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Emperor Charles VI.  in regalia as Grand Master of the Order of the Golden Fleece, painting by Johann Gottfried Auerbach
Charles VI becomes Holy Roman Emperor .
René Duguay-Trouin
The French corsair
René Duguay-Trouin
conquers Rio de Janeiro .
First Berlin observatory on the stables in Dorotheenstadt, view from the north
The newly founded Royal Prussian Society of Sciences opens the Berlin observatory .
1711 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1159/60 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1703/04 (turn of the year September 11th / 12th)
Bengali solar calendar 1116/17 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2254/55 (southern Buddhism); 2253/54 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the metal rabbit辛卯 ( at the beginning of the year metal tiger 庚寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1073/74 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4044/45 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1089/90
Islamic calendar 1122/23 (turn of the year 18/19 February)
Jewish calendar 5471/72 (September 13-14)
Coptic Calendar 1427/28 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 886/887
Seleucid era Babylon: 2021/22 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2022/23 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1767/68 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Russo-Ottoman War
  • January: The Khan of the Crimean Tatars , Devlet II. Giray , invades Ukraine with over 80,000 Tartars , supported by 10,000 pro-Swedish Ukrainian Cossacks , more than 4,000 Poles and 700 Swedes. After initial advances, the Khan's troops are driven back to Crimea in March by Russian and Russian-friendly Cossack troops .
Pruth campaign of Peter the Great
The war in the Baltic Sea region
The war in the Baltic region 1709–21
  • August 29th: Danish troops under the command of King Frederick IV penetrate from Mecklenburg near Damgarten in Swedish Pomerania for the first time. The Swedes have only 8,000 men under Colonel Karl Gustav Düker here . Russian and Saxon troops from Poland join the Danes at the beginning of September. They came through the Neumark and the Uckermark and soon afterwards united with the Danish army. This is the first time in all the years of the war that the members of the Northern Alliance are involved in a joint operation.
  • September 7th: The siege of Stralsund by the allied armies begins, followed by further sieges in the following years.
  • December 4: The battle at Lübow between Danish and Swedish troops ends with a Danish victory, which, however, remains largely without consequences.
  • December 8: 6,000 Swedes land on Rügen in support of Stralsund .
  • December 29th: Danish units begin bombing Wismar , but are unable to capture the city.

Further events in Russia / Courland / Electoral Saxony

Holy Roman Empire / Habsburg Empire

Original document of the peace of Sathmar
Coronation ceremony in Frankfurt am Main

Other events in Europe

North America

  • April: Numerous ships set sail from various ports in southern England to support the British colonies in Queen Anne's War , the North American part of the War of the Spanish Succession .
  • July 30th: An expedition consisting of various British and colonial ships, including nine warships, two bombards and 60 transport and supply ships with 7,500 soldiers and about 6,000 sailors sails from Boston . An attack on Québec , the capital of New France, is planned .
  • August 22: The Québec expedition has to be canceled after eight troop transports capsize in the St. Lawrence River due to bad weather and insufficient knowledge of the fairway and 890 soldiers and sailors drown.
  • September 12-22: Pirates in the service of France conquer the rich Portuguese fortress and port city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in the Battle of Rio de Janeiro under their leader René Duguay-Trouin . The Portuguese fleet lying in the port is destroyed. The French fall into the hands of the annual income of the entire colony of Brazil. Only after reports of an approaching Portuguese reinforcement on land and British support at sea as well as the payment of a ransom does Duguay-Trouin's fleet sail back unscathed to Brest with numerous captured merchant ships.
  • September 22nd: The Tuscarora Indian tribe begins a war against European settlers in North Carolina that will drag on for more than three years.
  • The city of Beaufort is founded as the second major settlement after Charleston in the Province of South Carolina .

North africa


  • October 15: Sultan ibn Saif II succeeds his late father Saif ibn Sultan I as Imam of Oman from the Yaruba dynasty . He first stopped the Omani attacks on British and Dutch merchant shipping, which had started under his father. This is to avoid counter-attacks by Great Britain and the Netherlands on the Omani trade. In the period that followed, Oman only attacks Portuguese and Persian ships.
  • Watchtang VI. becomes king of Georgia under the sovereignty of the Persian dynasty of the Safavids .


The Spectator of June 7, 1711
Flag of the BAC

science and technology




  • January 14th: The Great Jewish Fire in Frankfurt's Judengasse is one of the worst fire disasters in the history of Frankfurt am Main . Four people are killed and the entire ghetto burns down. The surrounding districts of the city are spared due to the favorable wind. Rabbi Naphtali Cohen, in whose house the fire broke out, is blamed for the disaster. His innocence is proven on March 21, but he loses the trust of the Jewish community.
  • After the end of the Great Plague in East Prussia , King Frederick I initiated the rétablissement of the country devastated by the epidemic. The plague claimed around 240,000 lives in two years. The reconstruction is being driven by the settlement of colonists from Lithuania, Switzerland and various German countries.


First half of the year

David Hume, 1766

Second half of the year

  • 0November 5: Kitty Clive , English actress, soprano and author († 1785)
  • November 18: Franz Töpsl , German theologian († 1796)
Mikhail Lomonosov

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1711


January to April

  • April 14: Louis of France , heir to the French throne, son of Louis XIV (* 1661)
Joseph I sarcophagus in the Capuchin Crypt

May to August

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1711  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files