Christian Ludwig von Hardenberg (Field Marshal, 1700)

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Christian Ludwig von Hardenberg (born November 3, 1700 in Hardenberg , † November 26, 1781 in Hanover ) was a German Hanoverian field marshal .


Christian Ludwig von Hardenberg came from the Lower Saxon noble family of Hardenberg . His parents were Christian Ludwig von Hardenberg (1663–1736), landscape licensee in Hanover, and Katharina Sybille von Dörnberg . The brothers were also in civil service:

  • Friedrich Karl (1696–1763), Hanoverian Privy Councilor, Oberhofbau- u. Garden director, envoy in Vienna (1750), as well as real secret council and war president.
  • August Ulrich (1709–1778), Hanoverian Privy Councilor, Council of War, envoy
  • Hans Christoph (* 1703, ⚔ 1747), Hanoverian colonel and adjutant general
  • Georg Wilhelm (1705–1774), German knight and commander of the order and Major General of the Electorate of Saxony


He began a military career in the Sardinian military at an early age and later entered the service of the Elector of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Hanover). During the War of the Polish Succession (1733-1735 / 38) he took part with the Hanoverian troops in the Rhine campaign against France and gained his first war experience. A few years later he served during the Austrian Wars of Succession (1740-1748) in the Netherlands and rose to colonel in the footguard (von Ilten). After the war, von Hardenberg received the von Druchtleben infantry regiment (No. 6-A from 1776 No. 6), which had its garrison in Göttingen.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) Hardenberg had already reached the rank of major general and commanded seven grenadier battalions . In the battle of Hastenbeck (July 26, 1757) he personally commanded four of these battalions and later covered the retreat of the defeated observation army with them. In December 1757 Hardenberg commanded the siege of the Harburg Fortress . The following year he again commanded the French army near Düsseldorf on the Rhine and later became the commander of the Lippstadt fortress . He held this post until 1760 and then received smaller field commands again.

After the war, Hardenberg was promoted to commander-in-chief of the Hanoverian army in 1776 and remained in this post until his death on November 26, 1781. His body was transferred to Göttingen for burial , with the young ensign and later Prussian army reformer Gerhard von Scharnhorst ( 1755–1813) led the military escort . He found his final resting place in the Hardenberg hereditary funeral of the patronage church of Bühle.


In 1749 he married Anna Sophia Ehrengart von Bülow (from Essenrode , sister of Friedrich Ernst von Bülow ), with whom he fathered eight children. The eldest son of this connection was the later Prussian State Chancellor Karl August Prince von Hardenberg (1750-1822). The daughter Christiane Maria Charlotte married Johann Heinrich Joseph Georg von Flemming (1752-1830), the son of the Saxon general Karl Georg Friedrich von Flemming , Anna (Anette) Sibylle (born November 3, 1751, † July 25, 1808 in Berlin) Chief Chamberlain of Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia and was married to Albrecht Adolph Wilhelm von Münchhausen (* July 23, 1742; † February 29, 1784), then there was Ludwig Friedrich (* April 28, 1756; † March 7, 1818) head captain of Hanover zu Grohnde and Georg (1765–1816), Prussian Landjägermeister of the Principality of Bayreuth .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Niemeyer / Ortenburg: 35
  2. Jakob Caro:  Bülow, Hans Graf von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, pp. 533-538.