In Germany, princes or princesses were either born after members of royal houses or the members of such noble or ruling houses who already had the title of prince at the time of the Holy Roman Empire or rose to princely houses after 1806 (compare also differences: gender, House, family ). If the latter were mediatized , lordly counts' houses, their descendants mostly bore the title count or countess.
The first-born prince is referred to as the hereditary prince , in ruling imperial and royal houses as the crown prince (compare primogeniture ). Old France gave the highest nobility the title of Prince indiscriminately, but placed the “Princes of the Blood” (Princes de sang royal) or the agnates of the royal house at their head .
The prince's befitting wife receives the title "princess" with the marriage and is treated in the case of inheritance according to her husband.
There are special titles for presumptive heirs to the throne according to their meaning:
In addition, princes can fulfill special functions or have a special status:
Origin; Differences to use abroad
It should be noted that foreign princes, such as those in France or Italy, can also be the sovereign or the executive committee of the house, who is often referred to in German as the prince . However, this birthright cannot be translated into Romance languages or English. For this reason, the monarch of Monaco, in contrast to the subsequent princes and princesses, calls himself the Prince Souverain . The use of the term “prince” in German-speaking countries for the children of a prince differs from that in some other countries.
- Helene Walterskirchen : Princesses. Fairy tale characters in the 3rd millennium . Ueberreuter, Vienna 2001, ISBN 3-8000-3818-8 .