Calendar overview 1636
Martin Aichinger .
|battle of Wittstock .|
|1636 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1084/85 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1628/29 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1041/42 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2179/80 (southern Buddhism); 2178/79 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||998/999 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3969/70 (October 2-3)|
|Iranian calendar||1014/15 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1045/46 (June 4th / 5th)|
|Jewish calendar||5396/97 (September 29/30)|
|Coptic calendar||1352/53 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1946/47 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1947/48 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1692/93 (April)|
Politics and world events
- January 11th : The Battle of Haselünne wins in the Thirty Years War a Swedish regiment half the size of the imperial troops of 3,000 men. The victorious general Dodo zu Innhausen and Knyphausen was killed in battle.
- April: The Schenkenschanz is besieged by Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange .
- June 20 : Martin Aichinger , leader of the Marchland peasant movement , is executed with some of his followers after his capture in the Battle of Frankenberg on Linz's main square.
- On October 4th, 16,000 Swedes under Field Marshal Johan Banér defeat the united 22,000-strong army of the Imperial and Saxons under Melchior Count von Hatzfeldt and Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony in the battle of Wittstock .
- The Cologne Peace Congress begins, but it is doomed to fail because neither side is willing to compromise.
- Duke Georg von Braunschweig and Lüneburg-Calenberg chooses Hanover as their royal seat.
- Fort Balaguier is being built near La Seyne-sur-Mer in the south of France .
- March 3 : The Colony of Connecticut is established as a refuge for Puritan nobles.
- May 14 : William Pynchon founds the city of Springfield in Massachusetts .
- The seeker Roger Williams , banished from Puritan Massachusetts , founds the city of Providence on Narragansett Bay , from which the colony of Rhode Island developed.
- The Ethiopian negus negest Fasilides founds the city of Gondar and develops it into the capital of Ethiopia .
- December 27th : After the death of Iskandar Muda , who brought the Sultanate of Aceh to its greatest extent, his son-in-law Iskandar Thani becomes Sultan of Aceh .
- The since 1630 permanent Siamese civil war in the Ayutthaya Kingdom ends. After conquering the strategically important trading city of Pattani , King Prasat Thong can consolidate his power in the empire.
- April 21 : A second punitive expedition carried out by the Dutch East India Company against the Formosian natives on the "Golden Lion Island" ( Goude Leeuws Eylandt , today Xiaoliuqiu ) ends in the killing of numerous natives. The survivors are deported to the island of Formosa .
science and technology
- March 26 : Utrecht University , the fourth oldest university in the Netherlands, is founded with a ceremony. The lawyer Bernardus Schotanus becomes the first rector .
- September 18 : Harvard University is founded as a college in Cambridge , Massachusetts . The Colony's supreme legislature, the Massachusetts General Court , seeks to meet the needs of clergy throughout the Massachusetts Bay Colony area.
- Rembrandt van Rijn produced the history painting The Blinding Simsons .
- Jan Miense Molenaer paints the denial of Peter .
Music and theater
- February 14 : The musical obsequies of Heinrich Schütz be at the funeral of Heinrich Posthumus Reuss listed first.
- The later Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha , known as "the Pious", married Elisabeth Sophia of Saxe-Altenburg
- The Dutch painter Jan Miense Molenaer marries his colleague Judith Leyster . Both belong to the golden age of Dutch painting.
- Caspar Preis begins writing the Stausebach local chronicle .
- The Kahal-Zur-Israel-Synagoge , built by Dutch Jews in the colony of Dutch-Brazil , today's Pernambuco , is the first synagogue in the " New World ".
- As in the previous year , the plague raged in Germany during the Thirty Years' War . Among other things, a plague cross is set up in Börnig . Around 400 people are killed in Sitzenroda , almost the entire population.
nature and environment
- The millennia-old chestnut tree of the hundred horses at the foot of Mount Etna is first mentioned securely by Don Pietro Carrera.
Historical views and maps
First half of the year
- January 20 : Maximilian , Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen († 1689 )
- February 3 : Laurentius Gutzmer , German Evangelical Lutheran clergyman († 1703 )
- April 18 : Dorothea Hedwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg , Abbess of the Gandersheim Monastery († 1692 )
- April 18 : Kanō Tsunenobu , Japanese painter († 1713 )
- April 29 : Esaias Reusner , German lutenist and composer († 1679 )
- June 4th : Melchor Portocarrero Lasso de la Vega , Spanish colonial administrator, viceroy of New Spain and Peru († 1705 )
- around June 19 : George Alsop , English writer and debt servant in the colony of Maryland († around 1673 )
- June 24th : Giovanni Battista degli Antonii , Italian Baroque composer († 1698 )
Second half of the year
- July 8 : Georg Green , German Lutheran theologian, poet and historian († 1691 )
- July 24th : Samuel Bachmann , Swiss Protestant clergyman († 1709 )
- October 9 : Dorothea Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg , Electress of Brandenburg († 1689 )
- October 23 : Hedwig Eleonora of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf , Queen of Sweden († 1715 )
- October 31 : Ferdinand Maria , Elector of Bavaria († 1679 )
- November 1 : Nicolas Boileau , French writer († 1711 )
- November 6th : Adelheid von Savoyen , wife of the Bavarian Elector Ferdinand Maria († 1676 )
- November 9 : Jakob Andreas Crusius , German lawyer († 1680 )
- December 26 : Justine Siegemundin , German midwife and author of the first German textbook for midwives († 1705 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Melchior de Hondecoeter , Dutch animal painter († 1695 )
- Georg Rimpler , German fortress builder († 1683 )
First half of the year
- February 8 : Erich Hedemann , Christian IV's Privy Councilor of Denmark and Count Anton Günther von Oldenburg (* 1567 )
- February 13 : Barbara Sophia von Brandenburg , Duchess of Württemberg (* 1584 )
- February 19 : Reinier Pauw , Dutch politician and Amsterdam regent (* 1564 )
- March 14 : David Müller , German publisher (* 1591 )
- March 30th : Caspar Augspurger , German entrepreneur (* 1576 )
- April 8 : Martin Trost , German orientalist (* 1588 )
- April 18 : Julius Caesar , English judge and royal government official (* 1557 )
- April 21 : Maria von Eicken , wife of Margrave Eduard Fortunat von Baden (* 1571 )
- June 20 : Martin Aichinger , Protestant preacher, mystic and peasant war leader (* around 1592 )
- Torquato Conti , imperial field marshal and papal general (* 1591 ) June:
Second half of the year
- July 8th : John Hepburn , Scottish military leader in the Thirty Years War and Marshal of France (* around 1598 )
- August 17th : Kanō Kōi , Japanese painter
- August 31 : Albert Hein the Elder , German legal scholar and diplomat (* 1571 )
- November 9 : Charles the Elder of Žerotín , member of the Bohemian and Moravian gentry, politician and author of several works (* 1564 )
- December 19 : Christine of Lorraine , Grand Duchess of Tuscany (* 1565 )
- December 27 : Iskandar Muda , 12th Sultan of Aceh in Sumatra, Indonesian national hero (* around 1583 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Henning Arnisaeus , German physician, philosopher, politician and publicist (* around 1575 )
- August I. , Bishop of Ratzeburg (* 1568 )
- Louyse Bourgeois , French midwife and surgeon (* 1563 )
- Vinko Jelić , Croatian composer (* 1596 )