Friedrich Karl (Württemberg-Winnental)
Friedrich Carl (born September 12, 1652 in Stuttgart ; † December 20, 1698 ibid) was since 1677 Duke of Württemberg of the newly founded line of Württemberg-Winnental and as guardian of Duke Eberhard Ludwig regent of the duchy.
On November 27, 1677, Friedrich Carl received from Emperor Leopold I the guardianship of his nephew Eberhard Ludwig and thus the reign of Württemberg. This ended on January 22nd, 1693 when Eberhard Ludwig came of age. Domestically, he took care of the consolidation of the country, with a special focus on the church and school system. During his term of office, the first high school in Stuttgart was founded in 1686.
In terms of foreign policy, the time was shaped by the War of the Palatinate Succession . In autumn 1688 Friedrich Carl had to flee to Nuremberg with the twelve-year-old Eberhard Ludwig. In September 1692 Friedrich Karl, who was with an army of 4,000 men near Ötisheim, was captured by the French and brought to Versailles . However, he refused to negotiate because he was unable to consult with the emperor. When he was released in January 1693, Magdalena Sibylla von Hessen-Darmstadt , Eberhard Ludwig's mother, together with the Württemberg secret council, had obtained Eberhard Ludwig's early declaration of majority from the emperor.
He fought from 1694 in the Upper Rhine under Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden-Baden and received during the winter quarters of the supreme command over the Imperial Army . From 1696 he began to be ailing. On December 20, 1698, he died of syphilis .
He is buried in the crypt of the dukes of Württemberg in the Stuttgart collegiate church.
Marriage and offspring
On October 31, 1682, Friedrich Karl married Eleonore Juliane von Brandenburg-Ansbach (1663-1724), a daughter of Margrave Albrecht von Brandenburg-Ansbach . The following children were born from this marriage:
- Karl Alexander (1684–1737), who later became the 11th Duke of Württemberg
- Dorothea Charlotte (1685-1687)
- Friedrich Karl (1686–1693)
- Heinrich Friedrich (1687–1734)
- Maximilian Emanuel (1689–1709), personal friend of the Swedish King Karl XII.
- Friedrich Ludwig (1690–1734), fallen
- Christiane Charlotte (1694–1729), married to Margrave Wilhelm Friedrich von Brandenburg-Ansbach
- Christoph Eberlein: Friedrich Carl. In: Sönke Lorenz , Dieter Mertens , Volker Press (eds.): Das Haus Württemberg. A biographical lexicon. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-013605-4 , pp. 233-237. on-line
- Eberhard Gönner : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1961, ISBN 3-428-00186-9 , p. 594 f. ( ).
- Bernhard Kugler: Friedrich Karl, Duke of Württemberg-Winnenthal . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, pp. 50-52.
- Gerhard Raff : Hie good Wirtemberg all the way. Volume 3: The House of Württemberg from Duke Wilhelm Ludwig to Duke Friedrich Carl. Hohenheim, Stuttgart / Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-89850-084-5 / ISBN 978-3-943066-11-1 , pp. 219-256.
- Harald Schukraft : A Brief History of the House of Württemberg. Silberburg, Tübingen 2006, ISBN 3-87407-725-X , pp. 109–111.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Württemberg, Friedrich Karl Herzog . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 58th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1889, p. 238 f. ( Digitized version ).
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments in the Stuttgart Regional Council: The crypt of the dukes of Württemberg in the Stuttgart collegiate church. In: website. State Office for Monument Preservation in the Stuttgart Regional Council, December 1, 2008, accessed on April 14, 2020 (German).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Friedrich Carl; Duke Friedrich Carl of Württemberg|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Württemberg-Winnental|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 12, 1652|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stuttgart|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 20, 1698|
|Place of death||Stuttgart|