco College
- 16 July 1737 - Adrian Bernhard von Borcke (1668 to 1741), and the Pomeranian Marshal named
- August 5, 1739 - Erhard Ernst von Röder (1665–1743)
- June 29, 1740 - Hans Heinrich Graf von Katte (1681–1741), governor of Kolberg; Father of Lieutenant Hans Hermann von Katte, who was executed in Küstrin in 1730
- July 31, 1740 - Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin (1684–1757), military leader in the Silesian Wars
- June 3, 1741 - Caspar Otto von Glasenapp (1664–1747), Governor of Berlin
- June 12, 1741 - Samuel Reichsgraf von Schmettau (1684–1751), Austrian General Field Marshal in 1741, later entered Prussian service, curator of the Prussian Academy of Sciences
- May 16, 1742 - Prince Christian August von Anhalt-Zerbst (1690–1747), father of the Russian Tsarina Katharina II.
- May 17, 1742 - Hereditary Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau (1700–1751), military leader in the First Silesian War, son of Leopold I, the "old Dessauer"
- January 15, 1745 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Dossow (1669–1758), Governor of Wesel
- January 16, 1745 - Wilhelm Dietrich von Buddenbrock (1672–1757), cavalry leader in the battle of Hohenfriedeberg
- May 16, 1747 - Joachim Christoph von Jeetze (1673–1752), corps commander in the First and Second Silesian Wars
- May 24, 1747 - Henning Alexander von Kleist (1676–1749), army leader in the Silesian Wars of Frederick II, governor of Kolberg
- May 24, 1747 - Christoph Wilhelm von Kalckstein (1682–1759), military pedagogue and prince educator
- May 24, 1747 - Friedrich Ludwig zu Dohna-Carimmern (1697–1749), Prussian diplomat
- September 18, 1747 - James Keith (1696–1758), Scotsman in Prussia's service, one of the most capable generals of his time and friend of Friedrich II.
- January 22, 1751 - Johann von Lehwaldt (1685–1768)
- December 21, 1751 - Count Friedrich Leopold von Geßler (1688–1762), famous for an equestrian attack near Hohenfriedberg
- December 5, 1757 - Prince Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau (1712–1760), fourth son of the "old Dessauer"
- December 14, 1758 - Prince Ferdinand von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1721–1792), one of the great generals of the Frederician era, brother of the Queen
Friedrich Wilhelm II.
- January 1, 1787 - Duke Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1735–1806), reactivated in 1806 as Commander in Chief of the Prussian Army, fatally wounded in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt
- August 17, 1793 - Wichard von Möllendorff (1724–1816), commander in chief of the Prussian troops in the war against revolutionary France
Friedrich Wilhelm III.
- May 20, 1798 - Alexander von Knobelsdorff (1723–1799)
- August 17, 1805 - Wilhelm Magnus von Brünneck (1727–1817)
- July 22, 1807 - Wilhelm René de l'Homme de Courbière (1733–1811)
- July 22, 1807 - Friedrich Adolf Graf von Kalckreuth (1737–1818)
- October 19, 1813 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , Prince of Wahlstatt (1742–1819), “Marshal Forward” , Commander in Chief of the Prussian Army in the Battle of Waterloo
- November 16, 1818 - Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington (1769-1852); British field marshal, on the withdrawal of the Prussian occupation contingent that had been subordinate to him up to that point from France and in recognition of his service as a general.
- May 5, 1821 - Johann David Ludwig Graf Yorck von Wartenburg (1759–1830), commander of the Prussian corps in Napoleon's Russian campaign in 1812, participant in the Tauroggen Convention
- May 5, 1821 - Friedrich Graf Kleist von Nollendorf (1762–1823)
- June 18, 1825 - August Count Neidhardt von Gneisenau (1760–1831), Prussian military reformer, Blücher's chief of staff 1813–1815
- February 6, 1839 - Hans Ernst Karl Graf von Zieten (1770–1848), hussar general, commander of the Upper Silesian cavalry brigade under Blücher
Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
- October 5, 1847 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, called Weiss (1775-1851), military writer and geodesist, was Blücher's liaison officer on Wellington's staff during the Wars of Liberation, invented the name “Battle of Nations” in 1813
- October 7, 1847 - Hermann von Boyen (1771–1848), Prussian military reformer and minister of war
- October 9, 1847 - Karl Friedrich von dem Knesebeck (1768–1848), Prussian general and statesman
- March 14, 1854 - Friedrich Burggraf and Count zu Dohna-Schlobitten (1784-1859), Prussian general, fought near Waterloo, Scharnhorst's son-in-law
- August 15, 1856 - Friedrich Count von Wrangel "Papa Wrangel" (1784–1877), popular Prussian military leader, governor of Berlin, put down the revolution in 1848 without bloodshed; was the first living Prussian field marshal to receive a marshal's baton from his sovereign, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV., on the occasion of his elevation to this rank (1857).
- October 28, 1870 - Prince Friedrich Karl Nikolaus of Prussia (1828–1885), nephew of Kaiser Wilhelm I, military leader in the wars of German unification, inspector of the Prussian cavalry, also Imperial Russian Field Marshal
- October 28, 1870 - Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (1831–1888), military leader in the Franco-Prussian War , German Emperor and King of Prussia in 1888
- April 8, 1871 - Eberhard Herwarth von Bittenfeld (1796–1884)
- April 8, 1871 - Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz (1796–1877)
- April 18, 1871 - Helmuth Graf von Moltke (1800-1891), Chief of the General Staff of the Army ( Great General Staff )
- July 11, 1871 - Crown Prince Albert of Saxony (1828–1902), King of Saxony since 1873
- January 1, 1873 - Albrecht Graf von Roon (1803–1879), Prussian war minister and navy minister, prime minister
- September 19, 1873 - Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel (1809–1885), head of the military cabinet, governor in Alsace-Lorraine
- March 12, 1888 - Leonhard Graf von Blumenthal (1810–1900),
- March 15, 1888 - Prince Georg of Saxony (1832–1904), King of Saxony since 1902
- June 19, 1888 - Prince Albrecht of Prussia (1837–1906)
- February 27, 1895 - Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria (1830–1916) - Awarded the Marshal's baton
- May 6, 1900 - Alfred Graf von Waldersee (1832–1904), Commander-in-Chief of the international intervention troops to suppress the Boxer Rebellion
- January 1, 1905 - Count Gottlieb von Haeseler (1836–1919),
- January 1, 1905 - Wilhelm von Hahnke (1833–1912)
- January 1, 1905 - Walter Freiherr von Loë (1828–1908), the only Catholic Field Marshal General in the Prussian army
- September 9, 1906 (until 1915) - Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942), third son of Queen Victoria, British Field Marshal since 1902, Inspector General of the British Forces
- April 20, 1909 - King Charles I of Romania , Prince of Hohenzollern (1839–1914) - Awarded the Marshal's baton
- January 1, 1911 - Max von Bock and Polach (1842–1915)
- January 1, 1911 - Alfred Graf von Schlieffen (1833–1913), Chief of the Army General Staff
- January 1, 1911 - Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843–1916), "Goltz-Pascha" , military advisor and army leader in the Ottoman Empire, Governor General of Belgium
- May 16, 1911 (until 1915) - King George V of Great Britain and Ireland (1865–1936) - awarded the baton of Marshal
- September 11, 1912 - King Friedrich August III. von Sachsen (1865–1932) - Awarded the Marshal's baton
- November 2, 1914 - Paul von Hindenburg (1847–1934), head of the 3rd OHL, President of the Reich in 1925
- January 27, 1915 - Karl von Bülow (1846–1921), Commander-in-Chief of the Second Army in the First World War
- June 22, 1915 - Archduke Friedrich of Austria, Duke of Teschen (1856–1936), Army Commander in Chief of the Austro-Hungarian Armed Forces
- June 22, 1915 - August von Mackensen (1849–1945), Commander-in-Chief of an Army Group in the East during the First World War
- June 26, 1915 - King Ludwig III. of Bavaria (1845–1921)
- January 18, 1916 - Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (1861-1948)
- February 1, 1916 - Mehmed V (1844–1918), Sultan of the Ottomans
- July 23, 1916 - King Wilhelm II of Württemberg (1848–1921)
- August 1, 1916 - Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria (1869–1955), commander-in-chief of an army group in the west during the First World War
- August 1, 1916 - Prince Leopold of Bavaria (1846–1930), Commander in Chief of an Army Group in the East during World War I, later Commander in Chief East
- August 1, 1916 - Duke Albrecht von Württemberg (1865–1939), commander-in-chief of an army group in the west during the First World War
- August 8, 1916 - King Constantine I of Greece (1868–1923)
- November 26, 1916 - Franz Freiherr Conrad von Hötzendorf (1852–1925), Austro-Hungarian field marshal (1916), Austrian chief of staff in the First World War
- February 12, 1917 - Emperor Karl I of Austria (1887–1922)
- December 18, 1917 - Hermann von Eichhorn (1848–1918, assassination attempt), commander in chief of an army group in the east during the First World War
- December 31, 1917 - Remus von Woyrsch (1847–1920), commander-in-chief of an army group in the east during the First World War
Note: foreign monarchs who were chiefs of a Prussian regiment wore the badges of rank that corresponded to the rank they held in their own army.
German Empire 1933 to 1945
- April 20, 1936 - Werner von Blomberg (1878–1946), Reichswehr Minister 1933–1935, Reich Minister of War 1935–1938
- July 19, 1940 - Walther von Brauchitsch (1881–1948), Commander in Chief of the Army 1938–1941
- July 19, 1940 - Wilhelm Keitel (1882–1946, executed), Chief of the Wehrmacht High Command 1938–1945
- July 19, 1940 - Gerd von Rundstedt (1875–1953), Commander in Chief West and Army Groups South and A 1939–1945
- July 19, 1940 - Fedor von Bock (1880–1945, fallen), Commander in Chief of Army Groups North, B, Center and South 1939–1942
- July 19, 1940 - Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb (1876–1956), Commander-in-Chief of Army Groups C and North 1939–1942
- July 19, 1940 - Wilhelm List (1880–1971), Commander in Chief of Army Group A 1942
- July 19, 1940 - Günther von Kluge (1882–1944, suicide), Commander in Chief West and Army Groups Center and B 1941–1944
- July 19, 1940 - Erwin von Witzleben (1881–1944, executed), Commander-in-Chief West and Army Group D 1940–1942
- July 19, 1940 - Walter von Reichenau (1884–1942, stroke), Commander-in-Chief of Army Group South 1941–1942
- October 31, 1940 - Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli (1856–1941), Austro-Hungarian field marshal, army leader in the First World War ( character of a German field marshal)
- June 22, 1942 - Erwin Rommel , "the desert fox" (1891–1944, forced to commit suicide), for the conquest of Tobruk as Commander in Chief of the Panzer Army Africa, Commander in Chief of Army Groups Africa and B 1943–1944
- June 30, 1942 - Georg von Küchler (1881–1968), Commander in Chief of Army Group North 1942–1944
- June 30, 1942 - Erich von Manstein (1887–1973), Commander of the 11th Army, Army Group Leader for the conquest of Sevastopol
- January 29, 1943 - Friedrich Paulus (1890–1957), Army leader of the 6th Army in the Battle of Stalingrad
- February 1, 1943 - Ewald von Kleist (1881–1954), Panzer Group Leader, Army Group Leader
- February 1, 1943 - Maximilian Baron von Weichs (1881–1954), Army Group Leader
- February 1, 1943 - Ernst Busch (1885–1945), Army Group Leader
- March 1, 1944 - Walter Model (1891–1945), Army Group Leader
- April 5, 1945 - Ferdinand Schörner (1892–1973), Army Group Leader
- February 4, 1938 - Hermann Göring (1893–1946, suicide), Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force (appointed Reichsmarschall on July 19, 1940)
- July 19, 1940 - Albert Kesselring (1885–1960), Commander in Chief of Air Fleet 2, from 1941 Commander in Chief South or South-West or C
- July 19, 1940 - Erhard Milch (1892–1972), Inspector General of the Air Force
- July 19, 1940 - Hugo Sperrle (1885–1953), Commander in Chief of Air Fleet 3
- February 16, 1943 - Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (1895–1945), Commander in Chief of Air Fleet 4
- April 25, 1945 - Robert Ritter von Greim (1892–1945, suicide), Commander-in-Chief of Air Fleet 6, from April 26, 1945 Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force
- April 1, 1939 - Erich Raeder (1876–1960), Commander in Chief of the Navy until January 1943, then Inspector General of the Navy (rank: Grand Admiral )
- January 31, 1943 - Karl Dönitz (1891–1980), Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (rank: Grand Admiral )
- Marshal of France
- Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Marshal of the GDR
- Gensui , the Japanese "General Field Marshal"
- List of Swedish field marshals
- Klaus Borchert: The General Field Marshals and Grand Admirals of the Wehrmacht . Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Wölfersheim-Berstadt 1994, ISBN 3-7909-0511-9 .
- Jürgen Hahn-Butry (ed.): Prussian-German field marshals and grand admirals . Safari, Berlin 1937.
- Schematism for the Austro-Hungarian Army and for the Austro-Hungarian Navy for 1914. Vienna 1914.
- JC Steiner: Schematism of the generals and colonels of the Austro-Hungarian army. Edition S and H, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-901215-01-8 .
- Kasamas: Austrian Chronicle. Hollinek brothers, Vienna 1948.
- Wandruszka-Urbanitsch (Ed.): The Habsburg Monarchy 1848–1918. Volume V. The Armed Power. Verlag der Österr. Akad. Der Wiss., Vienna 1987, ISBN 3-7001-1122-3 .
- See Reichs-General-Feld-Marschall, Reichs-Feld-Oberster. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 31, Leipzig 1742, column 81 f.
- Heeres-Verordnungsblatt 1920, pp. 989–991.
- Heeres-Verordnungsblatt 1926, p. 125 f.
- Annually published ranking lists of the German Reichsheeres, Verlag ES Mittler & Sohn, 1920–1932.
- Ian Kershaw: Hitler. 1936-1945. DVG, Stuttgart 2000.
- Fernando González de León: The road to Rocroi: class, culture and command in the Spanish Army of Flanders, 1567-1659 . Brill Publishers (Leiden) 2009, ISBN 978-90-04-17082-7 , pp. 16f.
- N. Apostu, D. Miler (coord.): "Mareşalii României", Editura Academiei de Înalte Studii Militare, Bucureşti 1999, p. 8 p.
- TA Heathcote: Dictionary of Field Marshals of the British Army. Introduction, Pen & Sword Books, Barnsley 2012, ISBN 978-1-84884-881-8 , p. 1.
- "Johann Hilchen" , in F.Otto: Annalen des Verein für Nassauische Altertumskunde a. Historical research published in 1892, Volume: 24, Pages 1 to 23
- See Reichsgeneralfeldmarschall. In: Christoph Gottlob Heinrich: General world history. Volume 97. Cristian Kroß, Vienna 1805, p. 21.
- S. Karl Stiefel : Baden 1648-1952 , Karlsruhe 1978, Volume 2, p. 1073.
- See Heinrich Zeissberg: The last Reichsgeneralfeldmarschall Erzherzog Carl (1796). C. Gerold's Sohn, Vienna 1898.
- From 1618 until the fall of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1918, 287 field marshals were appointed. Cf. Antonio Schmidt-Brentano: Imperial and Imperial Generals (1618–1815) (PDF; 443 kB).
- www.aeiou.at Paul I. Prince Esterhàzy Accessed on June 3, 2012.
- Herbert Knötel, Paul Pietsch, Werner Baron Collas: Das Deutsche Heer - Peace Uniforms at the Outbreak of the World War , 2nd edition, Volume 1, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-440-81054-2 , page 34