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Caricature on the reform of Peter the Great: the beard of an old-believing Russian is cut off, woodcut for a leaflet
Tsar Peter I forbids the wearing of beards in Russia
and introduces a beard tax .
Scheme drawing of the steam pump by Thomas Savery, side view
The Englishman Thomas Savery receives a patent
for a steam pump .
Hendrick Danckerts: The Old Palace at Whitehall
Most of the Palace of Whitehall , the main residence of the British monarchs , is destroyed by fire.
1698 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1146/47 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1690/91 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1103/04 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2241/42 (southern Buddhism); 2240/41 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Earth Tiger戊寅 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Ox 丁丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1060/61 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4031/32 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1076/77
Islamic calendar 1109/10 (turn of the year 9/10 July)
Jewish calendar 5458/59 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1414/15 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 873/874
Seleucid era Babylon: 2008/09 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2009/10 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1754/55 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

England / Hanover

Elector Georg Ludwig

Russia and the Grand Embassy

  • January: Tsar Peter I moves from the Netherlands to London.
  • May: Peter I returns to the States General and travels via Hamm, Bielefeld, Halle (Saale), Leipzig and Dresden to Vienna to convince the Emperor that the Great War against the Ottoman Empire can continue.
  • June 2 : 2,600 Strelizi in four Strelizan regiments decide to march against Moscow due to rumors that their families are to be banished from Moscow. The second Strelitzen uprising breaks out.
  • 17 / 18 June : The Strelitzenaufstand is deposited.
  • June 26th : Entry of the Grand Embassy into Vienna. However, Peter fails to dissuade the emperor from making a peace agreement with the Sublime Porte , which is concluded in January of the following year. Because of the news of the Strelitzen uprising, the embassy does not move on to Venice and Rome to advertise its anti-Ottoman coalition there as planned, but instead leaves for Moscow.
  • August 10th : The Great Embassy stays in Dresden with August the Strong .
  • September 4th : Peter I returns to Moscow from his trip to Europe.
  • September 5 : After his return from the Grand Embassy from Western Europe, the Russian Tsar Peter I quickly begins the Petrinian reforms . He forbids the wearing of beards as out of date and also cuts off other such masculine adornments. Because the decree did not achieve the desired success in the country, especially with the Old Believers , a few months later the tsar introduced a beard tax .

Other events in Europe


Map of the Isthmus of Darién and Panama, from A New Voyage Round the World , London 1697
  • July 18 : A fleet of five ships with Scottish colonists sets sail from Leith to establish a Scottish colony in Panama . On November 2nd they reach the coast of Darién . As a base, they build Fort St. Andrews on the Gulf of Darién . Then they start clearing the jungle and creating fields for the planned New Edinburgh settlement. But the selected area is infested with mosquitoes and malaria, which is why the neighboring Kuna avoid the area, the soil is not very fertile, supplies that have been brought to rot in the tropical rain, the humid and hot climate troubles the around 1200 settlers and ultimately leads to up to ten deaths Every day. The ships whose cargo should have been transported across the Darién Isthmus to the Pacific ports remain absent.


  • Nan Tharat , who usurped the throne of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang in 1695 , was defeated, arrested and executed in battle. Sai Ong Hue, scion of the expelled royal family, becomes the new king of the empire under the name Sai Setthathirath II .


science and technology

Culture and society

Jeremy Collier



First half of the year

  • February or March: Joseph Suess Oppenheimer , financial advisor to Duke Karl Alexander von Württemberg and victim of an anti-Jewish judicial murder († 1738 )
  • May 29 : Edmé Bouchardon , French draftsman, sculptor, medalist and architect, pioneer of classicism († 1762)

Second half of the year


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1698  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files